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Conclusion of a Sermon on the Death of Sir Samuel Romilly. but on another's understanding. But Last week Mr. Le Clerc brought your paper shall never be exposed to me your Treatise on the Education of the judgment of such persons. Children, translated into Dutch, for
I blush when you plead in excuse which valuable present accept my for delay your want of sufficient readi. best thanks. My wife and daughter ness in the Latin tongue: what, then, have read it attentively. When they I ask myself, must be your judgment had finished it, I perused it from the of me, whose style, compared with beginning to the end. We all highly yours, is so uncouth? All your let. approve it. The eminent man, I be. ters, even though written in haste, are fore mentioned, desires me to present not only pure and terse, but also lively to you his best regards. and elegant. If such displease you, Farewell my excellent friend. I can easily determine what opinion
Yours, affectionately, you must have of mine. Yet relying
P. à LIMBORCH. on your friendship, I freely write to you whatever comes uppermost; still assured of your kindness which can “ Some Thoughts concerning Educa. overlook my defects. But if, in fu• tion,” which reached a fourth edition in ture, you continue to offer such an 1699. This Treatise was first published apology, I shall be still more timid in 1693, and dedicated to the Author's in writing to you. So you perceive friend, Mr. Clarke, of Chipley, to whom that such an excuse will be least of the substance of the book had been comall admitted from you. But if your municated in letters, to assist him in the engagements forbid an earlier atten- education of his son. tion to your correspoudents, I cannot
One of Mr. Locke's foreign biographers allow myself to urge your more speedy says of these Pensées sur l'Education
des replies, to the prejudice of more im Enfans, . Ce livre estimable a été traduit
en François, en Allemand, en Hollandois portant concerns; but rather wish
et en Flamand.” (This excellent work you to wait for a season of leisure. has been translated into French, German, Write what and when you will to Dutch and Flemish.) Nouv. Dict. Hist. me, it will be most agreeable; nor Paris, 1772, IV. p. 131. can I fail to acknowledge your late speedy communication of two letters.
Conclusion of a Sermon on the Immu- incorruptible and eternal; man's na.
tability of God, occasioned by the ture is frail and perishing: God's Death of Sir Samuel Romilly, deli- purpose is without the shadow of a vered in the Unitarian Chapel, Yeovil, change; man's purpose is fleeting as Nov. 15, 1818, by Dr. T. Southwood his sensations, and variable as the Smith.
circumstances which induce them. Psalm cii. 11, 12: “ My days are like a All which God designs must be ful.
shadow that declineth, and I am withered filled ; but man's intentions, even his like grass : but thou, O Lord, shalt noblest and his steadiest, are often endure for ever, and thy remembrance brought to a swift and eternal close. unto all generations."
“ How striking are the proofs which FTER illustrating the nature of the passing hour constantly brings us
the immutability of God, and of the frailty of man ! How little stating the considerations which prove dependence can be placed on any that this is an attribute essential to thing that is human! How baseless the Divine character, and shewing is the hope which rests even on all how conducive a steady and lively that is most noble, dignified and belief of it is to peace of mind, the permanent in our nature: on talent, preacher concluded as follows: integrity, experience, wisdom, benig.
“ The immutability of God affords nity! a striking contrast to the ever-varying “ It was at the commencement of condition of man. God's nature is this very month, last year, that the
nation was plunged in mourning for at the attempt to lure him from the the loss of the illustrious Princess, path of rectitude. Incorruptible inwho, because her excellences com- tegrity was the cardinal virtue of his manded the respect, was lamented by life. Of the cause of reform he was a the hearts of a free people. The be- temperate, but firni, steady and enginning of the present month is marked Tightened advocate. Attached to the by the death of a personage who acted glorious institutions of his country, he on the theatre of life a most distin- thought, and he justly thought, that guished and important part, and who the best evidence he could give of his is associated, in our imagination, with veneration for them was to endeavour all of what we can conceive as vene. to make them in practice what they rable, noble, wise and good.
are in theory, and to remove the cor“ It were an absurd attempt in me ruptions, by the influence of which to endeavour to draw the character, the whole intention of their founders whether public or private, of Romilly is frustrated. When, in his place -I who have been but most trans among our legislators, he spoke on siently in his society; who have en- this subject, the ear drank in his joyed but rarely the privilege of lis- words with greediness, and the untening to the impressive accents of his derstanding, which was not convinced, voice, and who know no more of him was enlightened by his arguments, than all the nation knows, that he and the will, which was not altered was, in the truest sense of those words, from its purpose, was at least shaken a husband, a father, a patriot!
in its corfidence. While in his im. “ Who will put his trust in man, pressive manner be poured forth the or anticipate with confidence the ac- thoughts of his luminous and expericomplishment of the noblest purposes enced mind, all who listened to him, of the noblest of his race? Were the felt that they Aowed not only from an rights of the nation with daring or unclouded intellect, but from a pure with subtle hand invaded, every one heart. And this, on all occasions, his expected to find Romilly in the fore- political opponents were emulous to most rank of its defenders! Was the acknowledge. I say opponents, for private citizen oppressed? He looked, enemies he had none. and he never looked in vain, to Ro- “ That reform which he endea. milly. Was the man of misfortune voured to effect in the House, of which weighed down to the dust by sorrow he was so distinguished a member, succeeding sorrow, bitter and more he wished with equal earnestness to bitter : did the walls of his prison extend to our penal code. In this deepen the wretchedness of his heart, work of humanity and justice he was distracted by expectations blasted, an indefatigable labourer. No trouproperty Jost, children beggared, ble how interminable soever deterred home despoiled of its comforts and bim-10 failure wearied him. It was in desolation—the voice, the name as though the defeat which would of Romilly forbade him to despair. have extinguished the zeal of others, Touched by his hand, the door of his served but to feed the fame of his prison opened, and, recalled by him benevolence. to hope and to exertion, he held on The names of his opponents in his way, if not rejoicing, at least with this cause, will go down to posterity, cheering anticipations of the future. at least to a certain distance, with his Even the poor criminal blessed him, own, affording an instructive contrast. and had more cause to bless him thaú Gradually, however, the shades of he comprehended; for he would have oblivion will deepen on those “ unmade the law which doomed him to honoured" names, till, to the succeeda violent death, the destroyer, not of ing generations of men, they will be his life, but of his vices !
as though they had never been-the “ The great man who has been best fate their best friends can wish snatched thus suddenly from useful them-while he will have taken his neșs and life, by a dispensation so place among those illustrious dead tremendous, was not only a man of who will live in the memory of the principle, but was so vobly distin- wise and good, till the last record of guished for adherence to principle, our country shall have perished, to that baseness itself would have blushed guide the youthful and to animate the
Conclusion of a Sermon on the Death of Sir Samuel Romilly. 15 experienced philanthropist, associated was so clear and strong; whose views with More, Raleigh, Bacon, Hamp- were so enlarged; whose feelings were den, Sydney, Milton, Fox and Frank- so generous; whose passions were so lin.
well controlled; whose heart, the dis“Of the folly and wickedness of cipline of so many years of joy and that usurpation which attempts to sorrow and vicissitude and privation bold in bondage the understanding should seem to have trained to enduand the conscience, and with bold and rance,
should have been unable to impious intrusion to interpose between sustain the calamity with which he the mind of man and its Creator, lie was visited, terrible as it was, may was deeply sensible. His views of appear inexplicable. But if we do religious liberty were the enlarged not know from experience, we may and enlightened principles of ihe learn sufficiently from example, the Christian philosopher. Those princi- uiter impotence of philosophy when ples, who could illustrate or defend the bitterness of sorrow invades the like him! How often, while dwelling heart, and especially when it is made on this theme, has he filled our hearts to see and feel and dwell upon that with admiration, and poured light and desolation, which the withering hand conviction on minds, the profoundness of death can produce, and near which of whose ignorance, and the inivete. no hope of earthly origin can take racy of whose prejudices, have served root and blossom.
And religion, but to brighten the glory of his vic- where was thy sustaining energy; tory! How often has his mild and where were thy divine consolationis dignified rebuke shamed the political Was he a stranger to thy nature ? religionist, and the religious bigot, Did he not know thy sweetness and from their unhallowed purposes, and thy power? He did. At the throne taught the friends of the abolition of of his heavenly Father he was a secret, all pains and penaltics ivflicted on and there is every reason to believe, account of religion, that in enlisting a devout worshiper; and in his closet, him in their cause, they engaged not when no earthly eye was on him, his an advocate merely, but a man-ac. thoughts ascended above the things quainted with the principles of his of earth, and dwelt on immortality. own nature, honouring and fearing This we know. But why that fever his God, and, therefore, respecting of the brain should have been perand holding sacred the rights of bis mitted to assail him, and suddenly and creatures.
completely to obliterate from his “ After the slumber of years, the mind all memory that he was a father, monster Persecution, as if roused by a patriot and a Christian, we do not the strange sounds which were at that know. It becomes us to be still, and time heard in a neighbouring country, to remember that there is One who started from its lair, and issued forth, knoweth the end from the beginning. with fangs already died in blood, to “ And we need all the consolation its wonted work. Its first step (for which this truth is capable of impartit never moves but to destroy) was ing. We were looking forward with death; but that first step caught the delight to the exertions of this highlyeye of Romilly, watchful from his gifted individual, in the approaching elevated station for the welfare of his meeting of the legislators of our counrace, and the cry of its first victim reached across the ocean to bis ear. “ There were found among the private It was as if, in reward for his unex- papers of this admirable man several ampled efforts in the cause of bene- prayers in his own hand-writing, which volence, the God of mercy had armer appear to have been composed by himself, that man with a portion of his own
and to have been used by him in his private power. He spake - the monster devotions, together with some papers conpaused :-he stretched out his hand topics, so as to place, beyond all question,
taining his reflections on various religious to crush it-it was no more.
the fact, that his mind, wonderfully as it “ And now he himself is silent in
was accupied, was not ioattentive to subthe dust.. His purposes and his works jects of this nature. This I have learnt are brought to a sudden and mournful from authority, upon the correctness of termination. That he whose reason which I can depend."
in the cause of the persecuted and A MONG the many
try. Our hearts were cheerful. We because knowledge will be unmixed saw that he had succeeded in exciting with error, and excellence unimpaired such a general and deep interest in by frailty!" the cause both of the youthful and of the aged poor, in the cause of the Sır.
Nov. 3, 1818. ,
the Monthly Repository has oppressed of all classes and all climes, upon the favour of the public, i conthat the claims of humanity and jus. sider, as not the least important, that tice must have become known, and, it contains so many historical and biotherefore, have been acknowledged. graphical notices, that will be found We saw, assembling around him to of the greatest service to any future aid bis exertions, men whose name is bistorian of Nonconformity. But honour, whose countenance is strength, where shall we find a man with the and whose union is victory. When research of Neal, or the extensive we first heard of his death, our hearts biographical information of Calamy, sunk within us. We felt as though who, as a collector and publisher of the very foundation of the fabric of original biography, is surpassed only mercy, which we saw rising up in by his contemporary and autagonist, majesty and strength, were suddenly the Oxford antiquary, and the veteran and completely destroyed. Never till in their pursuits of the present day, that moment did we appear to our. the learned and laborious Author of selves to have recognized the true the “ Literary Anecdotes of the extent of his influence in promoting Eighteenth Century”? I wish to obthe cause of knowledge, liberty and tain permission to have recorded on benevolence in general: aud never your pages, the names of the ministers till then did we seem to have estimated who voted on the famous question, of it properly, even in regard to those the year 1719, at Salters' Hall
. The parts of the great cause which he names of those who were on the side selected for his peculiar care. We of freedom of inquiry are given in the felt as though the cause must now Memoirs of Whiston. The following indeed stand still. But we know it list varies only in one point, namely, cannot be. Its advancement does not in wanting the name of John Shefdepend on human agency alone, other- field, which stands next to that of wise it might fail. Man is but the Dr. Oldfield in Whiston's catalogue. instrument: God's is the master-hand The two lists are preserved in some that directs it. One instrument may family memoirs, by a gentleman who fail in effecting so much as we ex- was long a very respectable and judi. pected, but it accomplishes its allotted cious member of Dr. Benson's congrework, and then gives place to others, gation, with whose account of the whose operation is more effectual. affair in question the names may be The labourers, covered with honour, introduced. rest from their work; the work goes “ In the year 1719, the Dissouters
He whose work it is, and who having been at ease for a few years has the sole direction of it, is immu- since the death of Queen Anne, began table and omuipotent. And, as it to quarrel among themselves about regards the present, we see that it orthodoxy in speculation. Some botmust go on, for we see the new in- headed people at Exeter opened the struments which he has raised up to scene, spurred on by two or three promote it. We know the spirits over-zealously affected ministers in finely touched, and to fine issues,' London ; which occasioned an assemwhich remain to us, the associates and bly of divines of the Three Denomicoadjutors of that noble spirit which nations of Protestant Disseuters, to has left our world. They will prove, meet at Salters' Hall, in order to send by emulating its conduct, that they pacific advices to the people at Exeter. possess a kindred nature, and are But a great number of the ministers, worthy to rejoin it in that celestial not content with sending their advice, world in which the flame of benevolence will glow more steadily and brightly; and the bliss be perfect,
* P. 220.
Voters in the Salters' Hall Synod, 1719.
17 were for tacking thereto a subscrip- conclusion of the debate it was carried tion to their opinions and faith, in by a majority of six, (Whiston says respect to what is commonly called four,] in near one hundred and twenty the 'Trinity ; in words of human form against subscribing. A learned and and invention ; viz. in the words of pious bishop, Dr. Benjamin Hoadly, the first of the Thirty-nine Articles who had been baited several years of the Church of England, and the luimself, by several of his own clergy, answers to the fifth and sixth ques- for printing and preaching against pertions in the Assembly's Catechism. secution in matters of religion, was This occasioned great and tumultuary pleased to say on this occasion, that disputes and altercations, not proper it was the first convocation or assemto be mentioned, but what has always bly of divines, since the time of the happened (with shame be it spoken apostles, that had carried a question in ecclesiastical meetings of all sects for liberty.” and parties of Christians. At the Against requiring Subscrip. Samuel Savage
William Hooker, Sen.
Pastors in the Country.
Emanuel Ellerken. The reader may find accounts of mised continuation of that valuable most of the persons in both these lists, work is much desired; and by no one by turniog to the Index of Wilson's more than by your present Corre“ Dissenting Churches." The pro- spondent,
A.R. Y. VOL. XIV.