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for the support and promotion of their consideration, that they have not what they believe to be the truth as been adopted. The establishment of it is in Jesus. The methods adopted Fellowship Funds is certainly an by other denominations of Christians, important measure, and well calcuto obtain pecuniary means to carry lated to unite the exertious and on their popular plans and support increase the zeal of a number of pertheir public institutions, are uot un. sons in each congregatiou where it is worthy of the consideration, and adopted: for the suggestion of this many of them of the adoption of Uni- plan we have reason to bless the tarian Christians; especially as it is memory of a late excellent friend of well known that without adopting the cause, and it is hoped it will consuch methods, neither our brethren tinue to extend; it is likely to do the Methodists, nor those of the dif- good in other respects, as well as fur. ferent Calvinistic parties, could have vish resources for Unitarian objects. possessed the means of carrying on Still there is another plan which ! iheir various and, in many instances, beg leave to recommend, which would expensive exertions. It cannot be neither clash with the Fellowship doubted that Unitarians, though much Funds, nor any other yet adopted : it inferior in number to the other deno. is, the preaching of annual sermons minations mentioned, are sufficiently in aid of our public institutions. numerous and opulent, taken collec: This would give every individual in tively, to furnish the means necessary our congregations an opportunity of for the support of such extended plans contributing his mite in support of and exertions, for the promotion of the common cause which we espouse, what they believe to be the cause of and might furnish more abundant genuine Christianity, as cannot be resources than can be procured in carried forward without more abun- any other way. dant resources than have yet been That the Unitarian Fund has sucfurnished, and which, if carried ceeded, under every view, beyond forward with prudence and zeal, what the most sanguine of its friends would be likely to be successful. It expected, in so short a time, at its is far from my intention to insinuate first establishment, and that it has that there are not a great many liberal contributed much to the success of individuals in onr religious connexions, the Unitarian cause, will, I expect, be who have shewn their readiness to generally acknowledged. Still, that contribute towards the support of our its plans and operations might be public institutions, and by whose greatly extended, with good prospect friendly aid what has been already of success, speaking from careful obdone has been rendered practicable: servation and all the informatioI what I wish to recommend, and am have been able to acquire on the anxious to see adopted, is some plau subject, I have no hesitation in assertwhich may give opportunity for ing. There are parts of the island every individual in our congregations, where circuits might be formed on however poor, to contribute his mite, the Methodist plan), and gradually however small, at least once in a year, many small Unitarian Churches towards the carrying on plans for the formed in them; but in the outset, promotion of Unitarian Christianity. the Fund would have to defray the It is by uniting the exertions of the greater part, if not the whole, of the mass of the people, by obtaining con- expense of supporting the missiontributions from almost every indi- aries, and carrying ou the cause m vidual in their congregations, that such circuits. In other parts of the Christians of other denominations country, where such circuits could . find such abundant resources for not be immediately formed, much carrying on their extensive plans. It might be done if the number of misappears to me extremely easy for sionaries was increased. But such Unitarians to do the same; and from an extension of the plans of the Fuel what I know of the liberality of a would unavoidably involve a consiconsiderable part of our congregations, derable increase of expenditure. ImI am led to think that it is merely for pressed with these matters, with all want of proper plans having been due deference to the judgment of proposed to them, and submitted to others, I take the liberty of submit

Mr. Wright on the Unitarian Fund.-Mr. Evelyn a Reformer. 229 ting to the consideration of the Uni- been contributed to any Unitarian, tarian public, whether it be not both nor to any other benevolent object. desirable and practicable for an an. 5. In particular it would give the Dual sermon to be preached on behalf poor in our congregations, who feel a of the Uvitarian Fund, (and of course deep interest in the cause, an oppora collection made at the close of it,) tunity of contributing a few pence in every congregation which approves towards its promotion, which would of its plans and objects.

I am

be gratifying to their feelings, and not aware of any objection which tend to increase their interest in it; can reasonably be made to this plan, for meu always feel the more intenor of any injury or inconvenience it rested in a thing when it costs them could involve.

something. Allow me very briefly to state a 6. It is pretty evident, if an annual few reasons why such a plan should sermon were preached in the Unibe adopted.

tarian congregations generally in aid 1. Most other devorninations of of the Unitarian Fund, it would greatly Christians have annual sermons and increase its resources, and furnish the collections in their various congre- mapagers of it with the means of gations, in support of religious objects, doing much more to promote the and generally of missionary preaching, cause. &c.; and in this way they obtain no 7. Hitherto the Unitarian Fund small part of the resources by which bas been supported chiefly by the they are enabled to carry on their subscriptions of individuals; the plan extensive plans : and I see no reason now recommended would bring whole why Unitarians should not pursue congregations to its aid, and might · the same course, nor why it should gradually call out the strength of the not be equally beneficial in carrying Unitarian body at large in support of into effect their plans for enlightening its plans and objects. and improving mankind.

Feeling deeply interested in the 2. The having an annual sermon success

and permanence of the Uni. for such an object, would afford a tarian Fund, and anxious to see its favourable opportunity for explaining plans and operations extended in our views and sentiments, plans and every direction, and in every proper objects; and as the attention of stran. way, before I go to the silent mangers and persons not well-acquainted sion of the tomb, I bave thought with our sentiments, might be excited, much on the mode of increasing its it is likely it would be the means of resources here stated; and I hope our leading them to more correct views brethren every where will forgive the of the doctrines we maintain, and of liberty I take of recommending it to promoting the Unitarian cause in the their notice and attention, and that places where such sermonis were you, Sir, will be so kind as to give preached.

this paper a place in the Repository, 3. It would be a testimony of the which will much oblige upion of our congregations in the

R. WRIGHT, common cause, and of their zeal for the promotion of what they believe Mr. Evelyn a Reformer. to be the truth of God; and with the F our preceding extracts (pp. 22 want of such union and zeal their and 156) from Mr. Evelyn's Diary, enemics have reproached them. &c., have represented him in a light

4. It would afford an opportunity at all unfavourable to his character, for those who could give but very which, however, was not designed, little, and for those who would not we shall end our quotations with bke their names should appear to any a few passages which will set him subscription of the kind, to coutri- right in the reader's opinion. He was bute something; and it is likely many an accomplished gentleman, a liberal would subscribe at such a time who scholar, a fine writer, a zealous prowould otherwise never give any moter of learning, science and the thing: consequently, in this way, arts, a generous friend, a pattern of much might, from the congregations every domestic virtue, and only in. at large, be brought into the Fund, consistent when he was actuated by which would otherwise never have his family attachment to the Stuarts,

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VOL. XIV.

21

and his exclusive love of the English Truely, my Lo., I cannot but hierarchy.

wonder, and even stand amaz'd, thal The Revolution of 1688, which Mr. Parliaments should have sate, from Evelyn lived to witness, but which time to time, so many hundred yeares, he evidently knew not how to ap- and value their constitution to that prove entirely, freed his mind (himself

, degree, as the most sovraine remely perhaps, unconscious of it) froin the for the redresse of publiq grievances ; restrictions which the old system of whilst the greatest still remaine unre. government had laid upon it; and in form'd and untaken away. Witnesse a letter “ To my Lord Godolphin, the confus'd, debauch'd, and riotous one of the Lords Justices, and first manner of electing members qualifiel Commissioner of the Treasury," dated to become the representatives of a na. June 6, 1696, he appears in the cha- tion, wth legislative power to dispose racter of a Reformer, in which cha. of the fate of kingdomes; which racter le anticipates some of the great should and would be compos d of public questions which, after the lapse worthy persons, of known integritie of a century and a quarter, still agitate and ability in their respective counthe public mind. He first touches tries, and still would serve them ge. upon the circulating medium of the nerously, and as their ancestors have country, and complains of the wicked don, but are not able to fliny away a practices of those that have ruined son or daughter's portion to bribe the the public credit by debasing, in va- votes of a drunken multitude, more rious unrighteous ways, the current resembling a Pagan Bacchanalia, than coiu of the realm. He next proposes, an assembly of Christians and sober for preserving the flourishing state of men, met upon the most solemn occasion this mercantile nation, a Council of that can concerne a people, and stand Trade: to this Council he advises that in competition with some rich scritener, the care of the mauufactures of the brewer, banker, or one in some gainfall kingdom should be committed, “with office, whose fuce or name, perhaps, they stock for employment of ye poore; never suw or knew before. How, my by which might be moderated that Ld. miest this sound abroad! With unreasonable statute for their relief, what dishonour and shame at home! (as now in force,) occasioning more “ To this add the disproportion of idle persons, who charge the publiq the buroughs capable of electing memwithout all remedy, than otherwise there bers, by which the major part of the would be, insufferably burdening the whole kingdom are frequently outroted, parishes, by being made to earne their be the cause never so unjust, if it conbread honestly, who now rate it in idle. cerne a party intrest. ness, and take it out of the monthes of

“ Will ever those swarmes of locusts. the truely indigent, much inferior in lawyers and attorneys, who fill so number, and worthy objects of charity." many seats, vote for a publiq Register, He adds, that to this assembly should by which men may be securd of their be referred all proposals of new in- titles and possessions, and an infinity ventions, which should be encouraged, of suits and frauds prevented ? and not reproached “as projectures, “ Im'oderate fees, tedious and ruinor turning ye unsuccessful proposer to ous delays, and tossings from court ridicule, by a barbarity without exam- to court before an easy cause, which ple, no where countenanc'd but in this might be determin'd by honest gennation.” He points out further as an tlemen and understanding neighbours, “ exhauster and waster of ye publiq can come to any final issue, may be treasure, the progresse and increase number'd amongst the most vexatious of buildings about this already mon- oppressions that call aloud for restrous citty," and recommends that dresse. the Norway trade, supported by “ The want of bodys (slaves) for building, should be discouraged in publiq and laborious works, to which favour of the trade with our own many sorts of animals might be useplantations. He then proceeds in the fully condemn'd, and some reforme, following passages to snggest reforms instead of sending them to the gallos, in the Commons' House of Parliament, deserves to be consider d. in courts of law and in the criminal • These, and the like, are the greate code.

desiderata, (as well as the reformation Mr. Howe on the Persecution of the Jews of Lubeck.

291 of the Coine,) which are plainely by the last Hamburgh mail, will give wanting to the consu'mate felicity of some idea of the quantum of freedom this nation; and divers of them of ab. enjoyed by the Jews, in the Free solute necessitie to its recovery from Toun of Lubeck. the atrophy and consumption it la- “ With feelings of horror and in. bours under.

dignation I now take up my pen to * The King himself should (my L") communicate to you some of the parbe acquainted with these particulars, ticulars of a trausaction, which has aud of the greate iniportance of them, taken place in the free city of Lubeck : by such as from their wisedome and a transaction more disgraceful or are integrity, deserve the neerest accesse, bitrary, I will venture to say, is not and would purchase him the hearts of to be met with in the history of any a free and emancipated people, and a civilized country; and, be it rememblessing on the government; were bered, this city is under the immediate he pleased uncessantly to recommend protection of ihe Emperor of Austria. them to those who, from time to time, You will recollect that, during the are call'd together for these ends, and last war, in every city, town or vil. healing of the nation."

lage where Jews resided, they not This interesting ietter concludes only offered their property, bui their with the following beautiful passage: lives, for the support and protection

"In such a tempest and overgrown of their sovereigns. Numerous ina sta, every body is concern'd, and stances might be mentioned, indeed, whose head is not ready to turne? of the satisfaction expressed by the I am sure, I should myself almost de- crowned heads with their conduct;' spaire of the vessel, if any, save yi for instance, the King of Prussia LP, were at the helme. But, whilst granted them the privileges of citizens your land is on the staff, and your ihroughout his dominions, with the eye upon the star, I compose myselfe right of holding any public office and rest secure."

whatever.

“ Will the world believe any part of Sir,

Bridport, April 2, 1819. the above, when they read the famous S every species of religious per. Decree of the 2d of December 1818– or individuals on the face of the earth, 1768, and the more intolerant one of affects my mind withi tender sym-' the 26th of September, 1778, are pathy towards the sufferers, and with again to be put in full force? What mixt feelings of pity and censure re

must have been the feelings of persons specting their oppressors, these sen- who have resided there for many sations were powerfully excited by years, following undisturbed their va. the perusal of the following letter. rious occupations; what must have This I have transcribed for insertion, been the feelings of fathers, sitting If you approve, in the Monthly Repo- with their wives, enjoying the innository. I wish the attention of all cent sport of their children ; what Europe could be called to the late must have been their feelings, I say, Decree of the Christian Senate of when they read this famous Decree, Lubeck, affecting the Jews resident forbidding their carrying on business in that imperial city, [see p. 182,] in any manner whatever ? that if the statement here given be To complete the ruin they had correct, (and it is confirmed by the begun, the police officers were orpublic journals,) such disgraceful dered to search all Jews openly in the scenes of bigotry, intolerance and streets, or to burst open their houses, cruelty, may expose their authors to to take possession of their property the general reprobation which they and seal it up, even the common nejustly deserve, and be the means of cessaries of life. : To prevent the posprocuring for the sufferers, from truly sibility of any'evasive measures, the enlightened and liberal professors of Sevate decree and order, • That any Christianity, a religion of universal person acting for, or in any shape love and benevolence, the seasonable transacting business with a Jew, shall, relief their necessities may require.

for the first offence, be fined; for the THOMAS HOWE. second, fined and imprisoned, and Jews of Lubeck.

lose his right of citizenship; and any "The following extract of a Letter, clerk, porter or menial servant, living with a Jew, shall be imprisoned and off; aiming to shew, not only that he expelled this free town.'

was a conpetent judge, but to make You may recollect, that before it appear that, though coudemning, Buonaparte entered Germany, and de- be was full of candour, and that, clared the Jews citizens and members though exasperated, he could be just. of society, they were treated as com- For when your Christian Surveyor mon beasts, and on passiog through hiuted that Mr. B.'s “ babe sprinkling" several towns, had to pay the sum was not the primitive Christian bapper head which was paid for swine. tism, it was easy to perceive, that

“ The war being ended, the Jews those bees stung him. were led to expect, that the meeting For my own part, judging only of the Sovereigns in Congress would from Mr. B.'s exhibitions on this subhave been the prelude to a redress of ject, in your Magazine, and in his their former grievances, and that they Pamphlet on Infant Baptism, I must would have been allowed to partake be forgiven if I say that I somewhat of those rights and liberties which doubt his conipetency, it appearing are enjoyed by their Christian neigh- to me that, if Mr. R. in one or two bours. But, alas! the war being points is not quite right, your Corended, the Sovereigns forgot their respondent is on others, as already promises; they forgot that Jews were hinted, far more wrong. human, that they are the work of the Much respect as I think due to Mr. same Almighty Creator; they forgot R.'s talents, I feel more for truth, and their many services during the war, prodigiously more than for your Cor. and left them to the mercy of the respondent's pleas and dogmatical dewaves, to the mercy of those merciless cisious. Had this censurer been one beings, the Senate of the town, which properly acquainted with classical is styled the Free Town of Lubeck. authors and ancient lawyers, with old

“ Will any one believe that such historians, the Latin Fathers, and scenes have been witnessed at the monkish writers, so as to he qualified close of the year 1818? Are these to decide on the great differences of the good things for which the people their style, he should be entreated to of Europe have fought and bled ? Is consider those differences, and his it thus that the promises of an Alex- capacity and means for information ander, a Frederic or a Francis, are to being admitted, his moderation and be fulfilled ? I hope before this meets forbearance should be solicited. He your eye, the subject will have reached should be reminded that Mr. Robiaihe ears of the members of the Holy son, though a man of genius, had Alliance, and that they will convince thrown himself into the situation of the hundreds of thousands who are an unfortunate drudge, doomed to now looking forward, with dreadful wade through oceans of barbarous expectation, that those promises so lalinity; and such competent person solemnly made, were made in since- would admit, that if Mr. R. translated rity."The Jewish Expositor for Feb. a word wrong in such a writer as 1819, p. 72.

Tertullian, he might hope to be for

given: nay, that he might commit On Mr. Belshum's Plea for Infant bimself, (in the judgment of a parBaptism."

ticular class of critics, without break(Continued from p. 39.)

ing Priscian's bead, (according to the SIR,

use of words in such writers,) or any Y

violent anti-Tertullianism. But mea the high opinion entertained by humilitas can perceive, that these matyour late Christian Surveyor, of Mr. ters do not lie much in your CorreRobinson's History of Baptism; and, spondent's way. that even your Correspondent Mr. As to the present writer, he has B. thought it “a truly learned work:” hitherto thought it sufficient to shew, by which intimation he wished it, no that what your Correspondent so doubt, to be understood that he had anxiously, yet in vain, looked to find not only read it, but was fully compe. in the above History, ought to have tent to decide on its character, far been looked for in writers on his side more competent than your other Cor- of the question ; that much that he respondent. But, it is evident, that looked for was there, and something Mr. B.'s compliment was a mere set more, perhaps, than he looked for, or

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