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of Latin phrases. The same stalwart pioneer broke down the mountain fastness of superstitious belief in witchcraft, which in the preceding century had sent more than one hundred thousand innocent women and girls to a torturous death in Germany alone; prisoners of state, prisoners of war, and common criminals are free from the thumb-screw and the horrors of the torture chamber because of the trail which this man cleared through the cumbrous forest. He was the first to advance the right of woman to hold property; modern champions of woman owe much to the pathfinder, Christian Thomasius.
Ricardo, John Stuart Mill, Washington, Jefferson, Edison, Marconi—each stand as pathfinders in respective realms. In the thriving city of Darlington in north England you may see the ancient locomotive, the first to draw carriages on rails; with its fantastic resemblance to a threshing engine it is hard to realize that it is the prototype and pathfinder of the highly developed giant of modern traffic.
Among all pathfinders Abraham holds a unique distinction. His adventurous life challenges attention not half so much because of the strange new lands he visited, as because of the unusual ambitions and desires that were throbbing in his heart. Abraham was the most promising of all the sons of Terah, but he differed from them chiefly in the ideal that was the ruling passion of his life. To him was given the first gleam of monotheism and he would
follow that guiding star with single devotion; his brethren believed in many gods, Abraham believed in One; his brethren believed in expediency, Abraham believed in his convictions and in being obedient thereto. Religion was the dominant factor with him. He had faith, faith in God, and in God's destiny for him. Because he was a man of faith, Abraham left his old associates, his old surroundings and went out into a strange land that he knew not, where he could give expression to the best that was within him. “He went out, not knowing whither he went.” He became a frontiersman in the life of faith, the first great pathfinder of the soulcountry.
The country of the soul of which Abraham was the pioneer may be hard to identify geographically. But its mystic call is felt by every sailor on the sea of life as the mythic isle of Atlantis summoned the mariners of old. Man is homesick for God, and ever more doth he seek Him in the country of the soul, and ever more doth he find Him there. When we think of that country of the soul where God dwells and where the human spirit dwells, we, too, would become pathfinders and search for ourselves the treasure and the beauty and the glory of this undiscovered country. We would know what seas wash its shores, what deserts and mountains and rivers and plains mark its topography, what climate tells the story of its summers and winters, what golden harvest and verdant foliage bespeak its products, what riches lie hidden in its deep bosom.
WHAT IS THE SOUL?
1. Before we can appreciate the glories of the soul-country by becoming pathfinders into its mysterious domain, we must inquire what is the soul.
I well remember my childhood conception of the soul. I always pictured it to myself as a towel folded into a roll and draped at the end, which an angel flying home held fast. I know not whence the thought came.
A fantastic idea, to be sure, mostly foolish, though partly wise. The soul is destined for angelic company, but it is no inanimate thing, it is the living spirit within, the livest something about us. In the authorized version of the Scriptures, one and the same Greek word is translated by two distinct English words, “Whosoever will save his life shall lose it," again, “ What shall it profit a man if he gain the whole world and lose his own soul.” The revised version uses "life" in both instances. The conclusion is that the soul and the spirit of life within us are one and the same thing. The life here spoken of is not mere physical existence, not mere mental life, nor psychic life, but each of these inspired and exalted by what Reginald Campbell calls “The essential man, the spiritual being tabernacling in the world of flesh, but having its truest affinities with the world of eternal life and love." That inner man is in turn worked upon and influenced by the use that is made of that which we call the animal, mental and psychic life. The soul of man is his real self, the hidden
being dwelling far within the physical vestment, who uses all the splendid faculties of the body, brain, heart, conscience, and the imagination for the expression of himself.
The country of the soul, then, is not some extramundane sphere far removed from human life and human conditions. The birthplace of the soul is the fleshly temple of wonder. It is the divine spirit placed there by the divine spirit; through the years, this divine human spirit grows and develops with all pure loves and high aspirations and noble thinking and holy companionship with the spirit of God, or else it is bound and gagged and choked by the ruffians of the material senses, that were made to be its slaves, until it is a poor sickly dwarf. Our personality is the measure of what the soul hath builded
It is the sum total of all our thinking and loving and willing, it is what we are. When our physical bodies are no longer capable of affording refuge and sustenance for our real self, which is the soul, then we leave the earthly tenement; our real self which was not physical, does not require the physical, but goes out into that eternity of the spirit where God dwells, where time and place have no existence, carrying memory and all splendid qualities which have been builded into personality.
Dante, in his “ Paradiso,” has portrayed the country of the soul that belongs to those who have passed from the earthly life and have been accounted worthy of attaining the bliss of God. Under the guidance of his blessed Beatrice he becomes a path
finder into that realm. That country he locates in the sun, moon, and stars. In her company he passes through the circles of the Moon, of Mercury, of Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, the fixed Stars, the Crystaline Heavens. His journey ends in the Empyrean, where is the visible presence of God. To Dante's imagination these nine spheres or orbits were regions unearthly and unlike to earth; they represented the glory of God in their degrees, and in his poem they are far more than astronomic denominations. They are pulsating with the Divine life, they are typical of the Divine beauty, they are seats of Divine favour and peace. Dante and Beatrice on leaving the earthly Paradise shoot upwards toward the sphere of fire. Dante confesses that he has but a vague memory of all he saw and heard in this whole mystic journey. So intense is the innate desire of the soul to attain the vision of God, that as it draws near fulfilment "our understanding enters so deeply that the memory cannot follow.”
Splendid as are the portrayals therein made, sun, moon, and stars are not the soul-country save only in a mythical sense. The country of the soul, whose mysterious land forever challenges the attention of all bold pathfinders, is a continent bathed by all the waters of human experiences and fronting on the ocean of eternity. Whatsoever touches the human personality touches the country of the soul. The soul-country is the domain in any human life over which the indwelling spirit has gained the mastery,