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If he be of able body, he commonly leads Which freely drink to your Lord's health, the swarth in reaping and mowing. It is Than to the plough, the commonwealth ; customary to give gloves to reapers, es
Next to your flailes, your fanes, your faits, pecially where the wheat is thistly. 'As Then to the maids with whealen hats ; to crying a Largess, they need not be re
To the rough sickle, and the crookt sythe minded of it in these our days, whatever Drink, frollick, boyes, till all be blythe,
Feed and grow fat, and as ye eat, they were in our author's time.”
Be mindfull that the lab'ring neat,
And know, besides, ye must revoke Stevenson, in his “Twelve Moneths," The patient oxe unto the yoke, 1661, mentions under August, that “the And all goe back unto the plough furmenty pot welcomes home the har. And harrow, though they're hang'd up now. vest cart, and the garland of flowers And, you must know, your Lord's word's true, crowns the captain of the reapers; the feed him ye must, whose food fils you. battle of the field is now stoutiy fought. And that this pleasure is like raine, The pipe and the tabor are now busily Not sent ye for to drowne your paine. set a-work, and the lad and the lass will But for to make it spring againe.
Herrick. have no lead on their heels. O! 'tis the merry time wherein honest neighbours make good cheer; and God is glorified in
Hoacky is brought his blessings on the earth."
Home with hallowin,
The cart following.
Poor Rovin, 1676.
the respect shown to Ly whoce tough labours, and rough hands, servants at this season, seems to have sprung We rip up first, then reap our lands,
from a grateful sepse of their good services. Crown'd with the eares of corne, now come,
Every thing depends at this juncture on And, to the pipe, sing harvest home.
their" labour and despatch. Vacina, (or Come forth, my Lord, and see the cart, Drest up with all the country art.
Vacuna, so called as it is said à vacando, See here a maukin, there a sheet
the tutelar deity, as it were, of rest and As spotlesse pure as it is sweet :
ease,) among the ancients, was the name The horses, mares, and frisking fillies, of the goddess to whom rustics sacrificed Clad, all, in linnen, white as lillies,
at the conclusion of harvest. Moresin The harvest swaines and wenches bound tells us, that popery, in imitation of this, For joy, to see the hock-cart crown'd. brings home her chaplets of corn, which About the cart heare how the rout
she suspends on poles, that offerings are Of rural younglings raise the shout;
made on the altars of her tutelar gods, Pressing before, some coming after,
while thanks are returned for the collected Those with a shout, and these with laughter. Some blesse the cart; some kisse the sheaves; ture ease and rest.
stores, and prayers are made for fuSome prank them up with oaken leaves :
Images too of straw Some crosse the fill-horse ; some with great
or stubble, he adds, are wont to be carried Devotion stroak the home-borne wheat:
about on this occasion; and that in EngWhile other rusticks, lesse attent
land he himself saw the rustics bringing To prayers than to merryment,
home in a cart, a figure made of corn, Run after with their breeches rent.
round which men and women were singWell, on brave boyes, to your Lord's hearth ing promiscuously, preceded by a drum or Glittring with fire, where, for your mirth, piper." You shall see first the large and cheefe The same collector acquaints us that Foundation of your feast, fat beefe :
Newton, in his “Tryall of a Man's owne With upper stories, mutton, veale,
Selfe,” (12mo. London, 1602,) under Aad bacon, which makes full the meale ;
breaches of the second commandment, With sev'rall dishes standing by, As here a custard, there a pie,
censures “ the adorning with garlands, or And here all-tempting frumentie.
presenting unto any image of any saint, And for to make the merrie cheere
whom thou hast made speciall choice of If smirking wine be wanting here,
to be thy patron and advocate, the firstThere's tħat which drowns all' care, stout lings of thy increase, as corne and graine, beere,
and other oblations,
up, crying thrice. a knack,' which all the As we were returning, says
rest repeat : the person in the middle then Hentzner,
saysin 1598, to our inn, we happened to meet
• Well cut! well hound ! some country people celebrating their harvest-home; their last load of corn they Well shocked ! well saved from the ground." crown with flowers, having besides an He afterwards cries whoop,' and his image richly dressed, by which perhaps companions holloo as loud as they can." they would signify Ceres. This they keep “ I have not,” says Mr. Brand," the moving about, while men and women, most distant idea of the etymology of the men and maid-servants, riding through knack,' used on this occasion. I applied the streets in the cart, shout as loud as for one of them. No farmer would part they can till they arrive at the barn. with that which hung over his table ; but
• I have seen,” says Hutchinson in his one was made on purpose for me. 1 “ History of Northumberland," " in some should suppose that Moresin alludes to places, an image apparelled in great something like this when he says, finery, crowned with flowers, a sheaf of spiceas papatus (habet) coronas, quas corn placed under her arm, and a scycle videre est in domibus,' &c.” in her hand, carried out of the village in the morning of the conclusive reaping day, with music and much clamour of the
It is noticed by Mr. Brand, that Purchas reapers, into the field, where it stands in his “ Pilgrimage,” speaking of the Pefixed on a pole all day, and when the ruvian superstitions, and quoting Acosta, reaping is done, is brought home in like tells us, “In the sixth moneth they offered manner. This they call the harvest queen, a hundred sheep of all colours, and then and it represents the Roman Ceres.
made a feast, bringing the mayz from the Mr. Brand
an old woman, who fields into the house, which they yet use. in a case of this nature is respectable au- This feast is made, coming from the farm thority, at a village in Northumherland,
to the house, saying certain songs, and informed me that not half a century ago, praying that the mayz may long continue. they used every where to dress up some. They put a quantity of the mayz (the best thing
similar to the figure above described, that groweth in their farms)'in a thing (by Hutchinson,) at the end of harvest
, which they call pirva, with certain cerewhich was called a harvest doll, or kern monies, watching three nights. Then do baby.
This northern word is plainly a they put it in the richest garment they corruption of corn baby, or image, as is have, and, being thus wrapped and the kern supper, of corn supper. Io Carew's dressed, they worship this pirva, holding •Survey of Cornwall,' p. 20. b.,,' an ill it in great veneration, and saying, it is the kerned or saved harvest occurs."
mother of the mayz of their inheritance,
and that by this means the mayz augments At Werington, in Devonshire, the and is preserred. In this moneth they clergyman of the parish informed Mr. make a particular sacrifice, and the Brand, that when a farmer finishes his witches demand of this pirva if it hath reaping, a small quantity of the ears of strength enough to continue until the next the last corn are twisted or tied together year; and if it answers no, then they into a curious kind of figure, which is carry this maiz to the farm whence it was brought home with great acclamations, taken, to burn, and make another pirva as hung up over the table, and kept till the before: and this foolish vanity still connext year. The owner would think it ex- tinueth." tremely unlucky to part with this, which On this Peruvian “ pirva,” the rev. Mr. 1s called “ a knack." The reapers whoop Walter, fellow of Christ's-college, Camand hollow “a knack! a knack! well cut! bridge, observes to Mr. Brand, that it well bound! well shocked !” and, in some bears a strong resemblance to what places, in a sort of mockery it is added, called in Kent, an ivy girl, which is a * well scattered on the ground.” A figure composed of some of the best corn countryman gave a somewhat different the field produces, and made, as well as account, as follows : “ When they have they can, into a human shape; this is cut the corn, the reapers assemble to- afterwards curiously dressed by the wogether : ' a knack' is made, which one
men, and adorned with paper trimmings, placed in the middle of the company holds cut to resemble a cap, ruffles, handkere
THE EVERY-DAY BOOK.-SEPTEMBER.
1164 chief, &c. of the finest lace. It is brought but I forgive her, as you know she is home with the last load of corn from the blind. May I, Mr. Editor, converse with field upon the waggon, and they suppose you in this way a little ? entitles them to a supper at the expense
In Gloucestershire this interesting of their employers.
season is thus kept. Of course the good
harvest-home; and she, assisted by her
daughters, makes every preparation to This custom is mentioned by Mr. Brand keep out famine and banish careas existing in Hertfordshire and Shrop- neighbours and friends are invited, hot shire. The
tie together the tops cakes of Betty's own making, and such of the last blades of corn, which they butter that Súkey herself had churned,
mare," and standing at some dis- tea, ale, syllabub, gooseberry wine, &c. tance, throw their sickles at it, and he who And what say you? Why, Mr. Editor, this cuts the knot, has the prize, with acclama- is nothing, this is but the beginning the tions and good cheer. Blount adds, re- grand scene is out of doors. Look yonspecting this custom, that “after the knot der, and see the whole of the troop of is cut, then they cry with a loud voice three times, 'I have her. Others answer together. They are about to bring home
men, women, and children congregated as many times, 'what have you ?'— A
the last load. You have seen election mare, a mare, a mare.'-'Whose is she,'
chairings, Mr. Editor; these are mere thrice also.-J. B.' (naming the owner jokes to it. This load should come from three times.)— Whither will you send the furthest field, and that it should be the her - To J. a Nicks, (naming some smallest only just above the rails, a large neighbour who has not all his .corn bough is placed in the centre, the women reaped ;) then they all shout three times and children are placed on the load, boys and so the ceremony ends with good on the horses, they themselves trimmed cheer. In Yorkshire, upon the like occasion, they have a hatvest dame; in Bed- with shouts of harvest-home," the horses
with cowslips and boughs of leaves, and
are urged forward, and the procession
house, where the before happy party are
do credit to your city crier, shouts
We have ploughed, we have sowed,
We have brought home every load,
Hip, hip, hip, Harvest home?
Sir,--With pleasure I have read your “ huzza.” The strong ale is then put
their shoes to look smart, and all meet
and although I am almost blind, yet I
NORFOLK. cannot resist telling you of what I have
To the Editor of the Every- Day Bovk. also seen in my boyish days in Suffolk. I do not mean to be long, sir, but merely
Norfolk, August, 14, 1826. to give you a few particulars of an ancient
Sir, In this county it is a general custom, which I must leave you to finish, practice on the first day of harvest, for the so that while you take a hearty pinch of men to leave the field about four o'clock, snuff (I know you don't like iobacco) I and retire to the alehouse, and have what shall have completed.
is here termed a “whet;" that is, a sort At the commencement of harvest one
of drinking bout to cheer their hearts for is chosen to be “ my lord.” He goes
labour. They previously solicit any who first in reaping, and mowing, and leads in happen to come within their sight with, every occupation. Now, sir, if you were
“I hope, sir, you will please to bestow a to pass within a field or iwo of this band largess on us?” If the boon is conceded the of husbandmen, “my lord” would leave giver is asked if he would like to have his the company, and approaching you with largess halloed ; if this is assented to, the respect, ask of you a largess. Supposing hallooing is at his service. he succeeded, which I know he would, he : At the conclusion of wheat harvest, it would hail his companions, and they would is usual for the master to give his men thus acknowledge the gift : my lord each a pot or two of ale, or money, to enwould place his troop in a circle, suppose where a cheerful merry meeting is held
able them to get some at the alehouse, fifteen men, and that they were reaping, or, if hoeing of turnips, he would bring here called) is decorated with flags and each one would have a hook in his hand, amongst themselves.
The last, or “ horkey load” (as it is his hoe. My lord then goes to a distance, mounts the stump of a tree, or a gate post, streamers, and sometimes a sort of kern and
repeats a couplet (forgive the baby is placed on the top at front of the treachery of my memory, for I forget the load. This is commonly called a “ ben;" words). The men still standing in the why it is so called, I know not, nor have circle listen with attention to the words I the smallest idea of its etymon, unless of my lord, and at the conclusion each a person of that name was dressed up with his reap-hook pointing with his and placed in that situation, and that, right hand to the centre of the circle, and
ever after, the figure had this name given with intent as if watching and expecting,
to it. This load is attended by all the they utter altogether a groan as long as
party, who had been in the field, with hal. four of your breves (if you go by notes): looing and shouting, and on their arrival then, as if impelled together, their eyes in the farmyard they are joined by the are lifted to the heavens above them, their others. The mistress with her maids are hooks point in the same direction, and at out to gladden their eyes with this welthe same time they change the doleful
come scene, and bestir themselves to pregroan to a tremendous shout, which is pare the substantial, plain, and homely repeated three distinct times.
feast, of roast beef and plumb pudding.
On this night it is still usual with some thus got during harvest, is money saved to make merry with at a neigh of the farmers to invite their neighbours, bouring public-house, and the evening is friends, and relations, to the "horkey supspent in shouting of the largess, and joyful per.” Smiling faces grace the festive mirth,
board; and, many an ogling glance is I am, Sir, &c.
thrown by the rural lover upon the pui. S. M.
brown maid, and returned with a blush. ing simplicity, worth all the blushes ever
made at court. Supper ended, they leave Another correspondent presents an the room, (the cloth , &c. are removed,) interesting description of usages in another and out of doors they go, and a hallooing county.
"largess" commences--thus Hallo! Lar
gess. (ad infinitum.)
(with three successire ! hoops.)
loured ribands on their hats, and steeple This done, they return to the table, or sugar-loaf formed caps, decked with where foaming nappy ale is accompanied various coloured paper, &c.,) to taste by the lily taper tube, and weed of their horkey beer, and solicit largess of any India growth; and now mirth and jollity one with whom they think success abound, the horn of sparkling beverageļikely. The money so collected is usuis put merrily about, the song goes round, ally spent at the alehouse at night. To and the joke is cracked. The females this “largess money spending,” the wives are cheerful and joyous partakets of this and sweethearts, with the female servants “ flow of soul."
of their late masters, are invited; and
more virtue in the decoction
Here's a health unto our master,
He is the finder of the feast :
I wish all things may prosper,
One of the party habited as
So drink, boys, drink,
Another Health Drinking.
Behold, and see, his glass is full,
At which he'll take a hearty pull;