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Bull Bishop, on guardian angels, ii. ! Christmas, origin of, ii. 297.
203.

Chronology, limits of ancient, i. 54.
Bura Pennu, ii. 327, 350, 368, 404. Cicero, on dreams, i. 444; sun-gods,
Burial, ghost wanders till ii. 27; ii. 291.

corpse laid east and west, 423. Civilization, see Culture.
Burning oats from straw, i. 44.

Civilized men adopt savage life, i. 45.
Burton, Capt. R. F., continnance Civilization-myths, i, 39, 353.

theory of future life, ii. 75; disease Clairvoyance, by objects, i. 116.
spirits, 150.

Clashing rocks, myth of, i. 348.
Burton, Anatomy of Melancholy, in Clicks, i. 171, 192.
cubi, etc., ii. 191.

Cocoa-nut, divination by, i. 80.
Buschmann, Prof., on nature-sound, i. Coin placed with dead, i. 490, 494.
223,

Columba, St., legend of, i. 104.
Butler, Bishop, on natural religion, ii. Columbus, his quest of Earthly Para-
356.

dise, ii. 61.

Comparative theology, ii. 251.
Cacodæmon, ii. 138.

Comte, Auguste, i. 19: fetishism, i.
Cæsar, on German deities, ii. 294. 478. ii. 141, 354; species-deities, 242.
Cagots, i, llá, 384.

Confucius, i. 157; funeral sacrifice, i.
Calderwood, Prof., i. vii., ii. 96.

464, ii. 42; spirits, 206; name of
Calls to animals, i. 177.

supreme deity, 352.
Calmet on spirits, ii. 188, etc.

Consonants, i 169.
Calumet, i. 210.

Constellations, myths of, i. 290, 356.
Candles against demons, ii. 194. Continuance-theory of future life, ii.
Cant, myth on word, i. 397.

75.
Cardinal numbers, i. 257.

Convulsions :- by demoniacal posses-
Cards, Playing, i. 82, 126.

sion, ii. 130; artificially produced,
Cassava, i. 53.

410.
Castrén, ii. 8., 155, 177, 245, 351. Convulsionnaires, ii. 420.
Cave-men, condition of, i. 59.

Copal incense, ii. 384.
Ceremonies, religious, ii. 362, etc. Cord, magical connexion by, i. 117.
Ceres, ii. 306.

Corpse taken out by special opening
Chances, games of, their relation to in house, ii. 26, soul remains near,
arts of divination, i. 78.

ii. 29, 150.
Chanticleer, i. 413.

Cortes, i. 319.
Charivari at eclipse, i. 329.

Costume, i. 18.
Charms :-objects, i. 118, ii. 148 ; | Counting, art of, i. 21, 240, etc.; on

formulas, their relation to prayers, fingers and toes, 244; by letters of
ii. 373.

alphabet, etc. 258; derivation of
Charon, i. 490, ii. 93.

numeral words, 217; evidence of
Chesterfield, Lord, on customs, i. 95; independent development of low
on omens, i. 118.

tribes, 271.
Chic, myth on word, i. 397.

Counting-games, i. 75, 87.
Childbirth-goddess, ii. 305.

Couvade, in South India, i. 84.
Children, numerical series of names Cow, name of, i. 209; purification by

for, i. 254; suckled by wild beasts, nirang, etc. ii. 438.
i. 281; receive ancestors' souls and Cox, Mr. G. W.,i. 311, 346, 362.
names, ii. 4; sacrifice of, ii. 398, Creator, doctrine of, ii. 249, 312, 321,
403.

etc
Children's language, i. 223.

Credibility of tradition, i. 275, 370.
China, religion of :-funeral rites, i. Crete, earth of, fatal to serpents, i. 372.

464, 493; mapes-worship, ii. 118; Cromlechs and menhirs objects of
cultus of heaven and earth, 257, worship, ii. 164.
272, 352 ; divine hierarchy, 352; | Culture :-definition of, i. 1; scale of,

prayer, 370; sacrifices, 385, 405. i. 26; primitive, represented by
Chinese culture-tradition, i. 40; re modern savages, i. 21, 68, ii. 413,
inains in Borneo, i. 57.

etc ; development of, i. 21 etc., 62,
Chiromancy or palmistry, i. 125.

etc., 237, 270, 417, etc, ii. 335 i, 445 ;
Chirp or twitter of ghosts, etc., i. 453. evidence of independent progress
from low stages, i. 59, etc ; survival i tree and forest demons, ii. 215, 222;
in culture, ill, etc ; evidence of possession and obsession by demons,
eaily culture from language, 236; i. 99, 152, 309, ii. 111, 123, etc., 179,
art of counting, 270: myth, 284; 401; expulsion of. i. 103, ii. 125,
religion, i 500. ii. 104, 124, 356. 438 ; answer in own name through
etc. ; practical import of study of patient or melium, ii. 124. etc., 132,
culture, 443.

3 .
Curtius, Marcus, le up of, ii. 378. Dendiil. creation-poem of, ü. 21.
Curupa, cohola, narcotic used in W. Deodand origin of, i, 287.
Ind. and S. Amer., ii. 416.

Destruction of objects sacrificed to
Customs. permanence of, i. 70, 156; dead i. 483 ; to deities, ii, 371, atc,
rational origin of, 94.

Development of culture, see Culture.
Customs of Dahome, i. 462.

Development myths, men froin apes,
Cycle of Vecessity, ii. 13.

etc i. 376.
Cyclops, i. 391.

Devil ;-as satyr, i. 307; devils' tree,
Cyrus, i. 281, 286.

ii. 148; devil-dancers, ii. 1:33, devil.

worsbippers, ii 329.

Dice, for divination and gambling, i.
Danc'ng for religious excitement, ii. 82.
133, 420.

Dies Natalis, ii. 202, 297.
Danse Macabre, myth on name, i. 397. Different al worls, phonetic expression
Dante, Divina Commed a, li. 55, 220. of distance and sex, i. 220.
Daphne, ii. 220.

Dirge, Lyke-wake, i 495; of Hos, ii.
Dark, evil :p rits in, ii. 191.

32.
Darwin, Mr., i. vii. ii. 152, 223.

Disease :--personification and myths
Dasent. Dr. i. 19.

of, i. 295: by exit of sul, i. 436;
Davenport Brothers, i. 152, 311.

by demoniacal possession, etc.. i. 127,
Dawn, i. 3:8, 344, etc.

ii. 114, 123, 404; disease-spirits, ii
Day, sun as eve of, i. 350.

125, etc, 178, 115, 408, embodied
Day and Night, myths of, i. 322, 337, in objects or an'mals, 145, 173, etc;
etc., ii. 4,-, 323.

see Demons, Vampires.
Dead, use objects sacrificed for them, Distance expressed by phonetic modi-

i. 485; feasts of, ii. 29; region of fication, i. 220.
future life of, ii. 59, 74, 24+; god Divination : lots, i. 78; symbolic pro.
and judge of, ii 75, etc., 308.

cesses, 31, 117; angury, etc., 119;
Deaf and Dumb. counting, i. 244, 262; dreams, 12); haruspication, 124;
their mythic ideas, i. 298, 413.

swinging ring, etc., 126; astrology
Death :-- ascribed to sorcery. i. 138; 128; possessed objects, i. 125, ii.
omens of, i, 145, 449 ; angel of, i.

155.
295, ii. 196, 321; personification Divining rod and pendulum, i. 127.
and myths of, i. 295, 319, 355. ii | Doctrines borrowed by low from high
46, etc.. 309; death and sunset, races :-on future life, ii. 91 ; dual-
myths of, i. 335, ii. 48; exit of soul ism, 316; supremacy, 333.
at death, i. 448, ii. 1, etc.; death of Dodona, oak of, ii, 219.
soul ii. 22.

Dog headed men, i. 389.
Death-watch, i. 146.

Dolmens, etc; myths suggested by, i.
Decimal notation, i. 261.

387.
Degeneration in culture, i. 35, etc. ; is Domina Abundia, ii. 389.

a secondary action, i. 38. 69; ex Dook, ghost, i. 433.
amples of, in Africa, North America, D'Orbigny, on religion of low tribes,
etc i. 47.

i. 419; on sun-worship, ii. 280.
Delphi, oracle of, i. 94, ii. 137.

Dravidian languages, high and low
Demeter, i. 3:28, ii. 273, 306.

gender, i. 302.
Democritus, theory of ideas, i. 497. Dreams ;-omens by, i. 121; by con-
Demons: souls become ii 27, 111, traries, 122 ; caused by exit of soul,

etc ; iron, charm against, i. 140; i. 410; by spiritual visit to soul, i.
pervade world, ii. 111, 137, 185, etc; 442, 478, evidence of future life, ii.
disease-demons, 126, etc., 177, 192, 24, 49, 75; oracular fasting for, 410:
215; water-demons, i. 109, ii. 209; narcotizing for, 416.

Drift, stone implements from, i. 58. / Enthusiasm, changed signification of,
Drivers' and Drovers' words, i. 180. ii. 183.
Drowning, superstition against rescu Epicurean theory of development of

ing from, i. 107; caused by spirits, culture. i. 37, 60; of soul, 456; of
109,

ideas, 497.
Drugs used to produce morbid excite Epileptic fits by demoniacal posses-

ment, dreams, visions, etc., ii. 416. sion, ii. 130, 137; induced, 419.
Dual and plural numbers in primitive Eponymic ancestors, etc., myths of,
culture, i. 265.

i. 387, 398, etc., ii. 235.
Dualism :-good and evil spirits, ii. Essence of food consumed by souls,

1811; good and evil genius, 202; ii. 39; by deities, 381.
good and evil deity, 316.

Ethereal substance of soul, i. 454 ; of
Dusii, ii, 190.

spirit, ii. 193.
Dwarfs, myths of, i. 385.

Ethnological evidence from myths of
Lyu, ii. 258.

monstrous tribes, i. 379, etc.; from

eponymic race-genealogies, 401.

Etiquette, significance of. i. 95.
Earth, myths of, i. 322, etc., 364, ii. Etymological myths : - names of
270, 320.

places, i. 395; of persons, 396;
Earth-bearer, i. 364.

nations, cities, etc., traced to epony-
Earth-goddess and earth-worship, i. mic ancestors or founders, 395, etc.
322, etc., ii. 270, 306, 342.

Euhemerisın, i, 279.
Earth-mother, i. 3:26, etc., 365. Evans, Mr. John, on stone implements,
Earthquake myths of, i. 364.

i., 65; Mr. Sebastian, i. 106, 453.
Earthly Paradise, ii. 57, etc.

Evil deity, ii. 316, etc. ; worshipped
Earthly resurrection, ii. 5.

only, 320.
East and West, burial of dead, turn Excitement of convulsions, etc., for

ing to in worship, adjusting temples religious purposes, ii. 133, 419.
toward, ii. 383, 422.

Exeter, myth on name of, i. 396.
Easter fires and festivals, ii. 297. Exorcism and expulsion of souls and
Eclipse, myths of, i. 2:8, 329, 356 ; spirits, i. 102, 454, ii. 26, 40, 125,

driving off eclipse monster, i. 328. etc., 146, 179, 199, 433.
Ecstasy, swoon, etc. ;-by exit of soul, Expression of feature causes corres-

i. 439; by demoniacal possession, ponding tone, i. 165, 183.
ii. 130; induced by fasting, drugs, Expressive sound modifies words, i.
excitement, ii. 410, etc.

15.
Edda, i. 84, ii. 77, etc.

Ex-voto offerings, ii. 406, 409.
Egypt, antiquity of culture, i. 54; Eye of day, of Odin, of Graiæ, i. 350.

religion of, transniigration, ii. 13;
future life. 96; animal-worship, Fables of animals, i. 381, 409.
233; sun-worship, 295, 311; dual Familiar spirits, ii. 199.
ism, 327; polytheism and supremacy, Fancy, in mythology, i. 315, 405.
355.

Farrar, Rev. F. W., i. 161, ii. 83.
El, ii. 355.

Fasting for dreams and visions, i, 306,
Elagabal, Elagabalus, Heliogabalus, ii. 445, ii. 410.
295, 398.

Fauns and satyrs, ii. 227.
Elements, worship of the four, ii. 303. Feasts, of the dead, ii. 30; sacrificial
Elf-furrows, myth of, i. 393.

banquets, 395.
Elijah as thunder-god, ii. 204.

Feralia, ii. 42.
Elysium, ii. 97.

Fergusson, Mr., on tree-worship, ii.
Embodiment of souls and spirits, ii. 218; serpent-worship, 240.
3, 123, etc.

Fetch or wraith, i. 448, 452.
Emotional tone, i. 166, etc.

Fetish, etymology of, ii. 143.
Emphasis, i. 173.

Fetishism :-defined, ii. 143 ; doctrine
Endor, witch of, i. 416.

of, i. 477, ii. 157, etc., 175, 205,
Energumens or demoniacs. ii. 139. 215, 270, etc. ; survival of, ii. 160;
Englishman, Peruvian myth of, i. 354. its relation to philosophical theory
Enigmas, Greek, i. 93.

of force, 160; to nature-worship,
Enoch, Book of, i. 408.

205; to animal-worship, 231; tran.
sition to polytheism. 243; to supre- 1 of future life, 100; its practical
macy, 335; to pantheism. 3:14.

effect on mankind, 104; god of the
Fiji and S. Africa, moon-myth com dtad, 308.

mon to, i. 355.
Finger joints cut off as sacrifice, ii. ! Gambling-numerals, i. 268.
400.

Games:-children's games related to
Fingers and toes, counting on, i. 242. serious occupations, i. 72; counting.
Finns, as sorcerers, i. 84, 115.

games, 74; games of chance related
Fire, assing through or over, i. 85, to arts of divination, 78.

ii. 281, 499, etc. : lighted on grave, Gataker, on lots, i. 79.
i. 444; drives off spirits, ii. 194; | Gates of Hailes, Night, Death, i. 347.
new fire, ii. 278, 290, 297, 432; Gayatri, daily sun-prayer of Brahmans,
perpetual fire, 278; sacrifice by fire, ii. 29..
383, etc.

Genders, distinguished as male and
Fire-drill, i. 15,50; antiquity of, ii. female, animate and inanimate, etc.,

280: ceremonial and sportive sur i. 391.
vival of, i. 75.

Genghis Khan, worshipped, ii. 117.
Fire-god and fire-worship, ii. 277, 376, Genius, patron or natal, ii. 199, 216;
etc., 403.

good and evil. 203; changed signi.
Firmament, belief in existence of, i. fication of word, 181,
299, ii. 70.

German and Scandinavian mythology
First Cause, doctrine of, ii. 335.

and religion :-funeral sacrifice, i.
Food offered to dead, i. 485, ii. 30, 464, 491; Walhalla, ii. 79,58; Hel,

etc.; to deities, ii, 397 ; how con i. 347, ii. 88; Odin, Woden. i. 351;
sumed, ii. 39, 376.

362, ii. 269; Loki, i. 83, 365; Thor,
Footprints of souls and spirits, ii. 197. Thunder, ii. 266; Sun and Moon,
Forest-spirits, ii. 215, etc.

i. 289, ii. 294.
Formalism, ii. 363,371.

Gesture-language, and gesture accom-
Formulas :-prayers, ii. 371; charms, panying language, i. 163; effect of
373.

gesture on vocal tone, 165; gesture.
Fortunate Isles, ii. 63.

counting original method, i. 246.
Four winds, cardinal points, i. 361. Ghebers or Gours, fire-worshippers,
Frances, St., her guardian angels, ii.

ii. 282.
203.

Gheel, treatment of lunatics at, ii. 143.
French numeral series in English, i. Ghost :-ghost-soul, i. 142, 428, 433,
268.

445,488, seen in dreams and visions,
Fumigation, see Lustration.

440, etc. ; voice of, 452; substance
Funeral procession :-horse led in, i. and weight of, 453; of men, animals,

463,474; kill persons meeting, 464. and objects, 429, 469, 479; popular
Funeral sacrifice :-attendants and theory inconsistent and broken-

wives killed for service of dead, i. down from primitive, 479; ghosts
459; animals, 472'; objects depo. as harmful and vengeful demons,
sited or destroyed, 481 ; motives of, ii. 27; ghosts of unburied wander,
458, 472, 483; survival of, 463, ii. 28 ; ghosts remain near cor; se
474, 492 ; see Feasts of Dead.

or dwelling, ii. 29, etc.; laying
Future Life, i. 419, 469, 480, ii. 1, ghosts, ii. 153, 191.

etc., 100; transmigration of soul, ii. Giants, myths of, i. 386.
2; remaining on earth or departure Gibbon, on development of culture, i.
to spirit-world, 22; whether races 33.
without belief in, 20; connexion Glanvil, Sadıcismus Triumphatus, ii.
with evidence of senses in dreams 140.
and visions, 24, 49; locality of Glass-mountain, Anafielas, i. 492.
region of departed souls, 74 ; Godless month, ii. 350.
visionary visits to, 46; connexion Gods :- seen in vision, i. 306; of
of solar ideas with, 48, 74,311, 422; waters, ii. 209; of trees. groves,
character of future life, 74; con and forests, 215; embodied in or
tinuance-theory, 75; retribution represented by animals. 231; gods
theory, 83; introduction of moral of species, 212; higlier gods of
eleinent, 10, 83; stages of doctrine | polytheism, 247, etc.; of dualism,
316; gods of different religions Harvest-deity, ii. 305, 364, 368.
compared. 250; classified by com- | Hashish, ii. 379.
mon attributes, 254.

Head hunting, Dayak, i. 459.
Gog and Magog, i. 386, etc.

Headless tribes, myths of, i. 390.
Goguet, on degeneration and develop Healths, drinking, i. 96.
ment, i. 32.

Heart, related to soul, i. 431, ii. 152.
Gold, worshipped, ii. 154.

Heaven, region of departed souls, ii.
Good and evil, rud mentary distinction 70.

of, ii. 89.318 ; good and evil spirits Heaven and earth. universal father
and dualistic deities, 317.

and mother, i. 322, ii. 272, 3 15.
Goodman's croft, ii. 408.

Heaven-god. and heaven-worship, i.
Graiæ, eye of, i. 352.

304, 322, ii. 255, etc., 337, etc.,
Great-eared tribes, i. 388.

367, 395.
Greek mythology and religion : Hebrides low culture in, i. 45.

pature-myths, i. 320, 328, 349; Hekate, i. 150, ii. 302, 418.
funeral rites, 464, 490 ; future life, Hel. death-goddess, i. 301, 347, ii. 88,
ii. 53, 63, etc. ; nature-spirits and 311.
polytheism, 206, etc. ; Zeus, 258, Hell, ii. 56. 68, 97; related to Hades,
etc., 3.35; Demeter. 27:1, 306; ii. 74, etc.; as place of torment,
Nereus, Poseidon, 277; Hephaistis, not conception of savage religion,
Hestia, 234; Apollo, 294; Hekate, 103.
Artemis, 302; stone-worship, 165; Hellenic race-genealogy, i. 402.
sacrifice. 386.396; orientation, 426; Hellsboon, i. 491.
lustration, 439.

Hephai-tos, ii. 212, 280.
Grey, Sir George, i. 322.

Hera, ii. 305.
Grote, Mr., on mythology, i. 276, 100. Herakles, ii. 294 ; and lesione, i..
Grove-spirits, ii. 215.

339.
Guarani, name of, i. 401.

Hermes Trismegistus, ii, 178.
Guardian spirits and angels, ii. 199. Hermotimus, i. 439, ii. 13.
Guif of dead, ii. 62.

Hero-children suckled by beasts, i.
Gunthrain, dream of, i. 442.

281.
Gypsies, i. 49, 115.

Hesiod, Isles of Blest, ii. 63.
Hestia, ii. 284.

Hiawatha, poem of, i. 345, 361.
Hades, under-world of departed souls, Niide-boiling, i. 4 4.

i. 335, 340. ii. 65, etc., 81, 97, 309; Hierarchy, polytheistic, ii. 248, 337,
descent into, i. 340, 345, ii. 45, 54, 319, etc.
83; personitication of, i. 310, ii. 55, Hissing, for silence, contempt, respect,
309, 311.

i. 197.
Haetsh, Kamchadal ii. 46, 313.

Histry, relation of mith to, i. 278,
Hagiology, ii. 120, 261; rising in air, 416, ii. 447; criticism of, i. 2.0);

i. 1.1; iniracles, i. 1:7, 371; similarity of nature-myth to, 320.
second-sight, i. 449; hagiolatry, ii. Hole to let out soul, i, 453.
120.

Holocaust, ii 385, 396.
Hair, lock of, as offering, ii. 401. Hulyoake, Holywood, etc., ii. 229.
Half-Llood, succession of forbidden, i. | Holy Sepulchre, Easter fire at, ii. 297.
20.

Holy water, ii. 188, 439.
Half men, tribes of, i. 391.

Holy wells, ii. 214.
Haliburton, Mr., on sneezing-rite, i. Horne Tooke on interjections, i. 175.
103.

Horse, sacrificed or led at funeral, i.
Hamadryad, ii. 215.

413, 473.
Hand-numerals, from counting on fin. Horseshoes, against witches and
gers, etc., i. 246.

demons, i. 140.
Hanuman, monkey-god, i. 378.

House abandoned to ghost, ii. 25.
Hara kari, i. 463.

Hucklebones, i. 82.
Harmodins and Aristogiton, ii. 63. Huitzilopochtli, ii. 254, 307.
Harpies, ii. 269.

Human sacrifice :-funerals, i. 458 : to
Harpocrates, ii. 295.

deities. ii. 271, 3:5, 389, 398, 403.
Haruspication, i. 123, ii. 179.

Humboldt, W. v., on continuity, i.

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