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tines, and worse Any-thing-arians ; in order to justify their own Atheistical Aktions, or unwar. rantable Professions.
IN the golden Age of former Days, Kings liv'd like Gods; as the good Governours and kind Guardians of mortal Men, the great Distributers of Rewards and Punishments among the Good and the Bad, the Virtuous and the Vicious; suitable to right Reason, Justice and Judgment, according to the exact Will or Counsel of Jupiter : And to this End, as Hefood wisely observes, iglo heges Bronson égov, they took their regal Office, and from hence deriv'd their publick Administration. The Moral of this heathen Fiction is at least a glorious En. sample, Emblem and Argument, not only of their Authority and Constitution, but also of their Duty and divine Appointment. But the Holy Scripture has put this case beyond all Dispute of their being God's Anointed, and bis Vicegerents upon Earth; invested originally with an indefeafable Right, and uncontroulable Prerogative, and a Power not liable to any popular Coercion; but, save only to himself alone, intirely Unaccountable. Such a King as this Monarch, knowing well whose Minister he is, will always be the more merciful to his People ; notwithstanding his unlimited Sway: And as the Royal Psalmist has it, CII. V. 20. He will readily imitate his Maker, and wil. lingly condescend; to bear the Groaning of the Prisoner, to loose those that are appointed to Death. Redeeming of Slaves, Captives and Prisoners for Life, is the noblest A&t of Charity, Clemency or Justice, that can be perform’d; and it would be the greatest Mark of Honour in a King. dom, to grant them their .Liberty, or procure
them their Redemption, either at Home or Abroad; from Banishment and Bondage ; from Captivity and Imprisonment, at any reasonable Rate. Such gracious Deliverances will certainly glorify both the King and his Country!
I. JUSTICE, like the Sun, is both glorious and communicative of its Virtues. The Powers of it are ordain'd for the common Weal and
publick Welfare of Mankind. It prevents PeoSple from worrying one another, like Dogs or
Wolves, either in hot or cold Blood; and
Society, either natural or civil, could not subi list without this Bond of Friendship. The
just Man will do no Wrong himself, nor suf-
Thought, Word and Deed. If he is in Au, thority, he will command nothing but what is right; prefer a publick before a private Interest; and distribute his Favours or Frowns, according as People perform their Duty, or transgress it in their respective Stations. If
he is in Subjection; he will study Concord, po live in Obedience to the Laws, and cultivate
the Prosperity of his native Country: content
ing into higher Matters of Government among e State-Medlers and News-Mongers. This is the
faithful Character of Justice, and its compleat Votary; as it acts for its own Sake, in the Comfort of being easy, quiet and peaceable : without expecting any other Reward or Retribution.
TRUE Philosophy, says Socrates, is to know and practise, both privately and publickly, those Things that are just, honest of praise-worthy. This is that Prudence, which teaches us to govern both our Domestick and Civil Affairs with Peace, Happiness and Applause. Justice is the very Perfection of all Duty; and comes up by Degrees to the Image of God, in some Resemblance of his Esence, or Likeness of his Attributes. The great Cicero, although a noted Repablican, calls it the Queen of all other Virtues ; That is, in other words, the Empress of the World. She makes a notable Distination between the Good and the Evil Doers, between the Righteous and the Wicked; in the just, equal or impartial Distribution of her Graces and Civilities to the one, as well as in her Cor. rections and Chastitements of the other : to prevent Confusion, a Chaos and Hotch-Potch of Government, as the wise Seneca observes ; or making a Gallimapfry of Virtue and Vice. No Kingdom, Common-Wealth or City can be well-ruld or kept in a happy Estate, without both divine and humane justice : for by the former, we are united to God in Devotion and good Will; by the latter, we are closely knit to our Neighbour. Man in the strictest Ties of Mercy and Humanity. We are every Man of us bound to the Love of our great Creator in the first place, above all sublunary Things, or terestrial Considerations; by whose Almighty Fiat, we all started into Biing at a Word speaking: and after that, we are as much oblig'd to the Justice of Charity towards our pour Christian- Fellur-Creatures by the Law of Nature, Nations, and civil Society ; both for our own Well-Being and Well-Do
form good w Neigh Huma
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ing here Below. That is Piety ; this is Pity; and a most reasonable Compasion as well as Duty.
UPRIGHT Dealing, without any Fraud, Craft and Cozenage, ought to be requir'd in every Man's Calling, Practice or Profesion; that people may not live in a State of War, and worse Mischiefs of Rapine, Robbery or Murder ; but in Love 'of Honesty and Union. Jostice is as inseparable from Honour and Virtue, as the Shadow is from the Body in the Sun-shine. It calls-in the Pore of all other Virtues to its Alistance; especially Temperance, to know how to moderate any private Passions, and govern our revengeful Piques : to instruct a Man how he may not suffer himself to be overcome with Wine, inínar'd with Women, inslar'd with Gluttony, inthrall’d with Lust, and involv'd with Avarice, or any other inordinate Desires and exorbitant Motions of Concupiscence, depriving a Person of the right Use of sound Reason. This would be wrong. ing himself, with a Witness ! Exact Justice will neither do any Injury it self, nor suffer any Mischief to be done to the Amicted ; but endeavour to preserve others, either at the Peril of its own Life, or the Hazard of Preferment and Fortune. 'Tis a chast Virgin ; whose Reputation is not to be violated, but by Death. Any other Violence can do her Virtue no Harm. It allows no Rapes among Women; and a Man cannot be ravih'd of it, without his own Consent of Compliance. There can be no absolute Compulsion of the Will. 'Tis only a meer Jest, the Subterfuge of Perjury, and the deluding Evalion of Conscience. justice, whether it be distributive, always acts according to the golden Rule of H 4
doing as we would be done by; in all Cases, Controversies, and considerations of Desert, Dignity or Punishment: Or if commutative, it ever keeps the Ballance even in all Bargains, Contracts and Promises, to an exact Performance of Duty or Fair-Dealing. The Scales, Weights and Measures must be all true Standard, and just to a Hair's Breadth. : It allows no Over-reaching and Exaction, either in Buying or Selling, under severe pecuniary Penalties. It makes no partial Difference among Men, whether taken in this or that Sense; with any Regard either to their Friendship, Kindred,' Wealth, Poverty, or Nobleness of Birth.
THERE must also needs be some sort of Justice even among Pirates, Thieves and Rob. bers themselves; or else they could never hang so long together thriving in unsuppress'd So. cieties. Government it self would be in a State of Dissolution, without Laws to repress such bárbarous Violences, and. punish such arbitrary Offences. Justice must be done, and Judgment given without Favour or Affection, as 'well as Corruption and Bribery. In old Time the Father did not spare his own Son, for the Preservation and Support of the pub. lick Safety. The Egyptians painted their Judges without Hands, and their Lord Chief Justice with his Eyes blind-folded. The Grecians and Romans greatly encourag'd all Prosecutions of bringing Offenders to condign Punishment ; if they were not litigiously commenc'd upon private Satisfaction or · Personal Revenge. The Lacedemonians were so fafe by the terrifying Severity of their Judgments in this Respect, that for a long Time they us'd neither Locks for