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and widened since Cæsar's time. It was ticle may draw attention to the subject, then no sort of embarrassment to the the editor defers remark till he has been camp, but an admirable convenience for favoured with communications from other watering, being contained in narrow hands. banks not deep. The breadth and length are made by long tract of time. The ancient road by Copenhagen wanting repair,

Tue ANTIQUARY. induced passengers to make this gravelly The following lines were written by an valley become much larger than in old and particular friend of the erudite Cæsar's time. The old division runs individual who received them : along that road between Finsbury and Holborn division, going in a straight line

To RICHARD Gough, Esq. from Gray's-inn-lane to Highgate : its an- O tu severi Religio loci ! tiquity is shown in its name—Madan- Hail, genius of this littered study! lane.

Or tell what name you most delight iu The recovery of this noble antiquity For sure where all the ink is muddy, will give pleasure to a British antiquary; And no clean margin left to write in, especially an inhabitant of London, No common deity resides. whereof it is a singular glory. It renders We see, we feel thy power divine, the walk over the beautiful fields to the In every tattered folio's dust, Brill doubly agreeable, when at half a mile Each mangled manuscript is thine, distance we can tread in the very steps

And thine the antique helmet's rust. of the Roman camp master, and of the

Nor less observed thy

power presides greatest of the Roman generals.

Where plundered brasses crowd the floor, We need not wonder that the traces of Hid by Confusion's puzzling door

Or dog's-eared drawings burst their binding this camp so near the metropolis are so

Beyond the reach of mortal finding. nearly worn out; we may rather wonder Than if beneath a costly roof that so inuch is left, when a proper saga- Each moulding edged by golden fillet, city in these matters may discern them, The Russian binding, insect proof, and be assured that somewhat more than Blushed at the foppery of three or four sorry houses are commemor- Give me, when tired by dust and sun, ated under the name of the Brill, (now If rightly I thy name invoke, called Brill-place-Terrace ;) nor is it up. The bustle of the town to shun, worthy of remark, as an evident confirma. And breathe unvext by city smoke. tion of our system, that all the ditches But, ah! if from these cobwebbed walls,

And from this moth-embroidered cushion, and fences now upon the ground, have a

Too fretful Fortune rudely calls, manifest respect to the principal members

Resolved the cares of life to push on of the original plan of the camp.

Give me at least to pass my ago In this camp Cæsar made the two

At ease in some book-tapestried cell, British kings friends-Casselham and his where I may turn the pictured page, nephew Mandubrace.

Nor start at visitants' loud bell. I judge I have performed my promise in giving an account of this greatest curiosity, so illustrious a monument of

October 23. the greatest of the Roman generals, which

St. SURIN. has withstood the waste of time for more than eighteen centuries, and passed un- St. Surin, or St. Severin, which is his noticed but half a mile off the metropolis. proper name, is a saint held in great I shall only add this observation, that veneration at Bordeaux; he is considered when I came to survey this plot of ground as one of the great patrons of the town. to make a map of it by pacing, I found It was his native place, but he deserted every where even and great numbers, and it for a time to go and preach the gospel what I have often formerly observed in at Cologne. When he returned, St. Roman works; whence we may safely Amand, then bishop of Bordeaux, went affirm the Roman camp master laid out out with a solemn procession of the clergy his works by pacing.*

to meet him, and, as he had been warned

to do in a vision, resigned his bishopric With the hope that the preceding ar- to him, which St. Surin continued to enjoy

*

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• Dr. Stukeley's Itinerary,

• Dr. Foreter's Perennial Calendar,

as long as he lived. St. Amand con- founders of the principal churches in
tinued at Bordeaux as a private person; Aquitaine."*
but surviving St. Surin, he was at his
death restored to the station from which
he had descended with so much gentleness On an oval marble in Egham church,
and resignation. It is among the tra- Surrey, are the following lines written by
ditions of the church of St. Surin at David Garrick, to the memory of the
Bordeaux, that the cemetery belonging to Reverend Mr. Thomas Beighton who
it was “consecrated by Jesus Christ him- was vicar of that church forty-five years,
self, accompanied by seven bishops, who and died on the 23d of October, 1771,
were afterwards canonized, and were the aged 73.

EPITAPH.
Near half an age, with every good man's praise,
Among his flock the shepherd passed his days;
The friend, the comfort, of the sick and poor,
Want never knock'd unheeded at his door.
Oft when his duty callid, disease and pain
Strove to confine him, but they strove in vain.
All mourn his death : his virtues long they try'd :
They knew not how they lov'd bim till he died.
Peculiar blessings did his life attend :
He had no foe, and Camden was his friend.

91

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

suitable envelope of leather. Now waterMean Temperature 48.00. cress women, or rather girls, with chubby

babies hanging on one arm, and a flat

basket suspended from the shoulder by a October 24,

strap, stand at their station-post, near the AN OCTOBER SUNDAY MORNING pump, at a corner of the street.f Now IN COCKNEYSHIRE.

mechanics in aprons, with unshorn, un

washed faces, take their birds, dogs, and For the Every-Day Book.

pipes, towards the fields, which, with dif“Vat's the time, Villiam ?”

ficulty, they find. Now the foot and horseu Kevarter arter seven.

guards are preparing for parade in the The“ Mirror of the Months” seems to parks-coaches are being loaded by pasreflect every object to the reader's eye; but sengers, dressed for “ a few miles out of not having read more of that work than by town"—the doors of liquor-shops are in extract, in the Every-Day Book, I think motion-prayers at St. Paul's and Westan addendum, par hasard, may not be minster are responded by choristers,— without truth and interest.

crowds of the lower orders create discord Rise early,-be abroad, -and after you by the interference of the officious streethave inspired sufficient fog to keep you keeper-and the “Angel” and “Elephant coughing all day, you will see Jewboys and Castle” are surrounded by jaunty and girls with their fathers and mothers company, arriving and departing with veering forth from the purlieus of Hounds- horses reeking before the short and longditch with sweetmeats, “ten a penny !" stage coaches.Now the pious missionary which information is sung, or said, ten drops religious tracts in the local stands thousand times before sunset. Now of hackney coachmen, and paths leading Irishmen, (except there be a fight in Co- to the metropolis.—Now nuts and walnuts penhagen fields,) and women, are hurrying slip-shelled are heaped in a basket with to and from mass, and the poorest crea- some dozens of the finest cracked, placed tures sit near the chapels, with all their at the top, as specimens of the whole :own infants, and those of others, to excite bullace, bilberries, sliced cocoa-nuts, appity, and call down the morning smile of ples, pears, damsons, blackberries, and charity:-Now newsboys come along the oranges are glossed and piled for sale so Strand with damp sheets of intelligence folded under their arms in a greasy, dirty

Miss Plumptre.

+ This is the only month in the year in which piece of thick (once) brown paper, or a water-cresses are without spawn.

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imposingly, that no eye can escape them. seeking home from divine worship with -Now fruiterers' and druggists' windows, appetites and purple noses— beer!' is like six days’ mourning, are half shut- echoed in every circle,—and post meridian tered.-Now the basket and bell pass assumes new features, as gravities and your house with muffins and crumpets. gaieties, in proportion to the weather, inPlacards are hung from newsvenders', at Auence the cosmopolitan thermometer. whose taking appearances, gossips stand to learn the fate of empires, during the lapse of hebdomadal warfare.--Now beg

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
gars carry the broom, and the great tho-

Mean Temperature . . . 48 · 47.
roughfares are in motion, and geese and
game are sent to the rich, and the poor
cheapen at the daring butcher's shop, for

October 25.
scrag of mutton to keep company in the

CRISPIN. pot with the carrots and turnips.--Now The Israelites' little sheds are clothed with

On this, the festival day of St. Crispin, apparel, near which “a Jew's eye” is enough has been already said* to show

that watching to catch the wants of the neces

is the great holyday of the numer

ous brotherhood of cordwainers. The sitous that purchase at second-hand. Now eels are sold in sand at the bridges, latter name they derive from their workand steam-boats loiter about wharfs and ing in Spanish leather manufactured at stairs to take up stray people for Rich- Cordovan ; their cordovan-ing has softened mond and the Eel-pié house. The

down into cordwaining.

pedestrian advocate now unbags his sticks and spreads them in array against a quiet,

SHOES AND BUCKLES. but public wall.—Chesnuts are just com

The business of a shoemaker is of great ing in, and biscuits and cordials are guard at Old Palace Yard, where the the yarn, and his knife, were as early as handed amongst the coldstreams relieving antiquity. The instrument for cleaning

hides, the shoemaker's bristle added to Bands play favourite pieces enclosed by the twelfth century. He was accustomed ranks and files of military men, and crowds of all classes and orders. Now to hawk his goods, and it is conjectured the bells are chiming for church, -dis- that there was a separate trade for ansenters and methodists are hastening to nexing the soles.t The Romans in classiworship-baker's counters are being co

cal times, wore cork soles in their shoes vered with laden dishes and platters, in winter; and as high heels were not

to secure the feet from water, especially quakers are silently seated in their meet- then introduced, the Roman ladies who ings,—and a few sailors are surveying the stupendous dome of St. Paul's, under been formed by nature, put plenty of cork

wished to appear taller than they had which the cathedral service is performing under them.I The streets

of Rome in the on the inside of closed iron gates.—Now time of Domitian were blocked up by the beadle searches public-houses with the blinds let down.-Now winter pat- to be removed. In the middle

cobblers' stalls, which he therefore caused

ages shoes terns, great coats, tippets, muffs, cloaks and pelisses are worn, and

many a thinly- and oil, soap, and grease, were the substi

were cleaned by washing with a sponge clad carmelite shivers along the streets. With many variations, the “ Sunday Morn- in shoes in the fourteenth century. In an

tutes for blacking. Buckles were worn ing” passes away; and then artizans are

Irish abbey

a human skeleton was found returning from their rustication, and ser

with marks of buckles on the shoes. In
vants are waiting with cloths on their arms
for the treasures of the oven-people are

England they became fashionable many
years before the reign of queen Mary;

the labouring people wore them of cop• In Bath, before Sally Lunns were so fashionable, per; other persons had them of silver, or (their origin 1 shall shortly acquaint you with) copper-gilt: not long after shoe-roses

a

cried Don't you know the muffin man?

came in. Buckles revived before the Don't you know his name? And don't you know the muffin-man

revolution of 1689, remained fashionable I reply, yes, I did know him, and a facetious little short fellow he was, with a face as pocked as his + Fosbroke's Ency. of Antiquities. crumpets; but his civility gained him friends and competence, --virtue's just reward.

That lives in Bridewell-lane &c."

• See vol. i. col. 1895.

1 Beckmann.
| Fosbroke.

till after the French revolution in 1789; from 10 in the Morning till 7' at Night; and finally.became extinct before the close if any are not apprehensive of the cerof the eighteenth century.

tainty of the Success, they may come and have full satisfaction, that they may have

their Money if they will. In Robert Hegg's “ Legend of St. Cuthbert,” reprinted at the end of Mr.

NELSON Dixon's “ Historioal and Descriptive View The notice of the battle wherein this il of the city of Durham and its Environs,” illustrious admiral received his deathwe are told of St. Goodrick, that“ in his wound, (on the 21st,) might have been younger age he was a pedlar, and carried properly accompanied by the following his moveable shop from fair to fair upon quotation from a work which should be his back," and used to visit Lindisfarne, put into the chest of every boy on his going “ much delighting to heare the monkes

to sea. It is so delightfully written, as to tell wonders of St. Cuthbert; which soe rivet the attention of every reader whether enflamed his devotion, that he undertookę mariner or landsman. a pilgrimage to the holy sepulchre; and

“ The death of Nelson was felt in Engby the advice of St. Cuthbert in a dreame, land as something more than a public repayred againe to the holy land, and calamity: men started at the intelligence, washing his feete in Jordan, there left his and turned pale, as if they had heard of shoes, with a vow to goe barefoot all his the loss of a dear friend. An object of life after."

our admiration and affection, of our

pride and of our hopes, was suddenly NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

taken from us; and it seemed as if we Mean Temperature 47 · 87.

had never, till then, known how deeply

we loved and reverenced him. What the October 26.

country had lost in its great naval heros

the greatest of our own, and of all former ROYAL DEBTS.

times- - was scarcely taken into the ac

count of grief. So perfectly, indeed, had On this subject a curious notice is extracted from " the Postman, October 26- war, after the battle of Trafalgar, was

he performed his part, that the maritime 28, 1708"-viz,

considered at an end ; the fleets of the Adertisement.

enemy were not merely defeated, but TH He Creditors of King Charles, K. destroyed : new navies must be built, and

James, and K. William, having found a new race of seamen reared for them, out and discovered sufficient Funds for before the possibility of their invading our securing a perpetual Interest for 4 Mile shores could again be contemplated. It lions, without burdening the people, clog- was not, therefore, from any selfish reflecging the Trade or impairing the Revenue; tion upon the magnitude of our loss that and all their debts not amounting to ntar we mourned for him : the general sorrow that Sum; the more to strengthen their was of a higher character. The people interest, and to find the greater favour of England grieved that funeral ceremowith the Parliament, have agreed that the nies, public monuments, and posthumous Army and Transports Debentures and rewards, were all which they could now other Parliament Debts may if they please, bestow upon him, whom the king, the joyn with them, and it is not expected legislature, and the nation, would alike that any great Debts shall pay any Charge have delighted to honour; whom every for carrying on this Act, until it be hap- tongue would have blessed; whose pres pily accomplished, and no more will be ence in every village through which he expected afterwards than what shall be might have passed would have awakened readily agreed to before hand, neither the church bells, have given schoolboys shall any be hindered from taking any a holiday, have drawn children from their other measures, if there should be but a sports to gaze upon him, and old men suspicion of miscarriage, which is impose from the chimney corner'

to look upon sible if they Unite their Interest. They Nelson, ere they died. The victory of continue to meet by the Parliament Stairs Trafalgar was celebrated, indeed, with the in Old Palace-yard, there is a Note on the usual forms of rejoicing, but they were Door, where daily attendance is given without joy; for such already was the

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glory of the British navy, through Nets Baked Wardens-all hot : son's surpassing genius, that it scarcely

Who kutows what I have got?'' seemed to receive any addition from the most signal vietory that ever was achieved NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. upon the seas: and the destruetion of this

Mean- Temperature . . . 46 30. mighty fleet, by which all the maritime schemes of France were totally frustrated,

October 29. hardly appeared to add to our security or strength; for while Nelson was living, to

CTOBER IN London. watch the combined squadrons of the

On looking into the “ Mirror of the enemy, we felt ourselves as secure

Months,” we find “. now, when they were no longer in exists of the season.—“ October is to London

a lively portraiture" ence. There was reason to suppose, from what April is to the country; it is the the appearances upon opening the body: spring of the London summer, when the that, in the course of nature, he might hopes of the shopkeeper begin to bude have attained, like his father, to a good forth, and he lays aside the insupportable old age. Yet he cannot be said to have labour of having nothing to do, for the fallen prematurely whose work was done; delightful leisure of preparing to be in a nor ought he to be lamented, who died so perpetual bustle. During the last month, full of honours, and at the height of hu

or two he has been strenuously endean man fame. The most triumphant death rouring to persuade himself that the is that of the martyr; the most awful, Steyne at Brighton is as healthy as Bondthat of the martyred patriot; the most street; the pavé of Pall Mall no more splendid, that of the hero in the hour of picturesque than the Pantiles of Tunbridge victory : 'and if the chariot and the horses Wells ; and winning a prize at one-cardof fire had been vouchsafed for Nelson's loo at Margate, as piquant a process as: translation, he could scarcely have de- serving a customer to the same amount of parted in a brighter blaze of glory."

profit. But now that the time is returned:

when“ business' must again be attended NATURAEIST'S CALENDAR.

to, he discards with contempt all such Mean Temperature 48. 25. mischievous heresies, and reembraces the

only orthodox faith of a London shop

keeper--that London and his shop are: October 27.

the true beauteous and sublime of huFLEET MARKET.

man life. In fact, now is the winter of On the 27th of October, 1736, Mr. his discontent'

(that is to say, what other

people call summer) made glorious sum, Robinson a carpenter, and Mr. Medway mer by the near approach of winter ; and a bricklayer, contracted to build Fleet- all the wit he is master of is put in requimarket, by the following midsummer, for sition, to devise the means of proving that 39701.t

every thing he has offered to his friends

the public,' up to this particular period, NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

has become worse than 'obsolete. Ac. Mean Temperature 47 • 50. cordingly, now are those poets of the

shopkeepers, the inventors of patterns, October 28.

perplexed in the extreme; since, unless they can produce a something which shall

- necessarily supersede all their previous (St. Simon and St. Jude.)

productions, their occupation's gone. It

is the same with all other caterers for the « WARDENS !”

public taste; even the literary ones. Mr. A correspondent says, that about, or Elliston, for his fortunate successor, if one before this time, it is the custom at Bed- there be, ever anxious to contribute to ford, now abouts, for boys to cry baked the amusement of his liberal patrons, the pears in the town with the following publie,' is already busied in sowing the stanza

seeds of a new tragedy, two operatic ro** Who knows what I have got? mances, three grand romantic melo-draIn a pot hot?

mas, and half a dozen farces, in the fertile

soil of those poets whom he employs its • Southey's Life of Nelson. + Gentleman's Magazine.

each of these departments respectively;

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