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are fully prepared for all the joys and glories of the upper and better world.

Holiness of life, including every branch of practical religion, is an old path. When a tree is made good, its fruit is good; and when our hearts are purified, our lives are pure. Obedience is better than sacrifice. "Hath the Lord as great delight in burnt-offerings and sacrifices as in obeying the voice of the Lord? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice and to hearken than the fat of rams.' (1 Sam. xv. 22.) When God had respect unto Abel, and to his offering, Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell: then "the Lord said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen? If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door." (Gen. iv. 6, 7.) The moral law required holiness of heart and life; the various washings and purifications enjoined by the cere monial law were standing emblems of inward and outward purity; and all the commands of our blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ require holy living in all its beauty and perfection. If we examine our Lord's sermon on the mount, and the practical parts of the apostolical epistles, we shall see the absolute necessity of holy living. Men were always required to be just and merciful, faithful and true, prudent and circum spect; and these great duties will continue in full force, and without variation, to the end of time. They promote our own, happiness, the peace and prosperity of society, and the glory of God; and as God is unchangeably the same in his moral perfections, it is absurd to suppose that He will ever abolish any moral precept, under any dispensation either of providence or grace.

The public worship of Almighty God is one of those old paths which have been trodden by the pious of all ages: it commenced at an early date; it has continued to the present day; and will continue to the end of the world. Cain and Abel went into the presence of the Lord with their offerings; Noah built an altar unto the Lord, and offered burnt-offerings upon the altar; and wherever the pious Patriarchs pitched their tents, they built altars to Jehovah. The Jews worshipped him in the tabernacle and in the temple; and the primitive Christians built many large and commodious places of worship. Those persons who neglect this service are out of the old paths, they do not honour God before men; nor can they hope, while they neglect this duty, to' join the general assembly and church of the, first-born which are written in heaven.". They are out of the pale of the church, and if they live and die in this state, they cannot enter into the holiest place, where God is adored by all the company of heaven. But let us who conscientiously attend the public worship of God, abide in the old path, that we may worship him in the beauty of holiness for ever and ever,


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These are “ the old paths" for which we should ask. Christians of every name, who hold the Head, are united in their views of these important subjects. They differ on other points of minor importance: but all acknowledge that God cannot be approached without a Mediator; that sinners are required to repent and believe; that inward and outward holiness is necessary; and that God should be honoured by public acts of worship.

(To be concluded in our next.)


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"THE Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world," hath bled upon the altar of the cross. "The Lord hath laid upon him the iniquity of us all.". The great High Priest is passed into the heavens. He has not only sprinkled the mercy-seat above with his blood; but he stands before it, with the incense of his intercession. Without the shedding of that blood, there is no remission of sins. Without the intercession of that High Priest there is no acceptance with God. In the incense then, which we profess to offer; in the supplications which we address to the throne of grace, do we draw nigh in any other manner than that which the Most High has appointed? Is the fire, by which the prayer must be wafted up to heaven, inflamed at the altar of burnt sacrifices? No man can come in supplication well-pleasing to the Father, except by Christ. How then do we come before the Lord? Is it with "strange fire" in our censers; an unhallowed, unbidden, and unblessed influence operating upon our spirits in prayer? Instead of enkindling the ardour of prayer for mercy, by adoring gratitude for a crucified Saviour, are we "denying the Lord that bought us?" and neglecting to "enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus?" Do we, in short, present ourselves before the Lord in an unhumbled frame of mind, without feeling our demerit as transgressors? Do we make our suit to the insulted Majesty of heaven, regardless of the sacrifice and intercession of Christ? Then in vain do we worship Him. Nay, the worship is not merely ineffectual, it pours contempt and dishonour upon the plan of his salvation, and on the astonishing exercise of his love. It despises that compassion which, when no other scheme of mercy availed to deliver, interposed with the gift of his Son; constituted Him a victim to atone, and a Priest to offer incense; invested him with every glory of mediatorial power; and made him "able to save to the uttermost all them that come unto God by him; seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them." How it is possible, that they who neglect or refuse the mediation of Jesus Christ, in earth and heaven, on Calvary and before the throne, should be clear from the tremendous guilt of dishonouring Him who gave his Son as the only salvation for man, I cannot tell, and pretend not to imagine.-Buddicom.

VOL. V. Third Series. SEPTEMBER, 1826.

2 U


To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.

THE first Methodist in Scarbo-
rough, of whom any account can be
traced, was a pious female of the
name of Bozman, who regularly
went to meet in Class at Robin
Hood's Bay, a distance of fourteen
miles, along one of the most unplea-
sant roads in the kingdom. Like
her lowly Master, she frequently
took her pious journeys on an ass;
and was often ridiculed by the spec-
tators. In the year 1756, the late
Mr. Thomas Brown came to Scar-
borough from Sunderland, where he
had been a member of the Methodist
Society and a Local Preacher for
several years.
He felt the loss of
those spiritual helps which he de-
rived from Christian communion,
and which he had so long enjoyed at
Sunderland; whilst his pious soul
was daily grieved to witness the
prevalence of open wickedness,

ther in Christian fellowship had to "endure a great fight of affliction; every one thinking, that by opposing the Methodists, he was supporting the religion of the country.

Hitherto their persecutors had chiefly consisted of the lowest classes of the people; but as their numbers continued to increase, some of the leading persons in the town determined to treat these praying people as disturbers of the peace, and engaged the Captain of the Pressgang (whose men had often disturbed the Methodists in their meetings) to apprehend the principal members of the Society, and send them to recruit his Majesty's navy; and Mr. Brown, Mr. Cousins, Mr. and Mr. Hague, who is now living, were all sent on board the tender, then lying in the roads to receive pressed men, and were to have sailed and no exertions made to arrest its the next day. But He who sitteth course. The Methodists were at in the heavens caused a strong wind that time unknown in Scarborough; from the south-east to blow for seonly such a sect had been heard of, veral days, which baffled the intenas existing at a distance, and as being tion of their enemies, and afforded every where spoken against. Mr. their friends time to interfere for Brown determined to follow the first their release. While on board they openings of divine providence, and were exposed to the rudest insult; to attempt to render himself useful but they had learned of Him who to the souls of perishing sinners, by has said, "Love your enemies; bless whom he was surrounded; and in a them that curse you; do good to short time he succeeded in procuring them that hate you; and pray for a room in Whitehead's Lane, near them which despitefully use you, the present Bethel-Chapel, where and persecute you." While these he held meetings for prayer, and sufferers for righteousness' sake preached occasionally; and the Lord were musing on the best means of gave his blessing to the means used, effecting their release, it was sug so that in a short time several were gested to Mr. Brown's mind, to write brought to experience the saving to General Lambton, then Member power of divine grace. Of these he of Parliament for the city of Durham, formed the first Methodist Society of which Mr. Brown was a freein Scarborough. In the year 1760, man. He stated to the General, the they were joined by the late Mr. circumstances in which himself and George Cousins, of London, who his companions were placed; when, had been brought to an acquaintance with that promptitude which formed with religion, under the ministry of a prominent feature in the General's the late Rev. Dr. Conyers. At this character, he laid their case before time the few that were united toge--the proper authorities, and an order


was immediately sent for their release. The General also wrote to the Captain of the Press-gang, concerning the conduct of his men in disturbing the Methodist Meetings; and told him, that, if he heard of a repetition of such conduct, he should report it where it would produce an effect not to his advantage. On receiving the General's letter, the Captain came and asked Mr. Brown's pardon, and promised to restrain his men from disturbing the Methodists in future; nor did they from that time attend the meetings for any mischievous purpose. But though the Press-gang ceased to disturb them, the rabble of the town were not at all restrained by the civil authorities for one Sabbath-day Mr. Hague waited on the chief magistrate to request that he would direct a constable to attend, in order to keep the peace, as both their lives and property were in imminent danger; Mr. B. having on the preceding Sabbath received a severe wound in the head; and had it not been for the generous conduct of his employer, Mr. Bland, one of the Society of Friends, who exposed his own life to rescue his servant, it is doubtful whether he would have escaped alive. The magistrate treated the request with contempt, and sarcastically replied, "Do you not know that I never transact business on the Sabbath-day. If you have any thing to say to me, you must come to-morrow."

Finding that their application to the magistrate failed, they applied the more earnestly by prayer to God, who, while the tempest was raging without, made bare his arm, so that many were brought to the enjoyment of pardoning mercy, through faith in our Lord Jesus Christ; among whom were some of the most furious of their persecutors, who became as a shield to those whom the civil power refused to defend.

As the Lord continued to prosper his work, the room in Whitehead's Lane became too small, and a larger one was procured, opposite to the place where the present Chapel stands, and which held about two hundred and fifty people. Having


comfortably fitted up this second room, Mr. Brown, who had frequently been in Mr. Wesley's company at Sunderland, wrote to him, requesting him to send them a Preacher to Scarborough. The prayer of this petition was attended to, and a Preacher was sent, of the name of Alwood. But no sooner was his arrival known, than the rioters determined, that if they forbore to persecute their Methodistical neighbours, they would not tolerate a stranger who came to expose their vices and on the first evening that Mr. Alwood was to preach, they mustered all their forces, and after he had ascended the pulpit, began to destroy every thing before them, declaring they would not leave one brick upon another if the Preacher was not immediately dismissed. These proceedings so terrified Mr. Alwood, who perhaps did not possess the courage of a John Nelson, that he made his escape through a window, and immediately left the town. This appears to have been the last desperate effort of the Scarborough mob; for a short time after, the town was visited by the Preachers of the York Circuit. In the year 1772, the Society erected a new Chapel, which would seat six hundred people, and of which Mr. Wesley once said, "If you want the model of a Chapel, for beauty and neatness, go to Scarborough."

In the year 1775, Scarborough was made the head of a Circuit, which included what are now the Bridlington, Malton, and Pickering Circuits: the first Preachers appointed to that extensive field of evangelical labour were, Mr. Benjamin Rhodes, and Mr. James Hudson.

The divine blessing still attended the ministry of the word in Scarborough, so that the Chapel became too small for the increasing congregations; and in the year 1813, the present Chapel was erected on the site of the former. It will hold about one thousand three hundred people. All the pews are let. For regularity of attendance, the seat-holders are exceeded by few congregations in the kingdom. The Society in the town at present amounts to upwards of

three hundred and forty members. On looking over this brief sketch, we are reminded that "One generation passeth away, and another cometh." All those who first suffered in this righteous cause in Scarborough have slept with their fathers, except the Rev. Wm. Hague, who after suffering much among the first promoters of Methodism in this town, became the founder and Pastor of the Baptist Church here, and is now in the ninety-first year of his age, patiently waiting till his change come. Mr. Thomas Brown died in the triumph

of faith in the year 1809, and his son is now filling the important offices of Class-Leader, Local Preacher, Trustee, and Chapel-Steward. On a review of Methodism in Searborough, we may well say, "What hath God wrought! Other men have laboured, and we have entered into their labours. May we prove ourselves the genuine followers of those who so "nobly for their Master stood;" and at last join those of them who are now before the throne, ascribing salvation to God and the Lamb! J. B. HOLROYD.

RECENT DISCOVERIES IN AFRICA. (Concluded from p. 529.)

[The following account is abridged from Captain Clapperton's narrative of his visit to Sackatoo, the capital of the Felatah empire.—EDIT.]

I LEFT the wells of Kamoon, March 16th, 1824, followed by my escort and a numerous retinue, amid a loud flourish of horns and trumpets. Of course this extraordinary respect was paid to me as the servant of the King of England, as I was styled in the Sheikh of Bornou's letter. To impress the people further with my official importance, I arrayed myself in my Lieutenant's coat, trimmed with gold lace, white trowsers, and silk stockings; and, to complete my finery, I wore Turkish slippers and a turban. Although my limbs pained me extremely, in consequence of our recent forced march, I constrained myself to assume the utmost serenity of countenance, in order to meet with befitting dignity the honours they lavished on me, the humble representative of my country.

Near Kamoon the country is hilly, but seemed to yield much grain. The soil is red clay, mixed with gravel, the stones of which looked as if covered with iron rust. We passed some beautiful springs on the sloping declivities of the hills, which in general are low, and run in broken ridges in a north-east direction. The valleys between the hills became wider as we approached Sackatoo, which capital we at length saw from the top of the second hill after we

left Kamoon. A messenger from the Sultan met us here, to bid me welcome, and to acquaint us that his master was at a neighbouring town, on his return from an expedition, but intended to be in Sackatoo in the evening. Crowds of people were thronging to market with wood, straw, onions, indigo, &c. At noon we arrived at Sackatoo, where a great multitude of people was assembled to look at me; and I entered the city amid the hearty welcomes of young and old. I was conducted to the house of the Gadado, or Vizier, where apartments were provided for me and my servants. After being supplied with plenty of milk, I was left to repose myself. The Gadado, an elderly man, named Simnou Bona Lima, arrived at midnight, and came instantly to see me. He was excessively polite, but would on no account drink tea with me; as he said I was a stranger in their land, and had not yet eaten of his bread. He told me the Sultan wished to see me in the morning, and repeatedly assured me of experiencing the most cordial reception. He spoke Arabic extremely well, which he said he learned solely from the Koran.

After breakfast, on the next morning, the Sultan sent for me: his residence was at no great distance. In front of it there is a large quadrangle, into which several of the principal streets of the city lead. We passed

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