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Usury, and unlawful Gain, as a more ingenuous Dealer in Virtue. Justice is the Standard of her Sale in the Market. She would not for any Thing upon Earth, either wrong the Buyer or her own Conscience ; though it were to get an Estate by his Loss, or to gain the whole World. She has no selfish Satisfaction, nor Defire, either to sell too Dear for ready Money, or to charge too much upon Credit. Her constant Business will be to traffick, or truck as reasonable upon Reputation, as she can be suppos’d to do upon prompt Payment. It is her Abhorrence, to make indigent People pay Interest upon Interest for Money lent, or demand an extravagant Use for a Pledge or a Loan in the Way of Pawn-broking. She thinks the vile Sin of Extorting, a molt detestable Grievance and Oppression of the Poor ; and no less abominates exacting upon her honeft Customers and Chapmen in the Price of het Merchandise, for being in Arrear upon Necessity, Loss of Trade; or melancholy South-Sea-Stories in the worst of Times. In a Word, she approves her self to be in all Affairs of Buying, Selling or Commerce, the fairest Dealer in the World.
III. IF she barters: It is done with the most discreet Justice. Her discerning Faculty in Trading leads her naturally to the right Un. derstanding of Commutation, or dealing upon the Exchange. Her Bartering uses to be perform'd in the most genteel Manner, without any customary Clamour, Railery, or rattling Words between the Buyer and the Seller in Markets of Ill-Breeding. She rightly esteems her own Merchandise the best ; but does not undervalue another's for Self-Interest, to make any unreasonable Advantage by it. She acts fairly
according to the reasonable Proportion or Dif proportion of the Things'in Truck. She may perhaps sometimes beat down the Price of a Commodity; and yet with no Design to overreach the Dealer, but only to reconcile the Bara
gain to common Reason: by fhewing the maniI felt Difference either of Weight or Measure,
Quantity or Quality, or some other distinguisha ing Circumstance of Inequality, even in the very, fame Species of Trade. It is none of her Practice to depreciate other People's Goods only for her own Profit. That would look like Tricking or outwitting, rather than fair Trafa ficking or honest Merchandising. But she labours at nothing so much by bartering with her Mo. ney, as downright Dealing, Honour and Honesty: not in the least regarding any groundless Inventions, new-fashion d Establishments, or national Cheats. In short, whether she buys, or fells, or barters, she makes the best Merchandise of it in the Market, and manages in every Réspect, with all the Wisdom and Prudence of Religion and Morality. ,
IN all her virtuous Dealing's, she has nothing so much at Heart as the Flourishing of Trade, the Success of the Royal-Exchange, and the Profperity of the whole Kingdom. She need not Desire to Change Fortunes or Qualifications with the most renowned Ladies. Her Lamp of Life
is perpetually shining in the Day, and never exy tinguish'd by Night, for Want of fresh Sup
plies of Oyi, Labour and Watchfulness. Her 1 Merchandise is so good, and her Commerce so i universal, for the Sake of her dear Family, thac
it is her Husband's chief Comfort and Happi1 ness. For if he happens by chance to be for. ced, through Misfortunes, or the Iniquities of
the Times, to seek his Bread in Foreign Regions; she may, peradventure, by this Means, be able to recover his loft Fortune, and restore him to his Native Country. At least he may reasonably hope for better Things in Time, by the Blessing of her insuperable Virtues.
VERSE XIX. » SHE layeth her Hands to the Spindle, and
her Hands hold the Distaff.
PARAPHRAS E. 192 ER humble Greatness appears in this
Verse, as a very remarkable Instance r of her incessant Virtue and condescendHT i ng Goodness. It particularizes her diligent Work, as well as sets forth the Worthiness of her linployment; which deserves the greatest Paraphrasé of Praise for her Pains. Upon Occasion of her Admonition and Assistance, she lays hold of any Opportunities, either to direct the Management of her Fımily- Affairs, or promote the Progress and Interest of her Manufactures. She does not think it beneath her Honour and Quality, whether it be by Birth or Fortune, to take upon her the meanest Offices of the Distaff and Spindle: either by twisting the Thread and ine Tarn with her own busy Fingers, or winding them up with her own expeditious Hands, in a convenient Bottom, for better Ser• vice or farther Use. She esteems it no Servility to be doing of Good in any Respect or Station oi Life, Domestick or Civil, in the
Practice. Insomuch that the Spindle becomes : her chief Diversion ; and the Distaff, her chosen
Delight or Recreation. She deems it only as - an agreeable Relaxation from her other hard
Labours and corporeal Drudgeries, to be ingag’d at her Spinning-Wheel. It revives her flagging Spirits, and repairs her failing Strength. The Action of it supports her Body from sinking into Sottishnets. She reckons it a Refreshment in Comparison of her former Fatigues.
Thus restor'd from her more Navish Imployments, to a better State of Liberty and Leisure ; she puts her willing Hands, with Satisfation and Gaiety, to Wool, Tom, or Flax on the Distaff : and makes an elaborate Piece of Work on't, in the winding-up of the Clem. Hereby The furnishes Abundance both of Linen and Woollen Manufa&tures, fit for the finest, as well as coursest Uses of Mankind, either in Private or Publick. From hence she finishes at last what Effects foever, either the Diligence of the Distaff or Dispatch of the Spindle can afford of Curi
osity and Service, by her excellent Home-fpun i Cloth worth any Body's Wearing. Thus the
lays out her precious Time, and exercises the r. extraordinary Talents God has given her for
the Good of the whole world, as well as the peculiar Emolument of her own particular Family. And when all is done, she never fails of leaving a remarkable Memorial of her own lasta. ing Handy-Works behind her Back, for the future Praise of Posterity, or the Imitation of other excellent Housewives that are to come after, and ought to follow her ingenious Example.
REM ARK S.
CCUPATION is one considerable End V of our BeingBusiness must always fol. low it of course, out of meer Necessity. To Be, and to be imploy’d; are consequently much the same Things. The One implies the Ocher, and cannot well fubfist without its Attendance. Work began with our Creation. Husbandry was coæval with Adam, in delving and digging the Ground. New Inventions, Crafts and Coriosities, took their Beginning foon after the making of Man. Arts and Artificers had their Rise together, almost as soon as Original Government; and plead the fame Honour and Usefulness, if not Antiquity or Precedency, both for their Praćtice and Profession. Aristotle defines an' Art to be a Habit of Working according to right Reason. Or, to describe it more fully, it is the Knowledge of something invented, perfected, or acquir’d by Use, Inftru&tion or Reason ; either tending to the Benefit and Advantage of humane Society, or the necessary Service, Support and Preservation of Man's Life. All Arts consist either in Theory or PraEtice: Those are Speculative only in Contem. plation, and chiefly regard the Mind; these are more Active, and peculiarly affect the Body with Respect to mechanical Operations. As Nature is of the greatest Perfection, next to God; so
Art that comes up nearest to Nature, is the most perfect and accomplish'd Work : which plainly appears by excellent Images and Pictures approaching next to Life; so thac Art it self is Jittle more than an Imitation of Nature's Produdions, to the best Improvement of humane Skibs
according "nes an Araćtice quity or ponour and