Ethical Questions: East and West

Front Cover
Bina Gupta
Rowman & Littlefield, 2002 - Philosophy - 281 pages
Ethical Questions: East and West is an anthology of source material from various Eastern and Western traditions, addressing fundamental and enduring questions in moral philosophy. It is intended for use in undergraduate level comparative ethics courses. Each section begins with an introductory essay in which the leading ethical questions and their responses from different traditions are presented in overview. Sections are centered around ethical questions such as, Who Am I? What Ought I to Do? What Kind of Person Ought I to Be? Questions of religion and morality, freedom, and the just society are also included. Ancient and modern sources are examined, ranging from the Buddha, Aristotle, and Upanishads to Kant, Simone de Beauvoir, and Alasdair MacIntyre. Ethical Questions provides a comprehensive, comparative introduction to key ethical concepts, stressing the importance of diverse traditions in the global community, and encouraging understanding between and among traditions.
 

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Contents

General Introduction
1
Who Am I?
33
Introduction
34
The Nature of the Self
45
Nachiketas and Death
48
The Allegory of the Cave
54
Egoism and Human Nature
61
Human Nature
67
The Five Cardinal Virtues
166
The Teachings of Confucius
170
Virtues in the Gita
177
The Nature of Virtues
179
Religion and Morality Freedom and Just Society
187
Introduction
188
Is Religion the Source of Morality?
200
The Divine Imperative
201

Woman as the Second Sex
73
King Milinda and Nagasena on Anatta
81
What Ought I to Do?
87
Introduction
88
The Ten Commandments
97
The Categorical Imperative
99
Utilitarianism
107
Universal Love
116
Precepts for Life
125
Duty in the Gita
129
The Five Buddhist Precepts and the Rules of Monastic Restraint
131
What Kind of Person Ought I to Be?
137
Introduction
138
Virtue Ethics
150
The Teachings of the Buddha
163
Religion and Morality
208
Human Community as Holy Rite
215
Are We Free?
225
Evil Providence Foreknowledge and Free Will
226
Continence and Incontinence
233
Karma and Freedom
239
Emancipation and Nirvana
244
Tao Te Ching
248
What Is a Just Society?
252
SwarajFreedom and SelfRule
253
Justice as Fairness
258
Index
269
About the Author
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About the author (2002)

Bina Gupta is professor of philosophy and director of the South Asia Studies Area and Language Center at the University of Missouri, and co-editor with J. N. Mohanty of Philosophical Questions: East and West (Rowman & Littlefield, 2000).

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