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filled the days (n), as they returned, the child Jesus
tarried behind in Jerusalem ; and Joseph and his 44 mother knew not of it. But they supposing him to
have been in the (6) company, went a day's journey;
and they fought him among their kinsfolk and ac.45 quaintance. And when they found him not, they 46 turned back again to Jerufalein, fceking him. And
it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors (p), both hearing them, and asking them ques
And all that heard him were astonished at 48 his understanding and answers. And when they saw
him, they were amazed : and his mother faid unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? be
hold thy father and I have fought thee forrowing. 49 And he said unto them, How is it that ye fought me? wifi (9) ye not that I must be about iny
Fa50 ther's business? And they understood not the faying si which he spake unto them (r). And he went down
with them and came to Nazareth, and was subject
unto them (s): but his mother kept all these lay(n) When they had remained there the seven days of the feliival.
(o) The company returning home must needs have been very great, as all the males from every part of the country were obliged to appear before the Lord at Jerusalem on each of the three great festivals, viz. the feast of unleavened bread, or the pasover; the feast of weeks, or pentecost; and the feast of tabernacles. Dexta xvi, 16.
() It was a custom among the Jews for young persons, at an age when they were supposed capable of answering for themselves, to enter into an engagement to obey the law of God, as is done with us at confirmation: and it may have been on such an occasion, that our Lord applied to the doctors, or teachers of the law, not only condescending to hearken to their instructions, but also putting fuch quellions to them, as might serve to prepare them to receive the religion he came into the world to establiin.
(9) Wist ye not ? that is, Did ye not know, or consider ? dicts xxiii. 5. Mark xiv. 40.
(r) They did not understand whose business he meant.
(s) Hereby setting a most powerful and engaging example to all children to be obedient to their parents.
52 ings 52 ings in her heart. And Jesus increased in wifdom
and stature, and in favour with God and man.
NOW W in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tibe
rius Cefar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and (a) Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea, and of the region
of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, 2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high-priests (b), the
word of God came unto John the son of Zacha3 rias in the wilderness. And he came into all
the country about Jordan, preaching the bap4 tism of repentance, for the remiffion of fins; As
it is written in the book of the words of Efaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the
wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the () Lord, 5 make his paths straight : Every valley shall be filled,
and every mountain and hill shall be brought low;
and the crooked shall be made straight, and the 6 rough ways shall be made smooth; And all Aesh 7
Thalì see the salvation of God. Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him,
O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to 8 fee from the wrath to come? Bring forth therefore
fruits worthy of repentance; and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father (d): for I say unto you, that God is able of these
(a) See Mat. xiv. 1.
16) By the law of Moses the office of high-priest was for life ; but by the corruption of the times, it was long fince become annual ; and those who had formerly borne that office, ftill retained the title. Thus Annas, or Ananias, ( Aets xxiii. 24.) was so called, though Caiaphas was then the actual high-prieft.
(c) Isaiah xl. 3.
9 stones to raise up children unto Abraham, And now
also the ax is laid unto the root of the trees: every
tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit, 10 is hewn down, and cast into the fire. And the
people asked him, faying, What fhall we do then? 11 He answereth and faith unto them, He that hath
two coats (e), let him impart to him that hath none; 12 and he that hath meat, let him do likewise. Then
came also publicans to be baptized, and said unto 13 him, Master, what shall we do? And he said unto
them, Exact no more than that which is () ap14 pointed you. And the soldiers likewise demanded of
him saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any
falsely, and be content with your wages (g). 15 And as the people were in expectation, and all
nien mured in their hearts of John, whether he were 16 the Christ or not; John answered, saying unto
them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes
I am not worthy to unloose (b): he fhall baptize 17 you with the holy Ghost, and with fire. Whofe fan
is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor,
and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the 18 chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable. And
many other things in his exhortation preached he 19 unto the people. But Herod the tetrarch, being
(e) Be merciful, kind, and charitable to the needy and distressed. Be pot unjust, or vexatious, in the exercise of
office. Take no more tribute or custom than is due by law.
(8) From this advice we learn the crimes most usually committed by the Roman soldiery: and if we compare our own condition with that of the Jews who were liable to their violence and wickedness, we shall know how to value the free constitution we live under, in wbich the military power is subject to the law of the land, and employed not for oppression, but for protection and security.
(h) The shoes then worn had no upper leather, but were tied across the top of the foot. St. John's meaning was, that he was not wortby to do the lowest office about the person of Christ.
reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip's
wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done, 20 Added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison.
Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass that Jesus also being baptized, and 22 praying, the heaven was opened ; And the holy
Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice caine from (i) heaven, waich said, Thou art my beloved Son, in thee I ain
well pleafed. 23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years
cf age (k), being (as was supposed) the son of 24 Joseph (1), which was the son of Heli, Which
was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi,
which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of 25 Janna, which was the son of Josepli, Which was
the fon of Mattathias, which was the fon of Amos,
which was the four of Naum, which was the son of 26 Elli, which was the son of Nagge, which was
the son of Maah, which was the son of Mattathias,
which was the son of Semei, which was the son of 27 Joseph, which was the son of Juda. Which was
the son of Joanna, which was the son of Rhesa,
which w.is the son of Zorobabel, which was the fou 28 of Salathiel, which was the son of Neri, Which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Addi,
(i! See Mat. iii. 16.
ily The antient Jewish doctors, in their commentary on the Old Testament, expressly call the Virgin Mary the daughter of Heli; whence it is probable St. Luke is here giving her genealogy. It may also be fupposed, that Mary being an only child, her husband Joseph was by the Jewish law accounted the son of Heli, though he was really the son of Jacob, Mat. i. 16. By tracing her family through David and Abrahain up to Adam and God, St. Luke shews Jesus, the actual son of Mary, and the supposed son of Joseph, to have been not only the Christ, or Messiah of the Jews, but the seed of the woman promised at the fall, who was to be the Saviour of mankind.
which was the fon of Cofam, which was the son of 29 Elmodam, which was the son of Er, which was
the son of Jose, which was the son of Eliezer, which
was the son of Jorim, which was the son of Matthat, 30 which was the son of Levi, Which was the son
of Simeon, which was the son of Jula, which was
the fori of Joseph, which was the son of Jonan, , 31 which was the fon of Eliakim, Which was the son
of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was
the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, 32. which was the son of David, Which was the son
of Jeffe, which was the son of Obed, which was
the son of Booz, which was the son of Salmon, 33 which was the fon of Naaflon, Which was the fon
of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which
was the son of Efrom, which was the fon of Phares, 34 which was the son of Juda, Which was the son
of Jacob, which was the son of Ifaac, which was
the son of Abraham, which was the fon of Thara, 35 which was the son of Nachor, which was the
Jon of Saruch, which was the son of Ragau, which
was the fon of Phalec, which was the fori of Heber, 36 which was the son of Sala, Which was the soir
of Cainan, which was the fon of Arphaxad, which
was the fon of Sem, which was the son of Noah, 37 which was the son of Lamech, which was the
Son of Mathusala, which was the son of Enocht,
which was the son of Jared, which was the for 38 of Maleleel, which was the son of Cainan, Which
was the son of Enos, which was the fon of Seth, which was the fon of Adam, which was the son of God.