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sense, “man" is only predicable of the truth which one thinks and of the good which wills; nothing being truly human but goodness and truth, or love and wisdom.
There are several aspects in which the internal and the external may be regarded, but there is one in particular which the object of the present remarks leads us to consider. The internal man and the external man themselves consist of an internal and an external. “ The internal principle (says our author), like the rational, has an internal and an external. The external of the natural principle (or mind) is derived from the sensuals of the body, and from those things which flow in immediately from the world through the sensuals; by these man communicates with the world and with corporeal things. But the internal of the natural principle is constituted of those things which are hence analogically and analytically concluded, but still it derives its constituent properties from the things of the senses. Thus the natural principle communicates with worldly and corporeal things by means of sensual things, and with the rational principle by means of analogical and analytical things, and thus with those things which are of the spiritual world” (A. C. 4570).
This is the condition of the mind as divinely constituted and orderly developed ; and is stated by the author, in describing the regeneration of man, as imaging the glorification of the Lord. But there is another condition of the mind, the same in its twofold aspect, but different in its state. This is presented to us, when our author is speaking of the order of regeneration, according to which the internal is first to be regenerated and afterwards the external. The internal, which is first to be regenerated, is the internal of the external
This he states in the T. C. R. (593), when shewing that the internal is first to be regenerated, and by it the external, and that man is thus regenerated. “ The quality of the internal man from his birth shall here be described, his will is prone to evils of every kind, and his thought derived from his will is alike prone to falses of every kind. This, then, is the internal man which is to be regenerated, for unless it be regenerated there is nothing but hatred against all things that respect charity, and as a consequence wrath against all that respect faith. Hence it follows that the internal natural man is first to be regenerated, and by it the external.” This he teaches in another way. He tells us that evil does not penetrate into the internal, as consisting of the spiritual mind; evil only closes it. If evil actually penetrated into the spiritual mind, man would perish. The spiritual mind shrinks
from the touch of evil, as a nerve from the prick of a sharp instrument. It recoils from it as heaven recoils from hell, and therefore keeps itself free from contamination. By this means man is preserved during his life in the world in the capacity of being regenerated.
There are three conditions of the internal man resulting from three conditions of the external. One condition of the internal man is, that it is neither open nor shut; another condition is that it is shut; and a third condition is that it is open.
In early life, before the mind has any fixed principles, either good or evil, the gate of the inner man is neither shut nor open; it stands as it were ajar, and light from heaven streams in to give the faculties the power of right action; and if the human being enters upon and continues in a life of faith and charity, the gate opens more and more, till it stands wide open and admits the full blaze of the light of heaven. This is the case with those who suffer themselves to be regenerated. Regeneration consists in bringing the external man into conformity and conjunction with the internal. If, on the contrary, the human being, as he advances towards maturity, inclines to evil and falsity, the door of the inner man gradually closes, and if he confirms himself in evil it is eventually shut, and he is only preserved in the use of his faculties by some rays of light struggling through chinks and crannies, which even his worst efforts are unable entirely to stop, until he goes into the eternal world, when, if he is confirmed in sin, the door is shut, and he is left in, or rather casts himself into, outer darkness where there is weeping and gnashing of teeth. We may now inquire what it is that constitutes the internal of the external man, and what constitutes the external of that man from which the internal is distinguished
The internal of the external man consists, I have said, of man's natural will and understanding. By his natural will and understanding, I mean that will from which man naturally or spontaneously wills, and by his natural understanding, I mean that understanding from which he naturally and spontaneously thinks. The natural will is the seat of our natural ends or motives, and the natural understanding is the seat of the wisdom by which we devise the means of carrying our purposes out.
A man's natural ends, or the ends of his natural mind, are the love of himself, and the love of the world, and his wisdom is the ingenuity by which he seeks to exalt and aggrandize himself.
(To be continued.)
THE DALKEITII HERESY CASE.
countless multitudes of the heathen We gave in our last a notice of this world will crowd into the Kingdom of case under the heading of “The Spirits Heaven, while the Scribes and Pharisees in Prison.” The further proceedings of Christendom will be cast out. Many are not less interesting than those to churches, so called, have professed to which we then alluded. The delibera- believe that the majority of mankind tions of the Presbytery ended in the are going down every moment into hell ; adoption of a very lenient resolution. while they have been sedulously studyA minority were satisfied with the ex- ing their own comfort, clothed in purple planations given ; a majority considered and fine linen and faring sumptuously that their duty to the Confession, which every day, flattering themselves with declares that ar men not professing the the hope of heaven, and soothing their Christian religion cannot be saved, be consciences by casting a few crumbs to they ever so diligent to frame their lives the dismal wretches at their gates. according to the light of nature, Alas ! alas! there will be a day of terquired thein to put on record that Mr rible confusion for all this—a day when Ferguson was without warrant in our human theologies that have strangled preaching the sentiments reported, and souls, and our ecclesiastical dignities that he should be cautioned not to that have despised the poor, will go speculate on such subjects. Instead of surging swiftly down into an abyss of humility and promise of amendment, retribution.” He must either, he conMr Ferguson read a carefully-prepared tinued, “ draw up a libel against all the MS., which Mr Gilfillan has described writers of the Bible in order to protect as “marking an era in the ecclesiastical the compilers of the Confession, to seal history of Scotland." This paper was a up especially the New Testament idea direct assault upon the strongholds of of Christianity, to declare the original orthodoxy. “Calvinism," he said, “ at idea of the pulpit a solecism in relation its best, is but a part of the truth. to modern society, and to enjoin all There are countless facts both in the preachers to maunder on, with due obBible and the world which will not be sequiousness, from one inanity to pressed within the rigid Calvinistic rule. another; or, on the other hand, recog. Christianity is a reasonable word. It nise the fact that we are assuredly means light, thought, intelligence. It adrift upon a period of boundless tranis the irreconcilable foe of all darkness sition, that the sooner we get clear of and stupidity ; and it points out the dogmatic icebergs the better, and that devil, in the end of his career, to be the nothing can save us but the possession supreme ass. A little fermentation of of living ideas, a more generous apprethought, then, seems a very hopeful sign, ciation of the providence of God, and a and something the Presbytery ought to fuller embrace of the Gospel of Christ encourage.” And in regard to the par- in its glorious freeness, amplitude, and ticular charge on which he was arraigned impartiality.” he is equally bold and uncompromising. “In the very next column to the re“The statement,” he says, “that there port of the Dalkeith Heresy Case,” is nothing in Scripture to support the writes the editor of The English Indeidea that an exhibition of Divine mercy pendent, “is the report of the 'Dunse will be made in another state to those Heresy Case,' in which a minister of who never heard the voice of mercy here the Kirk was charged with offending in is one to which I could not subscribe. an exactly opposite direction. He was It implies that we have so thoroughly supposed to have been preaching conexplored the Bible, and so thoroughly fession and absolution at the hands of fathomed and comprehended the whole ordained minister'— rank High counsel of infinite love and wisdo Churchism, in fact. Thus the new therein disclosed, as to feel quite sure wine is bursting the old bottles. The that the only restoration possible in a stir of men's minds on the highest of all future state is a restoration of dead subjects—a blessed sign of the times, bodies.
It is my impression that though accompanied with some incon
EDUCATIONAL BOARDS. Since our last publication several of the chief cities and large towns of the country have been occupied in the election of boards, to carry into effect the Educational Bill of last session of Parliament. All parties have accepted the bill, and sought to carry out its requirements. The Church has urged in many places an extension of the voluntary efforts hitherto made ; and put forth her utmost efforts to retain in her own hands the education supplied in the small parishes. Wherever school boards, however, have been adopted they have been cheerfully accepted by members of the Church, who have thrown themselves heartily into the movement. In most, if not in all places, they have secured a majority of members on the boards which have been elected. At the elections there has been little excitement, and many of the persons entitled to vote have declined or neglected to do so. The cumulative vote, which enables each voter to give the entire number of his votes to one candidate, has led to some curious results. In Manchester the Roman Catholic candidates headed the poll by a majority of many thousands; the members of the Church of England were next; and the friends of unsectarian education lowest. In most, if not in all places, the elections are in favour of religious education, the majority of the persons elected being members of the Church of England. It is interesting also to note that men of position and ability have been put forward and elected to this responsible duty. In the metropolitan districts there are five members of parliament, four prin. cipals of colleges, one professor, and one peer, elected. The other members also seem to be men of good position in the district. The country is now, therefore, fairly committed to a vigorous
effort to promote the education of the entire population. In the success of this movement all are interested. It is by education the mind is to develop its powers and to become fitted for the higher culture of spiritual truth and heavenly wisdom. The New Church has always acknowledged the importance of the work on which the country has now entered, and to the extent of her ability has diligently laboured in its promotion ; and whatever may be the effect of the new arrangements that may follow the appointment of school boards upon our day-schools, she will be among the first to rejoice in the extension of the blessings of education to the hitherto neglected portions of the community.
CONTAGIOUS DISEASES ACTS. We have received a number of communications on this subject from our correspondents, all strongly objecting to the Government measure. So long as men commence their moral and spiritual progress in the lowest elements of their nature—the carnal and sensual-so long will there be danger that in the best regulated State, and among the most virtuously educated people, some will fall into sexual irregularities. The way to deal with these evils is at present, and will long remain, one of the most perplexing problems of the statesman. The evil cannot be let alone. Society can no inore tolerate unchecked licen. tiousness than unchecked theft or covetousness, or any other crime. The great objection to the way in which it is now being dealt with, is that the measures adopted tend not to the restraint or the correction of the evil, but to its encouragement.
In dealing with infectious diseases the aim of legislation should he to remove the causes of their prevalence, and thereby to restrain their virulence and check their extension. In the case of cholera or fever sanitary legislation never proposes to itself to palliate the evil and render it safe for persons to live in the scenes of disorder, negligence and dirt which produce and foster these diseases. And in like manner, in deal. ing with the fearful diseases springing from the indulgence of unrestrained lust, the aim of legislation should be to render this indulgence difficult, to restrain its prevalence, and to offer
every possible inducement to a wiser by moral and religious instruction and and more orderly life. Much of the industrial training that they may be disorder which both the moralist and prepared to relinquish a life of crime the religious teacher deplores, has its and to provide by industry and usefulbeginning in the difficulties which men ness for their worldly necessities. find in securing a worldly position in which they can prudently marry. And LONDON. - When the account under many of these difficulties arise from the this head, which appeared in our January intense selfishness which is at the root number was written, the National Misof our social arrangements and institu- sionary was at Horncastle, and some tions. No effort will correct these evils further particulars of his labours can which does not sap the foundations of now be furnished. He lectured there this selfishness, and elevate the more twice, preached twice on the Sunday, well-to-do portion of society into a more and administered the Sacrament, at a generous sympathy and kindly effort to special service for the purpose, in the assist the down-trodden and the indi- afternoon. The lectures were satisfacgent. The great desideratum is to offer torily attended. The Sunday evening facilities for marriage and present im- service—the subject being prayer in pediments in the way of fornication- general and the Lord's Prayer in par. to render the one easy and safe, the ticular-was attended by about 150 other difficult and dangerous.
The utmost attention was The natural man can only be governed given. A commercial traveller, a young by fear, but the recent measures by mak- Scotchman, attended the first lecture, ing sinful indulgence safe, remove the purchased a copy of the Brighton principal ground of fear, and open the Lectures at the close, and expressed prospect of safety in the practice of vice. himself well satisfied with what he had By whatever means accomplished all le- heard. 24 copies of the Little Hymn gislation on the subject should involve Book were sold. An announcement two principles : the restraint of the evil; that tracts would be given to those who and, as far as possible, consistently would come up to the table for them, with the freedom of the subject, its brought quite a stream of applicants, correction. The first of these principles so that the stock was not equal to the is involved in all criminal legislation. demand. On the Monday evening, beWe cannot extinguish theft, but we fore the lecture, the friends, to the can keep it within reasonable bounds. number of about 30, met for tea, and Neither can we extinguish fornication, social converse. 73 attended the lecture, but we may and ought to adopt mea- several being Wesleyans, subject “the sures to make manifest its iniquity, and Atonement. A number of extracts to restrain its practice. We cannot were given, from some discourses by the make men virtuous by Act of Parlia- Rev. T. W. Matthews, of Boston, in ment, but we ought to adopt such mea- which that gentleman most emphatisures as may bring the fallen, in their cally ignores the doctrine of substituseasons of sorrow and compunction, tion. The Heywood Society has kindly under the moral and spiritual influences consented for Mr. Storry to take the most likely to promote their improve- next visit to Horncastle. The mission. ment and correction. We cannot deny ary visit to Salisbury was next underto the diseased the benefits of the hos- taken, and the most complete success pital. To do so would be to utterly re- attended it. Mr. Whitehorn, the owner ject the great lesson involved in the of the rooms, had caused announceparable of the good Samaritan. But ments of the lectures and services to be our hospital should be so conducted as so thoroughly circulated, that the atto promote the moral and spiritual as tendance surpassed expectation. At the well as the physical health of the fallen. lectures, four in number, there were The continental practice of requiring present from 130 to 150 persons. At these women to return, as "a sow to the Sunday morning service about 100, her vomit,” to their former life, is an and at the Sunday evening service about outrage on all Christian principle and 300, the place being quite filled. The on every precept of "the glorious gos- lecturer had with him a small supply of pel of the blessed God." Rather should “ The Future Life" and the “Brighton their returning health be accompanied Lectures,” and on giving a somewhat