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in the will which gives the legacies any right in the press to publish an over, in case they should be attacked as opinion of the conduct of a clergyman illegal,--an attack which he now made, in his parish, and the method in which and which he contended was sufficient he might see fit to administer its chato defeat them.

rities. This referred to Mr. Miall's His Honour the Vice - Chancellor criticisms on Mr. Gathercole having Wigram overruled all the objections broken up a charity which he found in declared the legality of the bequest of existence at Chatteris, and substituting the Government annuity to Mr. Hornby an exclusive Church Clothing Club, for the purposes intended by the tes- the 9th rule of which declared, that tator, and directed the payment of it “drunkenness, theft, schism, or any to Mr. Hornby, The costs of all parties other deadly sin," should disqualify his Honour ordered should be paid out a member. We regret to say a Camof the estate, in proportion to their bridgeshire jury awarded Mr. Gatherseveral interests.

cole £200 for the damage done to his N. B. The Government annuity will character by Mr. Miall. We regret consequently have to bear a proportion this, not because we particularly admire of the costs of the suit. We under the phraseology of the article pronounstand that at Mrs. Cooke's death the ced by the verdict to be libellous, but annuity had about eight or nine years because we think the whole proceeding to run, and that Mrs. C. disposed of is an attack on the freedom of the the first half-year's dividend to a re- press, and because we see no reason lation.

why Mr. Gathercole, in consequence

of his being a clergyman, is to be himClerical Delinquents.

self protected from the kind of attack

which against other men he freely uses. There have been some painful and We trust this verdict will be hereafter disgraceful cases during the present reversed, and in the mean time we assizes, in which clergymen have been venture to express the hope that Mr. the defendants, and have been con- Miall will be borne harmless by a public victed of enormous offences against subscription. morality and decency. Two of these cases have attracted their full share of attention from the press. They are of

Mr. Joseph Barker. such a nature as to prevent further Mr. BARKER has written to us to the reference in the pages of this work. effect, that “ the Dictionary of the But there was another trial, in which Bible" which he has announced, is of a clergyman was the plaintiff, which quite a different character from that has, we think, received far less atten- now in the course of publication by Dr. tion than it deserves. In this case, the Beard, and that it was not merely con. well-known Michael Augustus Gather templated, but announced, before Dr. cole, now Vicar of Chatteris, sought Beard's was spoken of. He adds, that damages from Mr. Miall, the proprietor he “should be sorry to hinder the sale of the Nonconformist, for a libel. The of any of Dr. Beard's works, especially libel consisted in some very free, but his Dictionary."—We may take this we must say both provoked and not opportunity of calling attention to Mr. undeserved, comments on Mr. Gather. Barker's proposal to publish a series of cole's conduct towards the Dissenters 300 works, theological, moral, biograin his parish. It is matter of notoriety phical, scientific and poetical, at the that Mr. Gathercole has for many years, lowest possible price. He calculates both from the pulpit and through the that if he obtains 5000 subscribers to press, indulged in the harshest censures his proposed Library, he can publish a on Roman Catholics and Protestant volume similar to his edition of ChanDissenters. Such a man could not ning at eight-pence. He proposes to enter into a court of justice, to com- publish about a volume and a half a plain of libellous censures on himself, week, and to continue this series for with clean hands. Baron Parke, we about four years. The subscription will regret to see, laid down the law in such be a shilling a week. To non-suba manner as, if we rightly understand scribers, the price will be a shilling a him, would screen any clergyman, who volume. Mr. Barker thinks that among should indulge in libel from his pulpit the poor he can obtain 2500 subscribers, or in his parish, from the visitations of He trusts to obtain the other moiety of the press, if not of the law. He said, the number required from a higher " He had yet to learn that there was class, who see the importance of aiding in every well-directed effort to improve to adopt to regain possession of the the mental and moral condition of the pulpit. Though we abandon that purlabouring masses. Mr. Barker thus pose, we take the opportunity of Baycandidly states what the character of ing that it behoves both ministers and this series of works will be:

people to exercise a thoughtful pru“It is known that I am myself what dence as to the persons invited into our most of the sects call heterodox, and I pulpits. We are far from encouraging do not wish to conceal the fact, that the prudery of excluding all but or several of the theological works which dained and regularly-educated minisI purpose to publish, are what would ters from our pulpits; but we think be called heterodox. Still, my object care should be taken to ascertain the in proposing to publish this Library, is mental habits, as well as the moral something far better and higher than character, of pulpit aspirants. If Aluthe mere spread of heterodox opinions. ency of speech and freedom from biWhat I want is, to make people truly gotry are made the only tests of miniswise and great and good,- to lead forth terial fitness, the pulpits which have to useful action their thinking and their been adorned by a long succession of moral powers, and make them Christ- able and high-minded men, will become like and God-like men and women. the mark at which adventurers anxious Only let them be brought to read, and to achieve a social position, or desirous taught to think, and led to live for God of a stage on which to exhibit their and for their kind, and I will trust them eccentricities, may successfully aim. to form their opinions for themselves. Without prudence, the liberality and Hence most of the books on religion freedom from doctrinal tests habitual that I propose to publish, are of a ge to our societies, may prove a snare by neral and practical character. I have which they may be entangled and fall. chosen them simply because they are calculated to rouse, invigorate and free Manchester District Sunday School Asthe soul, and fit it for the service of its sociation. - The objects of this AssoMaker and for the service of mankind.” ciation are, the promotion of Sunday

We shall watch with great interest school education by the holding of agthe progress of this spirited attempt, gregate meetings of teachers and friends and from time to time report what we the visiting of schools in the district observe.

- and the collecting and diffusing of

information on all subjects connected Ministerial Changes.

with Sunday-schools. No subscription The Rev. P. P. CARPENTER, of Stand. is required on joining the Association, removes at Midsummer to Warrington. the only condition being, to forward a The congregation at Stand has given yearly report previous to the annual a unanimous invitation to the Rev. meeting. The particulars required in JOHN WRIGHT, assistant minister at the Report are, the number of scholars York, which that gentleman has, we

and teachers, distinguishing male and hear, accepted.

female,-the average attendance,-the

subjects of instruction,-the books used, We understand that the Rev. Robí.

the auxiliary institutions connected E. B. MACLELLAN has signified his in

with the school,-the nature and extention of resigning the pastoral charge

tent of the accommodation,-together of the Unitarian congregation at Brid

with any other details that may be port on the 1st September next.

thought interesting. These particulars The Rev. EDWARD HIGGINSON, of will be embodied in a general Report, Hull, has received and accepted an to be presented to the annual meeting. unanimous invitation from the Presby. In order to give to as great a number terian congregation of Wakefield, We as possible an opportunity of laying rejoice that this ancient and respect their opinions before the meeting, and able congregation is again under the of thus forwarding the objects of the pastoral care of a gentleman of educa- Association, written communications tion and talents and prudence, whose from the teachers and friends of Suntastes, both personal and hereditary, day-schools are invited on the followdispose him to sympathize with the ing question: “What are the best habits of the English Presbyterians. means of communicating moral and reWe at one time entertained the thought ligious instruction in Sunday-schools?” of calling our readers' attention to the The annual meeting will be held at legal proceedings which the Trustees Dukinfield on Easter Monday, April of the Westgate chapel were compelled 13, 1846. Tea at five o'clock.


1845. Dec. 14, at the chapel in the Upper Ebury Street, London, to MARY, Conigree, Trowbridge, by Rev. S. Mar- daughter of Mr. Frank APPLEYARD, tin, Mr. JAMES DUNNING to Miss Mary builder, Hull. Rodway, both of Trowbridge.

March 10, at Holywood, near Belfast, 1846. Feb. 2, at the chapel in the by Rev. Henry Montgomery, LL.D., Conigree, Trowbridge, by Rev. S. Mar- the Rev. JAMES CARLEY, of Antrim, to tin, Mr. Simeon HARPUR to Miss ANNA JANE MATILDA, second daughter of the Maria King, both of Trowbridge. late John BARKLIE, Esq., of Drumada

Feb. 22, at the chapel in the Coni- ragh, County Antrim. gree, Trowbridge, by Rev. S. Martin, March 10, at the Great meeting, LeiMr. GEORGE WALKER to Miss SARAH cester, by Rev. Charles Berry, Mr. SLATFORD, both of Trowbridge.

ROBERT MARSHALL, Princes Street, to Feb. 22, at Christ-church chapel, Mrs. HIPWELL, Sparkenhoe Street, both Bridgewater, by Rev. R. L. Carpenter of the same place. B.A., PHILIP SHEPHERD to ELIZABETH March 17, at the chapel in the Coni. JAMES.

gree, Trowbridge, by Rev. S. Martin, March 5, at the Old chapel, Dukin- Mr. SIMEON GREEN to Miss CATHERINE field, by Rev. R. Brook Aspland, M.A., CANTELLO, both of Trowbridge. Mr. Robt. WOOLLEY KINDER to Puebe March 17, by licence, at Chapel-lane HIRST, both of Dukinfield.

chapel, Bradford, Yorkshire, by Rev, March 9, at the Unitarian chapel, J. H. Ryland, Mr. BENJAMIN Gough Billingshurst, by Rev. T. Sadler, of Morris, late of Shrewsbury, to MARTHA, Hackney, Mr. WILLIAM TURNER, of eldest daughter of Mr. John SPENCER, Slaughter Farm, to Miss MIRIAM JOHN- bookbinder, both of Bradford. SON.

March 21, at the chapel in the Coni. March 10, in the Bowl-alley-lane gree, Trowbridge, PATRICK LYONS, of chapel, Hull, by Rev. Edward Higgin- the 1st Regt. of Dragoon Guards, to son, THOMAS EARLE, Esq., sculptor, of ANN JERRETT, of Trowbridge.


1846. Feb. 8, at Cheltenham, aged gained deliverance from the most abject 70, Mr. John FINCHER, confectioner, of mental slavery, and he was prepared Tewkesbury. The subject of this notice to pay the price demanded for his was for many years a worthy member freedom by the spirit that is in the of the Calvinistic Baptist church in world. And he did pay it in the spirit that town. Some years since, whilst of his great Master; rejoicing likewise at Evesham, on a visit to his mother, that he was associated with his muchthe “ Institutes of Natural and Re- loved and honoured Priestley in bearvealed Religion," by the venerated ing witness to the Truth. Though rePriestley, came under his notice; the viled, he reviled not again ; although perusal of which confirmed his doubts, persecuted, he threatened not. It is to and led him at length to avow himself the great honour of our friend that he a Unitarian. The excellent Christian calmly stood alone in this great work character of John Fincher was not, of confessing Christ. Not a mind for however, a sufficient shield to shelter a long time was associated with him him from the fierce attacks of even the therein. His social spirit, however, savage bigotry he then encountered sought and found kindred ones in Chelfor conscience' sake, and for liberty of tenham, to whose place of assembly to thought, as the freedman of Jesus worship God he frequently resorted. Christ. His former associates in reli. And it was on a pilgrimage to this gious doctrine attacked him on his same place, for the exercise of his deavowing his changed opinion, with all votional spirit with his brethren, that that denunciation of future woe which death met him, and cut short his work is too well known to us to need any of faith among mortal men. The docrelation of particulars here. Sufficient trines of Unitarianism which John for us to know that he felt he had Fincher embraced, were not lightly taken up by him. They were to him more than two centuries was settled at springs of action of the most exalted Newton-Abbot, Devon.--The Patrician kind, and as wide in the demands of Newspaper, March 14. duty, as great in purpose for the human race. Sources of thought and hope March 11, aged 25, after a long and also were they to him, as holy as they painful illness, borne with great fortiwere powerful to create all things anew tude, CAROLINE, eldest daughter of Mr. in the image of God--of the God of SAYER, mercer, of Newport, Isle of love-whose dearest manifestation of Wight. that love he beheld in the example, in the character and spirit, of Jesus Christ. To his mind, these doctrines were not

March 15, at Geldeston, Norfolk, matters of indifference: for he found aged 82, SUSANNA, relict of Benjamin in them that enlargement of spirit Utting Dowson. which made them to him most precious, enabling him to overcome the March 17, ELIZABETH JANE, the eldest world. His life under their influence daughter of the late William Stanley was no wavering uncertainty of doc- Roscoe, Esq., of Liverpool. trinal opinion. To him, they were day-stars in the heavens, reflecting a March 18, aged 76, Hannah, relict constant steady light on the difficult of the late William HAMPSON, Esq., of and often trying path of ever-present Dukinfield. By the death of this veneduty, and loving obedience. These rable and excellent lady, one of the doctrines made the yoke of duty to him very few remaining ties is severed that easy, and the burden of human cares connect the present with former genelight. Humble in life, yet great in his rations of worshipers at the Old chapel, Christian calling, beyond all that this Dukinfield. For seventy years she world of passing fashions can bestow, was a regular attendant on the services ---faithful in his obedience to God, to of this place of worship, of which in Christ, and his own conscience,-John her youth her uncle, the Rev. William Fincher has descended to the grave Buckley, was the respected minister. with honour, from which he will arise, In the three-score years and ten during to realize the fruits of that faith which which a gracious Providence permitted here inspired him to seek for true glory, her to frequent the house of prayer honour, immortality, eternal life. which her forefathers had helped to

build, and in which two of her ancesMarch 5, in her 42nd year, at the tors had ministered, she was the witness house of her brother, the Rev. Joseph of great changes. At a period when Hutton, LL.D., 5, Hamilton Place, the Old chapel wanted friends, it is King's Cross, Mira, widow of John gratefully remembered by those inteEdward BRENAN, M.D., late of Bombay. rested in its history, that she aided the

judicious and generous exertions of her March 6, at Horsham, Mrs. LUCY Iate excellent husband in sustaining CAFFYN, aged 82, much respected by a and raising the Dissenting interest in numerous circle of friends.

their native village. Her cheerful

dwelling for a long series of years offerMarch 10, at Clifton, near Bristol, in ed the attractions of a most friendly the 80th year of his age, WILLIAM but unostentatious hospitality and of RICHARDS REYNELL, Esq., second son intellectual cultivation, and was often of the late Rev. John Reynell, of Thor. the resort of the ministers of the disverton, Devon. He was descended trict. In every relation of life, Mrs. from a long line of distinguished an- Hampson was respected and most esticestors, and was the twenty-first in mable. In the domestic relations, she lineal descent from Sir Richard Rey- was through life the object of affection nell, Governor of the Castles of Exeter and reverence. She was cheered in and Launceston, temp. Richard I., 1191. her decline by the attentions of a wide This family, for nearly seven centuries circle of friends, as well as the devoted connected with the county of Devon, is attentions of her family. She saw very still worthily represented by Lieut.- distinctly the approaches of death, but General Sir Thomas Reynell, Bart., she met it equally without fear and K.C.B.; Mr. Reynell, the subject of without presumption, and with habithis notice, having been the represen- tual humility resigned a well-prepared tative of that branch of it which for soul into the hands of her Maker.

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STATE OF RELIGION IN FRANCE.* In the year 1844, Dr. Christopher Wordsworth, then the Head Master of Harrow, devoted his summer school vacation to a journey in France, for the especial purpose of ascertaining the state of religion there,-education being chiefly considered in its relation to religion, and constituting the smallest portion of the volume. It records his conversations with eminent persons, chiefly of the Roman Catholic or Jesuit party, but including a small proportion of all religious Protestants. The state, or lay, or university party, which is at the same time the popular or national party, he seems to have associated with as little as was compatible with the objects of his journey. We may record to his honour that he has not incurred the reproach cast on so many recent biographers and travellers alike, (among whom his brother High-church clergymen, the Messrs. Wilberforce, have been the chief offenders,) of betraying private confidence and giving publicity to private papers. With great delicacy, he sent over his MSS. for the inspection of the parties whose words are recorded in them; and we have no reason to suppose that any objection would be taken to the publication; for the learned diarist certainly has avoided the common fault of giving himself the best of the argument. Though he went with the acknowledged object of the spy about him, “ to discover the nakedness of the land," yet he has made no exposure offensive to the individuals among whom he sojourned. Of both the conflicting bodies in France, the University and the Church, he does not scruple to pronounce emphatically, that they are a “development of anti-christianism in various and contrary forms,” filling his mind with the “most awful apprehensions with regard to the explosions which in all human probability will take place in this country in a very brief period of time.” But though there is a seeming neutrality in such a declaration, the severe observer is assuredly at a much greater distance from the one body than the other; and we have no doubt that, though by no means betraying any inclination to follow so many of his High-church brethren in going over to the Church of Rome, he generated a kindly feeling towards himself in the clergy by his more decided hostility to their enemies, the partizans of the University. Besides, he added the conciliating quality of a harmless opponent to the honourable character of a faithful witness. As a conscientious record of whatever was brought under the author's notice, this little volume is valuable; and

* Diary in France, mainly on Topics concerning Education and the Church. By Christopher Wordsworth, D.D., Canon of St. Peter's, Westminster. Rivingtons. 1845.


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