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the other is our common bond of religion. nuation of his History of the Scotch I wish it were out of my power to perse. Church, which he has hitherto only cute any Roman Catholic.

He has as brought down to the time of the Re. much a right to my benevolence as even volution, is much desired by all who you, Şir, and no man can have a better

are interested in the subject. A few claim to universal estern and regard. I facisioncerning the different secessions hope, too, that you will get think it any sort of derogation from the deference from the scoich Church may be inte which I ought to pay to your judgment, resting. In the rear 1733, Mr. Ralph that I think myself 'obliged, in conscience, Erskine, of Dumferuline, and a few to take my opinions of men's principles other misters, were rebuked by the rather from themselves than from you. I Assembly, and afterwards expelled keep at the same time, I assure you, very from the Church, for refusing to join in just weights and measures, and as I do not the induction of a minister who was take my ideas of the churches of France disapproved by the people. This occaand Italy from the pulpirs at Edinburgh, sioned obe secession, from which have so I shall most certainly not apply to the arisen the Burghers and Autiburghers, Consistory at Rome, or the Sorbonne at Paris, for the doctrines and genius of the of a dispute, whether or not it was

who afterwards separated on account Church of Scotland."

“ To represent a man as immoral by his allowable to take the oath required religion, pertidious by his principles, a of burgesscs; the Burghers leaving it murderer on a point of conscience, an

to cach individual to do as die pleased, enemy even from piety 10 the foundations The Auliburghers expelling from their of all social intercourse, and then tell communion all who took the oath. us that we are to offer no violence to These two bodies, it is probable, will such a person, under favour appears to

now unite, the Antiburghers giving me rather an additional insult and inockery, up their exclusive principle. In order than any sort of corrective of the injury to favour this union, the magistrates we do our neighbour, by the character we give him."

of many burghs in Scotland bave “ I cannot by any means allow, that resolved, that the oath objected to men, when they wish to free themselves shall not be required of Burgesses in from the terror of penal laws, and the their towns. lu 1752, Mr. Thomas odium of being supposed the just object of Gillespie, minister of Carpock, was them, when they earnestly solicit to have deprived for a similar reason. When that stigma taken off, and to recommend sentence of deposition was passed themselves to their government by dutiful upon him, as he stood at the bar of applications, can be said to bring their the Assembly, he replied, “I thank misfortunes on themselves, if, on that ac

God, that to me it is given not only count, a furious and bigoted set of miscreants choose to rob them of their goods, but also to suffer for his sake." This

to believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and to burn their houses."

gave rise to the party of Seceders How far Burke afterwards acted called “the Relief." All thesc Seon these noble principles, especially ceders are Presbyterians, and govern towards Dr. Priestley, or whether the themselves by presbyteries and synods. rioters of 1791 were not equally furi- but allow the people to choose their ous and bigoted with those of 1780, owu ministers, who must, however, let the reader judge for himself. be persons ordained by their presbr.

Dr. Erskine was of the popular teries. Subscription to the Westminparty in the Church of Scotland, who ster Confession of Faith and Catechisms wished a call from the elders to be is required from every minister of considered as pecessary to the induc- these classes of Seceders, as well as of tion of a minister. Iu this he was op- the Church. These form the principal posed to Dr. Robertson, who wished body of Scotch Dissenters. Besides the right of patrons to present to be these, there are a considerable numalways maintained. All Appendix ber of Episcopalians who agree with to this book gives a sketch of the his. the Church of England, of Roman tory of the Scotch Church, from the Catholics, of Independents, a few Revolution to the year 1780. It is Wesleian Methodists, a few Cameby no means impartial, and in some rouians, principally in the south of parts obscure. Sir Henry is by no Scotland, a few Sandemaniaus, very means so well qualified to write such few Quakers and Swedenborgians, a history as Mr. Cooke, whose conti- some congregations of Universalists,

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Review.-A Letter to The Protestant.-A Discourse on Excommunication, 441 chiefly in the neighbourhood of Glas

see of that Church ; but under the progow, a few Baptists, and the small tection, and with the assistanee of the number of Unitarians, whose congre

civil magistrate, they all established church gations must be well known to the governments of their own, in which little

more regard was paid to the rights of readers of the Repository. All the conscience, and the promotion of that Dissenters in Scotland, it is probable, liberty with which Christ bath made us do not exceed one fourth of the po. free, ihan in the Church of Rome; wbile pulation.-Sir Henry's style is very the fatal tree of Anti-christian superstition diffuse, often obscure, and full of continued to be cherished and cultivated Scotticisms.

with the same zeal as formerly, stripped T. C.H. only of a few of those boughs which ob

structed the exercise of that worldly wis.

dom and crafty policy, which was but 100 Art. IV.A Leiter to The Protes- visible in the conduct of even Luther and

tant, occasioned by his Attack upon Calvin themselves.”—P. 19. the Gentlemen of the Coffee- Room,

M. and the Lower Classes of Society in Glasgow. By a Layman. Glasgow, Ant. V.-A plain Discourse on ExHedderwick. London, Duter. communication, occasioned by the 8vo. pp. 23. 1s.

Death of a Person under sentence of THE pamphlet bearing this title

Excommunication, in the Parish of

Wye, on the 17th of April, 1819, system of Christianity, by one who,

and preacked in the adjoining Parish though not engaged in ministerial du

Church of Godmersham, on Sunday ties, has evidently made theology a

the 25th of the same Month. By favourite study. I'he Protestant ap:

the Rev. Joseph Godfrey Sherer, pears to be one of those strait-laced

M. A., Vicar of Godmersham, &c. believers whose standard of Christi

1919. Canterbury. anity is perfectly equivalent to a sub. THE person whose death, or rascription to all the articles of their ther burial, occasioned this disfanciful crecd; and upon this prin.

course was a poor man, aged about ciple, he has preferred the charge of 70, who died in the workhouse of the religious ignorance against a very re. parish of Wye. His vame was Ta-, spectable class of a Christian commu.

brams, and about thirty years ago be nity. The Layman, breathing a much was dealt with according to the rules freer spirit, voluutsers his efforts to of the sect established by law, and expose The Protestani's illiberality. excommunicated. The grounds of He takes occasion to inquire, whether this sentence have not come to our the system presumed by The Pro. knowledge, but they are supposed to testant to be taught in the word of concern ihe administration of a will, God, be any more reconcileable to Be they what they may, the poor Scripture than it is consistent with man's body was buried at night, we the first principles of reason. His suppose vot in consecrated ground, present inquiry is confined to the without any funeral service being read doctrine of Original Sin, conceiving, over him, and the earth was levelled probably, that if this basis of Cal over the grave, so that no trace inight vinism be removed, the whole super remain of the spot where he was instructure must fall to the ground. terred. The neighbourhood, we preThe line of argument pursued by him sume, was not a little shocked at this is similar to that of Taylor and Cogan. indiguity offered to the poor man's The Layman has admirably com- remains ; for the Author of this Dispressed some of the best sentiments course states, that though it did not of these writers.

His own style is take place in his parish, yet the fact highly energetic. We subjoin a spe. fell under the knowledge of most of

his parishioners, and as they seem to

have entertained some misapprehen" At the Reformation, or to speak more correctly, at the separation of several sions of the case, he has been induced churches from the communion of Rome, to notice it, and to shew that excomwhat happened?

The ecclesiastics of munication is enjoined, as a necessary particular countries, indeed, emancipated measure of Christian discipline, by themselves from their subordination to the apostolical example and authority,

S x

cimen :

VOL. XIV.

As the subject also is but little re- practised in the first and purest ages of garded (in which he is quite right) the Christian Church, ought still to have and imperfectly understood, he has place in every congregation of Christian printed his discourse, with the hopes people.” that is mai prove acceptable to those We should be obliged to some of of his sect, beyond the immediate our Correspondents in Kent to insphere of his own ininistry. What it quire into the nature of the case, what may be to them we cannot pretend was the horrid crime or sin of which to say, but we are sure that, for those this pauper was guilty, what proceedwho have a regarıl for the Christian ings were had upon it, where the religion, it will be one among many sentence of excommunication was proofs how the human mind may be read, and what, if any, punishment perverted by prejudice and supersti. foliowed it, besides the denial of those tion: at the same time they will re- rites which the sect established by joice that, whatever indignity the sect law allows to be performed over felons might think it right to shew to a dead of every description, adulterers and corpse, the power is happily taken sodomites. from it in this country of exposing a

F. living body to fire and faggot.

The sermon is the usual tissile of Art. VI.-A Sermon delirered at the sectarian reasoning, founded partly on

Old Meeting. House, Walthamstor, misapplication of certain well-known

August 2, 1818, on occasion of the passages of Scripture, and partly on

Death of Elizabeth, Daughter of the traditions of those sectarians who,

Isaac Solly, Esq. By E. Cogan. having got power into their own

8vo. Pp. 27. 1818. hands, converted the precepts of the

COGAN here ence. We will not waste the time of our readers on such trash: the spirit the condition of humanity, and ably of it may be seen by the following and satisfactorily shews its inestimable extract:

value to man as a being who is des“ Sins of ignorance and infirmity are tined to death and exposed to sufbest cured by tenderness and compassion, fering. The sermon is characterized sins of wilfulness and stubbornness by by a seriousness of spirit and plainterror and alarm. There is, indeed, no tiveness of tone well suited to the ordinance so just, but it may possibly be melancholy occasion. After the coabused, even the very sacrament; but are pious Review which we have taken we to forbear the pious and proper use of of the Author's two volumes of Ser. them? No doubt but excommunication, mons, (pp. 257 and 323,) we cannot if used against any without sufficient better describe or more effectually

and well-considered counsel is wrongly used, but where occasion justly recommend this discourse, than by and indispensably calls for it, then surely saying that it is in his best manner. that discipline which was appointed by Christ, enforced by the apostles, and

cause

POETRY.

VENICE:

What should thy sons do ?--any thing but

weep : An Ode by Lord Byron, just published And yet they only murmur in their sleep: with Mazeppa, a Poem."

In contrast with their fathers--as the

slime, I.

The dull green ooze of the receding deep,

Is with the dashing of the spring-lide Oh Vevice! Venice! when thy marble

foam, walls

That drives the sailor shipless to his home, Are level with the waters, there shall be Are they to those that were; and thus they A ery of nations v'er thy sunken halls,

creep, A loud lament along the sweeping sen! Crouching and crab-like, through their III, a northern wanderer, woep for thee,

sapping streets.

Poetry.--Venice, an Ode by Lord Byron.

443

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mourner

Oh! agony—that centuries should reap

II. No mellower harvest! Thirteen hundred years

There is no hope for nations ! -Searcb the Of wealth and glory turn'd to dust and

page tears;

Of many thousand years the daily And every monument the stranger meets,

scene, Church, palace, pillar, as

The flow and ebb of each recurring age, ;

The everlasting to be which hath been, And even the Lion all subdued appears, Hath taught us nought or litle : still And the harsh sound of the barbarian

we lean drum,

On things that rot beneath our weight, With dull and daily dissonance, repeats

and wear The echo of thy tyrant's voice along Our strength away in wrestling with the The soft waves, once all musical to song,

air; That beaved beneath the moonlight with For 'tis our nature strikes us down : the tbc throng

beasts Of gondolas—and to the busy hum Slaughter'd in honrly hecatombs for feasts Of cheerful creatures, whose most sinful Are of as high an order—they must go deeds

Even where their driver goads them, Were but the overbeating of the heart,

though to slaughter. And flow of too much happiness, which Ye men, who pour your blood for kings as needs

water, The aid of age to turn its course apart What bave they given your children in From the luxuriant and voluptuous flood

return? Of sweet sensations, battling with the A heritage of servitude and woes, blood.

A blindfold bundage, where your hire is But these are better than the gloomy er

blows. rors,

What! do not yet the red-hot ploughsbares The weeds of nations in their last decay,

buro, When Vice walks forth with her unsoften'd O'er which you stuinble in a false ordeal, terrors,

And deem this proof of loyalty the real ; And Mirth is madness, and but smiles to Kissing the hand that guides you to your slay;

scars, And Hope is nothing but a false delay, And glorying as you tread the glowing The sick man's lightning half an hour ere

bars? death,

All that your sires have left you, all that When Faintness, the last mortal birth of

Time
Pain,

Bequeaths of free, and History of sublime, And apathy of limb, the dull beginning Spring from a different theme !-- Ye see Of the cold staggering race which Death

and read, is winning,

Admire and sig!', and then succumb and Steals vein by vein and pulse by pulse

bleed! away ;

Save the few spirits, who, despite of all, Yet so relieving the o'er-tortured clay, And worse than all, the sudden crimes To bim appears renewal of his breathi,

engender'd And freedom the mere numbness of his By the down thuodering of the prison. cbain ;

wall, And then be talks of life, and how again And thirst to swallow the sweet waters He feels his spirits soaring-albeit weak,

tender'd, And of the fresher air, which he would Gushing from Freedom's fountains when

the crowd, And as he whispers knows not that he Madden'd with centuries of drought, are gasps,

Joud, That his thin finger feels not what it And trample on each other to obtain clasps,

The cup which brings oblivion of a And so the film comes o'er him and the

chain dizzy

Heavy and sore, -in which long yoked Chamber swims round and round and

they plough'd shadows busy,

The sand,ếor if there sprung the yellow At which be vainly catches, flit and gleam,

grain, Till the last rattle chokes the strangled 'Twas not for ihem, their necks were too scream,

much bow'd, And all is ice and blackness,--and the And their dead palates chew'd the cud of earth

pain :That which it was the moment ere our Yes! the few spirits—who, despite of birth.

deeds

seek ;

cause

own

One great

ocean

Which they abhor, confound not with the

IV. Those momentary starts from Nature's The name of Commonwealth is past and laws,

gone Which, like the pestilence and earthquake,

O'er the three fractions of the groaning smite

globe ; But for a term, then pass, and leave the Venice is ernsh’d, and Holland deigns 10

earth With all her seasons to repair the blight A sceptse, and endures the purple robe; With a few summers, and again put forth If the fiee Switzer yet bestrides alone Cities and generations-fair, when free- His chainless mountains, 'lis but for a For, Tyranny, there blooms no bud for

time, thee!

For tyranny of late is coming grown,

And in its own good season tramples dos III.

The sparkles of our ashes. Glory and Empire! once upon these towers

clime, With Freedom-godlike Triad! how ye Whose vigorous offspring by dividing

sate! The league of mightiest nations, in those Are kept apart and nursed in the devotion hours

Of freedom, which their fathers fought for, When Venice was an envy, might abate,

and But did not quench, her spirit-in her Bequeath'd-a heritage of heart and hand, fate

Aud proud distinction from each other All were enwrapp’d: the feasted monarchs

land, knew

Whose sons must bow them at a monarch's And loved their bostess, nor could learn

motion, to hate,

As if his senseless sceptre were a wand Although they humbled with the kingly Full of the magic of exploded sciencefew

Siill one great clime, in full and free deThe many felt, for from all days and climes

fiance, She was the voyager's worship ;-even Yet rears her crest, unconquer'd and subher crimes

lime, Were of the softer order-born of Love,

Above the far Atlantic!-She has taught She drapk no blood, nor fatten'd on the Her Esau-brethren that the haughty flag, dead,

The floating fence of Albion's feebler But gladden'd where her harmless con

crag, quests spread;

May strike to those whose red right hands For these restored the Cross, that from

have bought abue

Rights cheaply earn’d with blood. Still, Hallow'd her sheltering banners, which

still, for ever incessant

Better, though each mau's life-blood were Flew between earth and the unholy Cres

a river, cent,

That it should flow, and overflow, than Which, if it waved and dwindled, Earth

creep

Through thousand lazy channels in our The city it has clothed in chains, which

veins, clank

Damm'd like the dull canal with locks and Now, creaking in the ears of those who

chains,

And moving, as a sick man in his sleep, The name of Freedom to her glorious Tbree paces, and then faltering :-betler struggles;

be Yet she but shares with them a common Where the extinguish'd Spartans still are wne,

free, And call’d the “ kingdom” of a In their proud charnel of Thermopylæ, quering foe,

Than stagnate in our marsh,-or o'er the But knows what all--and, most of all, we

deep know

Fly, and one current to the ocean add, With what set gilded terins a tyrant One spirit to the souls our fathers had, juggles !

One freeman more, America, 19 thee!

may thank

owe

con

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