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INTRODUCTION.

THE SOURCES OF THE GOSPEL.

A. S. MARK.

1. Almost the entire substance of the second Gospel has been
transferred to the first. The only omissions of any length are the
following:
(a) Mk 123-28 Healing of a demoniac.

186-89 Preaching in the synagogues of Galilee.
426-20 Parable of the seed growing secretly.
732-87 Healing of a deaf man.
822-28 Healing of a blind man.

988-40 The exorcist.
(8) 1241-44 The widow and her alms.

2. But in 3–1 358 the editor makes a good deal of alteration in the order of Mk.'s sections. The following table will exhibit this. Passages enclosed in square brackets are interpolations into Mk.'s narrative : [A. Birth and Infancy of the Messiah. 1. 2.] B. Preparation for His ministry. (1) 31-12

Mk 11-8 [7-10. 12] (2) 373-17

Mk 19-11 [14-15]

Mk 112-13 [9-118] C. First period of work in Galilee.

Mk 114-15 [18-10]

Mk 116-20 (3) (a) 423-25 substituted for

Mk 121 6) [52–727]

(3) 41-11

(1) 412-17

(2) 418-22

Mk 122 omits

Mk 1 23-28.

28-29

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The editor then comes to

Mk 121 He has already (413) anticipated the mention of Capharnaum,' and can therefore omit Mk 121a. Mk 121b speaks of teaching in the synagogue. Here, therefore, is an opportunity of inserting an illustration of Christ's teaching, which is to be followed by an illustrative group of His miracles. As an introduction to these two sections of illustration, the editor substitutes for Mk 121 a general sketch of Christ's activity (423-26), using for this purpose phraseology borrowed from various parts of the second Gospel. The reason why he places his illustration of Christ's teaching before that of His miracles is no doubt to be found in Mk 123, which describes the effect produced by that teaching on the people. The editor therefore inserts the Sermon on the Mount between Mk 121 and 22, and closes it with this latter verse. Thus:

42
23-25 are substituted for

Mk 121.
5–727 are inserted.
7 28-29

122 The editor now proposes to give illustrations of Christ's miracles. The next five sections in Mk. are :

1 28-28 The demoniac.
1 29-81 Peter's wife's mother.
132-34 Healing the sick.
135-39 Retirement and tour.

140-45 Healing of a leper. We therefore expect the editor to begin his series of illustrations with the narrative of the demoniac, but he omits this altogether, and, passing over Mk 182-89, continues with Mk 140-45 the healing of the leper : 81-4

Mk 40-45 It is not easy to account for the omission of Mk 128-28, and for the transposition of 40-45. The following reasons may have cooperated to produce them :

(a) Mt. has omitted the reference to Capharnaum (Mk 121), and has adapted Mk 122 to an entirely different situation. But still he might have inserted a statement of an entry into Capharnaum to form a link between the Sermon and the healing of the demoniac.

(6) The incident of the leper is recorded by Mk. without any detail of time or place, after a verse which states that Christ “came preaching in their synagogues throughout the whole of Galilee." It is therefore not unnatural to place the healing of the leper after the Sermon, which may be taken as illustrative of this synagogue preaching.

(c) Leprosy was perhaps the most dreaded of all bodily

1 The katuanoer of 418 implies that Capharnaum will henceforth be the headquarters of Christ's ministry.

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The alteration of order here shown is not arbitrary nor without reason, but is due to the scheme upon which the editor is building up this first part of his Gospel

In 3-417 he has matter parallel to Mk 11-15 with considerable additions. It may be doubted whether he is here borrowing from another source, or whether he is borrowing from Mk. and expanding his narrative by additions, either from oral tradition, or from a second written source.

comes from

Mk 1 16-20.

418-22

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The editor then comes to

Mk 121 He has already (413) anticipated the mention of Capharnaum, and can therefore omit Mk 121a Mk 121b speaks of teaching in the synagogue. Here, therefore, is an opportunity of inserting an illustration of Christ's teaching, which is to be followed by an illustrative group of His miracles. As an introduction to these two sections of illustration, the editor substitutes for Mk 121 a general sketch of Christ's activity (423-25), using for this purpose phraseology borrowed from various parts of the second Gospel. The reason why he places his illustration of Christ's teaching before that of His miracles is no doubt to be found in Mk 123, which describes the effect produced by that teaching on the people. The editor therefore inserts the Sermon on the Mount between Mk 1 21 and 22, and closes it with this latter verse. Thus: 428-25 are substituted for

Mk 121.
5-727 are inserted.
7 28-29

122 The editor now proposes to give illustrations of Christ's miracles. The next five sections in Mk. are :

1 23-28 The demoniac.
29-81 Peter's wife's mother.
132-34 Healing the sick.
185-89 Retirement and tour.

140-45 Healing of a leper. We therefore expect the editor to begin his series of illustrations with the narrative of the demoniac, but he omits this altogether, and, passing over Mk 182-89, continues with Mk 140-45 the healing of the leper :

Mk 140-45. It is not easy to account for the omission of Mk 128-28, and for the transposition of 40-45. The following reasons may have cooperated to produce them:

(a) Mt. has omitted the reference to Capharnaum (Mk 191), and has adapted Mk 122 to an entirely different situation. But still he might have inserted a statement of an entry into Capharnaum to form a link between the Sermon and the healing of the demoniac.

(6) The incident of the leper is recorded by Mk. without any detail of time or place, after a verse which states that Christ

came preaching in their synagogues throughout the whole of Galilee." It is therefore not unnatural to place the healing of the leper after the Sermon, which may be taken as illustrative of this synagogue preaching.

(c) Leprosy was perhaps the most dreaded of all bodily

? The katýknoer of 428 implies that Capharnaum will henceforth be the headquarters of Christ's ministry.

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