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they took the advice of a very eminent this school, there were various affi. equity barrister, who advised them to davits on both sides. The first, in resist the application of Jews, and at support of the application, was that once apply to the Lord Chancellor, of Michael Josephi, a Jew, who stated as Keeper of the Great Seal.

that he bad two sons and seven Such were the facts laid before daughters, all born in Bedford; that him, (unworthy as he was to hold both his sons had beeu admitted into the very high situation, which for the Charity-school, the eldest having seventeen years he had enjoyed by attended the writing-school, and the the favour of the Sovereign,) and he youngest both the writing and the would now give his final judgment, grammar-school ; that his two eldest The letters patent of Edward VI. daughters were married, and that they founded this school, in which, as ju had both received the marriage porall the grammar-schools founded by tion of poor virgins. It appeared that lamented and pious young mo

from this depovent's affidavit, that no narch, great pains were to be taken Jew had ever been admitted into the to instruct the youth in the principles hospital or alms-houses. There were of the Christian religion. It was, as

also the affidavits of Joseph Lyon, it seemed to him, impossible to say Godfrey Levi, and several other perthat this monarcli could have contem- sons, to the same effect; and the result plated Jews as the objects of this of all their testimony was, that as far bounty. No one could say this; and back as thirty years ago, a few of how could it be said that the Acts these childien bad been admitted into for regulating the Charity could be the school, bnt that none of the Jewintended to vary the objects of it? ish persuasion had ever participated “I hope," said his Lordship, “ that in the benefit of any olber parts of the day will never arrive, when the Charity. The first affidavit ou the the teachers of our charity or our other side was that of Dr. Bryan (we public schools, or in fact any persons believe) the master of the grammarprofessing to teach others, will forget school. He stated, that each boy that the beings whom, though child attending the grammar-school was dren, they are appointed to teach, taught the Latin language, and that are creatures destined to eterual bliss when he had made some progress in or everlasting wretchedness; and sure the study of Latin he began to learn I am, that in my most important si- Greek ; that in studying the latter tuation, I do best discharge my duty, language, the Greek Testament was by pointing out to all who come un- the book chiefly read till the boys der my charge, whether young or old, had acquired considerable proficiency that they are beings destined for in- in the language, and that every boy mortality, and bound as such to act in the school was instructed in the as the candidates for that high and Christian religion. He said, that on eternal fame. Let parents, let teachers his appointment in 1811, he found unite in this important cause, let them Nathan Joseph, the son of Michael teach their children 1o lock up to Joseph, at the school; that the said Almighty God as their God and Nathan Joseph learned only the gramGuardian, then, sure I am, our Cri- mar of the I atin language, was not minal Code would not be polluted by more than a year at the school, and the hideous list we have so often cause attended both the writing and gramto deplore."

mar-schools; that he was required to It was proper always to bear in dispense with this boy's atiendance mind that this school was originally at morning and evening prayers, it founded by Edward VI. as a grammar. being contrary to his religion to join school. He believed that in all such in Cliristian worship; that he was schools, great pains were taken to also required to dispense with bis at. educate the youth in the doctrines and tendance every Saturday, that being principles of the Christian religion; the Jewish Sabbath ; and that lie indeed, he bimself remembered the complained of the boy's frequent abtime when, in some parts, at least, senice to his father, who said it was the boys at grammar-schools were at- necessary on account of his being of tended to church on Sundays by the the Jewish faith. The next affidavit masters. Now, as to the practice at was that of the writing-master, who

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VOL. XIV.

deposed, that no Jewish boy had been the New Testament in the Latio and admitted into the writing-school since Greek language, and that he was told his appointment in 1814; that all the pot to learu the Church Catechism, boys in his school were instructed in (when I say the Church Catechism, Christianity, read the Bible and New I am to be understood as meaning the Testament, and learned the Church doctrines of the gospel, i say, when Catechism. There were also similar I see such things, I am bound from affidavits by the masters of the hos. the fully responsible situation which pital and of the preparatory school. I hold, to say that he is not a proper

With regard to such regulations for object of this Charity; that he casuot the conduct of the school as rendered enter into the mode of education preJewish boys inadmissible, bis Lord. scribed, which is to be in a Christian ship remarked, that there was nothing form, where the Christian Scriptures either in the charter or in the Acts of are to be taught, and by a clergy man Parliament that prevented the War of the Christian establishment. I dens aud Fellows of New College, may, indeed, carry the point further, Oxford, who were the visitors, to and ask any of you wiso now hear make whatever regulations they might me, as solicitors or as counsel, what think conducive to the benefit of the would be the effect resulting from school: and he apprehended that if, Jewish and Christian boys being adin the exercise of their visitatorial au- mitted participators in the same thority, they made regulations that Charity without any discrimjuation of excluded Jews, their decision must be character or religious principle?" submitted to. It rested with this His Lordship then, at very great College to make what regulations it length, went into all the affidavits of pleased, and it was impossible for him the case, and observed as follows – to say they did wrong in making such “ I see that whatever boys are in the As supposed a belief in Christianity, school, are to be there at a certain in tracing out a plan of education hour. Surely the Jews will not say that which would render persons eligible their children can be always there, for entrance into the Universities, for they have stipulated that their which was one of the objects of this children who enjoy the Charity shall be Charity, an object impossible for a absent on all holidays, and never a). Jew to contemplate. If the school Jowed to read the New Testament in consisted partly of Jew boys and English, Greek or Latin. I have to partly of Christians, he did not think hesitation in saying, that u beu the it possible that two such systems Jews who lived in Bedford granted could go on together. It was impos- their consent to their childreo to atsible that a Jew boy could comply tend this school, they could not coe with the regulations made by the vi- scientiously (as I believe they acieu sitors for the purpose of carrying on in all this case) permit their sons ta the grammar-school in such a manner attend the school at time of prayers as to preserve the boni mores of the or reading of the New Testament. I scholars, which the charter declared admire the systein of Christianity; ! to be one of the principal objects of look on all its ordinances with high the school. “I am of opinion,” said delight and awful reverence; and I his Lordship, “ that the education to look to its venerable founder as the be carried on at this school is such almighty Saviour of our degenerie that the parents of Jewish children race, and through him I hope for the cannot comply with, if they wish amelioration of our species, by the their children to partake of its mary truly penitent conduct. * I am, on the benefits. I admire the Toleraiion wbole, decidedly of upinion that Je*** Act, and I also admire the idea of ish boys and girls cannot partake ortes every man being allowed to worship his God according to the dictates of bis conscience. Yet philanthropy has the daily papers, but we rather daubt te

* We give this passage as reported its bounds, and when I see by the affi. davits, not only of the Grammar- acily see the connexion it has with a

accuracy of it, and at any sale do not fi school Master, but also of the other ceding and subsequent sentences. teachers, that the son of Joseph was observations apply to two other passage absent from prayers, and from reading the same complexion below. ED.

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Charity. The deed prescribes, that petition, but I may only say, that I do prayers shall be offered up both morn- and hereby most solemnly declare my ing and evening, and surely, I need judgment, that this Charity was never not say, that in such prayers no Jew intended for Jewish parents or chilcan join. As to the other parts of dren, the law of our blessed Redeemer the Charity, let me only say, that if it shiewing the contrary, and I must reis clear that Jewish boys cannot par- fuse the petition. To Almighty God take of the Charity of the founder, our warmest gratitude is due for the then no inore can candidates for the gift of his adorable Son as our Saviour; other benefits of the Charity. The and how Jews can join in praising object of the royal founder proves to God for such a gist, (for great it is,) me, that fie intended the Charity to without abjuring their religion, apbe solely for Christian persons. As pears to me inconceivable." to the alms. houses, it is required that Let the trustees be paid their costs the bolders should attend public wor. out of the estate. I think the first petiship on a Sunday, or be dismissed. I tion must have been dismissed for want kuow it is said that Jews have no of any jurisdiction of the Court, had it objection, and indeed make a practice not been for the second petition. This of having their worship on a Sunday, is a most important petition, and you but could this be the kind of worship may all rest assured it bas occasioned contemplated by the founder? As to me much anxiety, as my decision, to the Charity for maidens, the very by the Act of Parliament, is final. 1 name which maidens were required dismiss the petition, but I do so after to give in (their Christian names) as most painful consideration on every candidates for the bounty, shewed iota of the case. It is a most importhat Jews were beyond the intention tant petition, and perhaps one of the of the founder. It had been said that most important which I ever heard ; the words Christian names' applied and I mean that the order should not as well to Avabaptists as to Jews. be drawn up for a fortnight as there This was no doubt a formidable ob. is no appeal from my judgnient, and I jection, but the more it was exa- would not therefore shut out the par. mined, the more feeble it would ap. ties from communicating any remarks pear. It is true, the Baptists do not to me that they might think of imporsee the same necessity as we do for tance. early baptism, and they, therefore, postpone it to a later period of life, Court of King's Bench, WEDNESDAY, but they give their children a name

JUNE 30. in early years, which I am sure do Iron Coffins. (See p. 275.)-It will be Jew would mean to give. I revere recollected that a rule was obtained by Mr. the holy ordinance of baptism, and I Chitty calling on the church wardens and look on its due observance as a pledye sexton of the parish of St. Andrew, Holof Christian faith to our blessed Lord born, to shew cause wliy the body of Mary and Saviour.” He was aware it might Gilbert, the wife of Wm. Gilbert, a parishbe said, that a Christian name did not ioner of that parishi, should not hé interred. necessarily mean the name by which that the minister and church wardens were

Cause was now shewn, and it was contended, a person was baptized; but still it was

not bound to adonit iron coffins. On the used in contradistinction to a surname. other hand it was insisted, that the right This he was ready to admit, when of being buried in the church-yard of the the distinction was applied to the parish was a cominop law riglie, and that names of a person professing the no objection could be raised on account Christian religion; but still he thought of the materials of which the coffin was that a Christian name was something made. that did not belong to a Jew-some

The Court after having heard the argnthing to which a Jew could not lay delivered their opinion, that this was a

ments on both sides at considerable lengtb, claim, that the word was at any rate used in some sepse that could not

matter entirely of ecclesiastical jurisdic.

tion, and that they could out interfere. It be at all said to apply to a Jew. He, therefore, could not consider the Jew. and churchwardens had not refused to inter

appeared by the affidavits that the minister ish girls entitled to become candidates the body in a wooden coffin; and although for the portions of poor maids. “I the Court, in aid of the canons of the need not go into all the facts of this church, might grant o mandamus to com

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Mr. Ward is not, however, to be direrted now living. The Botanical Professor at by the shifting and the relrucing of his Cambridge (Prof. Marlyn) being unable opponent, but endeavours to bring him from his yenrs to discharge his public back to his original statements, while he duties in the University, applied to Sir proceeds 10 auswer his newly-recruited Jaines to give in his place a course of arguments. I be latter task is easy enough, lectures. Sir James consented; the perbut not so the former, for Mr. Coiterill is inission of ihe Vice Chancellor was ob. too shrewd to advert again to representa. tained, and the lectures were publicly an. tions, whose absurdity and falsehood had nounced; but the day before ibey were to been demonstrated; and yet it appears that have commenced, eighteen tutors of col. though utterly unable to witbistand the leges delivered to the Vice Chancellor a proofs of misquotations, false assertions, protest against lectures by a person "neierrors and oversights, (the wild word with iher a member of the i'niversity, nor a which the Catholic reproves the Protestant member of the Church of England,” and priest,) so abundant in the oration to the in consequence of this opposition the plaa assembled clergy ut Wakefield, he circu- was abandoned. In the pamphlets, Sir lates mure widely ihan ever ibai speech, as James well exposes the stupid bigolry of delivered, witbout ile slightest reference this proceeding, its departure from preceto objections unanswered and unanswer- deuts in the University, and its injurious able, and which, in fact, he has neither effects upon science. But Professor Monk ventured to meddle with vor to meet. Such aud the Quarterly Review think it quite is the tribule which truth exacts from enough to shew that the President of the error.

Linnæan Society is a Dissenter, and worst These discussions do incalculable good. of all, rational Dissenter," an UailaLet the friends of Catholic emancipation rian. Sir James is catholic enough in determine that their adversaries shall have conscience, for he avows that he occasionthe exclusive use of every disgraceful ally joins in the worship and receives the weapon. Their cause, and all other good sacrament of the Established Church, causes, have suffered more from the iutem- purely for the sake of Christian commuperate' vehemence of some of their advo- nion; but this so far from disarming, only cates, than from all the attacks of their strengthens the enmity of bis opponents, opponents : while on the other hand, they who seem to think that a Dissenier is á have been infinitely benefited by the intole. hypocrite if he be not a good hater of the raut ignorance of false accusers and feeble Church and Churchimen, just as

The Catholics have, no doubt, Roman Catholics bave defined a Jansenist, more to excuse their warmth of expression Homo pius et doctus, INIMICUS JESUITAthan their oppressors. He who is trampled BUM. It was hardly to have been exupon may be allowed to cry out; and yet pected that the English Universities, and it were well they should remember, that a especially Cambridge, sbould at this time hundred intiamed and violent professed of day cherish such a mean aud unworthy friends of truth and liberty do more to spirit; they will not receive kuowledge oppose their progress and counteract their from, nor impart it to a heretic: Dissen. beneficent influence, than a hundred thon- lers are Samaritans, and these orihodox sand weak arguments--and all such argu- Jews resolve (as of old) non monstrare nents must be weak-uf open and active vias eadem nisi sacra colenti." enemies.

J.B. Diocese of St. David's.-The Chureb

Union Society's prizes for this year art

adjudged as follow: We have often occasion to regret that “ The premium (by benefaction) of £50, the small space within which our Review to the Rev. Harvey Marriott, of Claverlon, is confined prevents us from giving an ac- neur Bath, for the best essay Oa the count of very interesting publications. Madras System of Education; its powers, Had we been able to obtain room, we its application to classical schools, and its should ere this bave taken some notice of Sir utility as an instrument to form the princiJames Edward Smith's two pamphlets, ples and habits of youth in the higher one entitled “ Considerations respecting orders of Society.' Cambridge, more particularly relating to A gratuity of £10. to Mr. Thomas its Botanical Professorship,” and the other, Hogg, master of the grammar-school in " A Defence of the Church and Universi. Truro, for a second-best essay on the same ties of England against such Injurious subject. Advocates as Professor Mouk and the “ A premium of £25. to the Rer. Jobs Quarterly Review.” The occasion of these Morris, of Nether-Broughton, Leicesterpublications is not very creditable to Cain. shire, for the best essay · On the Scripbridge. Sir J. E. Swith is President of tural evidence of the doctrine of propor the Linnean Society, and is known throughi. tionate rewards, in the next life, considered out Europe as one of the first botanists as a motive to duty, an impulse to zealous

some

reasoners.

and faithful service, a ground of hope, a refused admission into the church, and source of pious gratitude and humility, would not have been carried thither if the and, throngh the promises of the gospel, populace bad not broken open the door an earnest of final acceptableness with and compelled the performance of the God for Christ's sake.' (See CHRISTIAN whole ceremony.

" This scandalous af. REFORMBR, V. 264.)

fair," says the foreign Journalist, “ had

nearly given rise to very serious conseSynod of Ulster. The most interesting quences.” question as yet discussed in Synod during its present sittings is decided, namely The brutal persecution still rages against Whether permission would be granted to the Jews in Germany, but it is consolatory Scutch clergymru to preach in the Pres- to learn that they find an asylum in France. byterian pulpits of Ireland.

The same

A considerable ournber of thein have emiliberty is denied to the Irish in Scotland grated thither in families. A Paris paper, by the General Assembly of that country. of the date of Sept. 12, says of these unThe question was carried in favour of the happy people, " Among us they will Scotch clergymen preaching in Ireland, enjoy constitutional liberty and that secuby a majority of six. We learn that the rity which is its fruit. It is now 150 years ministers divided equally. The elders, since French Protestants went to Germany therefore, decided ibis very important, and in quest of peace and liberty. What & in our minds, national question. -Irishman. progress have justice and public prosperity

inade in our country!"
FOREIGN.
FRANCE.

We are iuformed by a gentleman just The Cardinals, Archbishops and Bishops returned from the South of France, that in France have addressed a letter to the the Protestants in that quarter are far from Pope, in which they draw a gloomy pic- feeling secure, though at present in peace. ture of the present state of the GALLICAN The effect of their persecution has been so Cuvrch, which they say is becoming daily far good as it has put them upon serious more deplorable. They complain bitterly of investigation of the priociples for which impious books and peruicious doctrines, they have been called to suffer. They and, in short, predict that “ the Church take much interest in the progress of opiof France will fall, never to rise again.” nions at Geneva and in England; and a

The Pope has assented, it is said, to a religious journal is about to be established CONCORDAT (or agreeinent) similar to the al Nisines to encourage and aid free inquiry. famous one negotiated by Buonaparte. A reserve, bowever, is made of certain papal

DENMARK. pretensions. The vacant sees are soon to The tremendous cry of “ Hep, Hep,” be filled.

(the signal of persecution against the But the Revolution bas given a shock Jews in Germany,) has been propagated to the papal hierarchy in France, from hither. A report, it

seems, prevailed that which it is not likely to recover. The protection had been promised al Copenchurch-lands were the foundation of this hagen to the Jewish" exiles from Ham. political church, and these being (we hope) burgh. The populace of Copenhagen, for ever alienated, the edifice has nothing taking the alarm, attacked the Jews aló to stand upon but the superstition of the ready in that city. A report that they people, of which the Revolution has left would be driven from all the public prolittle remaining.

menades induced them to keep within

their houses; but even here they were The priesthood has shewn its ancient sought out, their windows were broken, spirit at Lyons. A woman died who their houses were assailed, and the prehad been divorced and had married a sence of the military alone saved their prosecond time. Her second husband had perty and persons. Placards are said to wished the church to consecrate by the have been posted up by the rioters "against sacrament of marriage the union already the Jews and the government.” His made legal by the civil authorities, but Majesty has consequently issued a proclathis was refused. On the death of the wife, mation offering a reward for the discovery burial was also denied, on the ground that of the seditious, and appointed a commisthe deceased, though in the eye of the sion for the immediate trial of such as civil law a wife, was in that of the canon should be apprehended. There is a mys. law a concubine. In vain did the Prefect lery in this sudden and general rising issue his order. The grand vicar then against the Jews, who are, we believe, interfered, but it was not till a second every-where distinguished by peaceable order of his that the priest consented to the conduct, and by what might be almost interment; and, at last, the corpse was called an abject spirit.

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