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Review.-Constánt's Eulogium on Sir Samuel Romilly. 263 basbel of wheat or maize in the farmer's be amply sufficient for the accommodation barn, nor a sheep in his field, nor a hoy in of the public. The effect, then, of this his yard, nor even a potatoe, turnip or wicked experiment, was, the destruction cabbage, in his garden, but what he is of hundreds of convicts. I am informed, liable to be robbed of every night he lies the burial-ground became like a ploughed down in his bed, either by his own or his field, and that the loss of life was prodineighbours' servants.' Such are the results gious. As usual, there is no account of of the orders issued by Lord Castlereagh the deaths, births and marriages, so no in 1809, and the engagement entered into correct estimate can be formed of the by the governor to obey then in 1810. extent of the evil produced, or of the Would it not have been better to have built injury the goverument sustained by the & house for the reception of these poor death of so many of its subjects. The wretches, than a palace for Mr. Darcy death of those poor deluded and ill-treated Wentworth, the surgeon-general, and two wretches was perhaps a blessing to themother similar edifices for the two assistant- selves. What is the lot of the survivors ? surgeons? Would it not have been better I ask, what must be the sum of vice, than the construction of temples around misery, disease, want, prostitution, sufferpumps, and all the fopperies and follies ings of children, robberies and murders, which have been recently erected ? By ano- that have resulted from this proceeding? ther proceeding of Governor Macquarrie, And if it can be reckoned up, judge if I it would seem he was not only determined am erroneous in thinking the slaughter of to build a large bospital, but to fill it also so many of our fellow-creatores the least witb sick. Heretofore, all ardent spirits part of the evil."-Pp. 75–79. brought to the colony were purchased by the government, and served out at fixed the return of persons whose term of
No provision seems to be made for prices, to the officers, civil and military, according to their ranks; hence arose a
punishment has expired. Women discreditable and gainful trade on the part
have no means of returning home but of these officers, their wives and mistresses. by the prostitution of their persons to The price of spirits at times was so high, the officers or sailors of the vessel that one and two guineas have been given which carries them. (Pp. 96, 97.) for a single bottle. The thirst after ardent The New South Wales colonies are spirits became a mania among the seuilers: in a state of unexampled immorality, all the writers on the state of the colony, their government is conducted on the and all who have resided there, and have
most arbitrary principles, and the given testimony concerning it, describe expenses of them are enormous 'and this rage and passion for drunkenness as prevailing in all classes, and as being the frightful. But for the details we must principal foundation of all the crimes com
refer the reader to Mr. Bennet's Letter, mitted there. This extravagant propensity for which, and for his parliamentary to drunkenness was taken advantage of by labours in relation to the same object, the governor, to aid him in the building of whatever the Lords Sidmouth and the hospital. Mr. Wentworth, the surgeon, Castlereagh may think of them, his Messrs. Riley and Blaxwell, obtained per- countrymen will award him the civic mission to enter a certain quautity of spirits; crown. they were to pay a duty of five or seven shillings a gallon on the quantity they in- Art. III.-An Eulogium on Sir Satroduced, which duty was to be set apart for the erection of the hospital. To pre
muel Romilly, pronounced at the rent any other spirits from being landed, a
Royal Athenæum of Paris, on the monopoly was given to these contractors.
26th of December, 1818. By M. As soon as the agreement was signed,
Benjamin Constant. Edited by Sir these gentlemen sent off to Rio Janeiro, T. C. Morgan. Svo. pp. 94. Colthe Mauritius, and the East Indies, for a burn. 1819. large quantity of rum and arrack, which TVE fall of Sir Samuel Romilly they could purchase at about the rate of produced a general shock in the 28. or 2s.6d. per gallon, and disembarked civilized world ; which, painful as it at Sydney. From there being but few
was the occasion of it, is a pleasing houses that were before permitted to sell this poison, they abounded in every street;
proof of the homage which men pay and such was the enormous consumption
to virtue, and of the honours which, of spirits, that money was soon raised to
sooner or later, public opinion decrees build the hospital, which was finished in
to the advocates of humanity and 1814. Mr. Marsden informs us, that in freedom. Our neighbours, the French, the small town of Paramatta, thirteen houses manifested a lively sympathy with us were licensed to deal jo spirits, though on the sad event, as the work before he should think live at the atmost would us testifies. The Athenæum is a
purely scientific and literary institu- Lord Castlereagh is designated as a tion at Paris, but the members judged solemuly-piedged Irish reformer, and that they should not depart from Mr. Canning as a travelling orator. their object in paying a token of M. Constant states that the Suspenrespect to the memory of a distin- sion of the Habeas Corpus Actiu guished philanthropist. Their deter- England, has been always quoted mination was wise as well as generous, during the last twenty-five years, in for such expressions of humane and justification of arbitrary measures in disinterested feeling tend to repress France! He records with evident national animosities, to check the triumph, that Sir Samuel Romilly ambition of governments, and to ad. had in no instance to reproach himse f vance truth and virtue, which belong with having given a vote for this equally to every people, and are alike abominable measure. beneficial to all.
It is distinctly stated by M. ConA fitter man could not have been stant, and apparently from authority, named as orator to the assembly than that the Whigs of England, as a M. Benjamin Constant, who has been party, have abandoned the object of Jong distinguished by his talents, bis Parliamentary Reform : Sir Samuel eloquence, and his pursuit of the Romilly, however, remained faithful same noble objects as occupied the to the principle, amidst general deser. mind of the departed English senator. tion. He was too, we believe, a personal There is a very interesting passage friend of Sir Samuel Romilly. The in the Eulogium on the subject of Eulogium justifies the choice of the
“ the Dragonades" in the South of society: it is a master-piece of its France, in 1815. The Editor also kind: it is distinguished by sound makes some strong remarks upon the philosophy and ardent benevolence: same topic in the Preface. It appears it manifests an intrepid spirit of reform, that the Dissenting Ministers of Lonbut at the same time a virtuous detes- don were truly informed of the course tation of violence: it is, in short, of events, and that the Duke of Wel. worthy of the man who has incurred lington was imposed upon. M. Conthe displeasure of the successive stant vindicates the steps which the governments of France by his incor. Dissenting Ministers took, and proruptible principles and bis undaunted Hounces an eloquent panegyric upon courage, and who, by his impartial them. To them, seconded as they opposition to all tyranny, has earned were in the House of Commons by the gratitude and confidence of his Sir Samuel Romilly, he attributes the country."
cessation of the persecution. The eulogist dwells on those points We cannot better characterize the of Sir Samuel Romilly's character Eulogium than by saying, that it is which always attracted the admiration precisely such a posthumous tribute of wise and good men at home. In of affection and respect as Sir Samuel explaining these to his audience, he Romilly would have looked forward displays a thorough knowledge of the to with eagerness and delight, if his state of parties in England. Our disinterestedness, purity and simpli. politicians may see in the estimate city of herri had allowed him to formed of them by an enlightened calculate on any other reward than and temperate foreiguer, how they the consciousness of doing his duty, are likely to stand with posterity. and the satisfaction of upholding the
With an exact pencil, M. Constant moral character, the civil rights and portrays the Semi-Whig ministry of the political liberty of his country. 1806, of which Sir Samuel Romilly formed a part.
“ Charles Fox" is described, as he was, the wisest and Art. IV.-Reflections upon the Death the most benevolent and honest of
of Sir Samuel Romilly: in a Disstatesmen; Lord Sidmouth as he is,
course delivered at Essex-Street -“ the minister employed to executc Chapel, November 8, 1818.
By the provisions of the Alien Bill.”
Thomas Belsham. 8vo. pp. 30.
Hunter. 1818. * M. Constant bas been lately returned I Of Telat isanto the deplorable death 10 thie Chamber of Deputies.
of Sir Samuel
Review.-The Trinitarian's Appeal Answered.
265 sham truly says that England, rich Worsley. 12mo.
Comas it is in talent, iu eloquence, and in mins, Plymouth, and Baldwin and genuine patriotism, cannot supply a Co. London. character fully adequate to fill up the WHIS is another valuable tribute
T'Hostie aventory of public trorehe.
a public man should have fallen at Mr. Worsley has the same text (Isaiah such a time, and by such means, is one ji. 22) as Mr. Belsham, and pursues of the mysteries of Divine Providence, nearly the same train of thought. He befure which it becomes us to bow introduces his sermon with the fain silent submission.
vourite notion of the ancients, which Mr. Belsham portrays, with his he amplifies, “That no man should be usual ability, and with that generous called happy, until the last funeral eloquence which is inspired by the rites have been performed over his mingled sentiment of admiration and grave.” Having strongly, but not imgrief
, the character of the deceased; moderately, painted the great national and though the colouring is high, it loss, he proceeds to recomaiend subdoes not appear to us now that time mission to an overruling, all-wise Prohas tempered the feelings excited by videuce, and to open sources of couhis loss, to be at all excessive; so rich solation and hope. In the illustration in public virtue was the character of these sentiments, he bas some welldescribed and lamented !
conceived and striking passages: The “ Reflections" of the preacher "whether our attention be diare suited to the melancholy occa- rected to scenes of private or of public sion. The concluding one is a cau. interest, if the wave of time which passed tion against despondency, and here by us to-day has swept away some pleasing appears the author's cheerful piety. object which was within onr reach, or some What good heart does not respond favourite delight we held in our arms, every to these grand and swelling sentiments, scene of Providence is pregnant with mercy, which are, in reality, as honourable and the wave which follows it, will throw to the Sovereign Ruler as they are
into our possession some new, perhaps some comforting to his short-lived creature nexpected blessing.”—P. 23.
“ It was well observed, when in a neigh
bouring stale a distinguished general was ." There is a progressive march in human slain, .There is no want of generals in affairs. Knowledge gradually advances : the lines.' And let us believe that under nor is it in the power of bigots, tyrants or
the able instructions of a few distinguished oppressors to arrest its progress.
But patriots whom we have seen or still possess, knowledge is power. And power is liberty many have been educating to fill the rank's And knowledge and liberty, generate theinselves by the illumination of their
they have quitted, and will distinguish virtue. And these combined together produce individual and national prosperity minds and the rectitude of their hearts.” and happiness.”—P. 18.
P. 26. though the most highly gifted In the concluding sentence, Mr. and eminent leaders of the honourable Worsley appears to allude to the awful band of patriots and reformers of every manner of Sir Samuel's death. This description, in rapid and sad succession is a delicate subject. Mr. Belsham from age to age, fall victims to the inexo: altogether abstains from it. But must which they support, the cause of truth and it not be ever lamented that a habit virtue, of liberty and happiness, remains of religious dependance did not preimmortal, and ever growing in the hands vent the dreadful catastrophe? of a never-failing line of successors, infe
To Mr. Worsley's Sermon is added rior perhaps in talent, but equal in integ- an appropriate Prayer. rity and in zeal; and making up in numbers what is lost in ability.”—P. 20. Art. VI.—The Trinitarian's Appeal
Answered, in a Letter to the Rev.
Samuel Newton, of Witham. Ву Art. V.-Some Thoughts on Christian a Layman. 12mo. pp. 34. Young
Stoicism, an Antidote against the man, Witham ; Eaton, London. Erils of Life. A Sermon preached 1819. sequence of the much-lamented "Deadli MR NEWTON, a respectable of Sir Samuel Romilly. By Israel tham, in the county of Essex, his
introduced the Unitarian controversy Browne displays a greater soreness of into that place, and we think that his feeling than ought to have been exfriends will wish him well out of it. cited by a weak anonymous attack, He is a timid, cautious and conscien- though it is difficult, we confess, for tious, and therefore incousistent Tri- a reader at a distance to judge of the nitarian. The Layman has shewn inischief produced by accusations bin, that he is too undecided and thrown out in the dark. modest to take up with success the With great propriety and maulicause of thoroughpaced orthodoxy. ness, Mr. Browne renounces for the Yet even Mr. Newton does not scru- Unitarians all confidence in human ple to throw out insinuations, and even names. They are, he says truly, to advance serious charges against (Pref. p. vii.) “no more followers of the Unitarians ; all which, however, Dr. Priestley than of Socinus;" and his present antagonist has boldly met “ to them," he emphatically says, and completely refuted.
(p. 8,) “ Socinus is no more than troversy will not, we trust, rest here: any other houest inquiring Christian :" the effect of it will probably be, that yet there is a line in the Dedication the Essex Dissenters, who have been of the tract to Mr. Belsham, distinhitherto disposed to take the dicta of guished too by large capitals, which their ministers on trust, will inquire is scarcely consistent with these senfor themselves, and in that case they timents. The Unitarians are not cannot do better than accept their embodied into one church; nor do brother Laymau fur a guide.
they recognize any “ Head," but
Him after whom they are named ; Art. VII.-Religious Liberty and the though they are agreed in acknow.
Rights of Conscience and Private ledging the talents, virtues and ser-
tian World, on the Evangelical Nathe Rev. Theophilus Browne, M. A., Minister of the Unitarian Chapel in
ture and Practical Effects of Uni
tarian Principles. A Discourse that City: 12mo. pp. 62. Glou.
delivered at Poole, in Dorsetshire, on cester, printed: sold by Hunter and Laton, London.
Wednesday, July 16th, 1817, before 1819.
the Southern Ünitarian Book SoTOE occasion and introduction of this controversy ar are explained
ciety. By A. Bennett. 12mo. pp.
St. Hunter and Eaton. 1817. in our pages (18, 19) by a communication from Mr. Browne.
FTER making some excellent further letters appeared in the Glou
observations on his text, Acts cester Herald, which are here col. xv. 11, as exhibiting, with the context, lected and published, with a conclud- the first iustance of Christians at. ing one, which the Editor of that tempting to exclude each other from Journal declined to insert. Ou the salvation, on account of difference of side of the “ Christian” there is much opinion and worship, Mr. Beunett real, though perhaps honest, bigotry; proceeds to shew, “That the Loitabe substitutes texts for arguments, rian doctrine is evangelical in its naand takes upon him to silence dis ture, productive of the purest feelings pute by an affectation of piety. Mr. of piety, and calculated to promote Browne, on the other side, is desirous religious obedience, and to afford all of bringing every charge and every
the consolations of the Christian insinuation to the test of fact; he lay's hope.” He pursues the argument in down, and reasons from great general
a colloquial style, and the reader, if principles, acknowledged by all Pro- we may judge from our own experitestauts; and he evinces throughout ence, cannot fail of taking a lively a laudable anxiety for the instruction interest in the whole discourse. of the poor, and the establishment of The following passage is a satismoral principles and feelings in their factory answer to an effusion of bichildren. As cool lookers-on, we gotry: think, at the same time, that Mr, 6 A Reviewer is the Evangelical Ma
Review.-Bowdler on the Punishment of Death in the Case of Forgery. 267 gazine for January, 1816, page 22, talks England is not merely protected by the of, “The glaring falsehood, horrible im- State; she is united to it: and this ought piety, and dangerous tendency of the to be a security to the people, that they wiodern Unitarian system.' What can this shall not be ruled by laws which are in writer mean? What do we believe that direct hostility to the word and will of is so ghasily? Do we indulge in a reli- God- both to the letter of his law, and gious fancy, and form, in an unbridled the spirit of his gospel. It is impossible, imagination, things at which reason and I should hope, that any one of the bishops common sense rerolt! Are not our doc. of this land, can hear of our periodical trines founded upon the express letter of executions for forgery, without the keenest Scripture; upon passages which we thiuk feelings of regret; yet these executions are clear from figure? Do we not ex. are all in virtue of enactments made by a press our doctrines in direct scriptural legislature of which they form a part; language? What if we say, that the and they acquiesce without the least exFather is the only true God; that, To us pression of dissent, as they also do to the there is but one God the Father, that Jesuis passing of an annual act for raising money of Nazareth was a man approved of God, by loiteries. That a similar abstinence was made of God both Lord and Christ, from all interference in questions relating that ibe Mediator between God and men to the policy of the country internal or is the man Christ Jesus,-have not Christ external, has not always been manifested, and bis apostles furnished 118 with this will be seen by a reference to the parlialanguage? And is this to be charged with mentary debates during any year, for inglaring falsehood and horrible impiety, stance in the year 1795. It appears that and with having a dangerous tendency? some of their Lordships took part in the Nay; are they not truths which all be- debates of lieve! • Ah:' says the opponent, but you 6. January 27, On the Motion for Peace. don't believe other important articles of “ March 30, The State of the Nation. doctrine.' Well; but as Unitarians, what “ April 28, Hair Powder Tax. we do not believe can make no part of “ October 30, Address on the King's the Unitarian system.
Now if what we Speech. du believe, as far as it goes, is trulb, surely “ November 11, Treason Bill. what we do not believe cannot make the “ December 11, Convention Bill. truth we do hold impious and horrible.
16, High Price of Corn. We advise, therefore, that every man take “ It will be seen, that on the 29th of heed how he censures : many have been November, 1810, on a motion, with referwrong. We would say, Refrain from con- ence to the Regeney, two archbishops and demnation : let that alone, lest haply_ye nine bishops voted. On the 4th January, be found to fight against God.'”—Pp. 1811, on the Regency Bill, two archbishops 24-26.
and thirteen bishops. On the 25th De
cember, on the same bill, two archbishops Art. IX. - On the Punishment of affirined, that there has scarcely ever been
and nine bishops; and it may safely be Death in the Case of Forgery ; its
a division in the House of Lords on any Injustice and Impolicy Demonstrated, great political question on which a portion By Charles Bowdler, Esq. Second of tbe bishops have not voted : but upon edition. 8vo. pp. 60. Hamilton. the criminal law, the management of our 2s. 1819.
prisons, the raising of money by Sunday THIS is atı enlarged edition of Newspapers, Lotteries, the abuse of ardent viewed in our last Volume, XIII. 645. zeal. In reference, however, to the subject
more immediately in band, I am quite sure The Author, Mr. Bowdler, has now there is not a bishop upon the bench, who put his name to it; we know of no would venture to deny, that the Criminal name which it would not honour. Law of England exists, and is enforced in Amongst the additions is the following open defiance of the law of God and the note, relating to the parliamentary gospel of Jesus Christ. The Church may conduct of the bishops, which we
be in danger: but the danger is from copy the more readily as it comes within, her foes are of her own household. from the pen of a Churchman :
A little exertion in the cause of God and
truth, of injured justice and suffering hu“With all due respect, I submit to the inanity, would do more to conciliate the consideration of those who are at the head people of this country, than if onr eccleof our ecclesiastical establishment, whe. siastical superiors were to cover the land ther there can be any object more worthy with churches. An ambassador of Christ of their regard thau this. The Church of is a minister of mercy.” Pp. 56, 57.