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which is heavier to those on whom it unhappily falls, thán that paid to the Sultan; and they are generally prevented from complaining out of fear left the next ship Thould take revenge ?." otse

Such is the government, and such are the complicated miseries, under which the East has groaned for many centuries'! The second woe has been of long duration ; but from the view we have just taken of the decline and present state of the Ottoman empire, we are surely authorized to conclude that it now draws near its close. It will not however terminate the allotted period of affliction ; for when this woe shall be past,“ behold, a third woe cometh quicklywhile the fixth trumpet continues to sound. si

In the short account already given of the declining power of the Papal Artichrift, we have seen the effects of some of those vials of wrath which were to be fucceffvely“ poured out upon the men who worship the Beast and his IMAGE.” And the present state of Rome (supposed to be under the influence of the fifth vial) may be considered as a confirmation of the opinion long ago formed by several of the most able Commentators, that the fixth vial, which is to be “ poured out in the river Euphrates," or the dominion of the Mahometan Antichrist, would be contemporary with the third woe. The following Chapter will perhaps enable us to conjecture how far the reign of the IMAGE, made at the suggestion, and acting by the power of the SECOND BEAST, appears to correspond with the THIRD WOE; and how far it feems probable that “ the remainder of wrath” will fall with peculiar violence upon the votaries of the INFIDEL ANTI"CHRIST, or, in other words, “ upon the worshippers of the IMAGE.” :

9 Eton, Preface, p. 5.

When Omar, the Saracen Califf, took Jerusalem by capitulation in A. D. 637, the Christians were not allowed liberty of worship, but on the most severe and humiliating conditions. See Ockley, Pococke, &c. Omar built a mosque on the site of Solomon's Temple, which remains to this day, walled round at some distance, and it is death for either Jew or Christian to enter the enclosure.


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FROM the passages in Scripture which have been brought forward to the observation of the reader in the Introductory Chapter, in order to display the revelation concerning the different branches of Antichrist, we find that the Holy Spirit has spoken in explicit terms, not only of those who were to corrupt the faith, as the Papists have done; oppose it with open force, as has been the practice of the Maho. metans; but of those who were first to undermine it by every insiduous art, and finally, by the union of fraud with violence, were to establish the dominion of Infidelity “ in the last days.” We have seen that such persons were clearly foretold in the Prophecies of


Daniel, St. Paul, St. Peter, St. Jude, and St. John. And their characters, principles, conduct, and success are so clearly represented, that these inspired writers have in a manner anticipated the history of those “ false teachers,” who have been in the past and in the present age distinguished by the name of Free-thinkers, Sceptics, Philofophists, or Illuminati. These predictions have been shown to be generally applicable to schismatics and infidels in every period, but to have a particular reference to those who should arise in “ the latter times,” and occasion a great Apostasy from the church of Christ.

The rife and progress of Jacobinism, which feems to include every species of Infidelity, and may be defined to mean Hostility to Religion, to Virtue, to Monarchy, to Laws, to, Social Order, Rank and Property, - have been examined with industry, and displayed with correctness, by the Abbé Barruel and Professor Robifon. The facts brought forward in support of their assertions, have baffled the ingenuity of Jacobinism itself to disprove. ; And these facts have clearly shown, that a CONSPIRACY was actually formed for the extinction, of Christianity, and the abolition of Government and Social Order, by a set of men whose


names demand the execration of mankind. They prove, incontrovertibly prove (or neither the scheme nor its success could find belief in any rational mind untainted with its poison), that the system established for the execution of this plan was extended to every country, with unexampled perseverance, art, and secrecy, and threatened universal ruin; that this Systematic conspiracy has been the MAIN SPRING of the revolution in France ;, and that the POWER created by this revolution has, in return, become its chief support and coadjutor. This simple statement will, I trust, recal to the reader's mind the interpretation of " the fecond beast and his image,” which was offered to his confideration in the Introductory Chapter. And he will readily perceive, that I have mentioned the unconnected evidence of Barruel and Robison as particular confirmation of this idea, because these writers have best displayed that union of fraud with force, which constitutes and distinguishes this Antichristian power. They best have proved this new philosophy, as it is called, to breathe as, rank a spirit of persecution against Christianity itself, as ever disgraced the name of Religion in the form of Popish bigotry. They best have shown the connexion between Infidelity and Civil tyranny, so long denied, but now made visible to the


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