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was provided to Matlock Baths, in Derbyshire, where a very pleasant day was spent. On Friday, the children spent the day in school and the grounds adjoin. ing, being well provided with shuttlecocks, skipping-ropes, bats and balls, and skittles, all of which were thoroughly well used and enjoyed. Tea was provided in the school-room, where again the scholars and friends mustered to the number of about 200.
At Radcliffe, 422 scholars and teachers walked in procession on Whit-Friday, along the principal streets of Radcliffe and Whitefield. On returning to the school the children were supplied with tea, subsequently proceeding to a field near, kindly lent by the occupier, various games peculiar to Whit-Tide were indulged in, dancing forming a prominent feature. The following day (Saturday) the teachers and elder scholars, to the number of 60, proceeded to Buxton ; the romantic scenery of that neighbourhood affording abundant sources of enjoyment. A few of the teachers also accompanied the Independents in their excursion to Scarborough.
At Heywood, 480 children and friends of the school had a procession through the principal portions of the town, returning to tea in the schoolroom, and spending the rest of the day in outdoor amusements in an adjoining field. On the Saturday several spent the day in Liverpool, an excursion being provided for that purpose. The latter days of the week were similarly spent by the schools at Kersley, Bolton, Rhodes, Ramsbottom, and probably nearly all the schools in this part of the kingdom. At Kersley, Radcliffe, Heywood, and some of the other schools, the proceedings were enlivened by bands of music; and everywhere the utmost efforts were made to promote the thorough enjoyment of the children.
Another occasion on which is manifested the interest of the meinbers of the church in their Sunday schools, is at the annual sermons and collections on their behalf. At the small Society at Burnley, consisting almost exclusively of a few working men, the collections amounted to £6. At Oswaldtwistle the collections were £9; at Clayton-le-Moors, £30; at Besses-o-th’- Barn, £14; at Haslingden, £16; at Rhodes, £18; at Blackburn, £19; at Bolton, £29; at Salford, £26; at Kersley, £49; and at Radcliffe, £89. These sums sufficiently attest the interest felt by the members of the Church in the support of their Šunday schools, and also of their several churches, as the means of sustaining these schools and perpetuating their usefulness. In the school is found a field of usefulness for the members of the Church, and especially for the younger members, who continue their religious education in their efforts to teach others. A correspondent who visited the school at Besses, writes us: “I was extremely pleased to see the school so well filled. To see so many scholars assenabled to be instructed by a staff of teachers consisting almost entirely of young men, all working together so cheerfully and energetically, was really delightful.” Long, indeed, may this great work continue to interest the Church, and be, as at present, the means of strengthening her charity, extending her borders, and increasing her usefulness in the world.
WESLEY, SWEDENBORG, AND EARLY
MEMBERS OF THE NEW CHURCH. Under the title of “The Life and Tiines of the Rev. John Wesley, M. A.,” there has recently issued from the press a work in three good-sized volumes, written by the Rev. L. Tyerman, a leading minister of the Wesleyan body. The work is a lengthened and somewhat prolix statement of the rise and progress of the remarkable religious movement of Wesleyan Methodism during the life of its founder. The writer has endeavoured to write impartially, and in
doing so has narrated many particulars which show the infirmities of his hero, and the worse than infirmities of many of his disciples.
In the course of such a work, it was impossible to avoid all allusion to Swedenborg and to some of the earlier members of the New Church. Readers of Swedenborg may be interested to know the present opinion of intelligent Wesleyans respecting our gre author, and if Mr. Tyerman may be supposed to represent this class of his brethren, they will be surprised and pained to “Wesley,
find how little progress has been made several of whom find a place in these by them in a correct appreciation of his volumes, are concerned. character, or a right estimate of the One of the early receivers named is nature and purpose of his writings. the Rev. Mr. Hartley, the Rector of The author's own statements are con- Winwick, to whom the author devotes tained in two short notices in the third over six pages. “Mr. Hartley," he volume of his work. In the first of
says, was a friend of the Countess of these he says:
" Baron Emanuel Huntingdon, and of the Shirley family. Swedenborg, after rendering great ser- He was a man of learning, and of strong, vice to science, and thereby winning the cultivated mind. He was an earnest, esteem of Charles XII., and having his devout, energetic Christian ; an able, name deservedly enrolled among those liberal, unbigoted minister; and an of the members of the academies of author whose style is clear and forcible, Upsal, Stockholm, and Petersburg, and sometimes eloquent, and whose came to London in 1743, attended the valuable works are still worth reading. Moravian Chapel in Fetter Lane, went Mr. Hartley, however was a Millennarian mad, and began to write and publish and a mystic." And here is the ground the visionary books containing the creed of the attention given to this estimable of the Swedenborgians” (vol. iii. p. 58). man and able writer. Wesley disapOn a subsequent page (407) the author proved of his mystic tendencies, though again writes : “The Baron, a little himself under unquestionable obligabefore he died, presented Wesley with tion to the writings of Mr. Law for the his last and largest theological work, early awakening of his mind to a sense of * True Christian Religion ; but he spiritual things. He was at one with failed to make a convert of him. Wes- him, however, in his speculations reley believed him to be insane, and specting the millennium. traced his insanity to a fever which he like his father before him, was a millenhad in London, when he ran into the narian, a believer in the second advent of street stark naked, proclaimed himself Christ, to reign on earth, visibly and the Messiah, and rolled himself in the gloriously, for a thousand years. mire.' He was a 'fine genius,-majes- Another early member of the New tic though in ruins.'” Thus the lapse Church is J. W. Salmon, Esq., whose of time and the progress of increased memory is treated with scant courtesy, knowledge respecting Swedenborg and and his efforts to do good with manihis writings seem to have produced no fest injustice. He is described as “an effect whatever on minds of the order eccentric Christian gentleman,” who of the Rev. L. Tyerman. With a mul- was probably the Mr. Salmon who titude of examples before him of the was to have gone with the Wesleyans gross injustice done to the early Metho- to Georgia, but who was forcibly dedists by the cruel slanders of their op- tained in his Cheshire home by his ponents, and with the admission of the father and mother, who were distracted occasional want of candour and accurate at the thought of their son leaving statement respecting his opponents by them." He “had a good heart, but a Mr. Wesley himself, this writer repeats muddy head ;” and “it is scarcely too and gives increased circulation to a much to say, that the weak mind of most wicked slander respecting one of this well-meaning man henceforth lost the most excellent of men ; giving as his its balance, and that mystic pride and sole authority a reference to the stale cacoethes scribendi were the chief feaand often-refuted statements of the tures that distinguished the close of a Arminian Magazine. Men have learned lengthened but lustreless life.” Com. to estinate at their proper value the ment on this is totally unnecessary. slanders respecting Wesley and the hos- “His wife and several of the Misses tility against the noble work in which Salmon,” we are told, “were intelligent he was engaged ; and those who suffered and earnest Methodists;" and it can adfrom this hostility, or are called to nar- mit of little doubt, that had Mr. Sal. rate its history, might reasonably be mon remained in fellowship with his expected to rise above the spirit they early religious associates, we should condemn. There is no evidence, how- have received a very different account ever, in these volumes of such elevatior., of his character and mental abilities. so far, at least, as Swedenborg and the Those who are best entitled to speak of early members of the New Church, him describe him as a pious and intel
ligent Christian gentleman, and his intimate friendship with Fletcher of Madeley, to whom he was indebted for his introduction to the writings of Swedenborg, is itself an evidence of his intelligence and the excellency of his Christian character.
PORTRAIT OF SWEDENBORG.–To the Editor.-Dear Sir,--Most of your readers will be interested in the announcement that a Portrait of Swedenborg, of the existence of which no one living at the present time seems to have been aware, has just been discovered. It is an oil painting, 25 inches high by 20 inches wide, on old canvas, nailed with iron nails to a frame of common cedar. The nails are so old that the rust from them has permeated the grain of the surrounding wood and made it almost homogeneous with the nail. The general condition of the picture is such as to satisfy any competent judge that it is no modern production; in fact, several judges of old paintings have, from an inspection of the back of the canvas and frame, without seeing the front, pronounced that it must be about 100 years old. The lower part of the picture and the left side of the coat are much injured, so that the bare canvas shows itself in patches, but the head, neck, and breast of the portrait are whole, and perfectly preserved, excepting the discolouration by age and dirt. The face is presumably life-size, and has a pleasing and benignant expression; the eyes are of a light brown colour and full of animation; the eye. brows and perceptive ridge large and of unusual development; the mouth has a happy expression, and without that heavy appearance which disfigures several of the engraved portraits ; but nevertheless the part immediately below the under lip is fuller than is
The nose presents exactly the form given in the portrait published by Mr. Newbery. Swedenborg is represented wearing a light-coloured wig of similar form to that in the Stockholm portraits, one of which is in the hall of the Academy of Sciences, and the other in the castle of Gripsholm. The wig, however, in this picture is set rather more forward on the head than in those portraits.
The white neckerchief is worn in several folds round the neck, and then descends in a projecting fulness between the open
waistcoat about eight inches down the breast. This portrait has been taken in a more directly front light than the others, and consequently shows less shadow. The position is nearly threequarter-face, and while the features are unmistakeably the same as shown in the photographs brought by Dr. Tafel from the Stockholm portraits, the whole picture differs from those in so many details that it could not have been a copy from either of them, nor can it be a painting from any known engraving. All the artists who have seen it pronounce it to bear strong evidences of having been taken from the life. The eyes especially indicate this to have been the case. I believe this to be the latest portrait of Swedenborg extant, as also the only one taken from the life in England, having most probably been taken between 1768 and 1772, and perhaps a very short time before his death. This undoubtedly interesting relic was discovered by Mr. J. Hardy (residing at the New Church College, Islington), on the 20th of May 1871, in Little Gray's Inn Lane, Clerkenwell, London, three minutes' walk from Great Bath Street, Cold Bath Square, where Swedenborg lived and died." Mr. Hardy, knowing me to be interested in collecting all old memorials of New Church historyand literature, informed me, and I at once purchased it from him.-J. BRAGG, Handsworth, Birmingham, June 11, 1871.
GENERAL CONFERENCE.—The sixtyfourth Session of the General Conference of the ministers and representatives of the Societies of the New Church will commence at Cross Street, London, on Monday, 7th August, at 7 p.m.
Secretaries of committees, appointed to report to this Session, are requested to forward their reports to the secretary, Rev. John Presland, 37 Wilmot Street, Derby, at the earliest opportunity. It will also greatly facilitate the labours of the gentleinen who have the making of the preliminary arrangements, if secretaries of societies will communicate with the Secretary of the Cross Street Society, giving the number and names of their representatives as soon as the appointments are are made. The Secretary's address is Mr. Penn, 57 Camden Road, London.
NEW CHURCH COLLEGE. — We invite the attention of our readers to the fol
lowing appeal on behalf of this Institution. The growth and extension of our popular day-school system will necessitate increased provision for the higher education of our middle and upper classes; and it is worthy the serious consideration of the members of the New Church, whether we should not put forth every effort to consolidate the foundation of the College, to increase its efficiency, and extend its usefulness. At present it is the only public institution of the Church which aims to supply an upper class education, and thus to connect our popular day-schools with the collegiate institutions of the country. It is subject to Conference inspection, and thus to some extent brought under the control of the Church. Its efficient working needs, however, a larger income, and the liquidation of its debt offers an obvious means of promoting this increase. We cordially second, therefore, the appeal of the governors for increased support.
Arrangements, writes the Secretary, have been made to have the seventh Col. lege Report stitched up with each copy of the July number of the Intellectual Repository. In addition to this, I have been directed to make an appeal through your pages, for help to clear off the remainder of the debt, now reduced to about £960. The interest of this debt is a serious diminution of our income, and a drawback to our usefulness. In addition to the stipend of the Principal, we have now to provide the fees for the Theological Professor Dr. Tafel. These are smaller than they ought to be for the work which is done, and yet they necessarily interfere with our desire to pay off the old liabilities of the College There are two ways of meeting the difficulties of our position. One was suggested by a member of the last Conference, but naturally met with no favour. It was to devote our income from the Crompton Bequest and Finnie Gift to the clearing off of the debt. This would necessarily entail putting a stop to the work of the College and jeopardizing the endowments which we have. The other is, to seek to induce more of our brethren to unite with us in sustaining this institution, and, whether they do so or not, to endeavour to make it as useful as we can.
This is the way which, trusting in the Lord, we have determined to follow. Throughout the length and breadth of this, our
happy land, there
are many New Churchmen, who have “ enough and to spare. Let these come forward with special donations for the liquidation of our debt, or become Life Governors, or Annual Governors. If we could add 100 Life Governors in the course of the current year, we should be out of debt at once. If we could add 1000 Annual Governors we should be in the same happy case. And why should we not do this? The New Church is large enough, and has been provided by the Lord with means enough to place this public educational establishment on a right footing, and to sustain it well. Why should she not do so ? Now, besides individual subscriptions from those who can afford to become Governors, we might have regular con. tributions from Societies. I have read or heard that amongst the Congrega. tionalists, there are some individual Churches which sustain, by their means, one or more students for the University. Our societies are at present so much occupied with the necessary efforts to secure their own congregational position in the midst of an unsympathizing world that they cannot be expected to do so much as this. But are there not many societies which could easily raise by special collections £10 a year, or £10 every other year, and devote this sum to the purchase of a Life Governorship for their minister, or for any other active and useful member of their church?
The College is every year becoming more and more useful to the Church, and more and more thoroughly at one with the Conference. It rejoices that the Conference visits, inspects, and advises with it. And it will rejoice still more when every member of the church will help it to become an exponent of the earnest desire of every enlightened member of the Conference, a first-rate school for the education of persons in literature and science, and a first-rate theological seminary for preparing such as are suitable for the Ministry.-HENRY BATEMAN, Secy.
MISSIONARY TRACT SOCIETY.—The annual meeting of this Society was held at Argyle Square, on Wednesday evening, 10th May. The friends, to the number of 130, assembled to tea in the Schoolroom of Argyle Square, after which they adjourned to the public
meeting in the Church, the number present being largely increased. Several appropriate speeches were made on the occasion, and much encouraging information afforded to those present. We need not, however, dwell at length on this here, as our readers will find the annual report stitched in this month's number of the Magazine, to which we invite their attention.
impressed us who believe in the New Jerusalem with a sense of our duty to each other, and the large population in the midst of which we live. May it in due time bear fruit."
BLACKBURN.— The Rev. E. Madeley of Birmingham, has visited our Society, and rendered us very valuable service. On Sunday, May 14th, in the morning, he addressed a good audience of scholars, teachers, and friends, who were all much delighted and edified by his beautiful and affectionate exposition of the 1st and 2d verses of the 23d Psalm. In the afternoon he preached from Genesis, 4th chap., 9th ver.,
“ Am I my brother's keeper,” in which he showed that Cain, who signifies faith, ought ever to protect, help and keep his brother Abel, who signifies charity. He then dwelt at considerable length on the necessity of cultivating and preserving charity and mutual goodwill, “in honour prefering one another,” and showing our sympathy with the great number around us, who need and demand it. In the evening his discourse was from Revelation, 22d chap., vers. 16, 17, which was treated in a lucid and able manner. The col. lections amounted to £19, 17s. 5d. On Monday evening Mr. Madeley delivered a lecture on • The True Nature and Quality of the Holy Word.” From a report in a local paper, we extract the following—“The discourse was founded on the words, “The key of knowledge (Luke, chap. xi. ver. 52), and was an elaborate exposition of the New Jerusalem doctrine respecting the Scriptures. The science of correspondences he described as the key to the true nature and quality of the Holy Word, and by interpreting the Scriptures according to this science, the doubts of the sceptic would never be entertained, Genesis would be perfectly consistent with geology, and the whole Bible with science. In conclusion, he impressed upon the minister of that temple the necessity of preaching pure and unadulterated doctrine, and on his hearers the importance of regularly attending that house of prayer. His fatherly advice and earnest exhortation has deeply
BRIGHTLINGSEA BAZAAR. This event, proposed by a committee of the ladies of the Society many months ago, and the preparations for which have been going on ever since, took place on the 22d of May and three following days. At three o'clock on the afternoon of Monday the 22d, the bazaar was formally opened in a brief address by Mr. R. Gunton, after which the sales commenced. The articles, which had been presented by various friends of the Church in different parts of the country, added to that prepared by the committee and friends in Brightlingsea, were very numerous, comprising a great variety of what was useful, as well as ornamental ; indeed, such a collection, it was remarked, had never been ex. hibited in Brightlingsea before. The admissions on the first day were nearly 400, and the sales were more than had been anticipated. The following brief account appeared in the Colchester Mercury:-"During the present week the members of the New Jerusalem Church in this town have held a bazaar in aid of the funds of their Church. The bazaar was held in the Temperance Hall, and was formally opened on Monday the 22d inst., at three o'clock. The articles presented for sale had been produced mainly by a committee of ladies belonging to the Society, but they had been considerably increased by contri. butions from other friends residing in different parts of the country and in London. Some distinguished persons have been visitors and purchasers, notably one gentleman, a native of Germany, who, with his niece, travelled from London to see the bazaar and the town. The object of the projectors has also been considerably assisted by visitors from every denomination of Christians in the village. Objections are sometimes urged against bazaars, but those objections only lie against the disorder which is sometimes permitted to creep in. We believe that the conducting of this has been free from every such objection.” Norhas the bazaar been without its uses in the Society itself. One of the committee writing to a friend, says:-“We thank you very much for