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God, may

must, however, suppose it to be so able to our religious progress and restrained as that it shall not occasion profession. The very capacity we infinite and eternal misery."

enjoy of contemplating these subjects, Your Correspondent Evelpis, (p. 87,] is a sufficient proof of the lawfulness, seems to think that we talk about we the propriety, nay, even of the necesknow not what, when we reason upon sity of occasionally meditating upon this subject; that such a speculation, them; for every man hath a right to and much more such a conclusion, is do what he hath the power of doing, adding to the word of God, strength. provided he transgress not any known ening dangerous delusions, “ muffing law, nor trench upon the right of anthe words of Christ in his mouth; an other. Would your Correspondent offence both against philosophy and think the Christian preacher propiety;" that our best concern is to ceeding beyond his commission, who perform our duty, “ wait the great should occasionally descant on the teacher death, and God adore;" and eternity of the Deity, on the future instead of entering into these discus- privileges of the saints, and the glories sions, we should do much better “to of the beatific vision ? Now, a great leave tingling in men's ears" a few circle includes all the lesser ones. If well-chosen texts as finally decisive of we may reason co the coutroversy.

we not also reason concerning the Now, here it may be observed first, things of God? Should we not be that it is a great mistake to considerable to give an account of the fear as these as new-fangled inquiries; they well as of the hope which is in are as old as Origen, probably as old us”? as Adam; for reflecting men in all It is true, that with respect to these ages, cæteris paribus, as they have en- a deep things of God," “ we see but deavoured to “ feel after, and find out as through a glass darkly;" but shall the Deity," that is, to employ their we not therefore make use of this faculties in the investigation of this glass? And, as in the glass of Gafirst grand principle of all religion, lileo we discover new suns and worlds according to the light and means in the regions of immeasureable space, afforded them; so, they have also so, " in the glass of the word,we are entered into researches as to their gradually led to discern new truths fature destiny; it being as natural to and beauties, which escape the notice a man to inquire what and where he of the superficial observer, for " the may be a thousand ages hence, as secrets of wisdom are double to that what he is at present; though such which is"-which appears. We are speculations are never to supersede not only to know, but to “ follow on present and incumbent duties, but to know the Lord,” whose ways, as rather to stimulate us to the perform- well as “ works, are great, sought ance of them. Now, as the modern out of all them that have pleasure orthodox, so called, betray no lack of therein." the spirit of determination, on this It is, therefore, not apprehended and other abstruse points of divinity, that we are “adding to the word of surely, we also may be allowed at least God” when we endeavour to explain to shew our opinion.

the difficult parts of it, by those which For, the Christian doctrines of fu- are plain and easy ; or muffling the fure rewards and punishments, mo

words of Christ in his mouth," when, rally certain from the light of nature, from his figurative and emblematical and illustrated and confirmed by the representations of the day of judggospel, being doubtless intended to ment, and other important erents, we operate as the most powerful motives refer to those passages where he hath upon the human mind, and to in- condescended to reason upon these Auence our practice, they must be in subjects, in language level to the some measure comprehended, in order meanest capacities, but equally and to produce these desirable effects. A sufficiently, powerful to allure, to religious motive, not understood, or alarm, and to interest the highest, very much misunderstood, will either Christian truths and doctrines are not have no influence at all, or perhaps an to be taught and inculcated by capimproper one, and highly unfavour. ping texts, and placing them in batile array ; but by regarding Scripture immense diffusion of life in the system as a grand and connected whole, and around him, could for a moment supinterpreting it, in unison with the pose that those immense globes which pature of things, and “the analogy float over our heads, were nothing of the faith." Our Lord frequently but huge masses of juert matter, and appeals to the natural and unbiassed destitute of their proper inhabitants. judgment of bis auditors.

« It is the It is allowed, that as discussions on spirit that quickeneth.” “The flesh," some controverted points never sucor letter, in many cases, profiteth ceed in the parlour, (unless at a chosen nothing. The words that I speak conference, for many a man may trust unto you, they are spirit, and they are his pen when he cannot trust his life." The Athavasian“ tingles in toogue, and the wisest in ardent demen's ears,

• There are three that bate often say very foolish things) bear record,'" &c. The Romanist, so they often miss, unless in very good “ This is my body." The Antino- hands, of giving satisfaction in the mian, “ We are justified by faith, pulpit: nor is this, in general, the without the works of the law." But proper place for them. But to object the true Scripturist kuows how to

io fair discussion from the press, is to combat the errors grafted on these revert to barbarism. Once conclude passages. I kuow it will be said the that “argument is good for nothing," cases are not equal : with the advo- in any case, (for even incomprehencates of eterval punishments this may sible ihings may be proved such,) we be true, but its opponents think one must shut up our books, put out our as udreasonable as the others.

lights, and sound “ the curfew." The Moreover, we must carefully guard next step will probably be to send for in these inquiries against rashness and the constable, to establish the inquipresumption. “ The clown" would, sition, and to enforce the “ Ultima indeed, be truly ridiculous, who should ratio regum.” But, let us continue affect to decide upon the mysteries of to say, while we guard against a dic. finance, the qualifications of states. tatorial and disputative spirit, “ Is not men, judges or senators, the policy the arrow beyond thee? If ye will of colonial government, or the ba. inquire, inquire ye, return, come." lance of power ; but surely he may AN OCCASIONAL READER. apprehend and value the leading principles of a well-regulated political Character of Dr. Jonathan Mayher ; constitution, the blessings of civil and by Mr. John Adams, Ex-President religious liberty, of the freedom of

of the United States. the press, the trial by jury, and the superiority of his own condition to [The Americans are already industrious that of the boors of the north, or the

in gathering all the existing memorials slaves of the south. Not to know

of their Revolution, so momentous in

ils consequences. The venerable Joha and duly appreciate these advan

Adams, Jate President of the United tages, would betray a brutish in

States, bas communicated several letters sensibility to his best interests and

on this subject to Niles's Weekly Reconcerns. Nor is there the smallest

gister, from one of which, dated Quincy, analogy between humble and cau- February 13, 1818, and inserted in the tious inquiries into the future state of Register, Vol. XIV. pp. 17, &c., we man, and “ the surmises which we extract the following character. The form about the inhabitants of the ce- reader must bear in mind, that the standlestial bodies." Indeed, this is the

ard of intellectual excellepce is uot yet first time, notwithstanding we live in

so high in the United States as in Great

Britain. ED.] an age so fruitful of new inventions and discoveries, I ever heard that NOTHER gentleman, who “intelligent philosophers" ever form

had great influence in the ed upon this subject any surmises at commencement of the Revolution, all: this would be to "out"-Herschel was Dr. JONATHAN MAYAEW, a de Herschel! But then, on the other scendant of the ancient governor of hand, that man's mind must be Martha's Vineyard. This divine had strangely constituted, whether peasant raised a great reputation both in Euor philosopher, who, witnessing the rope and America, by the publica

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Mr. Moore on the Wesleian Penny-a-Week Societies, &c. 297 tion of a volume of seven sermons, in It was known that neither king, nor the reign of King George the Second, ministry, nor archbishops, could ap1749, and by many other writings; point bishops in America without an particularly a sermon in 1750, on the Act of Parliament; and if Parliament 30th of January, on the subject of could tax us, they could establish the passive obedience and non-resistance; Church of England, with all its creeds, in whirb the saintship and martyrdom articles, tests, ceremonies and tithes, of King Charles the First, are consis and prohibit all other churches as dered, seasoned with wit and satire conventicles and schism shops." superior to any in Swift or Franklin. It was read by every body; celebrated 15, Phunix Street, Somers Town, by friends, and abused by enemies. Sir,

May 9, 1819. During the reigns of King George the 'THE following is a copy of a First and King George the Second, printed paper lately put into my the reigns of the Stuarts, the two hands, containing an account of the Jameses, and the two Charleses, were origin of the penny-a-week societies, in general disgrace in England. In the effect of which is so extensive and America they had always been held powerful among the Methodists. in abhorrence. The persecutions and Should you think proper to insert cruelties suffered by their ancestors it in the Monthly Repository, it will under those reigns, had been trans. be read, I should suppose, with inmitted by history and tradition, and terest by many. I have copied it Mayhew seemed to be raised up to with all its defects of orthography, revive all their animosity against ty- punctuation, grammar and meaning, ranny, in Church and State, and at in order that it may be seen how very the same time to destroy their bigotry, humble are the efforts, sometimes, fanaticism and inconsistency. David from which the most extraordinary Hume's plausible, elegant, fascinating benefits arise. and fallacious apology, in which he

"A Letter varnished over the crimes of the To the Rev. Mr. John Wesley, Stuarts, bad not then appeared. To

At founding the draw the character of Mayhew would

Benevolent, be to transcribe a dozen volumes. This transcendant genius threw an Strangers' Friend Society, the weight of his great fame into the

1785. scale of his country in 1761, and main- • 6 Rev. AND DEAR SIR, tained it there with zeal and ardour

6 A few of us

are subscribing One till his death, in 1766. in 1763 ap- Penny a Week each, and to be carried on peared the controversy between him the sabbath, by one of ourselves, who read and Mr. Arpthorp, Mr. Caner, Dr. and pray with the Aflicted whó (accordJohnson and Archbishop Secker, on

ing to the Rules inclosed) must be a poor the character and conduct of the society stranger having no parish, nor friend at

hand to help him. for propagating the gospel in foreign

“ Our benevolent plan is opposed, by parts. To form a judgment of this Mr, P, my class leader, therefore debate, I beg leave to refer to a Review

we are constrained to trouble you, reluc. of the whole, printed at the time, and tantly; at this time, for your approbation, written by Samuel Adams, though before we proceed. by some, very absurdly and errone- “ Rev. Sir,--If you think well of us, ously, ascribed to Mr. Arpthorp. If we are very poor, having neither Box nor I am not mistaken, it will be found a model of candour, sagacity, impar. Twenty Shillings--therefore 'will thank tiality and close correct reasoning.

you, for any assistance you may be pleased " If any gentleman supposes this

to afford, in our infant state; for we do

hope, God will bless this small beginning. controversy to be nothing to the pre. Nevertheless, if you disapprove our pro Sent purpose, he is grossly mistaken. ceedings, I will lay it all aside. And It spread an universal alarm against remain the authority of parliament. It ex- " Your very humble cited a general and just apprehen

and obedient Servant, sion that bishops and dioceses and

* JOHN GARDNER. churches, and priests and tithes, were “ To the Rev. John Wesley, A. M. to be imposed upon us by parliament.

City Road." 26




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to many:

"I am

See the Auswer.

fellow-nen. Such assistance, howHighbury Place, ever, it is obvious, would bave a very

Dec. 21, 1785. powerful tendency to promote the “ MY DEAR BROTHER, " I like the design and Rules of your creed. It would serve as a rich ma

spread and infuence of their religious little Society, and hope you will do good I will subscribe Three-pence tion of what they conceive to be the

nure to prepare the soil for the recepper Week, and will give you a Guinea on advance, if you will call on me Saturday seed of the word of God. Is not this Morning

consideration worthy the attention of

Unitarians, in addition to the common “ Your affected Brothier, motives of humanity, urged in favour

6 J. WESLEY. of the distressed in so peculiar a man* To Mr. John Gardner."

ner by Their distinguishing tenets? " One reason of these Letters being

Does one similar society for similar published, is so shew, how much Good, or purposes exist among them? And if Evil, may lie in a small compass; as near,

there were many such, would not as is well possible : bad this old Leader this circumstance do as much credit (DEACON) quenched the smoking filax, to their wisdom and consistency, as to and strangled in the birth, one of the the humanity and benevolence which greatest blessings, of ibe last Century!:For had Mr. P- first reached Mr. their principles ?

are the prominent characteristics of Wesley, and stated the case his own way,

As the penny-a-week societies (I being then a stranger; and at that


the Methodists seemn at present time, the infant Society, bad little to recommend itself) there is great doubts, their original intention, and to have

to have deviated, in part at least, from with me respecting success. But, when properly stated, the penetrating eye, of now other, though not more benerothat great man, saw its rise, and going lent, objects, it would evidently be forth, with more than common discernment, useful as well as, I have no doubt, therefore encouraged the design.

acceptable to your readers, if any per“ The first Penny, a Grain of Mus- son who has the necessary informatard Seed, have increased to more than tion, would favour them by means of £100,000. and relieved above One Million the Monthly Repository, with an acof Poor!!!

“P.S. Reader, see the last Report of count of the present state of these one branch of this Society, in London, societies, their rules, the amount of 1815. No doubt there are 20 more such the sums subscribed by them, and the branches. It is pleasing, to find, that

mauner in which these sums are apnearly all Dissenting Congregations; have plied. adopted this plan.

I have now to send you an account " The first Six Members :

of one more society of this kind, upon 46 John and Margaret Gardner,

a small scale, in addition to the many " Thomas and Mary Float,

already established among Unitarians, “ William and Ann Biddles.

Nearly two years ago I registered, for Oct. 25th, 1785.

public religious services, a room in Such appears to have been the ori- the house in which I lived, and we gin of the penny-a-week societies, the have had such services regularly on a effects of which have been so powerful Sunday, both moruing and evening. and extensive among the Methodists. The society just mentioned has arisen A grain of sand is of no value in itself, out of the persons who have usually but it is of such grains that a mound attended. The number of subscribers or embankment is formed, which may on the first evening of meeting was be able to say to the waves of the twenty-four, and there has been since ocean itself, “ Hitherto sball ye go some increase. As most of the rules and no farther.” The liberal and hu- adopted by such societies are similar, mave spirit of Wesleian Methodism it is unnecessary to send the greater is apparent in almost all the plans part of ours for insertion. One of which they adopt; and accordingly them, however, which is, no doubt, the first design of these societies seems peculiar to this society, scems worthy to have been to relieve the temporal of some attention. All the subscribers wants of those who had the greatest who choose to do so, meet once a need of assistance, and who were al- month, not only to transact any busitogether neglected by the rest of their uess that may occur relative to the

On the Division of the Decalogue by Catholics.

299 objects of the society, but especially cate was registered in the Registry of the to consider the best means of aiding Lord Bishop of London.” the cause of Christian truth, and of

(Signed by the Registrar.) promoting a Christian spirit, as well

The regular charge at this office is as to put into execution those which 2s. 6d. may be in their power. These meet

If the office of the bishop of the ings begin with prayer and singing. diocese be at an inconvenient disThis rule, if properly observed, is tance, the registry may be made by a calculated to keep alive attention to justice of peace. the purposes for which such societies

By this registry the place of wor. are instituted, and may possibly give ship and the congregation are put rise to hints of improvement and plans under legal protection. But is any of usefulness, which have not before thing further necessary to protect the been thought of. And here I cannot persons who conduct the religious serbut express an earnest wish that Uni. vices of such places? Is it required, tarians in general, who reside at too that a religious teacher take out a great a distance from any place of licence? If any of your professional worship upon their own principles, Correspondents would favour your and are not sufficiently numerous to readers with an account of the present support one, would register a house state of the law on this subject, he or a convenient room for such wor. would render a service to many. ship, and conduct the services them. Some Unitarians, wlio are very wilselves, which might be done with ling to conduct religious services in great facility, as there are so many the absence of ministers, do, I know, volumes of sermons and lectures, as

hesitate to perform this good work well as prayers, adapted to the pur- from apprehension of danger from not pose, where there is no one who has having a licence. Dissenters certainly leisure and ability to prepare these

cannot, consistently with their prinexercises. As many of

ciples, take out a licence, for this readers may your


would be to acknowledge the existunacquainted with the form of regis.

ence of a power to refuse as well as tering places of public worship, I will to give the liberty thereby conferred. send that which was given to me at

THOMAS MOORE. the Bishop of London's office, Doctors' Commons, founded on the Act

P.S. Having lately renioved, our of Parliament, as follows:

religious services are conducted at .“ To the Right Reverend the Lord present at No. 15, Phænix Street, Bishop of London and his Registrar.

Somers Town, in the evening only, “1, A, B., of in the parish the morning service being suspended, of

, Middlesex, do hereby certify, for the present, but intended to be that certain premises now in my occupa- resumed as soon as convenient. tion, situated at

in the said parish, are intended to be used forthwith as a place of religious worship, by an assem

SIR, bly or congregation of Protestants ; and S., a Correspondent of yours, I do hereby require you to register and [p. 164,] wishes to know why record the same, according to the provi- Roman Catholics, in their abridgesions of an Act of Parliament, passed in ments of the commandments, somethe 52d year of the reign of bis Majesty, times leave out the words of the King George the Third, entitled An Act to repeal certain Acts, and amend Catechism. For his satisfaction, then,

second, as arranged in the Protestant other Acts, relating to Religious Worship I beg leave to state, that it is because and Assemblies, or persons teaching or preaching therein ;' and I hereby require a they think that in their and your first, Certificate thereof. Witness my hand this is actually contained your second. In twenty-sixth day of July, 1817.

general, however, the words of your

second are: The Certificate.

expressed in their first, “This is to certify, all whom it may

as may be seen by consulting their concern, that on the twenty-sixth day of most approved prayer-books and caJuly, in the year of our Lord one thousand techisms. With respect to your tenth eight hundred and seventeen, this certific commandment, they are of opinion

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