« PreviousContinue »
1 ake him away.
arned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, 23 •Whose soever sins ye remit, they are nd knew not that it was Jesus.
remitted unto them; and whose soever sins 15 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why ye retain, they are retained. eepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, sup- 24 | But Thomas, one of the twelve, osing him to be the gardener, saith unto called Didymus, was not with them when im, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell Jesus came. e where thou hast laid him, and I will 25 The other disciples therefore said
unto him, We have seen the Lord. But 16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned he said unto them, Except I shall see in erself, and saith unto him, Rábboni; which his hands the print of the nails, and put to say, Master.
my finger into the print of the nails, and 17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; thrust my hand into his side, I will not r I am not yet ascended to my Father: believe. it go to my brethren, and say unto them, 26 ( And after eight days again his diszscend unto my Father, and your Father; | ciples wore within, and Thomas with them : d to my God, and your God.
then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and 18 Mary Magdalene came and told the stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto ciples that she had seen the Lord, and you. it he had spoken these things unto her. 27 Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hi19 | sThen the same day at evening, ther thy finger, and behold my hands; and ng the first day of the week, when the reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into ors were shut where the disciples were my side: and be not faithless, but believing. embled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus 28 And Thomas answered and said unto i stood in the midst, and saith unto them, him, My Lord and my God. uce be unto you.
29 Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, be20 And when he had so said, he shewed cause thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: to them his hands and his side. Then blessed are they that have not seen, and yet
"e the disciples glad, when they saw the have believed. ! - rd.
30 'And many other signs truly did ? Then said Jesus to them again, Peace Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which
unto you: as my Father hath sent me, are not written in this book: ** 'n so send I you.
31 But these are written, that ye might 2 And when he had said this, he breathed believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of them, and saith unto them, Receive ye God; and that believing ye might have life Holy Ghost:
through his name.
ise 15. “ Supposing him to be the gardener.”_" Katovgòs is by the best commentators explained inspector villa, the ing man, bailiff.” — Bloomfield. Sir."-Kýpus
. “This is probably a title of honour, but often employed, like the Dominus of the Romans, and our as an appellation of common civility, shown even to inferior persons, and sometimes used as a form of compellar. when we know not the name of the person we are addressing."-Bloomfield. 1. “When the doors were shut.”—The circumstance that the doors were shut, or barred, is evidently mentioned to - late that there was something extraordinary in our Lord's manner of entrance. The common opinion that he
trated through the door, or rather, that he appeared among the disciples without the door having been unbarred, ' without any visible mode of entrance, is attended with some serious difficulties—particularly as, throughout the els, we never find him exerting more power than was necessary to accomplish the particular purpose he had in
Now, that the doors, although barred, were no obstacle to him, but flew open at his approach, is an alternative h seems to offer a more simple and obvious demonstration of his power, while it appears to agree better with the lation that the doors were barred, and is not unsupported by such parallel examples (Acts v. 19; xii. 4—10) as that this would probably have been the mode of ingress preferred under such circumstances. “Thomas...called Didymus.”—The first is this apostle's Hebrew name, and the other a Greek name of the same ication—both meaning, a twin. We believe that we have mentioned on a former occasion, that it was common gh, among the Jews of this age, to have two dames—one their native name, by which they were known among own countrymen, and the other a Greek name which they used among strangers. The Greeks and Romans seem ve found it a great trial of their vocal organs to pronounce Hebrew names; and this may be one reason why they
those Jews with whom they were acquainted by other names ; or rather perhaps, why such Jews assumed other s, that they might move the more easily in society by bearing common and intelligible names. The Jerusalem ud ( Gittin, fol
. 43. 2; 45. 3) indeed states that not only did the Jews go by one name in the land of Israel and ** 10ther in Gentile countries, but that they passed by their Hebrew name in Judea, and by their Gentile one in se, which contained a large mixture of Greek and Syrian population. It seems then that the natives of Judæa a used but their Hebrew name, unless when they went abroad among the Heathen: that the Jews of Galilee, as well as those who were born in heathen lands, had always two names—a formal Jewish name, which they used as ac. casion required, and a popular Gentile name by which they were more commonly known and mentioned. Many es amples of these double names occur in the New Testament, and in all cases we find that one of these names is Jewish and the other Gentile.
Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of
Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, 1 Christ appearing again to his disciples uus knoun
of them by the great draught of fishes. 12 He and two other of his disciples. dineth with them : 15 earnestly commandeth Pe.
3 Simon Peter saith unto them, I
go a tr to feed his lambs and sheep: 18 foretelleth fishing. They say unto him, We also go him of his death : 22 rebuketh his curiosity touch with thee. They went forth, and entered ing John. 25 The conclusion.
into a ship immediately; and that night After these things Jesus shewed himself they caught nothing. again to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias; 4 But when the morning was now come, and on this wise shewed he himself.
Jesus stood on the shore: but the disciples 2 There were together Simon Peter, and knew not that it was Jesus.
5 Then Jesus saith unto them, 'Children, | He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowhave ye any meat? They answered him, est that I love thee. He saith unto him, No.
Feed my sheep. 6 And he said unto them, Cast the net 17 He saith unto him the third time, Sion the right side of the ship, and ye shall mon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me ? Peter find. They cast therefore, and now they were was grieved because he said unto him the not able to draw it for the multitude of fishes. third time, Lovest thou me? And he said
7 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; loved saith unto Peter, It is the Lord. Now thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith when Simon Peter heard that it was the unto him, Feed my sheep. Lord, he girt his fisher's coat unto him, (for 18 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When he was naked,) and did cast himself into the thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and
walkedst whither thou wouldest: but when 8 And the other disciples came in a little thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth ship; (for they were not far from land, but thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and as it were two hundred cubits,) dragging carry thee whither thou wouldest not. the net with fishes.
19 This spake he, signifying by what 9 As soon then as they were come to death he should glorify God. And when he land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish had spoken this, he saith unto him, Follow laid thereon, and bread.
me. 10 Jesus saith unto them, Bring of the 20 Then Peter, turning about, seeth the fish which ye have now caught.
disciple 'whom Jesus loved following ; which 11 Simon Peter went up, and drew the also leaned on his breast at supper, and net to land full of great fishes, an hundred said, Lord, which is he that betrayeth thee? and fifty and three: and for all there were 21 Peter seeing him saith to Jesus, Lord, so many, yet was not the net broken.
and what shall this man do? 12 Jesus saith unto them, Come and dine. 22 Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he And none of the disciples durst ask him, tarry till I come, what is that to thee? folWho art thou? knowing that it was the low thou me. Lord.
23 Then went this saying abroad among 13 Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread the brethren, that that disciple should not and giveth them, and fish likewise.
die: yet Jesus said not unto him, He shall 14 This is now the third time that Jesus not die; but, If I will that he tarry till I shewed himself to his disciples, after that he come, what is that to thee? was risen from the dead.
24 This is the disciple which testifieth of 15 9 So when they had dined, Jesus saith these things, and wrote these things: and to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest we know that his testimony is true. thou me more than these? He saith unto 25 'And there are also many other things him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love which Jesus did, the which, if they should thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. be written every one, I suppose that even
16 He saith to him again the second the world itself could not contain the books time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? I that should be written. Amen.
i Or, Sirs. * Chap. 13. 23, and 20. 2. * Chap 90. 30. Verse 7. “ He girt his fisher's coat unto him, (for he was naked).” We are here probably to understand that he was naked only in the frequent Scriptural sense, of being without the outer garment, or of having part of the person uncovered. The outer garment in the present instance was the “ fisher's coat,' which Peter put on before he leaped into the water. His doing this seems to imply that he did not swim but wade to the shore, when impatient of the delay which the bringing to of the boat would occasion. If the depth of the water, at two hundred cubits from the shore, had been such as required him to swim, he would scarcely have encumbered hiinself with his fisher's coat.
19. “ Signifying by what death he should glorify God.”—The death here predicted to Peter, expressed by the stretching forth of his hands and his being bound by cords, is evidently that of crucifixion, and appears in that sense to have been understood by the apostles. Accordingly, ecclesiastical history testifies that Peter suffered martyrdom, by crucifixion, at Rome, in the reign of the emperor Nero-probably in the year 65. It is added that this death, and the tortures connected with it, were endured by the venerable apostle with marvellous patience and fortitude ; and that, deeming himself unworthy to die in precisely the same manner and posture as his Lord, he asked and obtained permission to be crucified with the head downward—a posture which could not fail greatly to aggravate the tortures of the cross.
25. “ I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written.”—This is a very strong but significant hyperbole to express the numerous acts of Christ, of which it would seem that only a small pr portion have been recorded. Such hyperbules, similarly designed to convey a large meaning, are very common among the uld Jewish wnters, and were not unknown to the poets and orators of Greece and Rome. With the former it is very usual to say, that if such and such things were done, the world would not be able to bear them. The following form of expression, sometimes slightly varied, is rather common to express something extensive :-“ If all the seas were ink, and all the reeds pens, and the whole heaven and earth parchment, and all the sons of men scribes, they would not suffice to write all the lessons which such a person composed,”—or “all the wisdom which such another person possessed” or "all the law which another person learned.”
Bishop Pearce has adduced several instances of equally strong hyperbole, from sacred and profane writers. One from the Apocrypha is remarkable: the author of Ecclesiasticus, speaking of Solomon's wisdom, says, “Thy soul covered the whole earth, and thou filledst it with parables." A singular instance also occurs in Homer, who makes Æneas say to Achilles :
“ Reproach is cheap: with ease we might discharge
Gibes at each other, till a ship that asks
An hundred oars should sink beneath the load.”—CowPRR. Dr. Bloomfield, among other citations, gives a remarkably similar hyperbole from Euripides :-oid äras år eigaris síos goapórtos se's Bpórwr åpagrias itaprisusy, “ If Jupiter wrote down the sins of mortals, the whole heaven would not have space to contain them." The same writer concludes his various illustrations with the affecting hyperbole used by the unhappy Mary Queen of Scots :—" An ocean of tears would not suffice to bewail the miseries of man.”
ther, they asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt. CHAPTER I.
thou at this time restore again the kingdom i Christ, preparing his apostles to the beholding of to Israel?
his ascension, gathereth them together into the 7 And he said unto them, It is not for mount Olivet, commandeth them to expect in Je- you to know the times or the seasons, which rusalem the sending down of the Holy Ghost, the Father hath put in his own power. promiseth after few days to send it: by virtue whereof they should be witnesses unto him, even
8 ‘But ye shall receive 'power, after that to the utmost parts of the earth. 9 After his as- the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye cension they are warned by two angels to depart, shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusaand to set their minds upon his second coming. lem, and in all Judæa, and in Samaria, and 12. They accordingly return, and, giving themselves to prayer, choose Matthias apostle in the
unto the uttermost part of the earth. place of Judus.
9 •And when he had spoken these things,
while they beheld, he was taken up; and a HE for cloud received him out of their sight. mer trea- 10 And while they looked stedfastly totise have I ward heaven as he went up, behold, two made, 0 men stood by them in white apparel;
Theophi- 11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, lus, of all why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this that Jesus same Jesus, which is taken up from you began both into heaven, shall so come in like manner as to do and ye have seen him go into heaven. teach,
12 Then returned they unto Jerusalem 2 Until from the mount called Olivet, which is from the day in Jerusalem a sabbath day's journey. which he 13 And when they were come in, they was taken went up into an upper room, where abode
up, after both Peter, and James, and John, and Anthat he through the Holy Ghost had given drew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, commandments unto the apostles whom he and Matthew, James the son of Alphæus, had chosen :
and Simon Zelotes, and Judas the brother of 3 To whom also he shewed himself alive James. after his passion by many infallible proofs, 14 These all continued with one accord being seen of them forty days, and speaking in prayer and supplication, with the women, of the things pertaining to the kingdom of and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his God:
brethren. 4 And, 'being assembled together with 15 I And in those days Peter stood up them, commanded them that they should in the midst of the disciples, and said, (the not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the number of the names together were about promise of the Father, 'which, saith he, ye an hundred and twenty,) have heard of me.
16 Men and brethren, this Scripture must 5 'For John truly baptized with water; needs have been fulfilled, 'which the Holy but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before Ghost not many days hence.
concerning Judas, which was guide to them 6 When they therefore were come toge- | that took Jesus. Cr, ealing together with them.
• Chap.S. 1. 5 Or, the power of the Holy Ghost coming upon you
% Luko 24. 49.
* Matt. 3. 11.
6 Luke 24, 51.
7 Psal. 41. 9.