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but all ineffectually. They seemed to he found his supporter going in an ad. be quite secure from each other's efforts, verse direction. With a presence of mind as long as they but held by the arm and unrateable, he relaxed his strain upon one breast-collar, as ordinary wrestlers do: A of his adversary's stretched legs, forcing new grip was to be effected. Cann libe- the other outwards with all the might of rated one arm of his adversary to seizé his foot, and pressing bis elbow upon the him by the cape behind : at that instant opposite shoulder. This was sufficient to Warren, profiling by his inclined posture, whisk his man undermost the instant he and his long arms, threw himself round unstiffened his knee-which Warren did the body of the Devon champion, and not do until more than half way to the fairly lifted him a foot from the ground, ground, when from the acquired rapidity clutching him in his arms with the grasp of the falling bodies nothing was discemiof a second Anteæus: The Cornish men ble. At the end of the fall, Warren was shouted aloud, “Well done, Warren!” seen sprawling on his back, and Cann to their hero, whose naturally pale visage whom he had liberated to save himself, glowed with the hope of success. He had been thrown a few yards off on allseemed to have his opponent at his will; fours. Of course the victory should hare and to be fit to Bing him, as Hercules been adjudged to this last. When the flung Lycas, any how he pleased. Dea partial referrée was appealed to, he de vonshire then trembled for its champion, cided, that it was not a fair fall, as only and was mute. Indeed it was a moment one shoulder had bulged the ground, of heart-quaking suspense.--- But Cand though there was evidence on the back of was not daunted; his countenance ex- Warren that both had touched it pretty pressed anxiety, but not discomfiture. He rudely. After much debating a new rewas off terra-firma, clasped in the em- ferree was appointed, and the old one brace of a powerful man, who waited but expelled; when the candidates again a single struggle of his, to pitch him more entered the lists. The crowning beauty effectually from him to the ground of the whole was, that the second fail Without straining to disengage himself, was precisely a counterpart of the other. Cann with unimaginable dexterity glued Warren made the same move, only lifting his back firmly to his opponent's chest, his antagonist higher, with a view to lacing his feet round the other's knee- throw the upper part of his frame out of joints, and throwing one arm backward play. Cann turned himself exactly in over Warren's shoulder, so as to keep his the same manner using much greater own enormous shoulders pressed upon effort than before, and apparently more the breast of his uplifter. In this posió put to it, by his opponent's great strength. tion they stood at least twenty seconds, His share, however, in upsetting his supeach labouring in one continuous strains porter was greater this time, as he relaxed to bend the other, one backwards, the one leg much sooner, and adhered closer other forwards:-Such a struggle could to the chest during the fall; for at the not last. Warren; with the weight of the close be was seen uppermost, still coiled other upcn his stomach and chest, and an round his supine adversary, who admitted inconceivable stress upon his spine, felt the fall, starting up, and offering his hand his balance almost gone, as the energetic to the victor. He is a good wrestler too movements of his countenance indicated. --so good, that we much question the -His feet too were motionless, by the authority of “The Times," for saying that coil of his adversary's legs round his; so he is not one of the crack wrestlers of to save himself from falling backwards, Cornwall. From his amazing strength, he stiffened his whole body from the with common skill he should be a firstankles upwards, and these last being the rate man at this play, but his skill is only liberated joints, he inclined forwards much greater than his countrymen seemed from them, so as to project both bodies, inclined to admit.-Certain it is, they and prostrate them in one column to the destined him the first prize, and had Cana ground together. It was like the slow not come up to save the honour of his and poising fall of an undermined tower county, for that was his only inducement, -You had time to contemplate the in- the four prizes, by judiciously matching jury which Capn the undermost would the candidates, would no doubt have sustain if they fell in that solid, unbend- been given to natives of Cornwall. ing posture to the earth. But Cann ceased bearing upon the spine as soon as



BLACKFORD, THE BACKSWORD PLAYER. ton by the present memorialist, arose

out of the “ Coronation of George the To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. Third.” All the festivities of the seasons

Sir,—Your correspondent C. T. p. 1207, were concentrated, and May games and having given a description of “Purton Christmas customs, without regard to Fair," my grandmother and father born usage, in full exercise. The belfry was there, the birth-place of Anne Boleyn, I filled day after day; any one that could feel interested in the spot of my progeni- pull a rope might ring, which is no easy tors. C. T., speaking of old « Corey task; the bells are deep, and two or three Dyne,” the gipsy, says a man named Black- men usually raise the tenor. Some of the ford was the most noted Backsword- Blackfords lie in Purton churchyard player of his day. He bore off the prizes

October 5.

*, *, P. then played for in London, Bath, Bristol, and Gloucester. When very young, at The autumnal dress of a man in the Lyneham grammar-school, I recollect fourteenth century is introduced, from the this frontispiece despoiler broke fourteen transcript of an illumination, in a manuheads, one after another; in the fifteenth script which supplied the Spring and Sumbout, however, he pretty nearly_found mer dress of that age, before presented. his match in the person of Isaac Bushel, a blacksmith of this place, who could bite a nail asunder, eat a shoulder of mutton with appendages, or fight friend or

20 V foe for love or money. It was a saying, “ Bushel could take enough to kill a dozen men;" nor was his head unlike his

95257 name: he was the village Wat Tyler.

When the Somerset youths played with the Wiltshire on a stage on Calne-green, two years since, one of Blackford's descendants gave a feeling proof of headbreaking with other heads of this bloodletting art, in which stratagem is used to conceal the crimson gush chiefly by sucking: Like fencing, attitude and agility are the great assistants to ensure success in backsword-playing; the basket is also of great service to the receiving of blows, And here as suitable to the season may and protecting the muscles of the wrist. be subjoined some lines by a correspondThe greatest exploits remembered at Pur: ent.


For the Every-Day Book.
The flowers are gone, the trees are bare,
There is a chillness in the air,
A damp that in the spirit sinks,
Till the shudd'ring heart within me shrinks :
Cold and slow the clouds roll past,
And wat'ry drops come with the blast
That moans, amid the poplars tall,
A dirge for the summer's funeral.
Every bird to his home has gone,
Save one that loves to sing alone
The robin;-in yon ruin'd tree
He warbles sweetly, mournfully
His shrill note cumes upon the wind,
Like a sound of an unearthly kind;
He mourns the loss of his sunny bowers,
And the silent haunts of happy hours.

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There he sits like a desolate thing,
With a dabbled breast and a dripping wing,
He has seen his latent joys decline,
Yet his heart is lighter far than mine;
His task is o'er-his duty done,
His strong-wing'd race on the wind have gone,
He has nothing left to brood upon;
He has still the hope of a friendly crumb
When the wintry snow over earth shall come,
And a shelter from the biting wind,
And the welcome looks of faces kind.
I wander here amid the blast,
And a dreary look I backward cast;
The best of my years I feel are fled,
And I look to the coming time with dread
My heart in a desert land has been,
Where the flower of hope alone was green ;
And little in life's decline have I
To expect from kindred's sympathy.
Like the leaves now whirl'd from yonder spray,
The dreams I have cherish'd day by day,
On the wings of sorrow pass away.
Yet I despair not-time will bring
To the plumeless bird a new bright wing,
A warmer breeze to the now chill'd flower,
And to those who mourn a lighter hout;
A gay green leaf to the faded tree,
And happier days, I trust, to me.
'Twas best that the weeds of sorrow sprung
With my heart's few flowers, while yet 'twas young,
They can the sooner be destroy'd,
And happiness fill their dreary void.

S. R.J.
NALURALISTS' CALENDAR. skill equally conspicuous and extraor-
Mean Temperature . .

50. 77. dinary; who, in consequence of these rare

endowments, never led on our fleets to

battle that he did not conquer; and whose October 2.1.

name was a tower of strength to England,

and a terror to her foes."* BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR. In a dreadful engagement off Cape NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. Trafalgar, on the 21st of October, 1805, Mean Temperature ... 50 · 62. between the English fleet, consisting of twenty-seven sail of the line and four

October 22. frigates, and the combined fleets of France

and Spain, consisting of thirty-three sail
and seven frigates, which lasted four In October, 1735, a child of James and
hours, twenty sail of the enemy were Elizabeth Leesh, of Chester-le-street, in

unk or destroyed, and the French com- the county of Durham, was played for at
mander-in-chief, (admiral Villeneuve,) cards, at the sign of the Salmon, one
with two Spanish 'admirals, were made game, four shillings against the child, by
prisoners. The gallant Nelson was Henry and John Trotter, Robert Thom-
wounded about the middle of the action, son, and Thomas Ellison, which was won
and died nearly at its close.-" Thus ter- by the latter, and delivered to them
minated the brilliant career of our peer- accordingly.t
less Naval Hero, who was, beyond dis-

pute, preeminent in courage, in a de-
partment of the British service where all Mean Temperature ...49 · 97.
our countrymen are proverbially courage-

* Butler's Chronological Exercises, ous : who, to unrivalled courage, united

# Sykes's Local Records, 2% 79.

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ROMAN REMAINS AT PANCRAS. When I came attentively to consider the A former notice of some antiquities in situation of it, and the circumjacent this vicinity, seems to have occasioned the ground, I easily discerned the traces of subjoined article on similar remains. Its his whole camp. A great many ditches or initials will be recognised as those of a

divisions of the pastures retain footsteps correspondent, whose communications of the plan of the camp, agreeable to their have been acceptable, and read with in- usual form, as in the plate engraved ; and terest.

whenever I take a walk thither, I enjoy a

visionary scene of the whole camp of ROMAN REMAINS AT PANCRAS.

Cæsar as described in the plate before us; SIR,-In the ninetieth number of your a scene just as if beheld, and Cæsar Every-Day Book, (the present volume, present. col. 1197-1204,) a very interesting article His army consisted of forty thousand appeared on the subject of the Roman Four legions with his horse. The remains near Pentonville, and thinking camp is in length five handred paces—the you may be inclined to acquaint your thirty paces beyond, for the way between readers with “ Cæsar's Camp" at St. 'the tents and vallum, (where a vallum is Pancras, situate near the old church, made,) amounts to five hundred and sixty; which are likely in the course of a short so that the proportion of length to breadth time to be entirely destroyed by the rage is as three to two. for improvement in that neighbourhood, This space of ground was sufficient for I forward you the following particulars. Cæsar's army according to Roman dis

The only part at present visible is the cipline, for if he had forty thousand men, prætorium of Cæsar, which may be seen a third part of them were upon guard. in the drawing that accompanies this, The front of the camp is bounded but the ditch is now: nearly filled up. Í by a spring with a little current of water visited the spot about a week ago, and running from the west, across the Brill, can therefore vouch for its existence up into the Fleet brook. This Brill was the to that time, but every thing around it be occasion of the road directly from the gins to bear a very different aspect to what city, originally going alongside the brook it did about two years back, when my at- . by Bagnigge; the way to Highgate being tention was particularly called to the spot at first by Copenhagen-house, which is from having read Dr. Stukeley's remarks straight road thither from Gray’s-inn-lane. on the subject. At that time I was able This camp has the brook running quite to trace several other vestiges, which are through the middle of it: it arises from entirely destroyed by the ground having seven springs on the south side of the been since dug up for the purpose of hill between Hampstead and Highgate by making bricks.

Caen wood, where it forms several large The following extracts are taken from ponds, passes by here by the name of the second volume of Dr. Stukeley's Fleet, washes the west side of the city of

Itinerary” The plan of the camp is London, and gives name to Fleet-street. taken from the same work. I shall feel This brook was formerly called the river pleasure if you will call attention to it, as of wells, from the many springs above, you have already to the Roman remains which our ancestors called wells; and it at Pentonville.

may be thought 10 have been more conI am, Sir, yours respectfully,

siderable in former times than at present,

S. G. for now the major part of its water is carOctober 9, 1826.

ried off in pipes to furnish Kentish-town, Pancras, and Tottenham-court; but even

now in great rains the valley is covered over Dr. Stukeley's ACCOUNT OF Cæsar's

with water. Go a quarter of a mile higher CAMP,

towards Kentish-town and you may have

October, 1758. a just notion of its appearance at that Cæsar's camp was situate where Pan- place, only with this difference, that it is cras church is-his prætorium is still very there broader and deeper from the current plain-over against the church, in the of so many years. It must further be confootpath on the west side of the brook ; sidered that the channel of this brook the vallum and the ditch visible; its through so many centuries, and by its breadth from east to west forty paces, its being made the public north road from length from north to south sixty paces. London to Highgate, is very much lowered

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