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bly result to the English creditor : but we want the capital at home, the privation of which has already been generally and severely felt in the market. Secondly, the free importation of corn is not to be viewed as a party, or ministerial measure ; for the

opposition supported the principle as strenuously as the ministry. Indeed the ministry seemed inclined to shut the ports, or to restrict the importation to higher prices than those at which they were fixed-yet wished to avoid being driven to coercion, to repress the misguided public opinion on a measure so much in its consequences to be deplored. Thirdly, the reduction of currency, and reverting to cash payments, are questions which have almost exclusively originated with opposition, the members of which are hourly clamorous with the Chancellor of the Exchequer, for the adoption of measures to bring about what they esteem to be so desirable an object. The wonderful benefit to be derived if on the ensuing day the Bank were to pay in specie, does not so clearly appear;

-but it is most certain that from an undue contraction of the circulating medium, great check has already been given to national industry, while much inconvenience has resulted to individuals from a reduced currency; and should the proposed plan of repaying the Bank a further portion of the debt due from Government, be carried into execution, (unless the like sum be reborrowed) it must cause great commercial embarrassment, if it do not involve the country in a general positive ruin. Fourthly, the fond hopes entertained of the ultimate effect of the Sinking Fund, with its incompetency to accomplish the object proposed, do not exclusively rest with ministers; for few can have forgotten the congratulations expressed by the leader of opposition to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, when he declared his intention of adhering to that wise and salutary measure, as he was pleased to term the Sinking Fund.

A noble Peer, Lord Grenville, in his seat in the Senate, on the 21st of May, when the opinions of the Bank Directors were presented and read, expressed himself to the following effect :

That he deeply deplored his having at one period of his life countenanced the commencement of the Bank restriction. Or, in other words, he deeply deplored having introduced his countrymen into a labyrinth which he assisted in forming, whence his ingenuity now cannot extricate them.

The noble Lord deplores his want of foresight and acumen at an earlier period of his life, and to make the amende honorable in his declining age, “ mistakes reverse of wrong for right.” Thus recalling to mind an anecdote of the great Earl of Chatham, who, retiring to his country seat, observed, that he had given instructions for a windmill on an adjoining hill, of which he commanded a view, to be painted on the side facing his windows, and ordered his steward to his presence, threatening to discharge him for neglecting to execute his orders. “Did I not tell you," said his Lordship, “ to paint that side of the mill which you have neglected ? therefore now you may quit my service !" “My Lord,” replies the steward, “it was painted, but your Lordship’s all-powerful and comprehensive mind has forgotten that the wind has changed, and consequently the mill has turned. Should the wind shift, my Lord, the mill may turn again.”

A

CONCISE HISTORY

OF

TITH ES,

WITH AN

INQUIRY

HOW FARA

FORCED MAINTENANCE

FOR THE

MINISTERS OF RELIGION

IS WARRANTED BY THE

EXAMPLES AND PRECEPTS

OF

Jesus Christ and his Apostles.

BY JOSEPH STORRS FRY.

LONDON :

PREFACE.

The object of the following Essay is to present the Reader with a concise account of the introduction of Tithes into the Christian Church, with such arguments and conclusions as appear fairly to arise therefrom, and such as, in the opinion of the writer, are of general interest to the Professors of Christianity.

In order to effect this object, the writer has necessarily had recourse to sundry authors ; to one of whom, especially, who treated on this subject in a work he published a few years ago, he is greatly indebted; he having left the writer at full liberty to make such extracts as he might think proper: of which liberty he has accordingly availed himself.

A CONCISE

HISTORY OF TITHES,

fc.

CHAPTER 1.

Tithes given by Abram to Melchizedek, Priest of the Most High

God.--Scriptur Aeccount of Melchizedek. The first mention of Tithes that we find in the Sacred Records is in the relation of the return of Abram from the slaughter of the four Kings, where it is said that “ Melchizedek, King of Salem, brought forth bread and wine : and he was the priest of the most high God. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth : And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.Gen. xiv. 18. This is the only notice of this occurrence; nor is there

any

further account of Melchizedek in the Old Testament, excepting by the Psalmist, where he is supposed to be speaking prophetically of our Saviour. Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.Ps. cx. 4. The above event appears to have taken place about 400 years before the giving of the Law.

Here is a simple narration of a circumstance, totally unconnected, in an historical point of view, with any other. It appears that Melchizedek met Abram and blessed him, and that Abram gave him tithes of all. But there does not appear to have been any divine command, nor any precedent, for this gift ; nor is there any reason assigned why the tithes were given: we are, therefore, at liberty to conjecture for ourselves. It appears to me that the

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