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tion, (xiv. 14.) in another vision, it is said, And I
looked and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud
sat one like unto the Son of man, having on his
head. a golden crown. But a single passage from
this book might suffice to put beyond a doubt the
signification of the figure, and to show that Christ
and the true Christian church are designed by it.
The same person under the same symbol, who was
seen going forth conquering and to conquer, is seen
again after the warfare is accomplished, triumphant
over all that opposed him; and he who at first had
a crown given, is seen at last with many added dia-
dems and coronets—still united to his church, which
he does not leare in his triumph, after he has led it
on to victory:-“Let us be glad and rejoice and give
honour to him : for the marriage of the Lamb is
come, and his wife hath made herself ready. And
to her was granted that she should be arrayed in
fine linen, clean and white; for the fine linen is the
righteousness of the saints.-- And I saw heaven
opened, and behold a white horse: and he that sat
upon him was called faithful and true, and in right-
eousness doth he judge and make war.
are as a flame of re, and on his head are many
crowns; and he had a name written that no man
knew but he himself. And he was clothed in a
vesture dipped in blood, and his name is called the
WORD OF GOD. And the armies which were in hea-
ven followed him upon white horses, clothed in
fine linen, white and clean. And out of his mouth
goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite.the
nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron :
and he treadeth the wine-press of the fierceness and
wrath of Almighty God. And he hath on his vest-
ure and on his thigh a name written, KING OF
KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS, Rev. xix. 7-16. There
is none among the kings of the earth, there is none
among the principalities and powers in heaven, to

His eyes

that, except in the eye of faith alone, the issue has appeared doubtful, and deluded enemies have sometimes thought that the victory was already theirs. They who, in this region of darkness, have scoffed at the religion of Jesus, are themselves held in derision where there is no darkness at all. The work that is of God is not to be undone by man: nor is the word which is His to hold eternal conflict with theirs. But the revelation of Jesus Christ tells of every false faith, and reveals their nature, their object, and their end. And when of them nothing shall remain but confirmations of his word, they who have the blessing truly to know that Christ has come forth conquering, will not need the sight of a symbol nor the word of an angel, to tell them that He went forth to conquer.—Christ is previously denominated, in the Revelation, the Lion of the tribe of Judah ; and the living creature who, on the opening of the first seal, said unto John, come and see, had a face as the face of a lion.



Ånd there went out another horse that was red: and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another : and there was given unto him a great sword. Ver. 4. The same symbol must have the same significancy. If one horse represent the Christian Religion, another horse must, in like manner, if there be perfect harmony in the vision, represent another religion. And each religion must have its author or its head, as each horse had its rider. An express similarity in these respects is required, where the symbol is designated as another. Interpreting things spiritual with 'spiritual, and looking to the prophets as well as the law as a schoolmaster, we know already that when transgressions came to the full, a king of fierce countenance, whose power was mighty, but not by his own power, who destroyed wonderfully, and prospered and practised and destroyed the mighty and the holy people, magnified himself to the prince of the host, and stood up against the Prince of princes, or against him who is the King of kings. The question here is not one of time, (that is otherwise defined,) but of a new or another religion. The close accordance expressed the identity between the king of fierce countenance who stood up against the Prince of princes, and the rider on the war-horse, the author of another religion. Of his fierce countenance, and of his destroying wonderfully, the colour of blood is the badge. His mighty power is betokened by the great sword, and as it .was not by his own power that he became mighty, the sword was given him. He understood dark sentences, and magnified himself even to the prince of the host; and his was another religion than the Christian. The description in either case is literal; and the symbol is the most expressive language. Another religion, of a different and opposite nature from the Christian, was thus to arise, and the founder of another faith to appear, who instead of proclaiming peace from heaven, would take it from the earth, whose religion would be propagated by slaughter, and to whom a great sword was given.-Could Mahomet and Mahometa anism be more strikingly portrayed ? and may not the false prophet of Mecca be detected, even without the aid of a prophet of Israel? Mahometanism

is another religion, having no affinity with the Christian, and it accounts all Christians unbelievers. It is not pure but bloody-not white but red. Its founder was not a deliverer butą destroyer. He was a warrior, and by war his faith prevailed. The proof of his mission was the multitude of the slain. The characteristic of his faith, the charm of his power, and the secret of his success-were a great sword.” Mahometanism had no other support, and, when that fails, it has no stay. Christ went forth conquering and to conquer—but the destroyers of the earth are doomed to destruction. And as an emblem of the final triumph of the truth and of the overthrow of every false faith, however successful for a time, and however bloody it may be, we need but to appeal to the authority of Gibbon, and to quote from the Koran, in illustration of the perfect truth of the figurative description of another religion, which succeeded the Christian in its origin, and which has maintained so prominent a part in the things that were to be thereafter.

“The imperfection of human rights was supplied and armed with the plenitude of divine power: the prophet of Medina -assumed, in his new revelations, a fiercer and more sanguinary tone; the means of persuasion had been tried, the season of forbearance was elapsed, and he was now commanded to propagate his religion by the sword, to destroy the moriuments of idolatry, and, without regarding the sanctity of days or months, to pursue the unbelieving nations of the earth."* “The fair option of friendship, or submission, or battle, was proposed to the enemies of Mahomet. If they professed the creed of Islam, they were admitted to all the temporal and spiritual benefits of his primitive disciples, and marched under the same banner to extend the religion which they had embraced. In the first months of his reign, he practised the lessons of the holy warfare. The martial apostle FOUGHT IN PERSON in nine battles or sieges; and fifty enterprises of war were achieved in ten years by himself or his lieutenants. From all sides the roving Arabs were allured to the standard of religion and plunder; the enjoyment of wealth and beauty was a feeble type of the joys of paradise prepared for the valíant martyrs of the faith. "The

* Gibbon's Hist. c. 50, vol. ix. p. 294,

SWORD,' says Mahomet, “is the key of heaven and of hell: a drop of blood shed in the cause of God, a night spent in arms, is of more avail than two months of fasting and prayer: whosoever falls in battle, his sins are forgiven: at the day of judgment his wounds shall be resplendent as vermillion, and odoriferous as musk; and the loss of his limbs shall be supplied by the wings of angels and cherubims."* .

Without "the swordMahomet could effect nothing: Before he claimed the divine right of using it, or inculcated fighting for the faith, as the first of virtues, he fled from Mecca, a helpless fugitive, and hid himself in a cave. From that flight his religion takes its date (A. D. 622)—and from that time the sword was the weapon of his warfare, by which his imposture was to stand or fall." His doctrine then was that God had sent Moses and Jesus with miracles, and yet men would not be obedient to their word, and therefore he had now sent him, in the last place, without miracles, to force them by the power of the sword to do his will : and accordingly he forbade his disciples to enter into any farther disputes about his religion, but instead of that he commanded them to fight for it, and destroy all those wbo should contradict his law.”t.

“None of the former prophets carrying with them a power to force men to believe, miracles were necessary in their missions to force them thereunto. But Mahomet was a prophet sent principally to show forth the fortitude of God by the power of the sword; which being of itself alone sufficient to compel all men into the faith, without any other power accompanying it, for this reason (say they) Mahomet wrought no miracles, because he had no need of them, the power of the SWORD, with which he was sent, of itself alone sufficiently enabling him to accomplish his mission, for forcing men to believe therein. And from thence it became the universal doctrine of the Mahometans, that their religion is to be propagated by THE SWORD, and that all men were bound to fight for it : and for this reason it has been a custom among them, for their preachers, while they deliver their sermons, to have a drawn sword placed by them, to denote thereby, that the doctrine which

* Ibid. pp. 295–297. De Ryer's Life of Mahomet; prefixed to the Alcoran, p. 13.

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