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SIR,

On the Obituaries of Mr. T. Thomas and D. J. Rees. 103 subject you refer to, it will be easy for répare environ tous les vingt ans, metme to remove all anxiety from your tez, l'un portant l'autre, les temps les mind on the account of it, by stating plus peuplés avec les moins peuplés, il what is the actual situation of com- se trouve qu'à ne compter que six mercial concerns with us now; for, I mille ans depuis la création, il ya déjà suppose, I could not by any cxertions 900 fois 947 millions de damnés. Če obtain even a chance of placing him calcul meritoit bien les larmes de in a tolerable situation in these towns. Henri quatre.

But I fear, my —, that your mind Let the same mode of calculation in the present state of it will not be be applied to our self-called elect. much easier if he goes any where else. Believe me, it is not our having

Evesham, our will in this or in that circumstance

January 25, 1819. of life, that will give peace and satis- PASSAGE in the obituary faction to the mind. It is the mind of Mr. Thomas Thomas, of itself being so enlightened as to the Llavdissil, [XIII. 770,] appears to dispensations and ways of God, as will require a little explanation. It is keep it steady and at rest, let what this: “ In this respect," of not beever storms arise and whatever evils queathing a legacy for the support of threaten to assail us. True views of religion, “ the great and good man, God, above all such as are freed from D. J. Rees, was no exception to the superstition's yoke, the most galling of generality of our friends. The cause all, cao alone serve as ballast for the would have derived no small comfort man amidst the trials and fears which and encouragement, if, when his most he meets with in this state of prepara- important influence was withdrawn, tion for a better world; and I sin- a small part of his property had been cerely pray to your God and mine, devoted towards compensating, in a that you may be permitted to know little measure, for the loss which in and to delight in these in the same himself the society has sustained. Mr. high degree that your friend and Thomas thought of the interest of does,

truth when he was bid to consign it

I. W. to the care of those who yet survive." I will subjoin to the above letter, If the expression, “ Mr. Thomas which leaves me this day by the post, thought of the interest of truth,” was with a prayer for the Divine blessing meant to insinuate that D. J. Rees upon it, a passage from a well-known

was indifferent about it in his last elegant writer :

hours, I am anxious, without loss of “ Le généreux Henri ne put cacher ses time, to contradict the insinuation ; pleurs.

and to bear my testimony to the truly Ah! s'il est vrai, dit-il, qu'en ce séjour Christian and enviable posture of d'horreurs

mind with which these departed worLa race des humains soit en foule er.gloutie, thies gave in their accounts, as they Si les jours passagers d'une si triste vie

resigned their breath, into their Ma. D'on éternel tourment sont suivis sans

ker's hands. I had the happiness of retour, Ne vaudrait-il pas mieux ne voir jamais Providence so ordered, that I had the

their friendship for many years; and le joor? Heureux, s'ils expiraient dans le sein de painful satisfaction of personally atleur mère!

tending on one, the last fortnight, and Ou si ce Dieu, du moins, ce grand Dieu si on the other, the last week of his sévère,

mortal course. With both I had inA l'homme, belas! trop libre, avait daigné teresting conversation about their ravir

temporal as well as spiritual conLe pouvoir malheureux de lui désobéir !”

cerns; and can assure iour Corres. On compte plus de 950,000,000 dent that in neither was wanting an d'hommes sur la terre; le nombre ardent zeal for the truth of the Unides Catholiques va à 50,000,000 : si tarian faithi, perfect satisfaction with la vingtième partie est celle des élus its consolationis in the face of death, c'est beaucoup; douc il y a actuelle, and a full, though modest, confidence ment sur terre 947,500,000 hommes in a happy resurrection to immor, destinés aux peines éternelles de tality. Being myself, for two days l'enfer. Et, comme le genre humain se previous to the dissolution of D. I.

ences.

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Rees, in an incipient state of the de- cessary?" The stranger answered, structive malady, which deprived the " To see your lost state by natureworld of his most important services, to have an interest in the merits of I could not be with him as much as the Saviour-and to feel the applying I wished; and consequently lost much influence of the Spirit.”. Our exthat was most interesting and im- hausted friend paused and reflected; proving. One saying of this excellent and after some remarks from the others man to his beloved partner, in the present, resumed, " If your represenimmediate prospect of death, is wor- tation be just, what has a poor fellow thy of being recorded. “If it please in my situation to do? I have lived God," said he, “ I should wish to live now for many years with death cona little longer, principally for these tinually in my view, and having noreasons: that I may be of further help thing to do but to prepare for it. But and comfort to you; that I may con- I cannot command supernatural influtinue my assistance to others who

I have used my utmost en. need it; and that I may farther im- deavours to know the truth. I have prove my own character. But if God spared no exertion of my powers to ordains otherwise, I am willing. I go understand my Maker's will. I can to meet my heavenly Father with ay never believe as you do." “ Can't much composure and confidence as you believe that you are a lost sinner if I were going to meet my earthly by nature?" " A siuner I am, but father." Farewell, good and happy not by nature." “Don't you believe spirit! May our next meeting be that you fell in the first transgression, with the holy Jesus at the right hand when Adam ate the forbidden fruit ?" of our common Father! May I “I did not eat of that fruit; nor could die the death of the righteous, and I ever reproach myself with any part may my last end be like his."

of that transaction.” “ O, the Lord With a similar state of mind my has not opened your eyes." " If it young friend, Mr. Thomas, slowly de- is so, that I cannot help.” “ Can't scended to the verge of the grave. you pray?" "I do always pray that I shall never forget with what ardour I may kuow the truth, that my sins and ability he defended the Unitarian may be forgiven, and that I may be doctrine a few days before his disso- saved. But, by your doctrine, I canJution; when he could with difficulty not pray to any good purpose withcommand breath to give utterance to out that supernatural influence which bis labouring mind. As the present I cannot command.” The stranger, writer and another friend were at an being now called to supper, got up, inn, waiting his return for the last and with the appearance of the sintime from his physician, a stranger cerest regards took our departed friend came in, of a clerical appearance and by the hand, and said, “Well, dear deportment; who, upon our friend's Mr. Thomas, I wish with all my coming, was much struck at his ex- heart that you may have the necestreme feebleness and sensible conver- sary faith and be saved." The exsation. Being asked how he felt, my hausted Christian, with visible effort, friend replied, “very much exhausted. collected his remaining strength, and This, I believe, is the last time I shall with the most commanding gravity, see this place. Every body remarked looked his well-wisher earnestly in behind me, as I was coming along, the face, and said, “ Sir, I thank you; that I was almost gone." Being de. but if your representatiou be correct, sired not to let such remarks disturb it would be infinitely better for me, him, he replied, “ Oh, they do not if you were my God instead of him disturb me at all. They rather give who is." This remark, coming with me a little pleasure, as they shew all the solemnity and earnestness of a some syimpathy in those who make man's nearly last breath, was such as them." Upon which the stranger, the good-natured stranger was evibeing apt to teach," with much dently unprepared to expect or to amiableness said, “ Dear Mr. Thomas, answer. He paused, and with visible there is no loss for this world, if you emotion replied, “ No, dear Mr. possess the necessary preparation for Thomas, be is infinitely better than the next." “ What preparation,” re- I." • That cannot be," replied our plied our friend, “ do you deem ne- friend, " or your representation must

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Additions and Corrections to the Memoir of Dr. Cogan, yc.

10.5

be wrong. For you say you sincerely long-entertained opinion, that such wish that I may be saved, therefore, legacies are ultimately more a detriif you had the power you would save ment than support to the cause of me. Now, God has the power, but pure religion. He had often remarked wants your good will, or your doctrine and lamented that the trustees of such must be wrong." Here the matter testamentary grants too commonly rested; and these temperate and abuse their trust, and exercise unbefriendly disputants parted to meet no coming authority in the church of more before the great day, when their Christ; that such endowments are differences will be decided, it is hoped, often“ a bone of contention," a source to their mutual satisfaction.

of mutual jealousy and ill will; and Other accounts of the above nature that among congregations in general, would occupy 100 much room. It is that religion which costs but liitle, is hoped that these are sufficient to shew, seldom highly valued. He remarked, that neither of my dear departed on the other hand, that where there friends wanted a due regard for their is a proper regard for religion, where professed views of Christian truth. it is once tolerably established, men But the explanatiou which I intended exert themselves to support it; and to offer, why that truly great man that this exertion itself is a valuable D. J. Rees, did noi, like his young means of satisfaction and improvefriend Mr. Thomas, bequeath a sum ment: for, as men from habit are for the support of religion where he careful to well-apply their meaus, belonged, must be grounded on their they will be more likely to see that very different circumstances, and the their minister be worthy of their conwell-known views of the former as tributions, and more anxious to secure to the ultimate tendency of such a return in their own improvement. legacies. Although I am willing to My amiable young friend might not hope, that the able writer of the obi. have these views, but they are well tuaries did not intend to make an known to have been D. J. Rees's ; invidious comparison, and accuse and these excellent persons may have Darid Jenkin Rees of indifference to manifested equal regard for truth; truth when leaving the world, yet, the one by withholding what he as I think many would be very ready thought inexpedient, and the other to avail themselves of your Corres. in bequeathing what he considered pondent's antithetic language to coun. beneficial. At any rate, let those who tenance that idea, I must assure your ever maintained the unbroken harreaders that it is altogether anfounded, mony and affection of father and son and ascribe the blamed neglect to its in life, be not divided in death; for proper causes. Mr. Thomas was a their pious and enlightened friendship single man, of about 30, having no will again, I am persuaded, transcend near relations dependent upon him, the deformity of the grave and flourish or likely with increased means, to in immortal bloom when death shall supply his place in the society. D. J. be no more. Then shall those hearts Rees was a married man of about in which their memory is now em. fifty-six, having, besides his justly- balmed, which emulate their excelendeared partner, many other near lences, while they melt at their re. relations greatly dependent upon him, collection, be again revived and and, with increased means, likely to gladdened with the renewal of their be very helpful to the cause which friendslıip, and shall for ever beat in was ever most dear to his heart. He unison with theirs, through the everwould not deprive them of the plea- progressive career of uninterrupted sure and advantage of voluntarily and endless improvement. aiding that cause, by putting the

JOHN EVANS. means into the hands of others, who would solely do it as a duty, devoid of

Clapton, such pleasure and satisfaction. Our

February I, 1819.

Sir,

excellent friend had so high a relish T Hections which have occurred

to

of the pleasures of voluntary benefi. cence, that he would take no step me on reading your last Number, are to deprive others of it. He had his at your service. reasons, whether just or false, for his Page 1, col. 2, ad fin. lu onc of the opportunities which I too seldom il s'est servi pour établir sa doctrine, enjoyed of Dr. Cogan's conversation, si vous suivez les traces de l'autre? he told me that he had for a fellow. Vos principes mêmes ne sont-ils pas student, at Leyden, Dr. Vanderkemp, votre condamnation? Jesus, votre who died a few years ago, on his modèle, n'a jamais employé que la Mission to the Cape. Dr. V. left the douceur et la persuasion ; Mahomet University before Dr. C,, and became a séduit les uns et forcé les autres au an officer in the Dutch cavalry, though silence ; Jesus en a appelle à ses afterwards he resumed the study of @uvres ; Mahomet à son épée. Jesus medicine, I think, at Edinburgh. dit: voyez et croyez; Mabomet :

I once passed a day with Dr. Van. meurs ou crois. Duquel vous monderkemp, about twenty years ago, in trez-vous les disciples ?"

L' Esprit London, when he was prepariug for de L'Encyclopédie. A Geneve, 1772, his mission. He discovered obliging, VI. 266. (Persecutors, henceforth unassuming manvers, and had an air forbear to defend the truth with the of gentleness; such as would have arms of imposture; to take from Cbris. jospired confidence, on meeting him tianity the glory of her founders, to in a desert. Knowing that he held calumniate the gospel, and to cona strange opinion, for a sincere Chris- found the son of Mary with the offtian as I believe he was, respecting spring of Ismael. And, indecd, by the historical evidence of the Scrip- what right can you appeal to the tures, I introduced the subject, when former, and to the means be employed he ridiculed that evidence as severely for the establishment of his doctrine, as his politeness would allow, fully while you make the other your examadopting the sentiments, and very ple? Your own principles, will they nearly the phraseology of the Author not condemn you? Jesus your model of Christianity not Founded on Argue employed only gentleness and perment. He said, indeed, in plain terms, suasion. Mahomet deceived some, that every man of sense must be an and forced others into silence. Jesus unbeliever, till he received a divine appealed to bis mighty works, Mahoimpression on his mind that Chris- met to his sword. Jesus said, see and tianity was true; the only ground on believe; Mahomet, believe or die. which he professed to be a Christian. Of which then will ye prove yourIf my memory serves me, the late selves the disciples?) Mr. Towle, on account of this notion Page 17. I am able to make the held by Dr. V., objected to the zeal- few following corrections in the first ous countenance which he received list, (which is exact as to numbers,) from the Calvinists.

from a pamphlet now before me, en. Page 15, col. 1. I am persuaded titled, “ An Authentic Account of that whatever illiberality the late Sir several things done and agreed upon Samuel Romilly may have appeared, by the Dissenting Ministers lately once at least, to have sanctioned as an assembled at Salters' Hall. Viz. ). Advocate, Dr. T. S. Smith has well de- Advices for Peace, &c. With a List scribed his views of religions liberty. of the names of those who have Sub. Just after reading that page, I disco. scribed them. 2. The Letter, sent vered what I had not observed before, with the Advices to Exeter. 3. Rea. and was gratified by the coincidence, sons for not Subscribing, as some of that the article Tolerance, in L Ency. their brethren did, the Paper offered clopédie, was written by a Romilly. to them ou March 3, 1718-9," p. 11. He is named M. Romilly le fils. You Josh. Oldfield, D.D. Moderator, will, I am persuaded, readily allow p.t. [pro tempore]. me to quote the following passage : Thomas Leavenby. Leavesly.

• Cessez donc, persécuteurs, cessez George Smith. Smyth. encore une fois, de défendre cette John Gale, D. P. vérité avec les armes de l'imposture; Clerk Oldsworthy. Oldsworth. d'enlever au Christianisme la gloire Richard Rigby, M. D. de ces fondateurs; de calomvier William Hooker, Juo. Hocker. l'Evangile, et de confondre le fils de Benjamin Avery, LL.D. Marie avec l'enfant d' Ismaël; car Matthew kendall. Randall. enfin de quel droit en appelleriez- To this list is added, (p. 12,) “ There vous au premier, et aux moyens dont are several of our brethren consenting 107

66

OR,
REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE
OF GENERAL READING.

Gleanings. with us in these advices, who desire and Influence of the Reformation by we would signify so much to the Luther,” which obtained the prize world, though they have not here from the National Institute. An Ensubscribed their names.

glish translation was publisbed in Immediately following this pam- 1805. Under Italy he mentions (p. phlet, in a volume of Tracts, is “ A 163) " the two Socini, ratives of Letter to the Rev. Mr. Tong, &c. Sienna,” among those“ who took a

By a Layman," (in MS. Samuel liking to reform," and “ went into Sanders,) 1719. This Letter is by other countries, where they might one of those Noncovformists who ob- adopt it at ease.” Under Poland, (p. jected to the demand of ministerial 164,) he says, “ The two Socini, subscription. They called themselves uncle and nephew, but particularly Lay-Christians. In an Appendis, is the latter, made a great number of a paper, (p. 81,) containing their sen- proselytes here, and founded the sect timents « touching the methods of which bears their name; a sect which healing the present divisions among has spread very much in Poland, the Protestant Dissenters." On a blank principle tenet of which is to honour page some early possessor of the pam- Jesus Christ as a sage sent by God, phlet, who evidently resented this but not as one of the persons of the lay interference, has written,

Divinity itself.” " The names of some of the lay

J. T. RUTT. canon makers are as follow :Sir George Caswel

GLEANINGS; SELECTIONS AND
Sir Henry Houghton
Sir John Fryer
David Polhil

No, CCCXL.
John Birch
Gray Nevil

Real Heresies of Priests in the Thir

teenth Century.
John Barrington Shute
Jobo London

At the very time that these friars
John Deacle

were setting the example of the most John Hartop

infamous vices, they appear also to Samuel Sanders

have originated the most sacrilegious

heresies. The Mendicants not only Henry Bendish Samuel Read

continued to cry up their innumerable William Kingsford

antiquated visions, but invented new Forster

ones still more absurd, which they

continued to have revealed, sworn to Edward Richter, Sen. Edward Richter, Jun.

and believed. The University of Pa. Moses Rapier

ris was for several years agitated, Francis Harrison

Europe scandalized, and the Vatican Henry Lovel

occupied, without knowing how to Picard

extricate itself, with a long trial of Thomas Holles

the Dominicans, for a singular attempt, Samuel Browning

aided by a Franciscan fauatic, to subThomas Abney

stitute the prophetic visions of the Abbé Sir Gregory Page."

Joachim, with some supplements of

their own, for the New Testament. Page 22, Note t. To this coin Ra- Matthew Paris, either from not being leigh alludes in his Pilgrimage, where exactly informed of what was passing he speaks of

abroad, or not daring to state all he Heaven's bribelees hall, knew, speaks of this circumstance Where no corrupted voices brawl, only in general terms: " They No conscience, molten into gold,

preached,” says he, “ commented and No forg'd accuser, bought or sold, taught certain novelties, which, as No erase deferr'd, no vain-spent journey, For tbere Christ is the King's attorney,

far as they were known, were conWho pleads for all, without degreos,

sidered mere ravings, and reduced

those into a book which they were For be bath angels, but no fees.

pleased to style The Everlasting GosPage 32, col, 1, line 6. Villers, pel : with certain other things, of Author of “ An Essay on the Spirit which it would not be wise to say too

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