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52 feet against them (o), and came unto Iconium. And

the disciples were filled with joy, and with the holy Ghost.


AN ND it came to pass in Iconium, that they went

both together into the synagogue of the Jews, and fo fpåke, that a great multitude both of the Jews, and 2 also of the Greeks, believed. But the unbelieving

Jews stirred up the Gentiles, and made their minds 3 evil affected against the brethren. Long time there

fore abode they speaking boldly in the Lord, which

gave testimony unto the word of his grace, and grant4 ed signs and wonders to be done by their hands. But

the multitude of the city was divided : and part held 5 with the Jews, and part with the apostles. And

when there was an assault made both of the Gentiles,

and also of the Jews, with their rulers, to use them 6 despitefully, and to stone them, They were aware

of it, and fled unto Lystra and Derbe, cities of Ly

caonia, and unto the region that lieth round about: 7. And there they preached the gospel. 8

And there fåt'a certain man at Lystra, impotent in his feet, being a cripple from his mother's womb, 9 who never had walked. The faine heard Paul

speak : who stedfastly beholding him, and perceiv10 ing that he had faith to be healed (r), Said with a

loud voice, Stand upright on thy feet. And he leaped II and walked. And when the people faw what Paul

had done, they lift up their voices, saying in the

speech of Lyaconia, The gods are come down to us 12 in the likeness of men. And they called Barnabas,

Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he was the 13 chief speaker. Then the priest of Jupiter which

(0) According to Chris's command. Matt. x. 14. Lukeix, s.

(a) By the power of discerning fpirits, St. Paul knew him to he óf an honeit and religious disposition, and so have a sincere faith in Chriít.

S 2


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was before their city (6), brought oxen and garlands

unto the gates, and would have done sacrifice with '14 the people. Which when the apostles, Barnabas and

Paul, heard of, they rent their clothes, and ran in a15 mong the people, crying out, And saying, Sirs,

why do ye these things ? we also are men of like passions with you (c), and preach unto you,


ye ihould turn from these vanities unto the living God,

which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all 16 things that are therein : Who in times past suffered 17 all nations to walk in their own ways. Nevertheless

he left not himself without witness, in that he did
good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful

leasons (d), filling our hearts with food and gladness. 18 And with these sayings scarce restrained they the

people, that they had not done sacrifice unto them. 19 And there came thither certain Jews from Anti

och and Iconium, who persuaded the people, and

having stoned Paul, drew him out of the city, fup20 posing he had been dead. Howbeit, as the disciples

ftood round about him, he rose up, and came into

the city: and the next day he departed with Barna21. bas to Derbe. And when they had preached the

gospel to that city, and had taught many, they re

turned again to Lyftra, and to Iconium, and Anti22. och, Confirming the souls of the disciples, and ex

horting them to continue in the faith (e), and that

we must through much tribulation enter into the 23 kingdom of God (f). And when they had ordained

them elders in every church, and had prayed with

(6) Whose temple was at the entrance into their town. (c) We are not gods, but mortal men like yourselves.

(d) These being proofs of the power and goodness of his providence. (e) See Chap. xiii..43.

A Teaching and forewarning, that in these times they who would become chriftians (Marla xii. 34.) muft expect trouble and persecution.


fasting, they commended them to the Lord(s),on whom 24 they believed. And after they had patied through25 out Pisidia, they came to Pamphylia. And when

they had preached the word in Perga, they went 26 down into Attalia: And thence failed to Antioch (h)

from whence they had been recommended to the

grace of God, for the work which they fulfilled (i). 27 And when they were come and had gathered the

church together, they rehearfed all that God had done

with them, and how he, had opened the door of faith 28 unto the Gentiles (k). And there they abode long

time with the disciples.

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AND certain

ND certain men which came down from Judea

taught the brethren, and said, Except ye be cir cumcised after the manner of Mofes, ye cannot be saved. 2 When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small

diffenfion and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them,

should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and el3 ders about this question. And being brought on their

way by the church (a), they pafled through Phenice, and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the

Gentiles: and they caused great joy unto all the 4

brethren. And when they were coine to Jerusa


(g) This is an instance of prayer folemnly offered up to Christ by the apostles.

(h) Not the city of that name mentioned verse 21, but another, and much more considerable, in Syria, called great

Antioch. (i) They were there appointed in a solemn manner for the ministry (See Chap. xiii. 2.) which they were then fulfilling accordingly,

(k) Had given the Gentiles an opportunity of believing in him, and entering into his church.

(a) By the church, that is, by the whole body of Christians in that place. Matt. xviii. 17. Chap. viii. 3.


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lem (b), they were received of the church, and of

the apostles and elders, and they declared all things 5

that God had done with them. But there rose up certain of the feet of the Pharisees which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them,

and to command them to keep the law of Mofes. 6 And the apostles and elders came together for to 7 consider of this matter.

And when there had been much disputing, Peter rose up and said unto them, Men and brethren, ye know how that a good while 2go, God made choice among us, that the Gentiles

by my mouth (c) should hear the word of the gospel, 8 and believe. And God, which knoweth the hearts,

bare them witness, giving them the holy Ghost, 9 even as he did unto us: And put no difference be

tween us and them (d), purifying their hearts by 10 faith. Now therefore why tempt ye God (e), to

put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which 11 neither our fathers nor we were able to bear? But

we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus

Christ, we shall be saved even as they. 12

Then all the multitude kept silence, and gave audience to Barnabas and Paul, declaring what miracles and wonders God had wrought among the Gentiles

by them. 13

And after they had held their peace, James answered, faying, Men and brethren, hearken unto me.

(b) This was. St. Paul's third journey to Jerusalem, about seventeen years after his converfion.

(c) Cornelius the centurion was the first Heathen convert (Chap. x.) about eight years before this time.

(d) The gift of the holy Ghost was a proof that they were effectually purified in the fight of God by faith, and needed not circumcision to secure his favour.

(e) Why then will you not acquiesce in the good pleasure of God, but compel them to submit to greater burdens than he requires, as if you diftruited the wisdom, or resolved to oppose the course, of his providence.

14 Simeon (f) hath declared how God at the first did

visit the "Gentiles, to take out of them a people for 15

his name. And to this agree the words of the pro16 phets; as it is written, After this I will return, and

will build again the tabernacle of David, which is

fallen down: and I will build again the ruins there17 of, and I will set it up: That the residue of men

might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, up

on whoin my name is called, faith the Lord, who 18 doeth all these things. Known unto God are all 19 his works from the beginning of the world. Wherefore

my sentence is (g), that we trouble not them, which from among the Gentiles are turned to God: 20 But that we write unto them that they abstain from

pollutions of idols, and from fornication (b), and from 21 things strangled, and from blood. For Moses of old

time hath in every city them that preach him (i),

being read in the synagogues every fabbath-day. 22 Then pleased it the apostles and elders, with the

whole church, to send chosen men of their own company to Antioch, with Paul and Barnabas;

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() Simeon is the same as Simon, that is St. Peter. God is said to visit, when he blesseth, as well as when he punisheth. Gen, xxi. 1. Luke i. 68. xix. 44.

(8) I declare my opinion, I give my vote. Observe here, that. this important question was determined according to St. James's opi nivo, who seems to have presided in this meeting, as bishop of Jerusalem, even in the presence of St. Peter, who you see claimed no authority or preheminence over his brethren. Much less can the bishop of Rome claim any, although he could make out his succesfion to St. Peter ever so plainly.

(h) From such kind of marriages, as being forbidden by the law, of Moses, were reckoned pollutions in the opinion of the Jews.

(i) Our blessed Saviour hath expresly and fully declared the lawfulness of eating any kind of meat without exception (Matt. xv. 17.) which ought to remove from our minds all scruples about eating any manner of wholesome food: and St. James plainly meant his restrica tion for those times, whilst Jewish prejudices remained in their full strength; as the Jews might have been apt to take offence, had they scen Christians indulge themselves in meat forbidden by Moses. S 4


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