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the said sessions, and to restore the said be in the power, and referred to the detercertibcate; for which entry the clerk of mination of the justices of peace in each the peace may receive four peace and no county, city or town corporale, at the

general quarter sessions; or of such other “ And be it further enacted, That if any persons to bear and determine the saine, person, by violence or fraud, shall steal as the Parliament shall bereafter appoini. and take away, or cause to be stolen or * And be it further enacted, That all taken away, any person whatsoever, under and every oftence and offences, at any time the age of one and twenty years, with or times hereafter, committed or done intent to marry the said person in this upon or beyond the sea, contrary to the Commonwealth, or in any other place, such tenor and true intent and meaning of this person and persons so stealing and taking act, shall and may be tried in any city, away, or causing to be stoles and taken lown corporate, or county where the peraway, shall forfeit his and their whole son or persons so offending shall be appre. estate real and personal, one half thereof bended or attached for the offence or ofto the Commonwealth, and he other half fences aforesaid. to the use of the party so taken away, to “ And it is also enacted, That where be recovered by any suit on bebalf of the there are small parishes, or places not Commonwealth ; or by any action in a within any parish, or nó usual inorning court of record, brought by their parent, exercise on ihe Lord's days in the aforeguardian or overseer, and sball farther said meeting-place, the justices of peace, suffer strict and close imprisonment, and at their general sessions, or any three or be kept to hard labour in some house of more of them, may unite two or more such correction or other public working house parishes, or such places to other parishes, during life ; and every person that shall (at their discretions) which shall be acbe convicted upon indictment, presentment, counted one parish, as to the matters ouls or by any due course of law, for aiding or within this act; and one register to serre abetting any such violence or fraud, shall for such parishes and places so united. be imprisoned, and kept at hard labour “ And be it enacted, That all and every (as aforesaid) during the space of seven the persons in this act mentioned, may whole years next after such conviction; shall

, in their several places, by virtue and any pretended marriage, that at any hereof, put in execution all and every ube time hereafter shall be obtained by any powers and authorities respectively to such violence or fraud, is hereby declared them limited by this act, any law, statute

, null and void.

custom or usage to the contrary, notwith“ And it is further enacted, That where standing. And all register books for mar: any guardian or overseer shall betray any riages, births and burials already past, shall trust touching any child, by seducing, be delivered into the hands of the respec: selling or otherwise wilfully putting such tive registers appointed by this act, to be child into the hands or power of any per- kept as records. son who shall marry such child, without “ And it is lastly enacted by this prehis or her free consent, such guardian or sent Parliament, and the authority thereof, overseer shall forfeit double the portion That this present act shall be in force in which of right did belong to such child, Ireland, from and after the first day of one moiety ibereof to go to the Common December, which shall be in the rear of wealth, and the other to the child so mar- our Lord one thousand six hundred listy ried as aforesaid, to be recovered by any and three." action, bill, plaint or suit, in any court of record, by the party wronged, or any other

SIR, person on his or her behalf.

London, May 5, 1819. “ And it is hereby declared aud enacted,

T this time, when a large proThat from and after the nine and twentieth

A portion of the Unitarians in this day of September, one thousand six hun- nation are petitioning their legislators dred fifty and three, the age for a man to for an alteration in the Marriage Law, consent unto marriage shall be sixteen (so far as concerns themselves as a years, and the age of a woman fourteen Dissenting body,) I presume many of years, and not before; and any contract their active minds will be employed in or marriage had or made before the respec- considering what form or ceremony tive ages aforesaid, shall be void and of will be best adapted to their peculiar uone effect. « And it is further enacted, That the

situation and circumstances. hearing and determining of all matters and

The form adopted by that respec controversies touching contracts and mar

table religious Society called Quakers riages, and the lawfulness and unlawful appears to me to be at once effective, ness thereof; and all exceptions against and consistent with Christian simcontracts and marriages, and the distri- plicity and Unitarian principles: on bution of forfeitures within this act, shall this account I have felt desirous of

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in the

Form of Quaker-Marriages.

361 communicating it to the Unitarian proper person, the express names and debody, through the medium of the scription of the parties being first inserted : Monthly Repository. It is as follows, they are then to sign the same; the man viz.

first, the woman with her maiden or widow “ The parties intending to join in mar

name; the relations next, and such others

present at the solemnity as think proper. riage, are first to declare their intention at the meeting whereof they are members, in

The Form of the Certificate. terms of the following import, viz. the

“ A. B., of

son of D. B. man, that he intends to take D. E, to be of

in the

of his wife

, if the Lord permit : the woman, yeoman, and E. his wife, and D. E, that she intends to take A. B. to be her daughter of M. E., of husband, if the Lord permit.

of

, draper, and M., his wife, ". If the parents or the guardians of the having declared their intention of taking parties be present, they are to declare their each other in marriage before the monthly consent; if absent, a certificate or certifi- meeting of Friends, cominonly called cates are to be produced, signifying, that Quakers, of

in the

of it is with their consent the parties proceed

the proceedings of the said E to accomplish their intended marriage ;

A. B. and D. E., after due inquiry and wbich certificates are to be signed by the deliberate consideration thereof, were al. parents or guardians, and attested by two

lowed by the said meeting, they appearing witaesses.

clear of all others, and having consent of “It is also usual for the meeting to ap- parents (or guardians, as the case may puint a few Friends to inquire into the be). Now these are to certify, that for clearness of the parties from other mar

the accomplishing their said marriage, riage engagements; and if there be issue this day of the month, in the by a former marriage or marriages, to see

year one thousand eight hundred and that the children's rights be legally se- they, the said A, B. and D. E., appeared at cured; likewise to take care that public a public assembly of the aforesaid people, zotice of the said intended marriage be in their meeting-house in (or at, as thé giren at the close of a First-day (Sunday) case may be), and he, the said A. B., meeting, to which the parties respectively taking the said D. E. by the hand, de belong, in the following manner: Friends, clared as followeth : there is an intention of marriage between A. B. of C., and D. E. of F. If any

" And the said D. E. did then and there, person have any thing to object, let timely in the said assembly, declare as followeth?

And the Friends appointed are to make report at a subsequent

« And the said A. B. and D. E., as a meeting; when, if no objection arise, further confirmation thereof, and in tesliberty is to be granted to the parties to timony thereunto, did then and there to solemnize the marriage.'

these presents set their hands. are to be solemnized at the usual week-day meeting, or at a meel

" D, E. ing appointed at some seasonable hour in “ We being present at the above-said

some other convenient marriage, have also subscribed our names day, and at the meeting-house to which the as witnesses thereunto, the day and year

above written.' "Towards the conclusion of the said meeting the parties are to stand up, and

The foregoing is the whole of the taking each other by the hand, 10 declare, marriage ceremony used in the Soin an audible and solemn manuer, to the ciety of Friends; but in addition, it following effect : the man first, viz, is ordered, Friends, I take this my friend, D. E., " That two registers of all inarriages, 10 be my wife, promising, through Divine agreeable to the following form, be signed assistance, to be unto her a loving and at a convenient time on the day of marfaithful husband, until it shall pleuse the ringe, by the parties themselves, and by Lord by death to separate us; and then three wiinesses, and be carefully delivered the woman in like manner : Friends, I to the next monthly meeting ; one of them take this my friend, A. B., to be my husband, promising, through Divine assis. kept for that purpose ; and the other to be

to be preserved in a proper book to be lance, to be unto him a loving and faithful carried to the quarterly meeting, to be wife, until it shall please the Lord by fixed into a proper book, and indexed.

A certificate, (with a five-shilling
stamp affixed,) in the following form of * This certificate is always given to the
words, is then to be audibly read by some parties married.

solice be given.

“ Marriages

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death to separate us.

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VOL. XIV.

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tween us,

“ A. B.

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Form of Marriage Registers. our God," and to receive from him « On the day of the

direction and support, a place pecumouth, one thousand eight hundred and liarly adapted to privacy and seclusion A. B. of

son of D. B. from the world, was judeed well fitted or in the of

for the display of that wonderful and yeoman,

and E. bis wife, and D. E., splendid scene. daughter of M. E., of

in the

The word διανυκτερεύω την διανυκ- . of draper, and M. his wife, tepsuw), which is applied to our Satook each other in marriage, in a public viour on the mountain, the night be assembly of the people called Quakers, in fore he made choice of his disciples

, (or at)

in the presence of us, “ C.F., of

Farmer,

(Luke vi. 12,) is very expressive of of Grocer,

vigilance and intenseness of miud. “ J. L., of

Mason.

Schleusner, among other explana. " This marriage was solemnized be. tions which he gives of it, has the

following :-“ Vigilo," “noctem in. somnem duco."

The last sense is “ D. E." adopted by the late Mr. Wakefield.

The whole verse is rendered in the If any of your readers wish for following manner :-“ Now in those more particular information than I have given, on this or any other sub. days he went out into the mountain

to ject connected with the religious dis night in the house of prayer to God.”.

pray ; and continued awake ali cipline of the Society of Friends, they may find it in a work, entitled,

With respect to the substitution of “ Extracts from the Minutes and Ad: avtcū for Toữ or TOEGŪ, at the close of vices of the Yearly Meeting of Friends, been made to the Vienna MSS., and

this verse, the reference should have held in London from its first lustitu• not the Cambridge Ms, which ends tion." London : printed and sold by the verse with Tporer mm. [Vide Gries. W. Phillips, George-yard, Lombard

bach's Greek Testament, apud Notas street.

et varias Lect. in loc.] W.

NATH. PHILIPPS. Sheffield, SIR, April 19, 1819.

Dukinfield, N addition to the remarks which

SIR,

October 12, 1818. last January, (p. 40,] respecting the A VERY elegant writer has made

a distinguished Roman to comancient Teposerxan, as to their situation, pliment Plato as “ reasoning well" on not only on low grounds, but on hills the immortality of the soul. And and mountains, and the religious pur- notwithstanding the Divine declaraposes to which they were devoted, I tion to Adam, that “dust thou art, would observe, that there are many and unto dust shalt thou return;" broken remaios still to be met with, this fond prepossession in favour of which may have belonged to edifices immortal life, has been cherished of this kind. These structures, open to through every succeeding age of bis the heavens, afforded a powerful aid to posterity. The advocates of this opireligious contemplation and prayer. I nion have appealed to this universal think it not improbable, that when sentiment of mankind, as an evidence our Saviour “took his three disciples, which the voice of nature utters ju Peter, James and John, and brought its favour. The assumption of an inthem up into an high mountain apart, destructible principle, an emanation of Kõit' idáv, and was transfigured before the Divine nature being united with them, their retreat was to a TPC EUX'; our perishable frames, has had, in the and the transfiguration might be pre- progress of education, too many desented within its walls. A place con- lightful excursions into the realins of secrated to religious contemplation mind associated with it, to be easily -a place to which our Lord had, relinquished. The Pagan theologs, perhaps, often resorted on former oc hcro worship, demoniacal possession, casions to hold communion with “his the metamorphosis of the poets, the Father and our Father, his God and purgatory of the divines, the lighter

IN

Religious View of the Total Mortality of Man.

309

imagery of the Rosicrucians, down to ported, still to exhibit that as belongthe domestic fairies of our own coun- ing to our nature, which try, have all had their dominion over

“ Man's first disobedience, and the fruit popular feeling from this source. Of that forbidden tree" With such a host of allies to combat, had altogether put out of our reach. serious as well as profaue, with all

Upon this total mortality of man our early impressions, our “ fond de

the gospel comes sires, our longings after immortality," the “ dying entire," the “ perishing “ With new-born day to gladden mortal whole," is a state to which sentient

sight, beings will never bring a perfect

And gild the courts of heaven with

sacred light.” acquiescence, until Christianity and philosophy shake hauds, piety aud The perfect obedience of tbe second the Divine promises “kiss one ano

Adam has restored to his followers ther."

all that was lost by the transgression The metaphysicalarguments brought of the first. Hence the peculiar proto the discussion of this important priety of his name. Hence all those topic, in the present view of it, will radiated expressions of triumph; the be altogether omitted. The Mosaic leading “ captivity captive," the account of the fall of man, it is pre. “ first-born," “ the only begotten," sumed, is in perfect accordance with by whom " life and immortality were the glad tidings of his restoration brought to light," the “captain of our by the second Adam. However the salvation"! learned vary in their opinions on this

Should this view of the subject subject, whether Moses has given us prove correct, divesting man of all a fragment only of a more perfect his- physical and constitutional claims to tory irretrievably lost, or an ancient inimortality, what a lever of incredible allegory, the true meaning of which power will be afforded to the spreadtime had obliterated from the account ing of Christianity ! Much that has handed down to us, all are agreed that been thought ambiguous, will become disobedience to a Divine command plain, much understood metaphorialtered the condition of our first pa- cally, will appear direct and approrents. Formed of the dust of the priate forms of expression. Should earth, the privilege of paradise, the the natural immortality of man be reward of a perfect obedience appears found as repugnant to sound philoto have been to “ live for ever." This sophy, as it is uncountenanced by diperpetuity of existence, the tree of vide revelation, the importance, the life possessed the power of continuing, paramount obligation, the infinite admore potent than the fabled power of vantages of the Christian dispensation the goddess, who

are all strengthened and exalted !

To follow this up, Mr. Editor, by "Promised, rainly promised to bestow Immortal life exempt from age and illustration, would far exceed the

appropriate argument and seriptural woe."

limit of your pages. Those who think Banished the seat of bliss, prevented it deserving of attention, are requested from “ putting forth his hand and to read their Bible, with this predotaking also of the tree of life," man minant feature of it annexed to the became mortal, and his doom was, to perusal. With this humiliating view return to dust. This complete for- of fallen man,

“ falleu from his high feiture of immortality would necessa- estate," contrast the perfect obedience rily become the subject of longing of our Lord; the advantages he has regret to Adam and his immediate procured in the Divine promises of descendants. Their wishes, however future life; and a super-human nablighted, would still continue; and ture will appear incompatible with the foudness of anticipation lingering his character. Our surprise will be over the termination of present exis- much lessened in finding Paul a Matence, would vaturally transfer the terialist, and the Scriptures, previous realization of its hope, to the ideal to the appearance of Christ, altogether hereafter of the grave. Heuce all the silent on the rewards of a future life. beautiful illusion by which the first on the retrospective influence over philosophers and poets were trans- futurity, annexed to the resurrection

of Jesus, we are not favoured with Such, at least, we find to be the any direct information, except in the effect of this persuasion on the minds appearance of Moses and Elias to him. of Christians. Scarcely can a page Perhaps it may be found to be as be read, either in the New Testament complete as the prospective assuredly or in the theological writings of Chrisis. The declaration of Dr. Watsoni

, tians in after ages, without finding the which occurs in bis correspondence future existence of mau either plajuly with Mr. Gibbon, will, on this view, stated or implied. How comes it to appear equally reputable to the philo- pass then, if the Jews possessed this sopher and divine: I have no hope belief, that in places innumerable, of a future existence, except that which where we might expect to meet this is grounded on the truth of Christi. doctrine, it is passed over in silence ? anity." [Mon. Repos. XII. 130.] What pious Christian parent, in the

In submitting these thoughts to the affecting situation of Israel blessing Monthly Repository, 1 feel conside- his sous, whom he had collected rable reluctance on account of their around him in his last hours, would singularity. On lighter subjects no- have omitted to mention this grand velty, if attainable, is not devoid of article of his creed, this reviving hope, peculiar recommendation; but where which disarms death of its terrors, the ground has been so often beaten and is the best consolation to surover by the greatest of minds, any vivors, as it allows them to entertain new mode of scriptural investigation the hope of a reunion beyond the must necessarily excite, in a conside- grave! rable degree, hesitation and doubt as We are filled with just admiration to its accuracy. Aware of this dis- at the poble and exalted sentiments advantage, and conscious of great ina- of the Jewish writers, respecting the bility, compared with the importance being, perfections and universal doof the subject, if I lose my way, where minion of the one true God; but others have gone in perfect safety, or why, when they speak of his moral sink where they have soared; mistake government of the world, do they is, perhaps, preferable to want of not illustrate the doctrine of his proeffort, and involuntary error to total vidence, by adverting to a future inactivity.

economy of things, where a just retriW. H. bution will take place? The Psalmist

confessed that his feet had well nigh Sir,

March 24, 1819. slipped, when he beheld the prospeTHE silence of the Jewish Scrip- rity of the wicked-; and that, for the

existence, has often appeared to me that in vajo had he washed his hands a very surprising circumstance. Did in innocency, for he was plagued all the patriarchs, and after them the the day, and chastened every mornJewish nation, down to the time of ing; and when, at length, having re. Christ, believe that the existence of fected more maturely on the subject, man would be perpetuated beyond he is able to reconcile these dispendeath, or did they not? I should be sations with the equity of Divine Progreatly obliged to any of your learned vidence, it is not by looking forward correspondents, to throw some light to another state of being, where the on this, to me, interesting subject. righteous will be rewarded, and the Whichever supposition is adopted, it wicked suffer according to their seems attended with difficulties. crimes; for he looks no farther than

If the Jews believed in the immor. the grave, and considers the sudden tality of man, why do we find the destruction and premature end of the subject so seldom, or as some will ungodly as their punishment. say, never hiuted at in their writings? What fairer opportunity could be One would have expected that its afforded for bringing forward to adimportance would so fill their minds, vantage the doctrine of a future state, that in writing professedly on reli- than in the famous controversy in the gious subjects it would perpetually book of Job, respecting the Divine recur, and be clearly and distinctly purposes in the afflictions of mankind? stated, as both a motive to obedience How is it then, if Job and his three and a consolatory ground of hope. friends believed in this doctrive, that

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