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Pfalm xlii. Quemadmodum.


Ike as the hart defireth the water-brooks: fo longeth my foul after thee, O God,

2 My foul is athirft for God, yea, even for the living God: When fhall I come to appear before the presence of God?

3 My tears have been my meat day and night: while they daily fay unto me, Where is now thy God?

4 Now when I think thereupon, I pour out my heart by myfelf: for I went with the multitude, and brought them forth into the house of God;

5 In the voice of praise and thanksgiving: among such as keep holy-day.

6 Why art thou fo full of heavineis, O my foul: and why art thou fo difquieted within me?

7 Put thy trust in God: for I will yet give him thanks for the help of his countenance.

8 My God, my foul is vexed within me: therefore will I remember thee concerning the land of Jordan, and the little hill of Hermon.

9 One deep calleth another, because of the noise of the water-pipes: all thy waves and ftorms are gone over me.

10 The Lord hath granted his loving kindness in the daytime; and in the night-feafon did I fing of him, and made my prayer unto the God of my life.



Pfalm xli.] In this pfalm, the bleffing of God is promifed to those who have compaffion on the afflicted, who judge charitably of them, and comfort them in their fufferings. David affures the kind and charitable, that God will deliver them in their calamities; that he will heal them when they are fick and languishing; and that he will preferve them, and make them happy in this life. These promifes ought to inspire us with fentiments of charity, and compaffion for the unfortunate; and engage us to comfort them, and contribute to their ease as far as we are able, On the other hand, what David fays of the proceedings of his enemies, fhews us, that it is a great fin to infult the miferable, to wish evil to or defire the death of any one, and to judge that all thofe whom God afflicts are punished because of their fins. This fhould teach us to avoid hardheartedness and rafh judgments, and to think always favourably of people in affliction, and efpecially of thofe who are remarkable for piety and the fear of the Lord. PRAC

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11 I will fay unto the God of my ftrength, Why haft thou forgotten me why go I thus heavily, while the enemy op preffeth me?

12 My bones are smitten afunder as with a fword: while mine enemies that trouble me caft me in the teeth;

13 Namely, while they say daily unto me: Where is now thy God?

14 Why art thou fo vexed, O my foul: and why art thou fo difquieted within me?

15 O put thy truft in God: for I will yet thank him, which is the help of my countenance, and my God,

Pfalm xliii. Judica me, Deus.


Ive fentence with me, O God, and defend my cause a. Jgainst the ungodly people: O deliver me from the deceitful and wicked man.

2 For thou art the God of my ftrength, why haft thou put me from thee: and why go I fo heavily, while the enemy oppreffeth me?

3 O fend out thy light and thy truth, that they may lead me: and bring me unto thy holy hill, and to thy dwelling,


Pfalm xlii.] In the earnest defire of the prophetic author of this pfalm, who was probably David, to come again to the house of God, which he was kept from, we fee what fentiments true devotion and fincere piety infpire men with. The faithful defire nothing more fincerely, than to appear before God, and particularly to worship in the affemblies of the faints, and to be edified by the company and good examples of godly men. In like manner, there is nothing grieves them more than to be deprived of that comfort, and to fee the wicked impioufly infult God, and fcoff at the just man's trust in him. Obferve next, that the author of this pfalm had been in exceeding great diftrefs, and as it were finking under the afflicting hand of God; in which condition his foul was dif tracted, and almoft deftitute of comfort; but that, nevertheless, his faith had raised and fupported him. This example ought to ftrengthen the righteous in their afflictions, comfort them in their greatest bitterness of foul, and make them fay with the pfalmift, "Why art thou fo vexed, O my foul: and why art thou fo difquieted within me? O put thy trust in God: for I will yet thank him, which is the help of my countenance, and my God."



4 And that I may go unto the altar of God, even unto the God of my joy and gladness: and upon the harp will I give thanks unto thee, O God, nly God.

5 Why art thou fo heavy, O my foul: and why art thou fo difquieted within me?

6 O put thy truft in God for I will yet give him thanks which is the help of my countenance, and my God.


Deus, auribus.

Palm xliv.


E have heard with our ears, O God, our fathers have told us what thou haft done in their time of old, 2 How thou hatt driven cut the heathen with thy hand and planted them in how thou haft deftroyed the nations,

and caft them out.

3 For they gat not the land in poffeffion through their own fword: neither was it their own arm that helped them.

4 But thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance: becaule thou hadst a favour unto them.

5 Thou art my king, O God: fend help unto Jacob. 6 Through thee will we overthrow our enemies: and in thy name will we tread them under that rise up against us. 7 For I will not truft in my bow; it is not my fword that fhall help me.

8 But it is thou that faveft us from our enemies: and putteft them to confufion that hate us.


9 We make our boaft of God all day long and will praise thy name for ever.

10 But now thou art far off, and puttest us to confusion : and goeft not forth with our armies.

11 Thou makeft us to turn our backs fo that they which hate us, fpoil our goods.

upon our enemies :


Pfalm xliii.] The complaints and fighs of the prophet, in this and the foregoing pfalm, because he could not come into the houfe of God, fhould engage thofe who have the liberty to ferve God in the religious afemblies, gladly to improve fo ineftimable a blefing.


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12 Thou letteft us be eaten up like sheep: and haft fcatteted us among the heathen.

13 Thou felleft thy people for nought: and takest no money for them.

14 Thou makeft us to be rebuked of our neighbours : to be laughed to fcorn, and had in derifion of them that are round about us.

15 Thou makeft us to be a by-word among the heathen: and that the people shake their heads at us.

16 My confufion is daily before me : and the shame of my face hath covered me;

17 For the voice of the flanderer and blafphemer: for the enemy and avenger.

18 And though all this become upon us, yet do we not forget thee: nor behave ourselves frowardly in thy covenant. 19 Our heart is not turned back: neither our steps gone out of thy way;

20 No, not when thou haft fmitten us into the place of dragons and covered us with the fhadow of death.

21 If we have forgotten the name of our God, and holden up our hands to any ftrange god: fhall not God search it out; for he knoweth the very fecrets of the heart.

22 For thy fake alfo are we killed all the day long: and are counted as sheep appointed to be flain.

23 Up, Lord, why fleepeft thou: awake, and be not abfent from us for ever.

24 Wherefore hideft thou thy face: and forgetteft our mifery and trouble?

25 For our foul is brought low, even unto the duft our belly cleaveth unto the ground.

26 Arife, and help us and deliver us for thy mercies fake.



Pfalm xliv.] This pfalm was compofed at a time when the people of Ifrael were under affliction and perfecution. The complaints here made of their deplorable condition, fhew, that in all times the church has been afflicted; and that God often permits his people to be delivered into the bands of the wicked, and the faithful to be cruelly perfecuted. This is St Paul's reflection, (Rom. viii) where he applies to Chriftians thefe


Pfalm xlv. Eructavit cor meum.


Y heart is inditing of a good matter: I fpeak of the things which I have made unto the King. 2 My tongue is the pen of a ready writer:

3 Thou art fairer than the children of meni full of grace are thy lips, because God hath bleffed thee for ever.

4 Gird thee with thy sword upon thy thigh, O thou most mighty according to thy worship and renown.

5 Good luck have thou with thine honour ride on, because of the word of truth, of meeknefs and righteousness, and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.

6 Thy arrows are very fharp, and the people shall be subdued unto thee: even in the midft among the kings enemies. 7 Thy feat, O God, endureth for ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right fceptre.

8 Thou haft loved righteoufnefs, and hated iniquity: wherefore God even thy God hath anointed thee with thee oyl of gladness above thy fellows.

9. All thy garments fmell of myrrh, aloes, and caffia: out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.

10 Kings daughters were among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the Queen in a vefture of gold, wrought about with divers colours.

11 Hearken, O daughter, and confider, incline thine ear: forget alfo thine own people, and thy fathers house.

12 So fhall the King have pleasure in thy beauty: for he is thy Lord God, and worship thou him.

13 And the daughter of Tyre fhall be there with a gift: like as the rich alfo among the people shall make their fupplication before thee.

14 The Kings daughter is all glorious within: her clothing is of wrought gold.

15 She fhall be brought unto the King in raiment of needle work the virgins that be her fellows fhall bear her com. pany, and shall be brought unto thee.



words of this pfalm; "For thy fake alfo we are killed all the day long, we are counted as sheep appointed to be flain." God permits it fo to be for the glory of his name, and to try and purify his church.


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