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curious remains were sent to the King of Baden's Cabinet of Natural History at Carlsruhe.

§ 3. MEDICINE, &c.

1. Bite of the Adder.

Dr. Leslie, in a communication to the Medical Journal, describes a case in which ammonia was successful in preventing the effects of the bite of an adder. Travelling in the North of England, he stopped to give assistance to a poor man who, having laid down on the grass to sleep, had been bitten. From experience of the beneficial effects of ammonia in India, in cases of the bites of different snakes, Dr. Leslie procured some spirits of hartshorn, and gave about a drachm of it, mixed with about half an ounce of gin, and a little water. The effect was very sudden. In ten or fifteen minutes the patient's eyes became more bright, his pulse fuller and stronger, and his countenance altogether more cheerful; and by the repetition of the same dose as above stated, in about the space of an hour and a half, he appeared perfectly recovered. Another dose was left to be taken at ten o'clock at night, and in the morning he said he was quite well, except a little numbness and weakness in the arm; the third day after he returned to his work.

12. Cure for the Hydrophobia.

Dr. W. Rittmeister, of Powlowsk, Finland, has collected together a number of striking cases, and also several authorities, by which he endeavours to prove that blood when drank is a remedy for the hydrophobia, even when the symptoms have become very marked. When a man or an animal has been bitten by a rabid dog, wolf, or other creature, it is the custom in those parts to kill the diseased animal and give its blood to drink to those that have been bitten; they remain in health, and the wounds are treated in the common way.

It is further said, in a letter from Dr. Stockman, in White Russia, to Dr. Rittmeister, that the blood of the person or

animal bitten is sufficient to prevent the effect of the poison; the little finger of the left hand is opened by a needle or lancet, and a small quantity of blood being received is drank, sometimes being previously mixed with other things. The country people in Dr. Stockman's neighbourhood, when a dog of theirs is bitten by a rabid animal, cut his tail to make it bleed, and the dog by licking it saves himself from death.

The paper of Dr. Rittmeister is published in the 2nd Number of the Hamburgh Medical Repository.

3. Russian Remedy for Hydrophobia.

"Take a good sized root of Alisma plantago and two or three small ones, pound or reduce them all into a very fine powder, which spread on a piece of buttered bread and give to the patient. Two doses, or three at most, are sufficient to eradicate the virulency of the poison, let it be ever so violent, even if the patient be already in the worst state, so as to be afraid of water. The efficacy of this root cures also animals bitten by mad dogs, and even mad dogs themselves. During the last 25 years this remedy has not once failed, but has uniformly been a sure means of successfully restoring every person to their former health without any had consequences afterwards, even those who from the violence of the poison rushed upon people and bit them; which facts are particularly ascertained in the government of Tsola.

The plant may be gathered during the whole of the summer, but it operates more efficaciously if gathered at the latter end of August, the roots of it being taken up and washed clean from mud or other earthy matter, must be dried." (Translated from the Russian, as communicated in a letter to Sir Walter Farquhar.)

GENERAL LITErature, and MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNI

CATIONS.

1. Ancient Manuscripts.

A Neapolitan Abbé, Janelli, has discovered in the Royal Library at Naples, a manuscript of Dracontius, a poet of the 5th century. It contains ten small poems hitherto unknown, upon mythological subjects.

2. Ancient Tomb.

In clearing the site for the erection of a new church at Dunfermline, a tomb has been discovered, which is supposed to be that of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland. A trough of polished stone contains the skeleton. The body, which is six feet two inches in length, appears to have been wrapped in fine damask interwoven with gold, of which some fragments remain.

3. Ancient Subterranean Apartments.

About the middle of February, some men in the employment of Sir W. Hicks, Bart., while digging up the roots of an old ash tree, which they were employed to fell, at Cooper's hill, about four miles from Gloucester, came to a large stone that excited their curiosity. On removing it, they discovered a flight of steps leading to an apartment, in the centre of which was a cistern about a yard square; in clearing the room, the skulls of a buffalo and a bullock, with horns complete, and the remains of a fire place, with a quantity of wood ashes were likewise found. A fortnight afterwards, four more apartments were discovered, in one of which is a very curious tesselated pavement (the tessera are cubes of about half an inch), also the remains of several urns and figured tiles of Roman pottery. The walls of one of the apartments, and also the passages, are painted in fresco, with alternate stripes of purple, yellow, and scarlet, all of which are beautifully shaded and curiously ornamented with scrolls and a border. These inter

esting remains of antiquity have probably existed for upwards of 17 centuries.

4. Site of the Temple of Concord at Rome.

The site of the ancient Temple of Concord at Rome, appears at last to be fixed with a considerable degree of probability. The Abbé Carlofea, in the Diario Romano, supposes it to have existed in the middle of the place which is before the Temple of Jupiter Tonnant, i. e. between the Arch of Septimus Severus and the Capitol. His proofs are besides the occurrence of many sculptured remains, various inscriptions which have been found on the spot relating to the temple; and he still farther supports his opinion, by shewing its accordance with the descriptions given of that temple by antient writers.

5. Ancient Model of Measures.

A model has been discovered at Pompeii, which served to fix the measures both for solids and fluids. It consists of larger and smaller cylinders, with inscriptions. There is an inscription on the outside of the stone, which states, that it was made by order of the Decemvirs. M. Romanelli has recognized the measures, mentioned by the Roman authors, under the names of Modins, Semimodius, Trimodius, Amphora, Congius, Hemina, Libra, and Quartarius. This valuable relic is deposited in the Museum at Portici,

6. Ancient Coin.

An ancient gold coin was some little time since found by a labourer in Holland Park. It is in excellent preservation, is considered as a British coin, and supposed to be from the mint of Cassibelan or Cunobelin, a monarch who reigned about 50 years before the Christian æra. The impression on it is that of an ear of corn. It is the property of Mr. P. Turner of Easthothly, who a short time since possessed a similar coin, found in the same place.

7. Haches de Pierre.

There have been found in France, at various times, particu

larly in the departments of Indre and Loire, and de la Vienne, certain implements formed of stone, which have been called kaches de pierre. M. Dutrochet describes their form as being that of an acute isosceles triangle, having the summit removed, and the base being formed into a cutting edge. Their lengthis from 5 to 8 inches, their width from 2 to 4 inches, and they appear to have been formed by friction on a larger rough stone. The stone of which they are formed, is generally siliceous, a white opaque quartz, but some are of basalt, and a very few of jasper; and it is to be observed, that the two latter substances are not found naturally in the department of Indre and Loire, where the implements formed of them are most frequently met with.

From the absence of all asperity or projection on the surface of these haches, it is concluded that they were not furnished with handles, but held immediately in the hand. They are supposed to have been used for domestic purposes as well as in war. Historical information retraces the state of this country as far back as to the foundation of Marseilles, by the Phocéens, in the year 590 B. C. an interval of more than 2400 years from the present time; but as the Gauls are supposed to have been to a certain degree civilized at that time, so much so, as to have had a knowledge of the metals, and their applications to the formation of useful instruments, and missile weapons, the age of these ancient stone implements is supposed to be at least 3000 years.

8. Commerce.

The following extraordinary exportation (deduced from a calculation) in two articles only, has taken place at Liverpool, between the 10th of October and the 5th of January last :

Of cotton stuffs

Of cotton stockings

24,885,335 yards
380,244 pair

The amount of exports for these two months in these articles alone, averaging cottons at one shilling per yard, and stockings at two shillings per pair, is 1,279,791 pounds three shillings.

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