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West, for North West, how is this point used? It is placed just after the N.

When words are abbreviated as Wm. for William, and Doct. for Doctor, how is this point used? It is placed just after the abbreviations.

This point is also used with figures.


Where there are two points one above the other, what is it called ? Colon.

What is the pause of a colon? It is next to a period in length; and is measured by counting four.

Where is a colon placed? After a perfect sentence when something more is added to explain it.

Ev.-Lucy is not at school to-day: perhaps she is sick.

Where is the place for the colon in this sentence?


Where there is a point placed over a comma what is it called? Semicolon.

What is the pause of a semicolon? It is the second in length; and is measured by counting two.

How is a semicolon used? It is used to divide a compound sentence. Example.—Lucy is dressing her doll; and Mary is playing with blocks.

Where is the place for the semicolon.

Should a short simple sentence, as—This school-room is very pleasant,-be divided by pauses? It should not.

When a simple sentence is long, and includes several parts, how should it be divided? The distinct parts should be separated by commas.

When the name of a person or thing is repeated in connexion with other words. Example. The whole chool,, teacher and pupils, were there, how should the sentence be divided? The repetitions should be separated by a comma.

What is the pause of a comma? It is the shortest pause and is measured by counting one.

When a distinct phrase is included in a sentence, as, the boys marched, soldier like, while the music Jasted, how must it be pointed? The phrase, must be separated from the sentence by commas.

When the words, however, nay, hence, besides, in short, finally, and, formerly, are brought into a sentence, and not connected with other words, how are they pointed? They are separated from the words by

When words are connected in sense, but the copulative conjunction is omitted, as,—the little boy read, marched, sung and behaved very well,-how is it pointed? The comma is placed where the conjunction is omitted.

vuld words of address, as,-my dear children, you must always listen to instruction - be pointed? The words of address must be separated by a comma.



What is the pause of the interrogation point? The same length of a period, and is measured by counting six.

How is the interrogation point used? It is placed after a question, as, Who made this house?


What mark is used for a sudden expression of surprise or wonder? as, alas! they are drowned! Oh, unhappy men! Exclamation point.

What is the pause of the exclamation point? The same as a colon or period.


What use is made of capital letters? Words, on the title

pages of books are composed of capitals; also, the several heads in the division of books.

What words should always begin with a capital? The name of God, Lord, Jesus Christ, Immanuel, Messiah, Saviour, Redeemer, Father, Son, Holy Spirit.

What other words? . All proper names of persons and places with the nouns and adjectives derived from them. The first word of every line of poetry.

What other use is made of capitals? They are used for abbreviations, and numeral letters.


What is the short line which you sometimes find between the words of the sentence? It is called the dash.

How is the dash used? Where words are omitted through design.

When one does not choose to name the person or thing they are writing about, what is put in place of the name? Several stars or a dash.




find words enclosed in curved lines what is the meaning? It shows there is something more put in, to explain the sentence.

What are these marks called? Parenthesis.

How should words be read which are enclosed by a parenthesis? With a depressed tone of voice.



Poor children, who are all the day
Allowed to wander out,
And only waste their time in play,
Or running wild about-

Who do not any school attend,
But idle as they will,
Are almost certain in the end,
To come to something ill.

Some play is good to make us strong,
And school to make us wise ;
But always play is very wrong,
And what we should despise.

There's nothing worse than idleness
For making children bad;
"T is sure to lead them to distress,
And much that's



Sometimes they learn to lie and cheat,
Sometimes to steal and swear;
These are the lessons in the street,
For those who idle there.

But how much better 't is to learn To count, and spell, and read! 'Tis best to play and work in turn; "T is very nice indeed.


The hour is come, I will not stay,
But haste to school without delay,
Nor loiter here, for 't is a crime,
To trifle thus with precious time.

Say, shall my teacher wait in vain,
And of my sad neglect complain?
No, let me rather strive to be
In season there to kneel and pray.

These golden hours will soon be o'er When I can go to school no more ; How painful then would be the thought, That I had spent my time for naught.


In your play be very careful
Not to give another pain;
If rude children tease or hurt you,
Never do the same to them.

If a stone were thrown against you
And should hit your head or eye,
Don't you know 't would hurt you sadly?
Don't you think 't would make you cry?

Never throw a stone or brick then,
Though you see no creature near;
"Tis a dangerous, naughty practice,
Which my little ones should fear.

Never do like those bad children
Who are often in the street;
Throwing stones at dogs or horses,
Or at anything they meet.

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