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REMARKS. DURCHASING and Poflellion are Two
r nice Points of humane Prudence, as well as curious Matters of common Law in Bargains and Contra&s. They ought to be well-weigh'd and look'd into, before we ingage in either, for the better Confirmation and Cultivating of Both. The one, to be safely made ; and the other, to be carefully manag’d. The Possessory Part of a wise Qeconomist, consists in the true Management of Goods, moveable and immoye. able, dead and living, or such as move of themselves in Exercise ; appertaining to a Family, where the Right of Property is indisputable by Law, and unquestionable in the Possessor. Aria forte places them, as previous Requisites, before the Art of Administration ; to the End that Cloaths, Vi&uals, and other necessary Provifions may not he wanting in a House : for a Man cannot administer or manage what he has not firft in Being. These Houthold. Goods are all of Two kinds; either those that come from the Father to the Son by Right of Succession and Inheritance, or those that are gotten by our own Acquirements of hard Labour and InduAtry. It is the Father's great Duty to preserve the Patrimony of his predecessors, as by a lineal Descent from Ancestors to Heirs, intirely with. out any Waste or Impov'rishment; Mortgage, Incombrance, or Alienation : for the Beneħt of his wife and Children; as a faithful Usufru&pary, or an accountable Guardian only of their future Good. The Head of a family is also as much oblig'd in Conscience to increase either his personal or real Patrimony, to the
best Improvement, by Care, Travail and good Husbandry; without any Remisness of Duty, Negligence, Profuseniess, Squandering, or Dila pidations. There are Two Ways of law fully acquiring all Goodś ; either by Art or Nature. The Natural consists in Tillage, Pasturing, or feeding of Cattle; in Hunting, Fishing or Fow. ling : To which Diligence or Diversions must necessarily be adjoyn'd, the Vending of our In. crease, to make the best Market and Advantage of our Labours. The artificial Way of getting them, is by ingenious Works, Dealings, Handicrafts, Traffick or Merchandise, either in Buying or Seling for honest Gain, and publick as well as private Profit : Or otherwise a Man's Acquisitions are highly discommendable, and become selfish or blame-worthy, in A&ting ogly for his own mercenary Ends, without any farther Views of his Neighbour's. Benefit. An honest Trader ought to get nothing by con ženage or Fraud, by Exaction or Extortion. Usury is the moft detestable Dealing. The Hebredos say it is a fatal Bite, that reaches the Bone and Marrow of a Man in Debt, and more tifies into the Bargain. - It is Trading both against divine and humane Laws. Griping U. surers are little better than Blood-Suckers, LifeLeeches, or Man-Slayers, as well as Moneye Changers of Oppression in Families, and StockJobbers of Beggary in a Common-Wealth. At least they oppress the Poor next to Murder. Cato calls them worse than common Thieves. Robbers, or High-Way-Men. They are the Cano nibals of Mankind about Change- Alley. Consult. Exod. Chap. XXII. Ver: 25. Or Deut. Chap. XXIII. Ver. 19. and you will find that either this is not God's Word, or such Usurers are not
his people. But good Husbandry, above all Things, except Learning, Morality and Religi. on, is the most commendable Study, fruitful Imployment, and pleasant Business; healthful in the Practice, delightful in the Possession, and profitable in the Improvement of an Estate. In brief, it crowns all our Labours with a competent: Livelihood and suitable Injoyments; as Hefiod, Virgil and Phocylides have all observd, abundantly more at large in their ingenious Georgick Writings, for our better Instruction,
Agriculture and Gardening, as old as Adam, will always be allow'd to be one of the happiest Diversions of humane Being, Business or Society. · LO then! Our virtuous Housewife is so far from inconsiderately wasting, mismanaging, misspending, consuming or lessening her Husband's well-gotten Estate ; that she continually increafes his Substance by her diligent Care and pru. dent Conduct : as it plainly appears, not only by the Text, but by her discreet Transactions ; first in purchasing a Field for Corn, when she meets with one worth her Money, tó inlarge her Possessions; and.. then by planting her Land well with useful Trees of the best Sort, adding fruitful Vineyards, with pleasant Gardens to adorn it, fit for Service, as well as Diversion. And all this she, industriously effects out of the meer Product of her own profitable Labours or saving Managery. In short, the is either perpetually improving her Portion and Patrimony; or buying a Better. For she constrantly looks out for some rich Purchafe to be made, with what she has fav’d by her Frij gality, as well as got by her ingenious Haody. Works. But then the Wisdom of her Choice S
imptomi ig: in purchasing seems to be very remarkable, and her considerate Ele&ion grounded upon the furest Foundations. i , 1. SHE buys Land; that which is solid, and not "chimerical or Aerial Bubbles in City, Town or Country. She will neither build por buy.any groundless Castles in the Air. Terra firma is what she wants to purchase. She loves to lay-out her Money upon substantial Certain. ties, never subject to any cross Accidents, or the : fickle - Contingencies of Fortune. Her Thoughts are right, that Ground can neither break, nor run away, nor become Bankrupt by any common Calamity. It cannot well be irre. parably loft for ever, but by an Earthquake, that inevitably swallows-up All. Land is recoverable, though it be sometimes overflow'd; and often proves only the more fertile by the Inundation of a Nile. ". Nothing can indanger its total Submersion, like a sudden Deluge of the Sea ; and that does not happen once in an Age, about fome Islands or maritime Places, for Want of sufficient Banks, Dikes, or the Ingenuity of Holland. For, although peradventure it may lie under Water for some Time, yet in all Probability, it will not be irretrievably drowo'd by good Care or Precaution. Who doubts but the neglected Breach in the Thames might be stop'd in Time by due Incouragement, and the lost Land then easily regain'd, by fome. ingenious practicable Scheme. Nothing can hurt Land, generally speaking, but Want of good Manuring and proper Tillage, or oppressive Mortgages. Mortgages are her greatest Aver-, fion. She knows they breed a Canker in a flourishing Estate 5 which either 'ruines the prefent Poffeffor, or wrongs the lawful Inheriror.
They are a Kind of a Gangrene in a Family or blast all the Hopes and Fruits of it, eaten up with Caterpillars. But, of all Things, she defires., to have no Dealings in Paper or Wood, in Tallies or Chalk-Scores, for Fear of the Spunge or a Bone-Fire. She delights neither in the grand or petty Lotteries of the Times, even in Hope of getting the great Benefit-Ticket: Insomuch that her Heart is intirely set upon Land, buying up the pleasanteft Country-fields, and acquiring a more valuabie real estate. She does not understand the prodigious. Rise and Jofty Down-fall of Stocks at Discretion, by the Will and Pleasure of a few ingenious, fraudu. Sent, fleecing Projectors. She confiders them all only as imaginary Riches in Fancy; without any material Transfer or , Reality at the Bota tom. However that bė,, she likewise looks upon the Ground-Rents of London, as well worth her Purchasing. They will last to the finat Conflagration ; obnoxious to ,no fuch Casualties as old rotten Houses are, either by fome surprizing, Fall, or by dreadful Fire, as that was of London. The best of Buildings may be foon burn'd down to the Groupd; but it can go no farther with all its terrible Force, and consu. ming Power. How many goodly Houses, with the faireft Outsides, have of latę dropp'd upon People's Heads, and fuok into Heaps of Rube bish at one single Crack? It is true, the Friends ly Insurance-Offices may help that deftructive Ca: lamity a little, and rebuild those Fabricks with greater Splendour or better Security: but then that can never make the Purchase good or prui dent, comparatively speaking, and feldom ani swers for the Money that bought and insur'a thém Boch for their Preservacion. However,