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that it is the Causenris of the Romans, which has been discovered. The place has, from time immemorial, been called the Roman Hill, but nothing had been before discovered to fix a belief of it having been occupied by that people. The Causennis was formerly supposed to have been at Bridge Costerton, but the discovery of these remains have now destroyed that opinion.

6. Temple of Castor and Pollux.

Excavations have been made by the Count de Blacas, around the antient temple of Castor and Pollux, at Rome; and already many fragments of the fastes consulares have been discovered. The object of the excavations is a knowledge of the plan of the building, and it is entrusted to the care of M. Caristy, of the French Academy.

7. Antient Sepulchre.

The French papers give an account of a very interesting piece of antiquity discovered near Chiusi, by a peasant, whilst digging in a field on the 5th of last February. It consisted of a sepulchral chamber of a rectangular form, near seven fathoms long and five broad. The entrance door has two folds, which turn freely upon their hinges. Eight funeral urns, ornamented with human heads and foliage, were found in the interior in fine preservation, and upon the edges of the covers are engraved several Etrurian inscriptions, many of which are perfectly distinct. Five of the urns are smaller than the rest, and variable in size. They all contained ashes, and the remains of burnt bones. The whole chamber was in good preservation, and great care has been taken to preserve it from injury.

S. Remains of an ancient Building at Paris.

The remains of an ancient building of large size, were lately found in a garden of the Faubourg de Perigueux, at Paris ; the ruins appear to extend beyond the garden beneath the road which is next to it, and far into a field on the opposite side. They consist of pavements, bricks, broken walls, marbles, and other antiquities of this kind. The most remarkable is a

pavement 24 feet by 12, ornamented in the middle by a piece of rough mosaic work, in bad taste, surrounded by a stucco floor. Some small articles in metal, as two medals of Constantine the younger; a bronze die, intended apparently to strike a small ornament, &c. have been found. It is not supposed that the place was built before the fifth century.

9. Ancient Sarcophagus.

A stone sarcophagus has been forwarded to the Asiatic Society, which was dug out of the foundation of some ancient ruins, about eight miles from Bushire. It contained, when discovered, the disjointed bones of a human skeleton, perfect in their shape, but they broke down in a short time after their exposure to the atmosphere. The vessel is of calcareous sandstone, the lid of a micacious rock, and it was fastened down by metallic pins. This is the second of the kind which has been discovered. Those which are usually dug up, are of baked clay, and it is concluded, that these rarer kind contain the remains of eminent personages.

10. Ancient Mausoleum.

A mausoleum, in complete preservation, has been lately discovered at Hyeres, in France. It is three metres long, and two wide; is in white mosaic, and contains a dolphin and an urn in blue mosaic. By the side of this mausoleum, was also found another of a similar kind.

11. Antiquities at Avignon.

Some ancient monuments, in a very grand style, have been discovered lately in digging up the ground in the square on which the town-hall stands at Avignon. Magnificent columns have been found, 15 feet below the surface. The excavations are continued with great activity. It is supposed, that these columns have been buried since the time that Domitius Oenobarbus, in the year 619 of the Roman Republic, destroyed the Vindalium, a fine city of the Gauls, from the ruins of which arose Avenio.

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April. Some labourers digging gravel on the road leading to Wimpole, in Cambridgeshire, discovered in an old Roman tumulus about fourteen inches below the surface of the earth, a stone slab which covered the mouth of a large amphora full of water; in which was found a black vase of terra-cotta about half filled with human bones; and also two smaller vessels of red terra-cotta with handles.

13. Ancient Coins.

Forty-six shillings, scarcely injured by time, of the early part of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, were discovered in a small silver box in the mi dle of April, by a man while ploughing a piece of ground at Oxcomb, near Louth in Lincolnshire.

A gold coin of the value of eighteen shillings of the reign of Julius Cæsar was dug up a few weeks since by a servant of Mr. Johnson at Tenterden in Kent, and is in tolerable preservation.

A copper coin of the reign of the Emperor Alexander Severus was dug up in the beginning of last month by the workmen whilst making the inclosure nearest to the Pavilion at Brighton, which is to be called the Regent's Steyne.

In excavating the site of a very ancient house in Wade Lane, Leeds, belonging to Mr. R. Kemplay, the workmen discovered a quantity of ancient coins. They were found loose in the earth about two feet below the surface, and appear to have been placed there previous to the erection of the building. As the building was one of the most ancient in the place, it is judged the coins must have been there many hundred years; they are of copper, or as is supposed by some of Corinthian brass, and so much injured by time that the inscriptions are extremely imperfect. The impression is a crowned head, which though nearly similar on all of them, is not exactly the same; the reverses are various, some having a female figure, others that of a man, and varying in attitude. They are

probably early Roman coins, and one appears to be of the time of the emperor Otho; but how they became deposited in their late situation is difficult to conjecture,

14. Antique Gold Ring.

A massy gold ring, threc-quarters of an ounce weight, was found last month in cutting the new road at Stanwix, with a number of characters similar to those on the pillar in Newcastle church yard.

15. Puget's Head of the Saviour.

The head of the Saviour, the chef-d'œuvre of Francis Puget, the celebrated French sculptor, has accidentally been discovered at Marseilles. It belonged to one who knew nothing of its value, and who had given it to a workman to clean. It was suffered to lie unregarded in the shop until accidentally examined by a Roman sculptor (Canova?) who recognised it. Puget began this head at the age of thirty, and devoted ten years of labour to it.

16. Mosaic Art.

The art of working in mosaic, though entirely unknown here as a practical study, holds a high rank among the Italians in the fine arts; and the various cities of that part of Europe vie with each other in the production of superior works and distinguished masters in this branch of design. The following observations are taken from the Biblioteca Italiana (of Milan) they are contained in the review of the Arts and Sciences for 1817, and will convey an idea of the importance and interest attached to mosiac work by the Italians.

"In Mosaic work also we are able, since Professor Raphael has resided here, to come in competition with Rome itself: he is perfectly acquainted with a method of making coloured pastes, which is unknown to any but his family, even to the Roman artists themselves. This professor is the first who has rendered the execution of very minute objects possible; by means of his spun paste (paste filate) he emulates by the mosaic art the finest touches not only of the picture but the miniature. Praise ought also to be given to another improvement of this art, which consists in a better method of

laying down the first design and in filling it up, so that the lines shall remain undisturbed and correct. In the Roman school, by striking and compressing the pieces they are moved backwards and forwards in all directions, and their accuracy much diminished.

This school has already pupils of great merit, among which may be named the son of Signor Raffaelle, Ruspi Morelli, Banfi Pizzamano, Migliavacca, and many others. It will be sufficient in confirmation of the commendations which it deserves, to observe that the largest work of this kind since the restoration of this art in Italy, has been undertaken and successfully completed in an admirable style of workmanship, and in a very short time, at Milan. This is the famous Supper of Leonardo da Vinci. It is 15 braccia by 7, which is above 294 feet by 14, and is nearly one-third larger than the largest in St. Peters at Rome."

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