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their Coffers, nor Barrs for their Gates; being in no Fear of any pilfering Transgressors or murdering Malefactors. When famous Cleon took upon him the Administration of publick Affairs, he bid Adieu to all the sinister Views of Friendship; shook Hands with his Friends ; and frankly told them, he must treat them as Enemies now for the future, rather than trans. gress the Rules of right Judgment. Happy are our faithful Judges, and honest Lawyers ; those honourable Gentlemen of the long robe, who are no Ambidexters, no Prevaricators, no double-tongu'd Dissemblers ! Aristides would never suffer his Justice to be perverted, or Judgment executed by any private Passion, Profit, and Advantage of Honour ; or by Preju. dice and Choler. Alexander usd to stop one of his Ears in Court, when the Accuser made his Complaint ; that he might the better hear the accused speak in his own Justification and Defence with the other, not Prepossessed. Whether Junius Brutus did well in beheading his Two Sons, for endeavouring to restore the Race of Tarquin; I leave the learned World to judge, by found Reasoning upon the Change of Governments. Dear Bargains, in this Sense, have been very common. There is no Difference between a lawful and unlawful King, great or little, good or bad; but by Right and Justice. Power cannot give the one; nor Possession the other. That must stand the Test of God's Law, not of Man's making. But the just Exercise of it crowns all ; and establishes a Kingdom in a flourishing Condition, with good Government. But whither do I rup? In a word, the King himself would do well sometimes, to be chief Counsel for
The Trouble ofend. so far, as Presence: 'ifcho
it still with Wrath and its in mod
his poor Prisoner at the Barr; or at least to see justice done to the Distressed, either in Perii, Trouble or Tribulation. For what hinders, but that the greatest Princes might certainly become the best Counsellors in Points of Law, as well as prove the justeft Judges in Matters of Equity ; where the Courts are hoc nour'd with their August Presence: if they would condescend so far, as to give themselves the Trouble of hearing Causes; as Agefilaus, Augustus, Trajan and all did in former Days with the most remarkable Generofity and Candour ?
JI. MERCY is an excellent, well-meaning and tender-hearted Virtue; the Nature and Property of which, consists in moderating the
Violence of Wrath and Vengeance : keeping , it still within the juft Bounds of Reason, Honour and Humanity. Anger ought not to be like a Sword put into a Mad-man's Hand, but only made use of for the Terrour, Re. Itraint or Punishment of Evil-Doers. The Re. sentment of Kings is very powerful and coercive in Fact. But, as the pious Cardinal Bona positively affirms, it will be as gross a Piece of Cruelty to spare all, as to spare none; for an univerfal Impunity, or a general Pardon, would give Encouragement to Villany. In this Cafe, a good King indeed will require the Wisdom of the Serpent, as well as the Innocence of the Dove; and the Manliness of a just Avenger, not to say the Fierceness of a Lion, as well as the Meekness of a harmless Lamb, as to his political Behaviour. The for. giving Family of the gracious Stuarts were always reckon'd famous for Acts of Clemency, or Indemnity; and stand still fo recorded in the truest Histories: If they have not been
the Wild of the Dove cv the Fof a harm
also merciful to a Fault in Politicks. But this demands another Pen, or a different Authos. Only give me leave to assert here, that a Branch of the same Tree may bear the same Fruit, and produce as good Effects in Time to come; for the Peace and Prosperity of the whole Royal Pedigree, Issue or Offspring, and for the Benefit of their people, and Dependents in future Generations. As God's Mercy is infinite, 'fo Man's ought to be indefinite, in some Degree of Comparison ; to come up to the nearest Proportion of divine Likeness : by forgiving our persecuting Enemies, and loving those that despitefully use us even to Death almost ; without shewing any Mercy among the faithful Few that are Sufferers for a good Conscience. But there will always be some living Martyrs and Confessors left yet, among the Orthodox in the true Christian Church. I have some Reason to believe, and am sorry for the Occasion of saying it, that there is a set of unmerciful People in this World, so puffed-up with Pride, Haughciness and Ambition; as if they thought themselves born to Empire, or Dominion wishout any Grace ; lording it arbitrarily over the Universe, even to the depressing of Majesty it self sometimes in Misery ; beggaring a Nation; and oppressing the Poor, without discovering the least Sense or Compassion for their Calamities. However, any Prince of absolute Inclemency, will ever be reputed no better than a fanguinary Tyger or inhumane Tyrant, not only in the common Opinion of the upprt sled; but also in the redater 'udgments of those Lookerson that are out of the Reach of his despotick Clutches, Ought not the Defender of the
Faith then, to be also the Defender of the poor Destitutes in Need or Distress? The Feeder of the Hungry, the Reliever of the Thirsty, the Cloather of the Naked, the Visiter of the Sick, the Comforter of the Aflicted, the Supplier of their Wants, the Giver of good Laws, the Rewarder of the Righteous, the Revenger of the Wicked, the Deliverer of Cast aways, and the Preserver of unfortunate Lives ; must of Course be God Almighty's greatest Favourite. This is the King, who can be no less than the Delight both of Heaven and Earth ; the Darling of all Christian Powers and Principalities. He will be perpetually merciful in his Justice; bountiful in his Charity; remarkable in his Temperance ; admirable in his Chastity, and illustrious in his Virţue: universally celebrated for hïs Valour and Fortitude, or Mildness and Magnificence; as well as renown'd for his Munificence and Magnanimity, for his Wisdom and Patience, for his great Learning and Knowledge of Languages.
HOW honourable was King Philip, the Meek, of Macedonia; how easy of Access; how Patient ? When once upon a Time, mov'd by a poor Woman's Reprimand or Reproach rather for refusing to hear her Complaint, without Delay ; [Be thou then no longer King] He readily receiv'd her Petition, and immediately redress’d her Grievance, upon fecond Thoughts, with as much good Humour as Justice or Dispatch. To be humble and merciful, are Celestial Badges of Honour and Glory, commanding the most awful Venerati. on. Learn of me, says our blessed Saviour, for I am meek, and lowly, and long Suffering.
Such is the divine Excellency of this lovely Virtue ; as if the whole Duty of Man was almost wrapt-up in that one single heavenly Lelo Son of Rest, Patience and Humility. There would be nothing but Massacre, without Meekness. Anger and Fury, not qualify'd with Mercy, nor mix?d with Discretion, are ungovernable, tyrannical, intolerable. They would quickly over-run the World in some Parts, or lay it wast in one common Aceldama; without more Christianity, and milder Government to prevent the Effusion of humane Blood. They would either un people a Country, or make more Malefactors than were ever yet executed, upon the utmost Rigour of Condemnation. To hangup all that should be guilty then, would turn upon the Uomerciful themselves ; and either fall heavy upon their own Heads by Reflection, or touch their Hearts with deeper Compunction and Sorrow of Soul. The Great Alsize of all will come, and call for righteous Judgment. But supposing the last Extremity of Justice to be done upon old Offenders ; there ought yet to be some sort of Room lefe for Tenderness and Compassion, and sufficient Time given for Repentance, as to Life and Death : even when there appears an absolute Necessity of Punishment, for want of Reformation or Amendment. I shall say nothing here, of Sir Thomas Moor's better Laws in Utopia, than Hanging; but leave it wholly to the Wisdom and Judgment of every well-govern'd Nation. However, Gentleneis of Nature easily breaks the Rage of Wrath or Revenge, as a Rock in the Sea does the foaming Waves, and dashes the rising Billows at laft into a serener Calm, Temper or Tranquillity. Every Man