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tion of the author. All of us have too tion, as well as in every original work ; strong a propensity to be biassed by and although a participation of the spirit personal attachments or antipathies : under which the apostles wrote is necesand we are desirous of forming and of sary to a comprehension of the full iinport publicly expressing our judgment on

of many passages in their writings, yet we this translation, sine ira et studio, be ought to believe that an inspired writer, fore the veil which conceals the trans- natural talents, would compose his letters

even if he possessed no great portion of lator is withdrawn. Indeed, we are

so as that every part of them sbould, in far from being of opinion that, in the their primary sense, be plain to readers of present state of society and of learn- the most common understanding, who ing, the cause either of literature or of were not entirely unacquainted with the good manners and morals is served by Christian religion.” the indiscriminate appearance of a By “ a participation of the spirit writer in his own person. A man's under which the apostles wrote,” Phisentiments and reasonings, the fruits lalethes, no doubt, means an enlarged of his researches, the results of his view of their object and situation, and invention, the decisions of his taste some degree of resemblance to their and his discernment, and the effusions highly devotional and moral habits. of his fancy, must be considered inde. If this be the sense of bis language, pendently on any factitious circum

we agree with him : nor can he destances: they are not the worse be- sign to assert or intimate that inspiracause they are anonymous; while by tion is necessary to a comprehension their being so, delicacy and modesty of the full import of many passages in are often gratified, prepossessions ob- the writings of inspired men.

The viated and prejudices disarmed. The letters of Paul could scarcely be obsingle exception is when he communi- scure to the original readers of them : cates to the world facts, or alleged facts, and we must be cautious of substi. whether in regard to the living or the tuting our own conceptions—those, it dead, to things or persons, to indivi- may be, of a modern age and a mo. duals or societies. Here his disclosure dern creed--for the ideas of native of himself is essential; since we can- Jews and Heathens recently converted not otherwise pronounce on the credit to Christianity. due to him as a witness. Yet here, in the only case where critical pro

“ Some persons,” observes Philalethes,

“ bave required that the same words in priety and moral justice imperiously the original should be rendered uniformly call for it, a writer's name is frequently in the translation; but to mention this as withholden; while in matters of mere a canon of criticism must be to expose its reasoning and speculation we see it absurdity, to the view of every one who pompously obtruded.

considers that no two languages have The present translator professes to many terms exactly equivalent, and of have “bestowed much care and la. precisely similar latitnde in meaning and bour upon the work, with the view construction. Frequently the sense can to render it at the same time faithful be determined by the context alone.” and clear.” Of care and labour his These observations are founded in Version, we think, hears evident truth. Uniformity of translation howmarks: and his proposed end seems, ever ought to be studied, so far as we on the whole, to have been answered. find it practicable. On this subject He further says, that

we copy some good remarks from the “ He has made the translation as literal address of King James's Translators as, according to his judgment, the idioins

to the reader: of tbe respective languages would allow;

we have not tied ourselves,” say and he has preferred the words of the au- they, “ to an uniformity of phrasing, or tborized Version wherever they appeared to an identity of words, as some peradvento express the sense of the apostle with ture would wish that we had done, beprecision, and in a perspicuous and pure cause they observe that some learned men

some where have been as exact as they These are excellent rules for a could that way. Truly, that we might not translator of the Scriptures: nor has vary from the sense of that which we had Philalethes often overlooked them.

translated before, if the word signified the

same thing in both places, (for there be “ Perspicuity,” he adds, “ought surely some words that be not of the same sense to be a principal object in every transla- every where,) we were especially careful,

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and made a conscience, according to our To the theological scholar, in bis fiduty. But that we should express the brary, Campbell's Translation, &c will same notion in the same particular word; be not a little advantageous; but in as, for example, if we translate the He- the family and in public worship it is. brew or Greek word once by purpose never inadmissible. to call it intent, if oue where journeying,

Philalethes and we shall, probably, never travelling, &c. : thus to mince the matter, we thought to savoor more of curi be at issue, as to some passages in osity than wisdom."

which he has admitted into the text,

“ the sense rather than the words of “ All parade of learning” is dis- the sacred writer." Nevertheless, the claimed by Philalethes, " in the few principle and its application will be potes that are given. An alteration in 2 Thess. ii. 7, which might excite review of bis translation.

more conveniently discussed in our ! surprise," * he therefore notices liere.

The alteration shall be examined in its place: our readers will then judge' Art. III.- The Anti-Deist: being 4 whether Philalethes has with reason Vindication of the Bible, in answer deviated from the text, whether he to the Publication called The Deast. has regarded the rule, Durior lectio Containing also a Refutation of the præferatur. We much commend him Erroneous Opinions held forth i for giving few notes, for preserving The Age of Peason, and on a recent distinct the offices of a translator and Publication, entitled, Researches et an interpreter of the Scriptures. Ancient Kingdoms. By John Bel

Nor shall we censure this writer for lamy. Author of The New Trans declining to consult many preceding lation of the Bible from the Origina translators or commentators. Yet Ilebrew. 8vo. pp. 100. Longma whoever attempts a version of any and Co. 1819. part of the Sacred Writings, should

TR. BELLAMY las attracte compare his labours with those of the M best authors in the above class that translator of the Bible, who is fout

great notice as an origin have gone before him, and not least bespattered by the Quarterly Revier with the translations of the Bible into ers, and patronized by the Prix some of the languages of modern Eu- Regent. He is confident in his E rope. The merits of Doddridge in brew learning, to which he has this character are, perhaps, greater voted his whole life, and stou than several of his readers imagine: maintains that all that is mors but whether they be so eminent as to justify the entire use of him, prefera- correct in the Old Testament, is

philosophically or chronologically bly to other translators, we may be

error of the translation. With th permitted to make a question. High hypothesis hic meets the present b praise is likewise due to Castalio and tribe of Deists, who for want of to Newcome. That Philalethes is not brew, will, we predict, be silent be partial to Blacknight, we by no means

him. wonder. A want of discrimination characterizes this laborious commen- did not purloin the jewels of

Thus he maintains tbat the Hlebre tator. It is singular that Macknight Egyptians, but only borrowed me ascribes to the apostle Paul an inten- of one another, the poor of the 1 tional obscurity of style. Of Schleusner and of Principal wrestled with Jacob was an Edom.

for the journey; that the man Campbell, Philalethes speaks with judgment, modesty and candour. We contending in argument with re

judge, that the wrestling was know experimentally, that Schleus. to property, that the touching of ner's Lexicon, &c., valuable as it is, hollow of the thigh was a fora ought not to be followed with impli- administering an oath, aud that is cit deference; being more useful in is no authority for the clause, the hands of a student of a certain hollow of Jacob's thigh was om standing, than in those of a novice. joint;" that the sin of the daugh

of Lot was not incest, but nart" το κατεχον for: δ κατεχων.

idolaters of Zoar, the proper res + New Trans. of the Episties to the of Gen. xis. 36 being, “ Thus Thess. Prel. Ep. pp. xxxv. xxxvi.

the daughters of Lot conceived

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disciples, to denote the character or nature the fact is, that in those of the Chal-
which he claimed to bimself; it was previ; dee paraphrases, which may claim a
ously in use among the Jews, and employed nearly equal antiquity with the New
to describe the Messiah, whom at the time
of our Lord's adveut, they were eagerly of Jehovah, is never in a single instance

Testament, the expression, the word expecting."

tead used but as a synonyme for Jehovah The question, “ whether the Jews himself; the notion of the word as a

int in our Saviour's time expected their substance, &c. not being found

E Messiah to be something more than a of the Rabbinical writings till about human being,” is ably considered by the sixth century of the Christian our author. Commenting on the memorable passage in Luke xx. 41,

“ But may not our Lord and his he shews that it is decisive against apostles have used the title Son of the reputedly orthodox tenet:- 12. God in a high and mysterious sense,

" — they (the Scribes) could not be unknown to the rest of their countriignorant that the Son of David was also men?" This preacher is ignorant of the Son of God; and had they attached to

any passage of Scripture which can this phrase the ideas which have since justify such a suspicion: until one can been annexed to it, what difficulty could be produced, he justly contents limthere have been in replying, that, as touch. self' with Peter's doctrine on this subing his human vature, he was the Son of

ject in Acts ii. 22. David, but, as touching his divine, he was the very being whom the Psalmist wor

The precise meaning of the scripshiped in all the strains of bis rapturous tural appellation Son of God, Mr. K. devotion, the Creator not of himself alone, endeavours to ascertain in the third but of earth and heaven? They had no part of his discourse. He perceives

C such answer ready, and consequently they the germ of this phraseology is the

។ had no such opinion respecting the Mes. second Psalm: “ I have set my king sialı."

upon my holy hill of Zion :" and be On another fact in onr Saviour's strongly evinces that Son of God is history, Mr. Kenrick reasons with one of the kingly* titles of the Mesgreat vigour and success :- 13.

sialı: “ Jesus bad confessed before the tribunal “ As an earthly sovereign delegates to of the bigh-priest, that he was the Son of his son the province of his kingdom, wbich God. Had he been understood in doing he wishes to distinguish by the most mild so to claim a divine nature, would the and honourable governinent; so the buildbitter malice of the Pharisees have con- ness and equity of that revived theocracy tented itself with saying, as he hung upon

of which the Messiah was to be the vicethe cross, He trusted in God, let him now roy, would very naturally be described by deliver him if he will bave him, because representing him who exercised it as the he said, I am the Son of God? Would favoured Son of God.”—22.

> they have failed to reproach him with We refer to the scrmon itself for irony as cutting as that with which Elijah the proofs and illustrations of this overwhelmed the priests of Baal, if he whom they saw expiring on the cross, had position, and for some reniarks (24 just before claimed to be the God of the which develop the reason why the universe ?"

appellation Son of God, in the epistles,

has a less decided refereuce to the Dr. Peter Allix's arguments to kingly office of the Messiah than id shew that the Jews in our Saviour's the gospels. time expected their Messiah to be of a divine nature, are concisely and sa

“ The doctrines of orthodoxy," skis tisfactorily answered, 15, 16. What

writer pronounces to “ have a tendency ever be thought of certain expressions

which authorizes us to oppose thea bu occurring in the Chaldee paraphrases 32.

every weapon of a spiritual warfare."of the Scriptures, yet the writings of the evangelists, which are the faithful

At the conclusion of his discourse, living picture of the sentiments and be balances with a skilful and steady passions of our Lord's contemporaries,

hand the evils and the advantages of not only contain no traces of the Jews civilization : with the strictest eqnity of his time entertaining the expectation of a divine Messiah, but fully prove that it did not prevail. And 111. Rev.

* See Eichhorn in Apocalypsia, Toa. L

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he holds its benefits to be predomi- scarcely excepting the best, in the mant; and, as the main remedy of legitimate English style: most of its attendant evils, recom- " Intellectual improvement is a source mends that we“ provide useful moral of enjoyment. One of the most efficient reading for a population whom we means of pleasure in the mind is its having first teach to read.”

interesting objects of attraction, wbich keep Every person who can appreciate it steadily and cheerfully in action. Such soundness of Scriptural criticism, true objects that mind has constantly in view, elegance of style and manner, accu

which is progressive in knowledge and racy of thought and reasoning, and wisdom. At every advance, it discovers

new beauties which delight, and fresh ardent, yet well-tempered zeal in the

treasures wbich reward and enrich. As it cause of Christian truth, will place a

ascends higber, it has a more extended very high value on this sermon of prospect, and a clearer atmosphere. And Mr. Kenrick's. We are concerned

what enjoyment can be equal to that which that we were unable to introduce it a mind experiences in the consciousness of at a much earlier period to the notice surmounting the mists of ignorance and of our readers.

error and prejudice, and in ascending towards the regions of pure intelligence and perfect wisdom?

“If intellectual progress bad relation only Art. V.- The Importance and Means to the preseut state of being, it would be

of Intellectual Improvement. A valuable as an important means of enjoySermon preached before the Annual ment; but how much more important inust Assembly of General Baptists, at the it appear if considered as having relation Chapel in Worship Street, June 1,

to eternal progression; if the mind shall

take all its store of intelligence with it 1819. By James Gilchrist. 8vo. Éaton and Hunter. 1s.

into a higher state of existence; if it shall start from the same point hereafter at which

it leaves off here, to run an endless career rel with this pamphlet consi

of discovery and intellectual delight! In dered as a sermon, and he might be

this view, mental improvement is so much right according to the most approved and the pleasure Aowing from it is bat a

preparatory fitness for the heavenly state; rules for sermon making; but under foretaste of that ethereal felicity which is what class of works soever it be

to be enjoyed in nearer approaches to the placed, it may be confidently pro- great Fountain of Intelligence.”—Pp. 11, nounced to be worthy of perusal, and, 12. if the reader be young and above all if he be destined for the ministry, of Art. VI.-An Essay on a Future study.

Life. By Richard Wright, UnitaMr. Gilchrist considers I. the Im

rian Missionary. 12mo. pp. 72. portance, and II, the Means of Intel

Eaton. lectual Improvement. It is important, he argues, as it

TE have borne a willing testimony

to the merits of Mr. raises in the scale of being, increases the power of doing good, is a source

Wright's tracts, and can consciens of enjoyment, and is a preservative tiously recommend this as a clear from mental idleness and listlessness, summary of the argument and evi. vicious indulgence and its train of dence on the momentous subject of a

life to come. evils.

The Essay is pervaded The means of it which he considers by a serious and devotional spirit : are, learning, reading, observation, “ Feeling the approach of the evening conversation and study.

of life, and expecting ere long to become Under all these heads, occur obser- a tenant of the grave, the writer has been vations which mark a superior mind, very anxious to get this Essay on a Future and a mind too conscious of its own

Life ready for publication. It contains

his most matur iboughts on a subject, powers to be retained in the beaten which has long engaged his closest aitentrack of thought. The following pas- tion ; exercised his deepest thought; and sage has none of the author's peculia. been the object of his most serious inqnirities, but it shews that he is capable ries and meditations. On no subject on of competing (if we may be allowed which he has written, has he felt a deeper a Scottish term) with other writers, interest; indeed, all other subjects appear

WE

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