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INTELLIGENCE.

AMERICA.

only Christ be Master here, and be Organization of a Unitarian Associa

Master indeed.”—The Christian Registion in the State of New York. — The

ter informs us that the new church is strength of Liberal Christianity in New

in what is commonly called the Roman York is visibly growing. During the

style. The spire is lofty, the bell being week commencing May 10, 1846, the

160 feet above the level of the street. Unitarians from all parts of that State

It is greatly to the credit of Dr. Putnam came together in the city of New York,

that the rise of this second church, and with earnest deliberation and en

which will probably diminish the atlightened discussion organized them

tendance at the first church, is entirely selves into an Association. -a body that owing to his zealous and disinterested promises to have a vigorous and efficient

exertions. vitality. Meetings were held in the The Presbyterian Assemblies. The course of the week in the “ Church of triennial meetings of the General Asthe Divine Unity,” (Mr. Bellows',) at semblies of the Old-School and Newwhich Zebedee Cook, Esq., presided. School Presbyterian Church recently Mr. Cook was chosen President of the held in Philadelphia were signalized Association, and James S. Cleveland, by discussions of great interest and Esq., Secretary. Sermons were preach- ability. In the latter body especially, ed by Rev. Dr. Dewey, of New York, the debate in regard to the action which and Rey. Mr. Osgood, of Providence, the Assembly should take on the subR. I. In the course of the discussions, ject of Slavery, prolonged through severemarks were offered by the Rev. Dr. ral days, was one of the most remarkDewey, Rev. Mr. Bellows, Rev. Mr. able ever held in America Southern, Farley, of Brooklyn, Rev. Mr. Hosmer, Northern and Western men expressed of Buffalo, Rev. Mr. Holland, of Ro- themselves with the utmost freedom chester, Rev. Mr. Buckingham, Rev. and strength of conviction, but in most Mr. Pierpont, formerly of Boston, Rev. cases without asperity. Some advoMr. Conant, of Geneva, Illinois, Father cated the passage of strong anti-slavery Taylor, of Boston, and Hon. Mr. Jen resolutions; some defended slavery on kyns, of Oneida county. - We under moral and Scriptural grounds; some adstand that efforts will be made to esta vised no action on the subject; and blish a newspaper in New York, devoted some were in favour of an explicit to the spread of Unitarian Christianity, but moderate declaration of opinion, and also that Rev. Mr. Pierpont is in condemning slavery, but leaving any that city, with the hope of gathering a question of ecclesiastical censure which new Unitarian society.

might arise out of its existence to the New Unitarian Church.--On July 29,

inferior judicatories. This last course a second Unitarian church was dedi

was adopted by a large majority. In cated at Roxbury. The building has

the Old-School Assembly, much time

was spent in debating a proposal to cost upwards of 16,000 dollars. The

unite with the other Assembly in celesermon was delivered from Ezek. xlviii. 10, by Dr. Putnam, of Roxbury. The

brating the Lord's Supper, which was other portions of the service were un

rejected on the ground that it was con

trary to usage to unite formally with dertaken by Rev. F. D. Huntington,

any other ecclesiastical body in that of Boston, and Rev. N. Hall, of Dorchester. The preacher very empha

service. * * It is mournful, in readtically dedicated the handsome new

ing the reports of these meetings, to observe with what deference the stand

h church as a Christian church. “This," he said, "should be a Christian temple

ards of the Church are adduced in

argument, as being of at least equal in this respect-that Christ is to be

authority with the Bible. – Christian recognized as Master here. His life, death, resurrection, sufferings and mi

Examiner. nistry of love, are to be received as President Everett.--The Christian Exverities—his word as divine-his autho- aminer for July, in an article on Unirity as conclusive in religion. This versity Education, speaks of the appulpit is not to be a sphere in which pointment of Mr. Everett, and his acgenius is to invent a religion, but it is ceptance of the office of President of to diffuse that which has come from Harvard University, as a circumstance heaven through Jesus Christ.” Let of great good fortune to the University and to the cause of science and liberal while the tendencies of the public mind culture.--"No event could have been are quietly but effectually working to hailed throughout the land, by every spread and deepen the movement, and friend of learning and of sound moral to lead to its recognition by the civil and intellectual education, and every powers. Meanwhile there are fewer lover of the truest glory of his country, wonders to recount. In regard to imwith a more sincere and profound joy, mediate interest, the harvest has been Not a single discordant note, not a gathered. Gleanings only can we hope whisper of discontent at his elevation to present from time to time to the acto the high post he now occupies, has ceptance of our readers. been heard from any party, or, so far Among the signs of deliberate action as we know, from any individual. All and systematic effort, we place the estastrife respecting the College, the sounds blishment of a monthly periodical (Moof which had been for months fallnatsschrift von A. M. Müller), the 1st ing harshly on our ears, has suddenly No, of which appeared on January 1 ceased. All hearts have welcomed his of the current year. The address to the coming to take the oversight and guid- reader thus speaks :-"As a purifying ance of the oldest establishment for fire does the thought of evangelical secular education on this Western con- freedom hasten through men's minds; tinent.' He has brought his well-earned at every point of the Catholic Church fame, all the stores of his rich and varied it sets in motion that process of purifilearning, all his valuable experience, cation which is in accordance with the and the powers of his vigorous intellect, spirit of the times. The necessity of a yet in its prime, and like a dutiful son rational reform manifests itself in living laid them at the feet of his venerable facts. For the preservation, however, Alma-Mater, who, to adopt the lan- of the harmony of the reformatory guage employed of the chief Magistrate movements, there is need of an organ of the commonwealth in the ceremony whose historical progress may systeof investiture, had adorned' him with matically follow the entire interests of her brightest honours, and bade' him the new Catholic Church in its inward

go forth into the world.' Important and outward relations. We intend to as are the services he has already ren put forth an authentic reporter of the dered to his country, at home and important movements which are now abroad, it is felt, we believe, universally taking place in the Catholic Church, that he has yet higher to render. For with a view of preventing the danger of ourselves, we anticipate the noblest division and anarchy." results from his administration of the The work is intended to be a central affairs of the University."

organ of Catholic Reform, as it is now being wrought in different parts of the

world; having for its object not merely GERMANY.

to record what is achieved, but to gather

up and communicate power, as well as Gleanings regarding Ronge.

to advise, moderate, guide and impel. The important movement of which Did we possess such a representative Ronge is the head, makes steady pro- of the every-day's proceedings of the gress in Germany, daily acquiring more Reformation in the sixteenth century, consistency, strength and influence. It it would be invaluable now, and at has now been in existence long enough the time of its appearance would have to prove that it is no momentary effer- greatly served the cause of Christian vescence. It has survived attacks and truth and liberty. been invigorated by opposition. Inter. Among the contents of the work we nal dissensions have been composed, can mention only one or two articles, though we have seen indications of In No. I., is a valuable and appropriate vacillation on the part of Czerski, which essay, bearing the title, “ What is the make us think that he is open to the Aim of the present Church Reform *** influence of English gold, so active on According to this authority, “ The authe continent for effecting conversions thors of the Reform aim not to be secto orthodoxy. Time and trial have taries or originators of division, but occasioned reflection, and in general solely to promote the pure doctrine of the leaders now better understand both the Gospel, the everlasting foundation their position and their work. If the of a true universal church. For this freshness of a first enthusiasm has purpose it is indispensably necessary abated, its advantages have been suc- that the people should be awakened out ceeded by a greater harmony of feeling of their slumbers." and a greater concentration of effort; In the February number is a Pastoral

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Letter addressed to “the German Ca- are of one mind. Union is properly tholic Christians :" "a word full of oneness of mind. And until a unity light, power and love.” “The unhappy of mind is produced, outward union conviction," it is here stated," that the is nugatory. Minds that are diversely Roman Church is the only medium of affected, must go in diverse directions, salvation, has to bear the blame of all and it is far better they should be the abominations which orthodoxy has allowed to take their natural course, inflicted on persons thinking differently without any effort to compel them to from itself. Only the highest spiritual pursue the same path. Unity in diverimbecility can allow itself to fall into sity there may be, but it is a unity of the chains of Rome. In the Vatican, love and good-will combined with dipeople think as they formerly thought; versity of action. This unity is founded they understand neither the relations on the conviction that there is good in nor the progress of the human mind, every thing ; but it is not guilty of the or rather they are ignorant of both." blunder that in consequence everything

The April number gives a paper, the is good. This paralogism is at the botobject of which is to promote a gene- tom of that religious indifference which ral union of friends of religious reform in all ages has been either the cause or both in the Protestant and the Catholic the consequence of religious disbelief. Church. Citing a remark of Jean Paul, We should therefore be sorry to see that there is a higher toleration which any attempt on the part of the friends is the fruit not of the peace of West- of progress in Germany, to combine phalia nor any outward thing, but of a together on a basis such as this. They life elevated and refined by long expe- may all continue to love each other; rience, the writer, who is a Protestant, to work on in faith, hope and charity; maintains that this toleration finds to make the most of their points of truth in every opinion, beauty in every agreement; to unite whenever and for kind of beauty, and in men, nations whatever object they honestly can; and books, abstains from regarding the but unless they have renounced alí diversity and individuality of excel. positive belief, and hold that any one lence as its absence. Christian tolera- opinion is as true and as good as any tion, in the eyes of the writer, is the other that is, unless they have thrown recognition of different forms of opi- off the authority of Christ, without nion, resting on a faith which lives in taking any other guide, they cannot love and is altogether alien from any combine on the ground of an utter form of verbal doctrine. It recognizes disregard to religious truth. Already that Christianity is not a complete sys- some friends of the New Reformation tem of religious opinion, but spirit and have feared that they saw in Ronge life-a new life which must take pos- tendencies towards negations which, session of the heart, and work for the if not changed, might end in nothing, furtherance of the kingdom of God. to the grievous disappointment of some Union is a combination, on the ground and the lasting injury of many. The of this toleration, of hitherto separated Christian life cannot be sustained unless communities.

on Christian nutriment. The spirit of Union, we know, is a most praise. Christianity, without its body, has for worthy aim, but, to be stable, it must us no real existence and can exert no be founded on clear and rational as permanent influence. Much as we diswell as recognized principles. Now like a formal creed, we dislike equally the doctrine here laid down, if clear, the recognition of a system of indifferis not rational, and if not rational can ence, in which every thing is equal scarcely be clear; while so long as because every thing is alike unimporhuman nature and the New Testament tant. By such means the world never remain our guides, it is not likely to was and never will be reformed. be generally recognized. Toleration The progress of the New Reformation and union are two different things. is not to be measured by an appeal to We may be content to put up with numbers. While the movement is error, because we cannot substitute spreading in most civilized countries, truth. We may feel it our duty to Germany feels its influence in all parts. hold our peace in regard to error. We Among Protestants it has its supportare bound to practise universal charityers in the “Friends of Light," with and observe the laws of justice and Ulrich at their head ; and Ronge takes honour, as much towards those who the lead among Catholics. Independiffer from, as those who think with dently of these and other definite facts, us. But men cannot unite unless they there prevails in all classes of society and all communions a sympathy with is an obvious tendency visible in the the aims of the New Reformation, churches towards more positive forms more or less decided in its character, of opinion. We subjoin an extract which results partly from the influ- from the Confession recently made in ence of a regenerated theology, and the church at Leipsic by three catepartly from the ameliorated and sof- chumens at their confirmation : "I tened spirit of the age. Numbers, believe in Jesus Christ, our Saviour, however, are still some indication, and the Son of the Father, full of grace and we therefore subjoin the latest "mus- truth, who as man lived, suffered and ter of the forces” that has come under died. He is our purest and loftiest our notice. “The German Catholic model, has freed us from spiritual bondChurch numbers 321 communities, of age, raised us to the liberty of sons of which the community at Berlin has God, has gone to the Father and re2250 souls ; that at Brandenburg, 38; ceived the highest dignity in the spi. at Halle, 160; at Stettin, 140; at Hal- ritual world; he is the only Mediator berstadt, 200; at Frankfort on the between God and men, and solely Oder, 390; at Spandau, 62; at Neu- through him do we go to the Father. Ruppin, 45; at Erfurt, 225; at Stolp, I solemnly promise to receive his doc45; at Potsdam, 390; at Magdeburg, trine as the word of God, to follow 200; at Mühlhausen, 60; and at Kott- his example in word and deed, and, in bus, 30." Another account makes imitation of him, so to do the Divine the number of churches to be 417. will, that I may be one with the Father, These are ministered to by 70 clergy. as he himself is one with the Father. men. From other sources we learn I believe in a holy universal Christian that at Königsberg the German Catho- church, which embraces all men that lic Church numbers 500 souls, being receive and follow the doctrine of Christ, about a third of the Catholic popula and regards as dead members those only tion of the town; at Danzig, 480 mem- who are devoid of love. I recognize bers, children not included ; and at Christ alone as the Head of the ChrisPosen, 600.

tian church, as the sole Shepherd and While every proper means are adopted Bishop of souls, whose words stand for extending in the world the influence higher than the commands of men or of the principles of the New Reforma- ecclesiastical decrees. I promise to tion, its chief men seem to regard it as remain true to the faith of the German their special duty at the present mo- Catholic Church, as a member of which ment to take steps for consolidating the I will, according to my ability, labour churches already gathered. Accord- for the furtherance, in myself and my ingly, questions of practical concern fellow-men, of the kingdom of God; such as the forms to be observed in diligently employing the means probaptism and in the administration of vided for my improvement and elevathe Lord's Supper-are receiving mark- tion, so that I may make progress in ed attention, and to all appearance with truth and virtue, and, banishing all hate satisfactory results. Ronge himself is against those who hold different opioccupied with the preparation of a new nions from my own, live in peace and Catechism, which is already nearly love with all men.' completed. We shall be disappointed if this work does not do something to

DOMESTIC. answer the extravagant misrepresentation made in this country of his opi

Carmarthen Presbyterian College. nions, as if he were on the extreme The annual examination at Carmarverge of an anti-supernatural rational- then College took place on Tuesday, ism. We have lately seen a statement Wednesday and Thursday, the 23rd, that three Scotchmen who are visiting 24th and 25th of June. The College the German Catholic churches with a was thrown open to the public. Many view to ascertain their actual condition, eminent Dissenting ministers of the have been pleasingly surprised at the neighbourhood were present, and extone of doctrine which they found pre- pressed great satisfaction with the provalent. How far such feelings are ceedings. likely to gain prevalence with those The Rev. D. Davison, M. A., of Lonwho maintain the old forms of ortho- don, and the Rev. W. Davies, Ph. D., doxy, we cannot say, but we have an of Froodvale, were the examiners. assurance that the New Reformation The students of the first (senior) will give increasing satisfaction to the class were examined viva voce by Mr. friends of primitive Christianity. There Davison in the Prometheus Vinctus of Æschylus, Demosthenes on the Crown, out the country, and regarded them as and the Epistles and Ars Poetica of so many missionaries to carry that ob. Horace. They had also read during ject into effect. Not that it was inthe session the 5th and 6th Books of tended to lay any bond on them to the Iliad of Homer, the Lælius, Cato continue ministers or schoolmasters; Major and Somnium Scipionis of Cicero. for if, after mature consideration, they They were then examined by Dr. Da- found it inconsistent with their feelings vies in the Hebrew and Chaldee texts to follow those professions, and saw of the Old Testament, and in the Greek reason to repent of the course they had text of the New Testament in Paul's adopted, it was wise in them to disEpistles; in Natural Philosophy, em- continue following those professions, bracing Dynamics, Mechanics, Hydro- and to take to other pursuits more constatics and Optics; in Latin Composi- genial to their inclinations. He should tion and the Evidences of Christianity. consider it no reproach to any young Much of the time of this class had been man if, after receiving his education at devoted to the composition of sermons that academy, he should find it inconand essays.

sistent with his feelings to continue in The students of the second senior that profession: if he found he had no class were then examined viva voce by heart or zeal in the sacred cause, it Mr. Davison in the Medea of Euripides would be far preferable for him not to and the Memorabilia of Xenophon. be a minister. There could not be a They had also read during the session greater mistake than to follow the mithe Agricola and Germania of Tacitus nistry merely for the purpose of getting and the Satires of Horace, Dr. Davies their daily bread; it was infinitely betthen examined them in Hebrew, viz. ter to work six days by the sweat of the first 11 Psalms and the History of their brows, than to enter the ministry Joseph; in Conic Sections and Qua- for the sole purpose, perhaps, of occudratic Equations; Ecclesiastical His- pying a higher station in society or tory. This class had paid much atten- more honourable position. It was the tion to the structure of the English duty of every student, when he found Language and Scripture History, as his habits not consonant with the sacred had the first and second junior classes, duties of the ministry, to retire ; it was who were examined viva voce in por- the duty of older ministers, if they tions of Homer, Xenophon, Horace, saw any thing tending to that point, Virgil and Sallust; and by Dr. Davies, to advise those persons to leave their who conducted his examination by profession; and he would do every written questions, in the first 6 books thing in his power to prevent such perof Euclid, Plane Trigonometry, and the sons froin entering the ministry. It elements of Algebra, including Simple was for the interest of all that men Equations. They had read during the should not assume a character inconsession Whately's Logic and Rhetoric, sistent with their feelings. These reand English History, as required by marks did not apply to any then present. the London University for matricula He was happy to learn from the tutors tion.

that the demeanour of the students On Thursday morning, after a sermon was exceedingly good, and that the had been delivered by Mr. T. Thomas, discipline of the College was as perfect senior student, Mr. Davison proceeded as it well could be. The selection of to distribute the prizes to the success the prizes was entrusted to him, and ful competitors ; but before doing so, he had endeavoured to select those he made the following remarks. The which were the most useful and approexaminations as a whole had been priate. The prizes and education they compared, and were found to be very received they should consider were a satisfactory: before he distributed the trust committed to them, not for them. prizes, he would let them know where selves alone, but for the good of the the books for distribution came from public at large. Each should regard They were the gift of a gentleman who himself as a missionary sent forth to was formerly a student in that College, extend and cultivate useful knowledge Mr. Lewis Loyd; he took great inte- among his brethren. He was glad to rest in that institution and in every learn from the tutors that the students thing pertaining to the welfare of his had felt it an honourable distinction to native country; he was desirous of obtain a prize, and that it stimulated promoting education, and he looked them to greater exertions. After some upon that institution as a great means further observations more especially of diffusing useful knowledge through- applicable to the students, Mr. Davi

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