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Ares, ii. Gus.

Argoa l'anoptes, i. 820.

Argyll.Duke of, on primaeval man.i.GO.

Arithmetic, see Counting.

Arriero, i. 191.

Arrows, magic, i. 845.

Artemidorus. on dreamoniens, i. 122.

Artemis, ii 302.

Aryan race :—no savage tribe among,

i. 49; antiquity of culture, i. 54.
Ascendant in horoscope, i. 129.
Ashera, worship of, ii. 100.

A«hes strewn for spirit-footprints, i.

455, ii. 1!»7.
Asmodeus, ii. 254.

Association of ideas, foundation of
magic, i. 110.

Astrology, i. 128, 291.

Ataheiitsic. ii. 299, 309, 323.

Atahocan, it 324, 339.

Atavism, explained by transmigra-
tion, ii. 3.

Atheist, use of word, i. 420.

Augury, etc., i. 119. See ii. 179, 231.

Augustine, St., i. 199, 441, ii. 54,
427; on dreams, i. 141; onincubi,

ii. 190.

Augustus, genius of, ii. 202.
Avatars, ii. 239.
Avernus, Lake, ii. 45.
Ayenbite of Inwyt, i 456.

Baal Shemesh, ii. 295.
Bacon, Lord, on allegory, i. 277.
Ba'tyls, animated stones, ii. 166.
Baku, burning wells of, ii. 2S2.
Baldr, i. 464.

Bale, Bishop, i. M 1; on witchcraft, i.
142.

Bands, clerical, i. 18.
Baptism, ii. 440; orientation in, 427.
Baring-Qould, Rev. S., on werewolves,
i. 314.

Bastian, Prof. Adolf, Mensch in dor
C-eschichte, i. vi; ii. 209, 222,242,
280, etc.

Baudet, etymology of, i. 413.

Beal, ii. 252, 408.

Bear, Great, i. 359.

Beast-fables, i. 381,409.

Bees, telling, i. 287.

Bel, ii. 293. 380, 384.

Berkeley, Bishop, on ideas, i. 409: on
force and matter, ii. 100.

Bewitching by objects, i. 110.

Bible und key, ordeal by, i. 128.

Bilocation, i. 447.

Bird, of thunder, i. 362; bird conveys
spirit, ii. 161,175.

I Blemmyio, headless men, L 390.
Blood :—related to soul, L 431; re-
vives ghosts, ii. 4S; offered to
deities, 381; substitute for life,
402.

Blood-red stain, myths to account

for, i 406.
Bloodsuckers, ii. 191.
Blow-tube, i. 67.
Bo tree, ii, 218.
Boar's head, ii. 408.
Boats without iron, myth on, L 374.
Bochica, i. 353, ii. 290.
Boehme, Jacob, on man's primitive

knowledge, ii. 185.
Bolotu, ii. 22, 62, 310.
Boni Homines, i 77-
Book of Dead, Egyptian, ii. 13, M.
Boomerang, i. 67.
Boreas, i. 302, ii. 268.
Bosjesman, etymology of word, i-

381.

Bow and arrow, i. 7, 15, 64, 73.

Brahma, ii. 354, 425.

Brahmanism:—funeral rites, i. 465,
etc.; transmigration, ii, 9, 20,
97; manes-worship, 119; stone-
worship, 164; idolatry, 178 ^
animal-worship, 238; sun-worship,
292; orientation, 425; lustration,
437.

Breath, its relation to soul, i 432.

Bride-capture, game of, i. 73.

Bridge, first crossing, i. 106; of dead,
i. 495, ii. 60, 94, ICO, etc.
j Brinton, Dr. D. O., i. 53, 361, ii, 90,
342; on dualistic myths, ii. 320.

Britain, eponymic kings of, i. 400:
voyage of souls to, ii. 64.

Brosses, C. de, on degeneration and
developmeut, i. 36; origin of lan-
guage, 161; fetishism, ii. 144;
species-deities, 240.
I Browne, Sir Thos., on magnetic
mountain, i. 375.

Brutus, evil genius of, ii. 203.

Brynhild, i. 465.

Buck, buck, game of, i. 74.

Buddha, transmigrations of, i. 414, ii.
11.

Buddhism:—culture-tradition, i, 41;
saints rise in air, i. 149; transuiir
gration, ii. 11, 20, 97; nirvana, ii,
79; tree-worship, i. 476, ii. 217;
serpent-worship, 240; religious
formulas, 372.
I Buildings, victim immured in founda-
tion, i. 104, etc.; tnvthic founders
of, i. 394.

Bull, Bishop, on guardian angels, ii.
203.

Bura Peunu, ii. 327, 350, 368, 401.

Burial, ghost wanders till, ii. 27;
corpse laid east and west, 423.

Burning oats from straw, i. 44.

Burton, Capt. R. F., continuance-
theory of future life, ii. 75; disease-
spirits, 150.

Burton, Anatomy of Melancholy, in-
cubi, etc., ii. 191.

Buschmann, Prof., on nature-sound, i.
223.

Butler, Bishop, on natural religion, ii.
356.

Cacodaimon, ii. 138.
Caesar, on German deities, ii. 294.
Cagots, i. 115, 384.
Calderwood, Prof., i. vii., ii. 96.
Calls to animals, i. 177.
Calmet on spirits, ii, 188, etc.
Calumet, i. 210.
Candles against demons, ii. 194.
Cant, myth on word, i. 397.
Cardinal numbers, i. 257.
Cards, Playing, i. 82, 126.
Cassava, i. 63.

Castren, ii. 80, 155, 177, 245, 351.
Cave-men, condition of, i. 59.
Ceremonies, religious, ii. 362, etc.
Ceres, ii. 306.

Chances, games, of, their relation to

arts of divination, i. 78.
Chanticleer, i. 413.
Charivari at eclipse, i. 329.
Charms:—objects, i. 118, ii. 148;

formulas, their relation to prayers,

ii. 373.
Charon, i. 490. ii. 93.
Chesterfield, Lord, on customs, i. 95;

on omens, i. 118.
Chic, myth on word, i. 397.
Childbirth-goddess, ii. 305.
Children, numerical series of names

for, i. 254; Buckled by wild beasts,

L 281; receive ancestors' souls an I

names, ii. 4; sacrifice of, it 398,

403.

Children's language, i. 223.

China, religion of :—funeral rites, i.
461, 493; manes-worship, ii. 118;
cultus of heaven and earth, 2^7,
272, 352; divine hierarchy, 352;
prayer, 370; sacrifices, 335, 405.

Chinese culture-tradition, i. 40; re-
mains in Borneo, i. 57.

Chiromancy or palmistry, i. 125.

Chirp or twitter of ghosts, etc , i. 453.

I Christmas, origin of, ii. 297.

Chronology, limits of ancient, i. 54.

Cicero, on dreams, i. 444; sun-gods,
ii. 294.

Civilization, see Culture.

Civilized men adopt savage life, i. 45.

Civilization-myths, i. 39, 353.

Clairvoyance, by objects, i. 116.

Clashing rocks, myth of, i. 343.

Clicks, L 171,192.

Cocoa-nut, divination by, L 80.

Coin placed with dead, i. 490, 491.

Columba, St, legend of, i. 104.

Columbus, his quest of Earthly Para-
dise, ii. 61.

Comparative theology, ii. 251.

Comte, Auguste, i. 19; fetishism, i.
478,ii. 144,354; species-deities, 242.

Confucius, i. 157; funeral sacrifice, i.
464, ii. 42; spirits, 206; name of
supreme deity, 352.

Consonants, i. 169.

Constellations, myths of, i. 290, 356.

Continuance-theory of future life, ii.
75.

Convulsions :—by demoniacal posses-
sion, ii. 130; artificially produced,
416.

Convulsionnaires, ii. 420.

Copal incense, ii. 384.

Cord, magical connexion by, i. 117.

Corpse taken out by special opening

in house, ii. 26, soul remains near,

ii. 29, 150.
Cortes, i. 319.
Costume, i. 18.

Counting, art of, i. 21, 240, etc.; on
fingers and toes, 244; by letters of
alphabet, etc. 258; derivation of
numeral words, 217; evidence of
independent development of low
tribes, 271.

Counting-games, i. 75, 87.

Couvade, in South India, i. M.

Cow, name of, i. 203; purification by
nirang, etc ii. 438.

Cox, Mr. O. \V.,i. 311, 346, 362.
I Creator, doctrine of, ii. 219, 312, 321,
etc.

I Credibility of tradition, i. 275, 370.

I Crete, earth of, fatal to serpents, i. 372.
Cromlechs and menhirs objects of
worship, ii. 161.

'Culture:—definition of, i. 1; scale of,
i. 26; primitive, represented by
modern savages, i. 21, 63, it 413,
etc.; development of, i. 21 etc., 62,
etc., 237,270, 417, etc,ii. 35tJ, 445;
evidence of independent progress

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from low stages, i. 56, etc; survival
in culture, 70, etc.; evidence of
early culture from language, 236;
art of counting, 270; myth, 284;
religion, i. 500, ii. 102, 184, 356,
etc.; practical import of stud; of
culture, 443.

Curtius, Marcus, leap of, ii. 378.

Curupa, cohoba, narcotic used in W.
Ind. and S. Auier., ii. 416.

Customs, permanence of, i. 70, 156;
rational origin of, 94.

Customs of Dahome, i. 462.

Cycle of Necessity, ii. 13.

Cyclops, i. 391.

Cyrus, i. 281, 286.

Dancing for religious excitement, ii.
133, 420.

Dansc Macabre, myth on name, i. 397.

Dante, Divina Commedia, ii. 65, 220.

Daphne, ii. 220.

Dark, evil spirits in, ii. 194.

Darwin, Mr., i. viL.ii. 152, 223.

Dasent, Dr., i. 19.

Davenport Brothers, i. 152, 311.

Dawn, i. 338, 344, etc.

Day, sun as eve of, i. 350.

Day and Night, myths of, i. 322, 337,
etc., ii. 48, 3^3.

Dead, use objects sacrificed for them,
i. 4Sf>; feasts of, ii. 29; legion of
future life of, ii. 69, 74,214; god
and judge of, ii. 75, etc., 308.

Deaf aud Dumb, counting, i. 244, 262;
their mythic ideas, i. 298, 413.

Death:—ascribed to sorcery, L 138;
omens of, i. 145, 449; angel of, i.
295, ii. 196, 321; personification
and myths of, i. 295, 319, 355, ii.
46, etc., 309; death and sunset,
myths of, i. 335, ii. 48; exit of soul
at death, i. 448, ii. 1, etc.; death of
soul. ii. 22.

Death-watch, i. 146.

Decimal notation, i. 261.

Degeneration in culture, i. 35, etc.; is
a secondary action, i. Si. 69; ex-
amples of, in A frica, North America,
eta L 47.

Delphi, oracle of, i. 94, ii. 137.

Demeter, i. 3^8, ii. 273, 306.

Democritus, theory of ideas, i. 497.

Demons:— souls become, ii. 27, 111,
etc.; iron, charm against, i. 140;
pervade world,ii. Ill, 137,185,etc.;
disease-demons, 126, etc., 177, 192,
215; water-demons, i. 109, ii. 209;

tree and forest demons, ii. 215, 222;
possession and obsession by demons,

i. 93,162, 309,ii. Ill, 123, etc,17»,
404 ; expulsion of. i. 103, ii. 125,
438; answer in own name through
patient or medium, ii. 124. etc., 182,
366.

Dendid, creation-poem of, ii. 21.
Deodand. origin of, i. 2S7.
Destruction of objects sacrificed to

dead, i. 483; to deities, ii. 376, etc
Development of culture, see Culture.
Development myths, men from apes,

etc. i. 376.
Devil:—as satyr, i. 307; devils' tree,

ii. 148 ; devil-dancers, ii. 133; devil-
worshippers, ii. 329.

Dice, for divination and gambling, L
82.

Dies Natalis, ii. 202, 297.
i Differential words, phonetic expression
of distance and sex, i. 220.
Dirge, Lyke-wake, L 495; of Hos, ii.

32.

i Disease:—personification and mvths
of, i. 295; by exit of souL i. 436;
by demoniacal possession,etc, L 127,
ii. 114, 123, 4u4; disease-spirits, ii.

! 125, etc., 178, 215, 408; embodied
in objects or animals, 146,178, etc.;

\ see Demons, Vampires.
Distance expressed by phonetic modi-
fication, i. 220.
Divination: lots, i. 78; symbolic pro-
cesses, 81, 117; augury, etc., 119;
dreams, 121; haruspication, 124;
swinging ring, etc., 126; astrology,
128; possessed objects, i. 125, ii.

! 155.

i Divining rod and pendulum, i. 127.
Doctrines borrowed by low from high
races :—on future life, ii. 91; dual-
ism, 316; supremacy, 333.
Dodona, oak of, ii. 219.
| Dog-headed men, i. 389.
Dolmens, etc., myths suggested bv, L
387.

Domina Abundia, ii. 389.

Dook, ghost, i. 433.

D'Orbigny, on religion of low tribes,
i. 419 ; on sun-worship, ii. 286.

Dravidian languages, high and low
gender, L 302.

Dreams:—omens by, i. 121; by con-
traries, 122; caused by exit of soul,
i. 440; by spiritual visit to soul, L
442,478; evidence of future life, ii.
24,49, 76; oracular fasting for, 410;
narcotizing for, 416.

Drift, stone implements from, i. 58.

Drivers' and Drovers' words, i. 180.

Drowning, superstition against rescu-
ing from, i. 107; caused by spirits,
109.

Drugs used to produce morbid excite-
ment, dreams, visions, etc., iL 416.

Dual and plural numbers in primitive
culture, L 265.

Dualism:—good and evil spirits, it.
186; good and evil genius, 202;
good and evil deity, 316.

Dusii, ii. 190.

Dwarfs, myths of, L 385.

Dyu, ii. 258.

Earth, myths of, i. 322, etc., 364, ii.
270, 320.

Earth-bearer, i. 364.

Earth-goddess and earth-worship, i.
322, etc., ii. 270, 306, 342.

Earth-mother, i. 826, etc., 365.

Earthquake, myths of, i. 364.

Earthly Paradise, ii. 57, etc

Earthly resurrection, ii 5.

East and West, burial of dead, turn-
ing to in worship, adjusting temples
toward, ii. 383, 422.

Easter fires and festivals, iL 297.

Eclipse, myths of, i. 288, 329, 356;
driving off eclipse monster, i. 328.

Cox swain, etc.:—by exit of soul,

i. 439; by demoniacal possession,

ii. 130; induced by fasting, drugs,
excitement, ii. 410, etc.

Edda, i. 84, ii. 77, etc.

Egypt, antiquity of culture, i. 54;
religion of, transmigration, ii. 13;
future life, 96; animal-worship,
238 ; sun-worship, 295, 311; dual-
ism, 327; polytheism and supremacy,
355.

El, iL 855.

Elagabal, Elagabalus, Heliogabalus, ii.
295, 898.

Elements, worship of the four, ii. 303.
Elf-furrows, myth of, i. 393.
Elijah as thunder-god, IL 264.
Elysium, ii. 97.

Embodiment of souls and spirits, IL

3,123, etc.
Emotional tone, L 166, etc.
Emphasis, i. 173.
Endor, witch of, i. 446.
Energumens or demoniacs. iL 139.
Englishman, Peruvian myth of, L 354.
Enigmas, Greek, i. 93.
Enoch, Book of, i. 403.

Enthusiasm, changed signification of,
iL 183.

Epicurean theory of development of
culture, L 37, 60; of soul, 456; of
ideas, 497.

Epileptic fits by demoniacal posses-
sion, ii. 130, 137; induced, 419.

Eponymic ancestors, etc., myths of,

i. 387, 398, etc., iL 235.

Essence of food consumed by souls,

ii. 89; by deities, 381.

Ethereal substance of soul, L 454; of
spirit, ii. 193.

Ethnological evidence from myths of
monstrous tribes, L 379, etc.; from
eponymic race-genealogies, 401.

Etiquette, significance of, i. 95.

Etymological myths :— names of
places, i. 395; of persons, 396;
nations, cities, etc., traced to epony-
mic ancestors or founders, 398, etc.

Euhemerism, i. 279.

Evans, Mr. John, on stone implements,
i, 65; Mr. Sebastian, L 106, 453.

Evil deity, ii. 816, etc.; worshipped
only, 320.

Excitement of convulsions, etc., for
religious purposes, ii. 133, 419.

Exeter, myth on name of, L 396.

Exorcism and expulsion of souls and
spirits, L 102, 454, ii. 26, 40, 125,
etc., 146, 179, 199, 433.

Expression of feature causes corres-
ponding tone, i. 165,183.

Expressive sound modifies words, i.
215.

Ex-voto offerings, ii. 406, 409.

Eye of day, of Odin, of Graifc, i. 350.

Fables of animals, L 381, 409.
Familiar spirits, ii. 199.
Fancy, in mythology, L 315, 405.
Farrar, Rev. F. W., i. 101, ii. 83.
Fasting for dreams and visions, i. 806,

445, ii. 410.
Fauns and satyrs, iL 227.
Feasts, of the dead, ii. 30; sacrificial

banquets, 395.
Feralia, ii. 42.

Fergusson, Mr., on tree-worship, ii.
218; serpent-worship, 240.

Fetch or wraith, L 448, 452.

Fetish, etymology of, ii. 143.

Fetishism .-—defined, ii. 143 ; doctrine
of, i. 477, ii. 157, etc., 175, 205,
215, 270, etc.; survival of, ii, 160;
its relation to philosophical theory
of force, 160; to nature-worship,
205; to animal-worship, 231; tran-

sition to polytheism, 243; to supre-
macy, 336; to pantheism, 354.

Fiji and S. Africa, moon-myth com-
mon to, i. 355.

Finger joints cut off as sacrifice, ii.
400.

Fingers and toes, counting on, i. 242.
Finns, as sorcerers, i. 84, 115.
Fire, passing through or over, i. 85,

ii. 261, 429, etc.; lighted on grave,

i. 484; drives off spirits, ii. 194;

new fire. ii. 278, 290, 297, 432;

perpetual fire, 27S; sacrifice by fire,

383, etc.

Fire-drill, i. 15.50; antiquity of, ii.
280; ceremonial and sportive sur-
vival of, i. 73.

Fire-god and fire-worship, ii. 277, 376,
etc., 403.

Firmament, belief in existence of, i.
299, ii. 70.

First Cause, doctrine of, ii. 335.

Food offered to dead, i. 485. ii. 30,
etc.; to deities, ii. 397; how con-
sumed, ii. 39, 376.

Footprints of souls and spirits, ii. 197.

Forest-spirits, ii. 215. etc.

Formalism, ii. 363,371.

Formulas :—prayers, ii. 371 ; charms,
373.

Fortunate Isles, ii. 63.
Four winds, cardinal points, i. 301.
Frances, St., her guardian angels, ii.
203.

French numeral series in English, i.
268.

Fumigation, see Lustration.

Funeral procession :—horse led in, i.
463,474; kill persons meeting, 464.

Funeral sacrifice :—attendants and
wives killed for service of dead, i.
458; animals, 472; objects depo- ,
sited or destroyed, 481 ; motives of,
458, 472, 483; survival of, 403,
474, 492; see Feasts of Dead.

Future Life, i. 419, 469, 480, ii. 1, |
etc., 100; transmigration of soul, ii.
2; remaining on earth or departure
to spirit-world, 22; whether races
without belief in, 20; connexion
w ith evidence of senses in dreams
and visions, 24, 49; locality of'
region of departed souls, 74;
visionary visits to, 46; connexion
of solar ideas »ith, 48,74,311, 422;
character of future life, 74; con-
tinuance-theory, 75; retribution-
theory, 83; introduction of moral
element, 10, S3; stages of doctrine

of future life, 100; its practical
effect on mankind, 104; god of the
dead, 308.

Gambling-numerals, i. 268.
Games :—children's games related to-
serious occupations, i. 72; counting-
games, 74; games of chance related
to arts of divination, 78.
i Gataker, on lots, i. 79.
j Gates of Hades, Night, Death, i. 847.
Gayatri, daily sun-prayer of Brahmans.
ii. 292.

Genders, distinguished as male and
female, animate and inanimate, etc...
i. 301.

Genghis-Khan, worshipped, ii. 117.
I Genius, patron or natal, ii. 199, 216;
good and evil, 203; changed signi-
fication of word, 181.
! German and Scandinavian mythology
and religion :—funeral sacrifice, i.
464,491; Walhalla, ii. 79,88; Hel,
i. 347, ii. 88; Odin, Woden, i. 351;
362, ii. 269; Loki, i. 83,365; Thor,
Thunder, ii. 266; Sun and Moon,

i. 289, ii. 294.
Gesture-language, and gesture accom-
panying language, i. 163; effect of
gesture on vocal tone, 165; gesture-
counting original method, i. 246.

Ghebers or Gours, fire-worshippers,

ii. 282.

Gheel, treatment of lunatics at, ii. 143.
Ghost:—ghost-soul, i. 142,428, 433,
445,488; seen in dreams and visions,
440, etc. ; voice of, 452; substance
and weight of, 4 53; of men, animals,
and objects, 4.29, 469, 479; popular
theory inconsistent and broken-
down from primitive, 479; ghosts
as harmful and vengeful demons,
ii. 27 ; ghosts of unburied wander,
ii. 28; ghosts remain near corpse
or dwelling, ii. 29, etc.; laying
ghosts, ii. 153,194.
Giants, myths of, i. 386.
Gibbon, on development of culture, i.
33.

Glanvil, Saducismus Triumphatus, ii.
140.

Glass-mountain, Anafielas, i. 492.
Godless month, ii. 350.
Gods :—seen in vision, i. 306; of
waters, ii, 209; of trees, groves,
and forests, 215; embodied in or
represented by animals, 231 ; gods
of species, 242; higher gods of
polytheism, 247, etc.; of dualism.

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