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yet I apprehend, as far as the re- twain one new man, thus making surrection church is concerned, that no longer strangers and fothese passages do always apply to reigners, but fellow citizens with aliens from the commonwealth of the saints and of the household of Israel in their unnaturalized and God.” i Thus

Abraham is unproselyted state. This is indeed called “the father of us all” so evident from what is said about • Jerusalem which is above'--that the institution of the Passover, one Jerusalem " which shall descend of the most sacred of their ordi- from God out of heaven" is also

- And the Lord said unto called “ the mother of us all.”) “ Moses and Aaron, this is the The next point for consideration

ordinance of the passover: there is, whether that. generation only,

shall no stranger eat thereof, &c.” which shall be living at the comExod. xii, 43. After which, at mencement of the Millennium, shall verses 48, 49, it is written, And partake of it; or whether the de“ when a stranger shall sojourn with parted saints will equally share in

thee, and will keep the passover it. The latter view I shall prove to “ to the Lord, let all his males be be the correct one, by an argument circumcised, and then let him come which will equally disprove the notion

near and keep it; and he shall be of a Millennium separate from a as one born in the land; but no resurrection. It is by a comparison uncircumcised person shall eat of two passages, the one in Hebrews, thereof."

the other in Thessalonians, which In due time however, the Lord mutually reflect on each other. Let sent forth his Apostles to call those us suppose (as some do that the

other sheep, which were not of the Lord and his saints are now in the Israelitish fold; but who were to enjoyment of the kingdom promised, be made fold under

and that every believer enters into Shepherd.” g

Then we

we find it it at death ; in this case it is plain openly declared, " that in Christ that the saints on earth are for the Jesus neither circumcision availeth present excluded from it. But the any thing, nor uncircumcision, but Apostle, to prevent such an imaginathe new creature, and faith which tion, tells us, These all, (including worketh by love; and that those Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, who thus walk are the Israel of “ &c. who are instanced,) having God."h

And the Apostle bids us “ obtained a good report [or rather Remember, that though we are having borne witness*] through Gentiles in the flesh, who are faith, received not the promise ; called

by the

God having provided some better being

when without thing for us, that they without us Christ, aliens from the common- • should not be made perfect.” k wealth of Israel and strangers from This proves, that, whether the enjoythe covenant of promise, are now ment of the promise is to be on earth by the blood of Christ made nigh ; or in heaven, the whole church will he having broken down the middle be glorified together, the saints of wall of partition, and made of one generation not receiving it with

one

one

UNCIRCUMCISION

Jews ;

8 John x, 16.

h Gal. v, 6; vi, 15, 16. i Ephes. ii, 11-22.

Gal. v, 26. k Heb. xi, 39, 40.

j Rom. vi, 16; &

paprup?0&vTES, agreeing with vegos Maptupwv, the cloud of witnesses,' in the first verse of the next chapter,

1

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out the saints of other generations. II. Having shewn that the saints On the other hand, let us suppose in general are to partake of the that the generations alive at the kingdom, it will greatly confirm the commencement of the Millennium view which I have taken of the are to enjoy the promise of the king- future kingdom on earth, to glance dom :—that then only, and to them at some of the promises which are only, is to be fulfilled what is written, made to the saints

, keeping in mind " that the kingdom and dominion that they belong to the whole of " and the greatness of the kingdom them.

under the whole heaven, shall be 1. Isaiah says to the righteous,

given to the saints of the Most in one place, — “ Thine eyes shall “ High."

It is plain, that the see the king in his beauty; they departed saints, though most of them shall behold the land that is very have lived in expectation of the pro- “ far off ;” 0 and in another, that mise, must be shut out from it. God should cause him to ride upon But this also the Apostle says to us the high places of the earth, and

by the word of the Lord,—that we “ feed him with the heritage of which are alive and remain unto

Jacob his father.p David de" the coming of the Lord, shall not clares, that the righteous shall be

prevent them which are asleep."r exalted and inherit the earth for Thus again both are to rejoice ever," q and says of himself, together ;--and this at the coming he had fainted, unless he had of the Lord : for the Lord will « believed to see the goodness of descend and bring the Church above " the Lord in the land of the living." with him, whilst the Church below The Lord Jesus repeats the aswill undergo a change : even as it surance under the Gospel, that is written, " When Christ who is the meek shall inherit the earth;"s

our life shall appear, then shall ye St. Paul, as we have seen, reminds also appear with him in glory."n children of the promise annexed to

5. The opinion which limits the the fifth commandment, (viz. that reigning in this kingdom to the thy days may be long in the martyrs only, is the last which I • land which the Lord thy God shall consider, and a brief notice of giveth thee,'')

" that it may be it will be sufficient. For it entirely - well with thee (he adds) and that rests upon Revelation xx, 4, which “ thou mayest live long on the is supposed to confine the first re- earth.” t This testimony is the surrection to those “beheaded for more satisfactory, if we apply to it the witness of Jesus." But here a rule of interpretation laid down by are also included, when we come St. Paul in Hebrews. He contends, to examine the subject more accu

that because it is written in David rately, those “ which had not wor- “ If they shall enter into my rest,"

shiped the beast, neither received there must remain a rest for the peo“his mark upon their foreheads, or ple of God. For he argues, that " in their hands." This may be the Lord could not mean the Sabclearly inferred from chap. xi, 18, bath rest at creation, neither the which extends the reward then to rest in the Land given them under be given to "

all that fear the name Joshua ; seeing that after these had of God, both great and small." taken place he still speaks of a rest

i Daniel vii, 27. m 1 Thess. iv, 15. n Col. iii: 4. o Is. xxiii, 17. p Is. lviii, 14. 9 Psalm xxxvii, 9, 11; xxix, 34. r Ps. xxvii, 13. s Matt. v, 5. Ephes. vi, 2, 3.

t

me;

you

to come, saying, “ If they shall en- to fulfil the word, and therefore ter into my rest.” u This is the placed a meaning upon it which Apostle's principle of interpreting is accomplished in the ordinary prophecy; and it would violate this course and moral nature of things, principle not to conclude, that as he without any promise at all. promises length of days in the land 2. We shall next find the saints to Gentiles, at the time when the included in the promises under every Jews were just about to be cast out particular, in which we have been led of it, there must remain an inheriting to consider them in regard to Christ. of the land to the people of God. The Father has appointed unto him

Those who presume these pro- a kingdom; and he tells his disciples, mises to be figurative thus explain, I appoint unto you a kingdom, as how the meek shall inherit the earth: my Father hath appointed unto viz., that they are contented with

that

ye may eat and drink at their present lot; and that, if they my table in my kingdom and sit needed more, God would give it to on thrones judging the twelve them, even unto the possession of tribes of Israel," v He tells them the whole world. But such an in- also, that when the Son of man terpretation appears objectionable "s shall come in his glory, the King on three distinct grounds. First, shall say to them on his right it offends against the plain gram- hand, Come ye blessed of my Famatical sense of the promise, which " ther, inherit the kingdom prepared is, that the meek SHALL inherit the for from the foundation of the earth; whereas, if they now possess world.” w And “ then shall the it, through contentedness, it should righteous shine forth as the sun in rather be written, Blessed are the “ the kingdom of their Father.” x meek, for they

for they do inherit the 3. Again, Christ is declared to be earth.' The whole argument indeed a king : so, in Psalm xlv, the proof St. Paul, just noticed, loses mise to the church is, $Instead of cogency,

thy fathers shall be thy children, our, after so long a time, promises “ whom thou mayest make princes that the meek shall inherit the in all the earth;" y agreeing with earth, we are to understand it of which is that passage in Revelation, the past. For, to apply the rea- (put into the mouths of the departed reasoning of the Apostle, if they had saints) Thou hast made us unto always thus inherited the earth, then our God kings and priests, and we would he not afterwards have spoken shall reign on the earth.” z of a future inheriting: there re- 4. Once more, a throne is premaineth, therefore, an inheritance pared for the Lord; which I will of the earth to the meek. Secondly, call a throne of glory, because it is it contradicts the whole

the whole scope said, that when he shall come with of unfulfilled promise ; which, as his angels, then shall he sit on the I have demonstrated, regards a throne of his glory. Now Hannah future kingdom to be manifested is made to prophesy, that the Lord here. Thirdly, it lowers and de- raiseth up the poor out of the dust grades the promises of God; as if " and lifteth up the beggar from we were afraid to trust him, when the dunghill, to set them mong marvellous power must be exerted princes, and to make there inhe

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u Heb, chap. iv.

v Luke xxii, 29, 30. W Matt. XXV, 34.

2 Rev. v, 10.

x Ib. xiii, 43.

2.16.

“ rit the throne of glory :” a which David) are set thrones of judgeagrees with that in Revelation

ment.”d To him that overcometh will I I shall suspend some further testigrant to sit with me in my throne; mony concerning the participation

even as I also overcame and am of the saints, until I come to treat “ set down with my Father in his of the JUDGEMENT; which I hope to " throne.” b And if any are dis- do in my next, when I shall consider posed to inquire, how so many can

the doctrine of the FIRST RESURRECsit on the throne of Jesus, I answer TION. Until a future paper I likewise with Jeremiah ; “ at that time they reserve more Scripture testimony to “shall call Jerusalem the throne of the practical utility of these truths. “ the Lord ;'C “ for there also (saith

ABDIEL.

A CHAPTER OF DIFFICULTIES,

No. I.

To the Editor of the Investigator.

candid and impartial principle pro

fessed by the Investigator, to comSir,

municate my difficulties; and for You must not suppose by the this purpose I trouble you with my title which I have given to my com- first chapter. I have selected only munication, that I mean to assail six texts for the present. I hardly the doctrine advocated in the In- know whether to say, that they apvestigator : on the contrary, I must pear to me to offer greater conconfess that the influence of your tradictions than some others : I first Number has been to produce in rather put them in the van, as being my opinions a decided preponderance those which have first suggested in favour of that view of the Advent themselves to my own mind. I shall which is called Millennarian. My be greatly obliged by any of your mind however is naturally disposed Readers who will notice them in the to dwell much upon difficulties; and way of solution; and I shall at some though I am sensible, that I can future opportunity send you a second oppose no objection, which ought in chapter. reason to stand in the way of a re- I. First, the Lord says in Mark's ception of this doctrine; but which Gospel, ix, 1, VERILY I ought rather (as in the case of diffi- you, that there be some of them culties connected with other im- standing here, which shall not portant truths) to be left until in- “ taste of death till they have seen creased light clears them up; yet I " the kingdom of God come with still keep pondering them over, and power." This coming with power, thus am prevented from decidedly I take to be as strong an expression advocating or rejecting the doctrine. for the Millennarian sense as can be I am encouraged therefore by the used : yet does it not shew, in the

say unto

C

a l Sam, ii, 1.

b Rev. iii, 21.

c Jer. iii, 17.

d Ps. cxxii, 5.

My

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fullest sense, that the kingdom of

IV. Christ said to Pilate,
God must have already come ? kingdom is not of this world :"

II. There is a phrase exactly which is thought by some to declare parallel, following our Lord's pro- in plain terms, that it is not to be phecy concerning Jerusalem, and on earth. Having met with some what is interpreted to be the end of observations relative to the terms the world; “ VERILY I

“ VERILY I say unto you, αιων, οικουμενη, and κοσμος, all indifthis generation shall not pass, ferently translated world ; I turned to “ till all these things be done.' a Greek Testament, presuming that, (Mark xiii, 30.) I must however if either of the former terms were candidly acknowledge, that if all the used, it might be explained by that events named in that prophecy, were circumstance; but I find the Greek actually accomplished within the is in this instance koguos--which period of the generation then exist- therefore strengthens my objection. ing, I am in a still greater difficulty V. Christ said to Caiaphas, how to explain them.

Hereafter shall ye see the Son of III. The first of these difficulties Man sitting on the right hand of is still more increased by another power, and coming in the clouds place in the same context. Elias of heaven.” (Matt. xxvi, 64.) “ is indeed come, and they have Now, unless this refer to a pro“ done unto him whatsoever they vidential coming, (as it is called,)

listed, as it is written of him." which providential coming may also Mark ix, 13. Nothing can appa- explain those passages that appear rently be more plain and literal than

more unequivocally millennarian; the prophecy concerning Elijah in how can it be explained consistently Malachi : Behold, I will send with

with a first resurrection of the you Elijah the prophet before the righteous only. If our Lord comes coming of the great and dreadful in the clouds of heaven at the first

day of the Lord : and he shall resurrection, how is Caiaphas, and “ turn the heart of the fathers to those composing the 'ye' to see him?

the children, and the heart of the If they are to see him when he comes, children to their fathers, lest I it can only be at the final resurrection come and smite the earth with a of the wicked, and that consequently

(Chap. vi, 6.) Yet appears from this text to be the Jesus here declares, that it was ful- period of the Advent in the clouds. filled in John ! Does not this shew, VI. “The kingdom of God cometh how great a latitude of interpretation not with observation.” (Luke xvii, ought to be allowed to the spiritual 20.) This seems to limit the phrase side of the question ? And does it kingdom of God,” to that spiritual not render doubtful, whether any of interpretation contended for by antithose passages usually pressed to the millennarians. Millennary cause ought to be literally

Yours, &c. taken?

AMICUS.

16 curse.'

We received the letter of our Cor- could have reached him: otherwise respondent too late for insertion in

we presume some of his Difficulties our third Number; and yet, as we would not have been stated without apprehend, before our second Number a reference to the notice of them by

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