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that it comprises two very distinct Catholics, is not an artifice to conceal commandments.

their idolatry, I must iuform bin that I had thought to close here my it is the division followed by St. Au. communication; but as E. S. appears gustin, by Clement of Alexandria, to be little conversant with the pole- Strom. I. 6, and by St. Jerome, Commical writings on the division of the meni, in Ps. xxxii. Nas, it is a fact, Decalogue, I must request his atten- that John Huss, the father of the tion to the following observations on Bohemian religionists, and Mariin Luthat subject, which I shall copy from ther, + the great patriarch of the Re“ Tracts occasioned by the publica- formation, whose whole study was to tion of a Charge delivered to the detect and expose ihe abominations of Clergy of Durham, by Shute, Bishop the Romish Church, followed not the of Durham, in 1806. By the Rev. J. l'rotestant division, but the same as Lingard."

Catholics; and, what may appear

rather strange, in their editions of the 1. “ The Scripture itself informs as commandments they even suppress the that the decalogue contains ten voimand

R. H. ments, but no where exhibits them actually prohibition in question. divided. The prohibitory and precipient clauses amount in all to fourteen

Gloucester, therefore, necessary to class some of them

Sir,

April 20, 1819. together, in order to reduce them to ten

AVING discovered, through distinct precepts.

2. “On this account it appears natural given offence to some of my brethren to unite together all such clauses as ap- by the Dedication to the Rev. Thomas pertain to the same subject : and, there. Belsham, which I have prefixed to kore, Catholics consider as one command, the little work just published, entitled ment whatever regards the worship of

Religious Liberty aud the Rights false gods. Protestants divide it into two :

of Conscience aud Private Judgment but with more reason they ought to divide it into three. 1, " Thou shalt have no

grossly violated," I beg leave to enter other gods before me.' 2. • Thou shalt upon record, in your valuable and not make unto thee any graven image,' liberal Miscellany, a defence of my &c. 3. “Thou shalt not bow thyself to conduct, and, if necessary, au apology them, nor serve them.' This conclusion, for my inadvertence. with the reason which is afterwards as. In the Letter, No. 3, page 8, I in. signed, that God is a jealous God, and formed my anonymous assailaut, that which equally applies to every clause, is a Unitarian Christians wish to adhere proof that, in the eye of the Jewish legis. strictly to the precept of the blessed lator, they formed but one commandment.

Jesus: “ Call no man your father 3. “ In Scripture they are usually de. scribed as one commandment. This appears from Exod. xx. 23; 2 King's xvii. 35; Lev. xix. 2; and all those texts, in

* Opera Huss, Norimbergæ, 1568, p. which to serve images and to serve other

30. gods, is considered as the same crime, and, Dr Martin Luther's '« Catechism for Par

+ Op. Luth. Jenæ, 1589, p. 117. See of course, as the violation of the same commandment.

sons, Schoolmasters, Masters of Families, 4, " In our arrangement of the deca- Young Persons and Children at School: logue, we divide the tenth precept of the

« The ten commandments of God which a Church of England into two, for this ob- master of a family ought exactly to reprevious reason, that as the acts themselves sent to his domestics. The first command. are forbidden by two different command

ment: Thou shalt have no other gods

besides me. ments, on account of their different na

Q. What is that'- Ans. We tures, so the desires of these acts ought must fear, love and trust God above all also to be forbidden by different precepts. things. The second commandment: Thoa • Thou shalt not commit adultery thou shalt not use the name of thy God unproshalt not covet thy neighbour's wife'

fitably. The ninth commandment: Thou

sbalt not thou shall not steal'-thou shalt not

covet thy neighbour's house. covet thy neighbour's bouse, &c.-

The tenth commaudment: Thou shalt not Tracts, p. 260.

covet thy neighbours's wife, servant-maid,

beast, or any thing that is his.” Ap. If these observations should prove pendix to Luther's German Bible, p. 23. insufficient to convince E. S. that the Luneburg, 1640. See Tracts, pp. 257 and division of the decalogue followed by 258.

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on Religious Liberty to Mr. Belsham.

301

upon earth, for one is your Father may be wrong, and such is my estiwho is in heaven, neither be ye called mation of Mr. B.'s candour and libemasters, for one is your Master, even rality, that I doubt not he would wish Christ." If my using the expression, so too. My error, if it is one, is invo“ Head of the Unitarian Church," in luntary, and must therefore be looked connexion with Mr. Belshain, was upon as innocent, and the worst that, an infringement upon this precept, I I conceive, can be alleged against me have certainly great cause to apolo- is, that I have shewn a want of judggize both for my incautiousness and ment in estimating the abilities and inconsistency, but I really cannot dis- attainments of different writers, and cern that it is so in any respect or

wreathed the laurel around the wrong degree. Out of any number of learned brow, Many of my friends were asand respectable persons one may stand sembled to hear the Dedication, as pre-eminent abuve the rest, without well as the additional Letter at the assuming any thing like dominion or conclusion of the coutroversy, read to authority over them, and this pre- them, before it went to press, and not emiuence may be considered as his one objected in the smallest measure due by another, without the slightest to it, or seemed at all aware of eveni idea entertained of his being entitled the possibility of the disapprobation to authority. Most truly can I aver with wbich it has met. that such an idea never had place in Had the objectors taken into conmy mind, nor did I imagine that it sideration what I have stated above, was likely to enter the mind of any I humbly think their animadversions of my readers. Had I unconditionally, would have been spared, and no imand without any qualification, spoken pediment to the sale of the work from of a Head of our Church, I should that source would have been a sub. not, even in that case, have connected ject of regret. I cannot refrain, inwith it any sentiment of the kind. deed, from freely avowing my concern Previous, however, to this mention of that the Unitarian public has not a Head of the Church stand the words, taken up the subject with more spirit, " To wbom, if to any, may be justly and embraced the opportunity thus applied the title.” Here is a modest offered of descanting, with merited doubt expressed, whether Mr. Bel- severity, upon the conduct of a writer sham was pre-eminent among bis bre. attacking a Christian society in the thren; and it niight fairly be supposed shameful manner the soi-disant Christhat, in my opinion, it was a question tian did ours. In addition to the not decided whether, to use a Cam- hints occasionally thrown out in the bridge expression, some other persons answers to the Christian, the style might not deserve to be brucheted and manner of bis Letters are suffiwith Mr. B., and the compliment cient to convince any sagacious reader arcades omnes" applied to them. It out of what mint the base coin issued, does not follow that because this gen- and the Established Church should tleman possesses eminent talents, ex. have had a few niore defensive weatensive theological knowledge, acute. pons pointed against the bigotry and ness in detecting and exposing so. intolerance which it displayed. Such phistry, and great ability to defend an attack should not have been left what he believes to be the truth, even to a single individual, or at most to against mitred opponents, that no two, to repel; it should have roused other writer is upon a par with him, the indignation of the whole body of and that all must hide their diminished dissidents, and more especially of reaheads when put into competition with son-asserting dissidents. It will, howhim. But suppose that I had really ever, sometimes happen that a single believed him to be superior to every spark will kindle into a wide-spreadUnitarian writer of the present day, ing conflagration, whilst a flame shall which I scruple not to say is actually be suffered to expend its powers and the fact, yet it is but my private opi- be extinguished in the shades of night, nion, and as I make no pretensions to without creating alarm or exciting infallibility, I have no hesitation to notice. That this last case has been say I may be wrong; indeed, for the realized in the present instance, and a hononr of the brotherhood I wish I favourable opportunity not improved

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to the extent and degree it might wisdom to direct its application. This have been, is the inevitable conviction will be the case, provided those who of

are in humble life, like the poor THEOPHILUS BROWNE. widow casting her mite into the treg

sury, subscribe their weekly penny;

Chichester, while the female members of our Sir,

April 3, 1819. congregatious emulate Mary with the A

the Monthly Repository should pouring of their benevolence, their be a register of facts, illustrative of attachment to their Lord; aud the the state of Unitarianism, I am happy sons of coinmerce, or of independence

, in being able to communicate the contribute, according to the apostolic intelligence, that a Fellowship Fund direction, as the Lord has prospered was, last Sunday, established at Chi- them. chester; and that our congregation But whether our fellow-worshipers has also agreed to belong to the Uni- do good as they have opportunity or tarian Association, recently formed in not, these funds will probably excite London, for the protection of our a more general interest for the Unitareligious liberty.

rian cause, by the greater diffusion of So much has already been said in knowledge relative to the concerns of your publication on the utility of Fel- the whole body, which the various lowship Funds, I should not trouble applications for support must necesyou with any observations, however sarily produce. And allow me to much I may be convinced that the submit to your consideration, whether happiest results will flow from their the publication of a list of all the reli

. creation, did I not consider that the gious societies in our connexion, with Unitarian public is vot sufficiently the names of their ministers, and a alive to their importance, and to the notice where these funds have been esnecessity of their being generally, or tablished, with any other particulars universally established.

which may, from time to time, arise I know not how many Unitarian concerning them, would not be highly congregations there may be in our useful, tending in a great degree country, but supposing them at two keep alive this interest? My conhundred, had they each a fund, they viction of the propriety of this meaprobably would be able to afford on sure is strengthened by the same an average two pounds to every appli- view having been taken of it by our cation for assistance, in which case friends at Portsmouth, Poole, &c. the sum of four hundred pounds would The map of England, and its immebe raised with ease, without enormous diate connexions, would impart addideductions for travelling expenses in tional pleasure to the mind could we, its collection.

'from such a list, contemplate the asBut if these funds should not be- sociations of our fellow-worshipers

, come general, or, if the weekly mem. whenever we look at a county, and bers of our societies only subscribe their the traveller would know where to weekly penny, without liberal dma. find his kindred spirits, and by a tions, the pecuniary assistance afforded little management in his jouruey, to our cause will probably not be so would be able to spend his sabbath great as it was before their projection agreeably to his Christian convictions

, Our charitable exertions will be so instead of being obliged much better directed, and propor

. day away at the inn, or to frequent tioned to the importance of the case places of worship where Iris best feel requiring assistance, by these funds, ings are outraged by the absurdity of than they can be without them, I would the doctrine. willingly abate a little of the actual I confess I think such a list, rectirather than not have them established; changes among us, would be a pleasa amount of the sums collected annually fied from time 10 time, as years create but this evil effect should not accomo ing article both in the Repository and pany them. We ought to have, in Reformer. consequence of their formation, both

JOHN FULLAGAR. more money at our disposal, and more

to loiter the

Chie

Aliend. Ce peeidertamy name in the

Barclay's Judgment on Defensive War.

303 Bury St. Edmunds, 4th Mo. dispensation of the gospel ; and, therefore, ALLING accidentally upon a

while they are in that condition, we shall

not say that war, undertaken upon a just Monthly Repository for March, cou- occasion, is altogether unlawful to them. taining an article on the Lawfulness of For even as circumcision, and the other Defensire War among Christians, [p. ceremonies, were, for a season, permitted

to the Jews, not because they were either 149, ] observing, that it proves “ that Barclay thought it was lawful," an

necessary of theinselves, or lawful at that

time, but because that spirit was not yet opinion I was by no means inclined raised up is them, wbereby they could be to admit. Let me state what Wm. delivered from such rudiments; so the Christie is pleased to call the candid present confessors of the Christian name, confession of the venerable Apologist, who are yet in the mixture, and not in the extracted from his celebrated work on patient suffering spirit, are not yet fitted Christian divinity:

for this form of Christianity; and, there“ But lastly, as to what relates to this

forc, cannot be undefending themselves

until they attain that perfection. But for thing, since nothing seems more contrary such, wborn Christ has bronght hither, it to man's nature, and seeing of all things is not lawful to defend themselves by the defence of one's self seems most to. kerable, as it is most hard to men, so

arms, but they ought, over all, to trust to

the Lord.” it is the most perfect part of the Christian religion as that wherein the denial of self, Now I appeal to public candour and entire confidence in God, doth most

whether the writer has not either appear, and, therefore, Christ and bis apos- totally misunderstood, or misrepreties left us hereof a most perfect example. sented the subject ? As far as I am As to what relates to the present magis- capable of understanding Robert Bartrates of the Christian world, albeit we clay, there is a state supposed the deny them not altogether the name of Society of Friends have so totally Christians, because of the public profes- mistaken the meaning of their great sign they make of Christ's name ; yet we may boldly affirm, that they are far from Apologist, and thus they have, both the perfection of the Christian, of Chris- by example and precept, inculcated tian perfection or state of grace in the the unlawfulness of war under the soul; and that though we may be Chris Christian dispensation, whether untians in name, and are relatively so ac- dertaken from principles of aggression cording as we approach our great exemplar or of defence. and perfect pattern, yet no man who has

SAMUEL FENNELL. attained 10 true holiness of heart can feel himself at liberty, under the Christian dis

(We have in vain endeavoured to make pensation, to engage in war.” [I cannot

sense of the above letter; but we have, believe that the advocates of defensive war

perhaps, rendered the quotation, which is have attained to that state of self-denial the main thing, intelligible. Ep.) and entire confidence in God, wbich Barelay describes to be the most perfect part

Namptwich, of the Christian religion, and of which Sir,

April 12, 1819. Christ and his apostles were such eminent VEVERAL articles on the subject examples. It would not be difficult, I of the Marriage Ceremony, apthink, to shew, that though we have many pearing in your last Number, I am excellent magistrates, whose discharge of tempted to make a few remarks on their high judicial offices do them hononr; the principle of protest in this case; yet they may not be in the perfection of the Christian religion, and may be in that and this I am the more desirous of state of mixture which is far from fitting doing, as I think a very grievous misthem for this form of Christianity, and take exists respecting it. From the therefore the alleged lawfulness of defend- first I have had ouly one opinion coning themselves in cases of aggression to cerning it, and the more I consider such as are in the rudiments of the Chris- the more am I confirmed in that opitian race, who have not yet a commission nion; namely, its complete unjustifiain the Pacific kingdom of the Messiah: bleness. What should we think of a but as our worthy predecessor observes,] noble lord's protesting against a mea" for such as Christ has brought hither it is not lawful to defend themselves by arms,

sure, and yet at the same time voting but they ought over all to trust in the for it? What should we have thought Lord. Now it cannot be religion; be if Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-nego, cause, in the state in which they are, (as had protested against the decree of in many places before I have largely ob- Nebuchadnezzar, and yet worshiped serred,) ihey have not come to the pure his golden idol? What should we

have thought if Daniel bad protested struction, is conduct marked with as against the decree of Darius, and yet much folly as inhumanity. It must acted according to its tenor? What needs be that offences will arise beshould we have thought if the apos. tween nations as well as individuals; tles Peter and John had protested but an appeal to force, in order to against the injunction of the chief- decide them, in either one case or the priests and rulers, to preach no more other, cannot possibly demonstrate on in the name of Jesus, and yet obeyed which side justice lies. The iBjured it? When I read the following words, party may fall a victim to the supe[Mon. Repos. XIV. 180,] “In the rior strength or skill of the aggressor. name of the Father, aud (but protest. The nations of Europe profess Chrisiny against it) of the Son, and (but tianity, which, though by no means protesting against it) of the Holy ivimical to any of the natural rights Ghost,” | pictured to myself an un- of man, is founded in universal love happy being impelled by abject po- and benevolence, and inconsistent verty ou the highways: I saw him with the spirit of the horrid custom stop the passing traveller, and heard of war. The dreadful miseries which him say, “I demand your money, but have been hereby brought on ChrisI protest against the practice: I de- tendom, if we go no farther back in mand your watch, but I protest against its history than the last thirty years, the practice: I take away your life to seem to have convinced most of the secure my own, but I protest against present potentates on the Continent, the deed." I saw him return to his of the impolicy of war, and that it is as starving family, updisturbed by the much their interest, as it is a point of qualms of conscience, perfectly satis humanity and a principle of religion, fied in his own innocence; having to endeavour to prevent it for the wiped away guilt as fast as he bad future. Their afflictions appear to contracted it, by the expedient, pro. have softened their hearts, and genetest. And such, Sir, is its character, rated and cherished the best feelings such its tendency. For were the of benevolence and sympathy with principle universally acted upon, it human woe, in their breasts. This ! would overturn all morality, and de- would charitably hope, is the real luge the world with crime and misery. ground of the late Holy Alliance, To protest and to conform, is to ac- which, from its being so different knowledge a thing to be wrong, and from former treaties of powerful moyet, at the same time, to do it; which narchs, naturally excited suspicion is much worse than to do it from ig. that there was more in it than meets norance. " He who knew his mas- the eye, that it had some object in ter's will, and did it not, shall be view besides its avowed design, some beaten with many stripes: but he latent mystery of illiberality, t which who knew it not, and did things a few years would disclose. Nothing worthy of stripes, shall be beaten of this kind, however, bas yet apwith few stripes." As men of inte. peared, and the subsequent language grity, we cannot conform to the mar and conduct of the principal contiriage ceremony as it now stands, and nental sovereign with whom this if we would preserve our consciences Alliance, on professedly Christian pre void of offence, either the objectiona- cepts, is said to have originated, tend ble parts must be omitted, or we must obtain leave to solemnize our own * Treaties somewhat similar in their marriages, or we must solemnize them object to this, were formed, the first in the without leave, or we must go to Scot- eleventh century, called, the Truce of land, or we must remain in a state of God; the second in the succeeding age, celibacy.

termed, the Brotherhood of God; and the F. K. third, A. D. 1245, which had the appella

tion of the Royal Truce. An interesting SIR, Bridport, April 3,1819. account is given of these associations in THAT creatures endowed with

Robertson's Hist. of Charles V. pp. 336

340, 2nd Ed. reason, and formed by their

† “ Whatever the ulterior object of this benevolent Creator to promote each convention may be, certain it is, that it is other's happiness, should, with the intended as a strong league, made in the ferocity of wild beasts, engage in name of God, against

nions." scenes of bloodshed and mutual de Morn. Chron. Februn

TH

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