Page images
PDF
EPUB

or teacher first to spell and pronounce each syllable and the children repeat, until the sounds become in a degree familiar to them.

They may next be taught by the same means to spell and pronounce the syllables of the second table, viz. bla, fla, gla, &c.

Singing, occasionally these lessons in syllables will give to them an additional interest.

Those children which have before learned to read will not be particularly benefited by these lessons, but it should be considered no loss of time, as it will be an amusement for them, while they are aiding the younger pupils. A constant watch must be observed for those who are discordant or listless in this exercise of repeating

Such should be selected, placed by themselves, and induced to repeat or sing while the others remain silent, that their attention may be excited and individual improvement advanced.

During the time the children are thus taught the sounds of the letters, by repeating many unmeaning syllables, care must be taken that they do not lose their interest for reading. It should be explained to them that these syllables are parts of words. They should also be daily exercised in spelling short easy words, the names of objects familiar to them, as pin, top, dog, puss, bird, sun, moon, &c.

When the children have learned to repeat these lessons with ease, they may next be arranged in classes, and taught to read the syllables from the cards, which for this purpose should be placed on the spelling post before them, and the letters pointed out by the teacher or monitor. Next proceed to teach them from the cards containing short easy words, requiring a definition of each word which is read. Such words as are not familiar should be explained by the teacher, which must be done in so engaging a manner as to enlist the attention, or nothing will be gained.

Ex. The word spelled is b-a-t, bat. What is a bat? has any one of you, ever seen a little animal which is called 'bat? It is a very curious creature, not larger

than your fist, when it sits still. It is covered with soft fur and has little ears like a mouse. Is it a mouse? No, it is not a mouse, for a mouse cannot fly, but the little bat can spread its wings, as broad as a plate, and fly about very, swiftly. After a lesson has been read and spelled by the children, they should be exercised in pronouncing the same words without spelling them. This will help them to know words at first sight, and prepare them to read sentences without first spelling the words.

An interest in spelling may be excited by calling upon the pupils to spell the names of common things. Ex. Spell the name of some thing you now see.

Of some animal. Of some beautiful flower. Of some fruit. Of something you can see in the blue sky, &c.

When the pupils have proceeded thus far in learning to read, they are prepared for easy lessons in reading. These should consist of short sentences, on pleasing, familiar subjects, expressed in simple language.

WORDS DEFINED. Experience shows that defining words gives a high degree of interest to spelling and reading, provided the definitions are reduced to the comprehension of the pupils; this, together with the great advantage which must result from the early acquisition of correct language, renders it an important branch of infant education. Short lessons are preferred in this exercise and should be well understood before others are given.

The teacher may ascertain whether the definition of a word is well understood, by obtaining answers to such questions as are annexed to a few words at the beginning of this lesson. Abandon, to leave and forsake. What should you forsake? All that is wicked. Abase, to cast down and bring low. Was that man abased who was put in prison for his bad

conduct?

How do you

Abba, a word used for father
Abet, to help another in what he is doing.
Is it right to abet one who is doing wrong?
Abhor, to dislike very much, to hate
What should we abhor?
Abluent, that which washes clean.
With what do wę wash? What is used with water?
Above, in a high place, over head.
Can you tell me of something that is over head?
Abreast, side by side.
stand when

you

rise to read? Abroad, out of the house. Where do you like to go? Abscond, to hide one's self. What do some persons do, to keep awaỹ from others ? Absorb, to suck up... What will the sponge do, when put in water? Absurd, very foolish. What is it to say, I cry for food because I am sleepy? Abundance, a great plenty. Can you mention anything which you have in abundance? Abuse, to treat with rudeness. What is it to push and strike another? Aborigines, first inhabitants of a country, What are the Indians? Absent, away. What can you say of the children who are not in school.

to-day? Accelerate, to make anything go faster Access, the way to approach a thing Accommodate, to supply one with things which he wants Accost, to speak first to Accurate, without any fault Accumulate, to increase, to gain more Acid, sour Acquire, to gain a thing by our own labor Act, something done Acute, sharp, ending in a point

Adapt, to fit one thing to another
Add, to join one thing to another
Adhere, to stick to something
Adjacent, that which lies next to another
Adjourn, to put off to another day
Admit, to let in
Adverse, contrary
Admire, to wonder, to regard with affection
Aerial, belonging to the air
Affection, love, kindness
Afflict, to give pain, and make another unhappy
Affliction, pain and sorrow
Aged, many years old
Agent, one who acts for others
Agile, nimble, ready
Agony, violent pain
Alarm, sudden surprise
Alabaster, a kind of soft marbse
Aloft, on high
Alternate, by turns, one after another
Amiss, wrong, improper
Amity, friendship
Amputate, to cut off
Anchor, a heavy iron to hold a ship
Ancient, old, of long duration
Angel, a ministering spirit
Anguish, great pain
Anil, the plant from which indigo is made
Animate, to quicken, to give life
Annex, to join one thing to another
Anoint, to bathe with oil
Annoy, to vex another
Annual, that which occurs every year
Anon, that which comes soon
Anonymous, without a name
Anti, opposite
Antipodes, those people on the other side of the globe

who have their feet directlv opposite to ours

Antler, a branch of a deer's horn
Anvil, an iron block, on which smiths hammer and

shape their work
Aperture, an open place
Apostle, one sent to teach
Appal, to be frightened, or to grow faint
Apparel, clothes
Arbor, a place covered with branches of trees
Arrear, behind
Ascend, to move upwards
Ascent, a way to go up, a high place
Assassin, secret murderer
Asylum, a safe place
Atlas, a book of maps
Atmosphere, the air round the earth
Atom, a thing extremely small
Aurora, morning
Avenue, an alley of trees before a house-passage of

any kind

Azure, a faint blue color

5

Balcony, a frame in front of a house or other building
Balmy, fragrant
Bane, poison
Banish, to condemn a person to leave their own

country
Bard, one who makes

poetry
Bath, a place to wash in
Battle, to contend in fight
Bauble, a trifling thing
Behold, to look upon
Belch, to raise wind from the stomach
Belle, a lady much admired
Belfry, a place to hang a bell
Berry, a small fruit with many seeds
Besom, a broom
Beverage, a drink
Blade, a spire of grass, a leaf

« PreviousContinue »