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253.

17: on language, 236 ; on numerals, plaining, fearing, driving, etc., i.

197; hushing, hiss ng, loathing,
Hume, Natural History of Religion, Lating, etc., 197.
i. 477.

Interjections, i. 175; sense-words
Huns as giants. i. 386.

used as, 176; directly expressive
Hunting.calls, i. 181.

sounds, 183.
Hurricane, i. 303.

Intoxicating liquor, absence of, i. 63.
Hyades, i. 358.

Intoxication as a rite, ii. 417.
Hysteria etc., by possession, ii. 131, | Inventions development of, i. 14, 62;
etc ; induced, 419.

myths of, 39, 392.

Iosco, loskeha and Taw.scara, myth
Iamblichus, i. 150, ii. 187.

of. i 288, 348, ii. 323.
Ideas:- Epicurean related to object- Ireland, low culture in, i. 44.

Svuls . 157; Platonic related to | Iron, charm against witches, elves,
spec es-deities, ii. 244.

etc., i. 140.
Idiots, inspired, ii, 117.

Islands earth of, fatal to serpents, i.
Idol, see Image.

372; of Blest, ii. 57.
Idolitry as related to fetishism, ii. | Italian numeral series in English, i.
168.

268.
Images :- fallen from heaven, i. 157;

as substitutes in sacrifice, i. 463, ii. Jameson, Mrs., on parables, i. 414.
405; fed and treated as alıve, ii. Januarius, St., b.vod of, i. 157.
170; moving, weeping, sweating, Jawbone, mythic, i. 3+4.
etc., 171 ; animated by spirits or Jerome, St., il. 428.
deities, 172.

Jew's harp, vowels sounded with, i.
Imagination, based on experience, i. 168.
273, 299, 304.

John, St., Midsummer festival of, ii.
Imitat ve words, i. 200; verbs, etc., 298.

of blowing, swelling, mumbling, Johnson, Dr., i. 6, ii. 24.
spitting, sneezing, eating, etc., 203, Jonah, i. 329.
etc. ; names of animals, 206; names Jones, Sir W., on nature-deities, ii.
of musical instruments, 208; verbs, 25, 286.
etc., of striking, cracking, clapping, Joss-sticks, ii. 384.
falling. etc.. 211; prevalence of imi Journey to spirit-world, region of
tative words in savage language, dead. i. 4v1, ii. 44, etc.
212; imitat.ve adaptation of words, Judge of dead, ii. 92, 314.
214.

Julius Cæsar, i. 320,
Immateriality of soul, not conception Jupiter, i. 350, ii. 258, etc.

of lower culture, i. 45, ii. 198.
Immortality of soul, not conception of Kaaba, black stone of, ii. 106.
lower culture, i. 22.

Kalewaia, Finnish epic, ii. 46, 80, 93,
Implements, inventions of, i, 64, etc. 261.
Incas, myth of ancestry and civiliza | Kali, ii. 425.

tion, i. 2-3, 354, ii, 290, 301. | Kami-religion of Japan, ii. 117, 301,
Incense, ii. 383.

330.
Incubi and succubi, ii. 189.

Kang-hi on magnetic needle, i. 375.
Indigenes of low culture, i. 50, etc.; Kathenotheism, ii. 354.

considered as sorcerers, 113; myths Keltic counting by scores continued in
of, as monsters, 376, etc.

French and Engiish, i, 2.,3.
Indo-Chinese languages, musical pitch Kepler on world-soul, ii. 354.
of vowels, i. 169.

Kimmerian darkness, ii, 48.
Indra, i. 320, ii. 265.

Kissing, i. 03.
Infant, lustration of, ii. 430, etc. Kitchi Manitu and Matchi Manitu,
Infernus, ii. 81.

Great and Evil Spirit, ii. 324.
Innocent VIII., bull against witch- | Klerin, Dr., on development of im-
craft, i. 139, ii. 190.

plements. i. 64.
Inspired idiot ii. 125.

Kobong or totem, ii. 235.
Interjectional words:--verbs, etc., of Koran, i. 407, ii. 77, 296.

wailing, laughing, insult.ny, com- Rottabos, ganie of, i. 82.

Kronos swallowing children, i. 341. M'Lennan, Mr., theory of totemism,
Kynokephali, i. 339.

ii. 236.

Macrocosm. i. 350, ii. 354.
Lake-dwellers, i. 61.

Madness and idiocy by possession, ii.
Language : i. 17. 236, ii. 445:--di- | 123, etc., 179.

rectly expressive element in, i. 160; | Magic :-origin and development, i.
correspondence of this in different 112, 132; belongs to low level of
languages, 163; interjectional forms, culture, 112; attributed to low
175; imitative forins, 100; diffe. tribes, 113; based on association of
rential forms, 220 : children's lan ideas, 116; processes of divination,
guage, 223; origin and develop 78,118; relation to Stone Age, 127;
inent of language, 229; relation of see Fetishism.
language to omythology, 99; Magnetic Mountain, philosophical
gender, 301; language attributed myth of, i. 374.
to birds, etc., 19, 469; place of Maine, Sir H, S., i. 20.
language in development of culture, Maistre, Count de, on degeneration in
ii. 445.

culture, i. 35; astrology, 128; ani.
Langue loc, etc., i. 193.

mation of stars, 291,
Last breath, inhaling, i. 433.

Vakrokephali, i. 391.
Laying ghosts. ii. 25, 153.

Malleus Maleficarum, ii, 140, 191.
Legge. Dr., on Confucius, ii. 352. Man, primitive con lition of, i. 21, ii.
Leibnitz, i. 2.

413; see Savage.
Lewes, Mr. G. H., i. 497.

Man of the woods, bushman, orang.
Liebrecht, Prof. F., i. vii., 108, 177, utan, i. 301.
318-9, ii. 24, 164, 195, etc.

Man swallowed by monster, nature-
Life caused by soul, i. 434.

myth of, i. 335, etc.
Light and darkness, analogy of good Manco Ccapac, i. 351.
and evil, ii. 324.

Manes and manes-worship, i. 98, 113,
Likeness of relatives accounted for by 434, ii. 8, 111, etc., 129, 162, 307,
re-birth of soul. ii. 3.

364; theory of, ii. 113, etc ; divine
Limbus Patrum, ii. 83.

ancestor or first man as great deity,
Linnæus, name of, ii. 229.

311, 317.
Little Red Riding-hood, i. 341. Manichæism, ii. 14, 330.
Loki, i. 83, 305.

Manitu, ii. 249, 324, 341.
Lots, divination and gambling by, i. ! Manoa, golden city of, ii. 249.
78.

Manu, laws of :- ordeal by water, 1.
Lubbock, Sir J.:-evidence of metal 141; pitris, ii 119.

lurgy and pottery, against degenera. Marcus Curtius, leap of, ii. 378.
tion-theory, i. 57; on luw tribes de Margaret, St., i, 310.
scribed as without religious ideis, i. Markham, Jr. C.R., i. vii., ii. 263, 337,
421 ; on water-worship, ii. 210; on 366, 352, etc.
totem-worship, 2:6.

Marriages in May, i. 70.
Lucian, i. 149, ii. 13, 52, 67, 302, 426. Mars, ii 308.
Lucina, ii. 3:2,305.

Martius, Dr., on dualism, ii. 325.
Lucretius, i. 40, 60.

Maruts, Vedic, i. 302, ii. 268.
Lunatics, demoniacal possession of, ii. Mass, ii. 410.
124. etc.

Master of life or breath, ii. 60, 339,
Lustration, by water and fire, ii. 429, etc, 365.

etc.; of new-born children. 43); of Materiality of soul, i. 453; of spirit,
women, 432; of those polluted by ii. 193.
blood or corpse, 433; general, 431, Mui, i. 335, 313, 360, ii. 253, 267,

279.
Luther, on witches, i. 137, on guardian Jaundevile, Sir John, i. 375, ii.
angels, ii 203.

45.
Lyell, Sir C., on degeneration-theory, | Medicine, of N. A. Indians, ii. 154,
'i. 57.

210, 233, 372, etc., 411.
Lying in state, of King of France, ii. Meiners, History of Religions, ii. 27,

48, etc.
Lyke wake dirge, i. 495.

Melissa, i. 491.

etc.

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Men descended from a pes, myths of, migration, ii. 12; in future life, 85,
i. 376 ; men with tails, 383.

etc. ; in dualism, 316, etc. ; in prayer,
Menander, guardian gen us. ii. 201. 373; in sacrifice, 336, etc. ; in lus-
Merit and demerit, Buddhist, ii. 12, 98. tration, 429.
Messalians, i. 103.

Morals and Law, ii. 448.
Metaphor, i. 231, 297 ; mytlıs from, Morbid itnagination related to myth,
405.

i. 305.
.Metaphysics, relation of animism to, Morbid excitement for religious pur-
i. 497, ii. 242, 311.

poses, ii. 416, etc.
Metempsychosis, i. 379, 409, 469, 476, Morning and evening stars, myths of,
ii. 2; origin of. ii. 16.

i, 344, 350.
Micare digitis, i. 75.

Morra, game of, in Europe and China,
Middleton, Dr., i. 157, ii. 121.

i. 75.
Midgard-snake, ii. 241.

Morzine, demoniacal possessions at, i.
Midsummer festival, ii. 298

152, ii. 141.
Milk and blood, sacrifices of, ii. 48; | Mound-builders. i. 56.
see blood.

Mountain, abode of departed souls on,
Milky Way, myths of, i 359, ii. 72. ij. 60, ascending for rain, 260.
Mill. Mr. J. S., on ideas of number, i. Mouth of Night and Death, myths of,
240.

i. 347.
Milton, on eponymic kings of Britain, Müller, Prof. J, G., on future life, ii.
i. 400.

90, etc.
Minne, drinking, i. 96.

Müller, Prof. Max:-on language and
Minucius Felix, on spirits, etc., ii. 179. myth, i. 299; funeral rites of Brah-
Miracles, i. 276, 371, ii. 121.

mans, 166; heaven-god, i. 58;
Mithra, i. 351, ii. 293, 297.

353; sun-myth of Yama, 314;
Moa, legend of. ii. 50.

Chinese religion, 352; katheno-
Mohammed, legend of, i. 407.

theism, 354.
Moloch, ii. 221, 403.

Mummies, in 19, 34, 151.
Money borrowed to be repaid in next Musical instruments named from
life, i. 491.

sound, i. 208.
Monkeys, preserved as dwarfs, i. 388; Musical tone used in language, i. 168,
see Apes,

174.
Monothe sm, ii. 331.

Mutilation of soul with body, i. 451.
donster, driven off at eclipse, i. 328; Mythology :-i. 23, 273, etc.; forvia-

hero or inaiden devoured by, 335. tion and laws of, 273, etc.; alle-
Monstrous mythic human tribes, ape. gorical interpretation, 277; misture

like, tailed, gigantic and dwarfish, with history, 278; rationalization,
noseless, great-eared, dog leaded, euhemerism, etc., 278; classifica-
etc., i. 376, etc.; their ethnological tion and interpretation, 281, 317,
sign ficance, 379, etc.

etc. ; nature-myths, 284, 316. etc.;
Month's mind, i. 83.

personification and animation of
Moon :- omens and influence by nature, 285; grammatical gender as

changes. i. 130; myths of, 28.5. 35+; related to, 301; personal names of
inconstant, 334; changes typical objects as related to, 303; morbid
of death and new life, i. 354, ii. delusion, 305; similarity of nature.
300; inoon-myths common to S. myths to real his:ory, 319; his-
Africa and Fiji, i. 354, and to Bengal torical import of mythology, i. 416,
and Malay Peninsula, 356; moon ii. 446; its place in culture, ii. 446;
abode of departed souls, ii. 70.

philosophical myths, i. 366; expla-
Moon-god and moon-worship, i. 289, natory legends, 39%; etymological
11. 2:9, etc., 323.

myths, 395 ; eponymic myths, 399;
Moral and social condition of low legends from fancy and ivetaphor,
tribes, i. 29, etc.

415 ; realized or pragmatic legends,
Moral element in culture, i 28; ab. 407; allegory and parables, 403.

sent or scanty in lower religions, i. Myths :--myth-riddles, i. 93: origin of
4:27, ii. 361; divides lower from sneezing-rite, 101; foundation-sacri-
higher religions, ii. 361; introduced fice, 104; heroes suckled by beasts,
in funeral sacrifice, i. 495; in trans- 1 281; sun, moon, and stars, 288,

eto. ; eclipse, 288; water-spout, 292; | Nirvana, ii. 12, 79.
sand-pillar, 293; rainbow, 293, 297; Nix, water-demon, i. 110, ii. 213.
waterfalls, rocks, etc., 295; disease, Norns or Fates, i. 352.
death, pestilence, 295; phenomena Noseless tribes, i, 388.
of nature, 297, 320; heaven and Notation, arithmetical, quinary, deci-
earth, i. 322, ii. 345; sunrise and mal, vigesimal, i. 261.
sunset, day and night, death and Numerals :- low tribes only to 3 or 5,
l.fe, i. 335, ii. 48, 62, 322; moon, i. 242 ; derivation of numerals from
inconstant, typical of death, i. 353; counting fingers and toes, 246;
civilization-legenda, 39, 353; winds, from other significant objects, 251;
i. 361, ii. 266; thunder, i. 362, ii. series of number-names of children,
264; men and apes, development 254 ; new formation of numerals,
and degeneration, i. 378; ape-men, 255 ; etymology of, 259, 270;
379; men with tails, 382; giants numerals borrowed from foreign
and dwarfs, 385; monstrous men, languages, 266; initials of numerals,
389; personal names introduced, used as figures, 209; see Notation.
394; race genealogies of nations, | Nympholepsy, ii. 137.
402 ; bea-t fables, 409; visits to | Nymphs :-water-nyinphs, ii. 2:2;
spirit-world, ii. 16, etc. ; giant with tree-nymphs, 219, 227.
soul in egg, 153; transformation
into trees. 219; dualistic inyth of
two brothers, 320.

Objectivity of dreams and visions, i

442, 479; abandoned, 500.
Nagas, serpent-worshippers, ii. 218, Objects treated as personal, i. 286,
240.

477, ii. 205 ; souls or phantoms of
Naines :-of children in numerical objects, i. 478, 497, ii 9; dispatched

series, i. 254 ; of objects as related to dead by funeral sacrifice, i. 481.
to myth, 303; of personal heroes in Occult sciences, see Magic.
troduced into myths, 39+; of places, Odin, or Woden, as heaven.god, i.
tribes, countries, etc, myths formed 351, 362, ii. 269: one-eyed, i. 351.
from, 396; ancestral names given to Odysseus, unbinding of, i. 153;
children, ii. 4; nawe-giving cere descent to Hades, i. 346, ii. 48, 65.
monials, il. 429.

Ohio, Ontario, i. 190.
Natural religion, i. 427, ii. 103, 356. Ojibwa, myth of, i. 345, ii. 46,
Nature conceived of as personal and | Oki, demon, ii. 208, 255, 342.
animated, i. 285, 478. ii. 184.

Old man of sea ii. 277.
Nature deities, polytheistic, ii. 255, Omens, i. 97, 118, etc., 145, 449.
376.

Omophore, Manichæan, i. 365.
Nature-myths, i. 284, 316, etc., 326. One-eyed tribes, i. 391.
Nature-spirits, elves, nymphs, etc., ii. Oneiromancy, i. 121.
184, 204, etc.

Opening to let out soul, i. 453.
Necromancy, i. 143, 312, 446; see Ophiol.try, see Serpent-worship.
Manes.

Ophites, ii. 242.
Negative and affirmative particles, i. Oracles, i. 94, ii. 411; by inspiration

or possession, ii. 124, etc., 179.
Negroes re born as whites, ii. 5. Orang-utan, i. 381.
Neo or Hawaneu, ii. 333.

Orcus, ii. 67, 80,
Neptune, ii. 276.

Ordeal by fire, i. 85; by sieve and
Nereus, ii. 274.

shears, 128; by water, 140; by
Neuri, i. 313.

bear's head, ii. 231.
New birth of sul, ii. 3.

Ordinal numbers, i. 257.
Newton, Sir Isaac, on sensible species, Oregon, Orejones, i. 389.
i. 498.

Origin of language, i. 231; numerals,
Nicene Council, spirit-writing at, i. 247.
148.

Orion, i. 358, ii. 81. .
Nicodemus, Gospel of, ii. 54.

Orientation, solar rite or symbolism,
Niebuhr, on origin of culture, i. 41. ii. 422.
Night, myths of, i. 334, ii. 48, 61. Ormuzd, ii. 283, 328.
Nightmare-demon, ii. 159, 193. Orpheus and Eurydike, i. 316, ii. 48.
Nilsson, l'rof., on development of Osiris, ii. 67, 295; and Isis, i 289.
culture, i. 61, 64.

| Otiose supreme deity, ii. 320, 336, etc.
VOL. II.

Η Η

192.

49.

Outcasts, distinct from savages, i, 43, Polytheism, ii. 247, etc.; based on

analogy of human society, ii. 248,
Owain, Sir, visit to Purgatory, ii. 56. 337,349,352; classification of de ties

by attributes, 255; heaven-god, 255,
Pachacamac, ii. 337, 360.

331, etc. ; rain god, 259: thunder-
Pandora myth of, i. 408.

god, 262; wind-god, 66; earth.
Panotii, i. 389.

god, 270; water-god, 274 ; seu gol,
Pant beism, ii. 332, 341, 354.

75; fire-god, 277; sun-gud, 286,
Papa, mamma etc., i 223.

335. etc.; moon-god, 299; gods of
Paper figures substitutes in sacrifice, childbirth, agriculture, war, etc,
i. 464, 432, ii 405.

304; god and judge of dead, 308;
Parables. i. 411.

first man, divine ance-tor, 311;
Pars pro toto in sacrifice, ii. 399.

evil deity, 316; suprenie deity,
Parthenogenesis, ii. 190, 307.

33; relation of polytheism tu
Particles, affirmative and negative, i. ! monotheism. 333.
. 192; of distance, 220,

i Popular rhymes, etc., i. 86; sayings, i.
Passage de l'Enfer, ii 65.

I 19, 83, 1:22, 313, ii. 268, 353.
l'atrick, St., i. 372; his l'urgatory, ii. Poseidon, i. 365, 11. 277, 378.
45, 55.

Possession and obsession, see Demons,
Patroklos, i. 444, 464.

Embodiment.
Patron saints, ii 124; pation spirits, Pott, Prof., on reduplication, i. 219;
199.

on numerals, 2u1.
Pattern and matter, ii. 216.

Pottery, evidence from remains, i. 56;
Penny comequick, i. 396.

absence of potter's wheel. 45, 63.
Periander, i. 491.

Pozzuoli, myth of-ubs dence of, i 372.
Perkun, Perrin, ii. 266.

Pragmatic or realized myths, i 407.
Persian race-genealogy, i. 403.

Prayer:--doctrine of, ii, 364, etc. ; re-
Persephone, myth ot, i. 321.

lat on to nationality, 371; intro.
l'enseus and Andromeda, i 339.

duction of inoral element. 373;
l'ersunal names, in mythology, i. 303, prayers, i. 98, ii. 136, 208, 201, 80,
394, 396

292, 329, 338, 364, etc., 435 ; rosary.
Personification :-natural phenomena, ii. 372: prayer-mill and prayer.

i. 285, etc, 320, 477, ii. 205, 254 ; wheel, 372.
disease, death, etc , i. 295; ideas, Prehistoric archæology, i. 55, etc.; ii.
300; tribes, cities, countries, etc., 443
339: Hades, i. 339, ii 55.

Priests consume sacrifices, ii. 379.
l'estilence, personification and myths Prithivi. i 397, ii. 258, 272.
of, i. 295

l'rocopius, voyage of souls to Britiin,
Peter and Paul, Acts of, i 372.

ii. i4.
Petit bonhomme. game of, i. 77. Progression in culture. i. 14, 32; in-
Petronius Arbiter. i. 75, ii. 261.

ventions, 62, etc ; language, 236;
Philology, Generative, i. 198, 230. ar thmetic, 270; philosophy of re-
Philosophical mythis. i. 368.

ligion, see Animism.
Thrase-melody, i. 174.

Prometheus, i. 305, ii. 400.
Pillars of biercules, i. 395.

Proverbs, i. 84, etc. ; see Popular
l'ipe, i. 208.

Sayings.
lithecuex, i. 377.

Psychology, i. 428.
Places, myths from names of, i. 395. Pupil of eye, related to soul, i. 431.
Planchette. i. 147.

Purgatory, ii. 68, 92; St. Patrick's,
I lants, svuls of, i. 474.

55.
Plath, Dr. on Chinese religion, ii. 352, Purification, see Lustration.
etc.

Puss, i. 178.
Plato, on transmigration, ii. 13; Pla Pygmies, myths of, i. 385 ; connected
tonic ideas, 24t.

with dolmens, 387; monkeys as,
Ple ades, i. 291, 358.

388.
Pliny on magic, i. 133; on eclipses, Pythagoras, ii, 13, 137, 187.

334.
Plurality of souls, i. 433.

Quaternary period. i. 58.
Plutarch, visits to spirit-world, ii. 53. 'Quetelet, M., on social laws, i. 11.
Pneumna, psyche, i. 433, 437.

Quinary numeration and notation, i.
Pointer-facts, i. 62.

261; in Roman numeral letters, 263.

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