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Erplex'd and troubled at his bad success
The Tempter stood, nor had what to reply, Discover'd in his fraud, thrown from his hope So oft, and the persuasive rhetoric That sleek’d his tongue, and won so much on Eve, 5 So little here, nay lost; but Eve was Eve, This far his over-match, who self-deceiv'd And rath, beforehand had no better weigh'd The strength he was to cope with, or his own; But as a man who had been matchless held
7. This far his over-match, zuho He had made some trials of his
self-deceiv'd &c.] An usual strength, but had not fufficiently construction in Milton, This far an confider'd it before-hand; he had over-match for him, who felf-deceiv'd weigh'dit, but ihould haveweigh'd and rash, before hand had no better it better ; if he had been fully apweigh'd &c. Neither is this incon- pris’d whom he was contending fiftent, as Mr. Thyer conceives it with, he would have ceased from to be, with what Satan had.de, the .contention. clar'd in Book II. 131.
10. But as a man &c] It is the
method of Homer to illustrate and Have found him, view'd him, adorn the same subject with seve. tafted him, but find
ral fimilitudes, as the reader may Farother labor to be undergone fee particularly in the second book c. of the Iliad before the catalogue of
In cunning, over-reach'd where least he thought,
fhips and warriors; and our author image, which not only fills and here follows his example, and pre- satisfies the imagination, but also fents us, as I may say, with a firing perfectly expreffes both the un of fimilitudes together. This fe- mov'd stedfastness of our Saviour, cundity and variety of the two and the frustrated baffled attempts poets can never be sufficiently ads of Satan. mired : but Milton, I think, has 15. Or as a swarm of flies in the advantage in this respect, that vintage time, &c] The comin Homer the lowest comparison is parison is very juft, and also in the sometimes the last, whereas here in manner of Homer. Iliad.XVI.641. Milton they rise in my opinion,
οι δ' αιει σερι νεκρον όμιλεον, ως and improve one upon another. The first has too much fameness with the subject it would illustrate,
Σταθμω ενα βρομεωσι περιγλαγιας
κατα πελλας and gives us no new ideas. The
Πρη εν εναρινη, ότε τε γλαγος αγγεα second is low, but it is the lowness
diver. of Homer, and at the same time is
The third is free Illi vero aflidue circa mortuum from the defects of the other two, versabantur, ut quum muscæ and rises up to Milton's usual dig- In caula fufurrant lacte plenas nity and majesty: Mr. Thyer, who ad mul&tra's ḥas partly made the same observa- Tempore in verno, quando laç ţions with me, says that Milton, as if conscious of the defects of the two foregoing comparisons, rises up here to his usual sublimity, and Και οι μυκης θαρση ενα σηθεσσιν presents to the reader's mind an
vafa rigat. Iliad. XVII. 570.
Though all to livers dash'd, th' affault renew,
“Ητε και εργομενη μαλα περ χροζ. of the fixth book of his Paradife
Loft, where the rebel Angels thun-
der-struck by the Mefliah are com-
pared to a herd of goats or timorous
vation is just, but very far in my
paffage produc'd. No image of Appetit mordere. Jortin.
terroror confternation could be too
idea of the tremendous
Another plain, long but in breadth not wide,
this comparison, however suitable 35. On fev'n finall hills,] Virgil in other respects, would not have Georg. II. 535. been so proper for his pårpose.
Septemque una fibi muro cir27. Another plain, &c] The
cumdedit arces. learned reader need not be inform’d, that the country here 40. By what strange parallax or meant is Italy, which indeed is
optic skill &c] The learned long but not broad, and is wafh'd have been very idly busy in conby the Mediterranean on the south, triving the manner in which Satan and screen'd by the Alps on the showed to our Saviourall the kingnorth, and divided in the midst by doms of the world.
Some supthe river Tiber.
pose it was done by vifion; others
Of telescope, were curious to inquire:
The city which thou seest no other deem
great and glorious Rome, queen of the earth
55 Houses of God, (so well I have dispos'd
by Satan's creating phantasms of objecta species regnorum ex uno fpecies of different kingdoms, and fpeculo in aliud et aliud continuò presenting them to our Saviour's reflexerit, idque fecerit ufque ad fight, &c. &c. But what Milton oculos Christi. In locum Matthæi. here alludes to is a fanciful notion For want of a proper index I could which I find imputed to our fa- not find the place in Broughton's mous countryman Hugh Brough- works. But Wolfius in his Curæ ton. Cornelius a Lapide in summing philologicæ in SS. Evangelia faup the various opinions upon this thers this whim upon him : Alii fubject gives it in these words: Alii cum Hugone Broughtono ad infubtiliter imaginantur, quod De- ftrumenta artis opticæ se recipiunt. mon per multa (pecula fibi invicem Vid. Wolf. in Matt. IV.8. Thyer.