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Erplex'd and troubled at his bad success

The Tempter stood, nor had what to reply, Discover'd in his fraud, thrown from his hope So oft, and the persuasive rhetoric That sleek’d his tongue, and won so much on Eve, 5 So little here, nay lost; but Eve was Eve, This far his over-match, who self-deceiv'd And rath, beforehand had no better weigh'd The strength he was to cope with, or his own; But as a man who had been matchless held



7. This far his over-match, zuho He had made some trials of his

self-deceiv'd &c.] An usual strength, but had not fufficiently construction in Milton, This far an confider'd it before-hand; he had over-match for him, who felf-deceiv'd weigh'dit, but ihould haveweigh'd and rash, before hand had no better it better ; if he had been fully apweigh'd &c. Neither is this incon- pris’d whom he was contending fiftent, as Mr. Thyer conceives it with, he would have ceased from to be, with what Satan, the .contention. clar'd in Book II. 131.

10. But as a man &c] It is the

method of Homer to illustrate and Have found him, view'd him, adorn the same subject with seve. tafted him, but find

ral fimilitudes, as the reader may Farother labor to be undergone fee particularly in the second book c. of the Iliad before the catalogue of


L 2

In cunning, over-reach'd where least he thought,
To falve his credit, and for very spite,
Still will be tempting him who foils him still,
And never cease, though to his shame the more;
Or as a swarm of flies in vintage time, 15
About the wine-press where sweet must is pour’d,
Beat off, returns as oft with humming sound;
Or surging waves against a solid rock,


οτε μυϊαι

fhips and warriors; and our author image, which not only fills and here follows his example, and pre- satisfies the imagination, but also fents us, as I may say, with a firing perfectly expreffes both the un of fimilitudes together. This fe- mov'd stedfastness of our Saviour, cundity and variety of the two and the frustrated baffled attempts poets can never be sufficiently ads of Satan. mired : but Milton, I think, has 15. Or as a swarm of flies in the advantage in this respect, that vintage time, &c] The comin Homer the lowest comparison is parison is very juft, and also in the sometimes the last, whereas here in manner of Homer. Iliad.XVI.641. Milton they rise in my opinion,

οι δ' αιει σερι νεκρον όμιλεον, ως and improve one upon another. The first has too much fameness with the subject it would illustrate,

Σταθμω ενα βρομεωσι περιγλαγιας

κατα πελλας and gives us no new ideas. The

Πρη εν εναρινη, ότε τε γλαγος αγγεα second is low, but it is the lowness

diver. of Homer, and at the same time is

The third is free Illi vero aflidue circa mortuum from the defects of the other two, versabantur, ut quum muscæ and rises up to Milton's usual dig- In caula fufurrant lacte plenas nity and majesty: Mr. Thyer, who ad mul&tra's ḥas partly made the same observa- Tempore in verno, quando laç ţions with me, says that Milton, as if conscious of the defects of the two foregoing comparisons, rises up here to his usual sublimity, and Και οι μυκης θαρση ενα σηθεσσιν presents to the reader's mind an



very natural.

vafa rigat. Iliad. XVII. 570.


Though all to livers dash'd, th' affault renew,
Vain batt’ry, and in froth or bubbles end;
So Satan, whom repulse upon repulse
Met ever, and to shameful silence brought,
Yet gives not o'er though defp'rate of success,
And his vain importunity pursues.
He brought our Saviour to the western side
Of that high mountain; whence he might behold



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“Ητε και εργομενη μαλα περ χροζ. of the fixth book of his Paradife
ανδρομεοιο, ,

Loft, where the rebel Angels thun-
Ισχαναα δακεειν. .

der-struck by the Mefliah are com-
Ét ei muscæ audaciam pectori- flock together throng'd. The obfer-

pared to a herd of goats or timorous
bus immifit,
Quæ licet abacta crebro à cor- opinion from being verified by the

vation is just, but very far in my
pore humano,

paffage produc'd. No image of Appetit mordere. Jortin.

terroror confternation could be too
This fimile is very much in the low for that exhaufted spiritless
same taste with one in the second condition, in which those van-
fliad of Homer, where he com- quilh’d Angels muft at that instant
pares the Greek army to swarms be supposed to be, and that abject
of flies buzzing about the shepherds timorousness imputed to them, in-
milk-pail in the spring, and seems ftead of leffening the dignity of
liable to the same objection which the description rather adds to it,
is made to that, of being too low by exciting in the reader's mind
for the grandeur of the subject. It a greater

idea of the tremendous
must however be allow'd, that no- majesty of the Son of God. This
thing could better express the teaz- comparison of the flies now before
ing ceaseless importunity of the us would have answer'd his pur.
Tempter than this does. Mr. Pope pose much better.
in his note on this passage of Ho. I cannot entirely agree with my
mer observes that Milton, who was ingenious friend; for Mr. Pope is
a close imitator of him, has often co-discourfing there of low images,
pied him in these humble comparisons, which are preceded by others of a
and instances those lines in the end lofty strain, and on that account



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Another plain, long but in breadth not wide,
Wash'd by the fouthern sea, and on the north
To equal length back'd with a ridge of hills, 29
That screen'd the fruits of th' earth and seats of men
From cold Septentrion blasts, thence in the midst
Divided by a river, of whose banks
On each side an imperial city stood,
With tow'rs and temples proudly elevate
On sev’n small hills, with palaces adorn'd, 35
Porches and theatres, baths, aqueducts,
Statues and trophies, and triumphal arcs,
Gardens and groves presented to his eyes,
Above the highth of mountains interpos’d:
By what strange parallax or optic skill
Of vision multiply'd through air, or glass



this comparison, however suitable 35. On fev'n finall hills,] Virgil in other respects, would not have Georg. II. 535. been so proper for his pårpose.

Septemque una fibi muro cir27. Another plain, &c] The

cumdedit arces. learned reader need not be inform’d, that the country here 40. By what strange parallax or meant is Italy, which indeed is

optic skill &c] The learned long but not broad, and is wafh'd have been very idly busy in conby the Mediterranean on the south, triving the manner in which Satan and screen'd by the Alps on the showed to our Saviourall the kingnorth, and divided in the midst by doms of the world.

Some supthe river Tiber.

pose it was done by vifion; others


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Of telescope, were curious to inquire:
And now the Tempter thus his silence broke.

The city which thou seest no other deem

great and glorious Rome, queen of the earth
So far renown'd, and with the spoils enrich'd 46
Of nations, there the capitol thou feest
Above the rest lifting his stately head
On the Tarpeian rock, her citadel
Impregnable, and there mount Palatine,
Th’ imperial palace, compass huge, and high
The structure, skill of noblest architects,
With gilded battlements, conspicuous far,
Turrets and terrases, and glitt'ring spires.
Many a fair edifice besides, more like

55 Houses of God, (so well I have dispos'd


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by Satan's creating phantasms of objecta species regnorum ex uno fpecies of different kingdoms, and fpeculo in aliud et aliud continuò presenting them to our Saviour's reflexerit, idque fecerit ufque ad fight, &c. &c. But what Milton oculos Christi. In locum Matthæi. here alludes to is a fanciful notion For want of a proper index I could which I find imputed to our fa- not find the place in Broughton's mous countryman Hugh Brough- works. But Wolfius in his Curæ ton. Cornelius a Lapide in summing philologicæ in SS. Evangelia faup the various opinions upon this thers this whim upon him : Alii fubject gives it in these words: Alii cum Hugone Broughtono ad infubtiliter imaginantur, quod De- ftrumenta artis opticæ se recipiunt. mon per multa (pecula fibi invicem Vid. Wolf. in Matt. IV.8. Thyer.

57. My

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