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9 And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will show thee the bride, the Lamb's wife.

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12 And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: 13 On the east three gates; on the north 1.60 3. three gates; on the south three gates; and on the west three gates.


14 And the wall of the city had twelve foun-h dations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

15 And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.



g Ps. 72. 11.

Zec.14.7. 1.35.8.

52.1. 60.21.

Joel 3.17. Mat. 13 41.

1 Co. 6.9,



21. Ep.5.5.

He. 12. 14.

16 And the city lieth four-square, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand | j c.13.8. furlongs. The length and the breadth and the height of it are equal.

a Eze. 47.1, 12.

c c.2.7.

17 And he measured the wall thereof, a hundred and forty and four cubits, according to be.21.21. the measure of a man, that is, of the angel. 18 And the building of the wall of it was of jasper and the city was pure gold, like unto clear glass.


d Zec.14.11

e Eze 48.35 19 And the foundations of the wall of the f c.7.15. city were garnished with all manner of pre-g Mat 5.3. cious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;

20 The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolyte; the eighth, beryl ; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst. 21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass.

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22 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple ofit. 23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory p Pr.4.18. of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light ⚫ thereof.

24 And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it. 25 And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day for there shall be no night there. 26 And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it.

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27 And there shall in no wise enter into itx 21.2,9. any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever y 1825. worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life. CHAPTER XXII.

1 The river of the water of life. 2 The tree of fe. 5 The light of the city of God is himself. 9 The angel will not be worshipped. 18 Nothing may be added to the word of God, nor taken therefrom.

AND he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

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The river and tree of life.


2 In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. 3 And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him:

4 And they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads.

5 And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.

6 And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to show unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.

7 Behold, I come quickly: blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of

this book.

8 And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which showed me these things.

9 Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellow-servant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God.

10 And he saith unto me, Seal not "the sayings of the prophecy of this book: for the time is at hand.

11 He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is P righteous, let him be righteous still : and he that is holy, let him be holy still.

12 And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man accordingas his work shall be.

13 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.

14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.

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15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the wroot and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.

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17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

18 For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shah add unto him the plagues that are written in this book:


19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

20 He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly; Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.

21 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be f 2 Th.3.18 with you all. Amen.






IT may be necessary here to premise a few observations in explanation of the Varions eras introduced into this work, by which any year of these eras which torresponds to a given year of the Christian era, or the year of the world, may Je easily discovered by the application of the rules of addition or subtraction. The Aletandrian era is that chronological computation which was used by the Deople of Alexandria, who reckoned 3502 years before A. D. The Antiochian era is a correction of the preceding, made in the fourth century, by Pandorus, an Egyptian monk, and used by the people of Antioch; and it differs from the Alexandrian only by subtracting ten years. The Constantinopolitan era is that used by the Byzantine historians, and by the Greek church, which reckons 5503 years before Christ. The Julian Period is a factitious era, conceived by Joseph Scallger, to facilitate the reduction of the years of any given epoch to that of another; and is the result of the lunar and solar cycles, and the indictions, multiplied by each other. Thus, 19, the lunar cycle, multiplied by 28, the solar cycle, produces $32, which multipled by 15, the cycle of indictions, amounts to 7960 years, which tonstitute the Julian Period; in the first year of which all these three cycles begin together; and in the 4714th year of which falls the first year of the Chrisilan era. The Solar Cycle is a revolution consisting of 28 years; the Lunar Cycle, or Golden Number, of 19; the Cycle of Indictions, of 15 years; and the Dionysian Period, of 532, being the product of the Solar and Lunar Cycles multiplied by each other, called also the Paschal Cycle, because in that period the Christian Passover, or Easter, a moveable feast, has gone through all possible variations, and the Solar and Lunar Cycles, Dominical, or Sunday Letters, Pas

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chal Terms, Epacts, New Moons, &c. all recommence exactly as they had done 532 years before. The Nabonassarean era takes its name from Nabonassar king of Babylon, and commences 747 years before A. D. The era of Iphitus, king of Elis, took its rise 884 years before Christ, in consequence of his restoration of the Olympic games. The Olympiads derive their origin from the institution of the Olympic games, which were celebrated every four years, at the time of the first now moon after the summer's solstice; and the first Olympiad is commonly reckoned from the conquest of Olympia by Corobus, B. C. 776: it need scarcely be added, that each Olympiad consists of four years. The year of the building of Rome, (A.U.C.) is an important era among the Roman historians, and commenced, according to Varro, which is generally received, B. C. 753; but according to Cato and the Fasti Consulares, B. C. 752; according to Polybius, B. C. 751; and according to Fabius Pictor, B. C. 747.

The Samaritan Pentateuch places the primordial epoch B. C. 4700; the Septuagint, 5872, the Talmudists, 5344; Scaliger, 3950; Petavius, 34; and Dr. Hales, 5411; who enumerates above 120 various opinions on this subject, the difference between the latest and remotest date of which is no less than 3269. The gene

rally received epoch of 4004, B. C., however, seems to be as well established as any other; and it is worthy of remark, that the celebrated astronomer La Place has observed, that that year was distinguished as a remarkable astronomical epoch; the earth's orbit then coinciding with the line of the equinoxes, and consequently the true and mean equinoxes being united.

Ge.1.11. ill.

4.1..7. 4.8..15.

4.25; 5.3,4.

4.26; 5.6.


1787 2217 1816 2188

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1819 2185

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1849 2155

Nahur, son of Serug, born

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1422 252 Jared dies, aged 962 years

6.3. 22. He 11 7.1 Pe.

3.20.2Pe 2.5.

Ge.5 32; 10.21. 32. 32.

1536 2468 God denounces the Deluge, and commands Noah to build the ark, and to preach repentance to a guilty world, 120 years before the flood came 1556 2445 Japhet born, his father Noah being 500 years old 155 2446 Shem, the second son of Noah, born 160 2444 Birth of Ham, third son of Noah 1651 2353 Lamech, the father of Noah, dies, aged 777 1656 2348 Methuselah, the oldest man, dies, aged 969 years In the same year, and in the 600th year of Noah's age, the Flood comes upon the earth, and de- Mat.24.37. Lu. 17. strays all its Inhabitants, except Noah and 26.1Pe.3.19.2Pe.2. those with him in the ark 5; 3.6.

30, 31.

26.27 vil. Job 22.16.

A. M. B. C. 1757 2247

About this time the tower of Babel 18 built, which is followed by the confusion of lan-1 guages and the dispersion of mankind 1771 2233 About this time Nimrod builds Nineveh, and founds the Assyrian empire Astronomical observations began at this time to be made at Babylon; for Callisthenes sent Aristotle a register of them for 1903 years, extending back from the taking of that city by Alexander, B. C. 331

Reu, son of Peleg, born
Mizraim, grandson of Ham, founds the Egyptian
empire; which continues 1663 years, till the
conquest of Egypt by Cambyses
Serug, son of Reu, born

1878 2196 Terah, son of Nahor and father of Abram,

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Porphyr. ap. Simplic.Lil

de Cælo.

Ge. 11.18.
Ps. 106 23 Is. 19.
Man. in Annai.

22. 24, 25, Eusebius in Chron.p.19. Ge.11.26.





Ac.7.4. Ge.11.29. 30. 17.17; 20.12. Ge.11.21.



2082 1922 The call of Abram from Ur of the Chaldees to Haran in Mesopotamia, where his father Terah dies, aged 25 years

11.31, 32 Ne.9.7, & Ac.7.2, 3.

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A. M. B.C.


2086 1918 Abram and Lot return to Canaan, and separate:
Lot goes to Sodom, and Abram to the valley of

2090 1914 The Kings of Sodom and Gomorrah, &c. revolt
from Chedorlaomer king of Elam
2091 1913 Chedorlaomer and his allies subdue the king of
Sodom and his confederates, and take Lot cap-
tive; but Abram pursues and vanquishes them,
and rescues Lot, and is blessed by Melchize
dek, to whom he gives a tenth of the spoils
God makes a covenant with Abram, promises
hin a numerous posterity, and Canaan for their

About this time Bela, the first king of Edom, be-
gins to reign

2093 1911 Sarah, being barren, gives Hagar to Abram
2034 1910 Ishmael, son of Abram and Hagar, born
2096 1908 Arphaxad, the third from Noah, dies, aged 438
2107 1897 God covenants with Abram, changes his name to
Abraham, institutes circumcision, and promises
Isaac by Saral, whom he calls Sarah
Abraham entertains three angels, who renew the
promise of Isaac's birth, and foretel the de-
struction of Sodom and Gomorrah, for which
Abraham intercedes
Sodom and Gomorrah, &c. destroyed by fire from
heaven; Lot is preserved, and retires to Zoar,
and thence to the mountains

Abraham retires to Beer-sheba, and thence to
Gerar, where Abimelech, the king, takes Sarah
to wife, but is obliged to restore her

2109 1896 Isaac is born in the 100th year of Abraham

Moab and Ben-ammi, sons of Lot, born
2112 1892 Abraham sends away Ishmael and Hagar

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About this time Acencres son of Orus begins to
reign in Egypt, and reigns 12 years and one

2385 1619
2387 1617

The Cushites, from beyond the Indus, settle in


Heb. 13.2.
Ge.xix. Isa. 1.9,
10. Eze 16.46..
50. 2Pe.2.6..8.
Jude 7.


About this time Hadar, or Hadad, eighth and
last king of Edom, begins to reign
Rathotis, brother of Acencres, begins to reign
over the Egyptians about this time, and reigns
9 years

Acencheres, son of Rathotis, succeeds his father,
and reigns 12 years and six months
Ancencheres succeeds Acencheres, and reigns 12
years and six months

Armais succeeds Ancencheres, and reigns 4 years
and one month

About this time Kohath, son of Levi, dies, aged |
Rameses succeeds Armals, and reigna one year

and four months
Rameses Miamun succeeds Rameses, and reigns
67 years, and cruelly persecutes the Israelites
About this time the regal government of the
Edomites is abolished, and the first aristocracy
of dukes begins
Aaron, son of Amram and Jochebed, born
About this time Pharaoh orders all the male
children of the Hebrews to be drowned
Moses is born, and adopted by Pharaoh's

The kingdom of Athens founded about this time
by Cecrops. The Parian marbles place it 26
years earlier




Ex.6.20; 7,7.


2.1..10. Chr.
Num. 460.
Ep. Marm. 1.

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2425 1579
2427 1577
2429 1575

21.2.3. A c.7.8.
Ro.9.9. He. 11.
Ge. 19.36.


2430 1574
2431 1573
2433 1571
2448 1556

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2196 197 Salah, the fourth from Noah, dies

2132 1872 To prove Abraham's faith, God commands him to
sacrince his son Isaac

2135 1869 About this time Jobab, second king of Edom, be-
gins to reign

2145 1959 Sarah dies at Hebron, aged 127 years
2148 1856 Isaac marries Rebekah, in his 40th year

About this time the kingdom of Argos was found-
ed by Inachus

2150 1854 About this time, Abraham marries Keturah, by,
whom he has several children

tian, whom he found smiting a Hebrew; in con- Exod.2.11..13
sequence of which he flies to Midian, and there Ac.7.23.29
marries Zipporah

2231 1773 Ishmael dies, aged 137 years
2242 176% Evechous begins to reign over the Chaldeans
2244 1700 Jacob having fraudulently obtained the blessing
from Isaac, flees into Mesopotamia from the
rage of Esau, and serves Laban, his mother's

ca, in whose time a remarkable deluge happens
in his kingdom


God appears to Moses in a burning bush, whe
keeping the flocks of Jethro at Horeb, and sends
him to deliver Israel
Pharaoh refuses to set the Israelites at liberty,
and increases their burdens. Moses, by God's
direction, loflicts ten plagues on him and his
people; after which the Israelites are expelled
from Egypt, on the 14th or 15th of the month

2501 1503 The Deluge of Dencallon in Thessaly is supposed
to have happened about this time


V. Xill.

From the Exodus of the Israelites to their settlement in Canaan, at the death o
Joshua, 48 years.

A.M. B. C.

2513 1491 The Israelites, by several encampments, arrive
at the Red Sea; where being overtaken by
Pharoah, God opens a passage for them through Ex.13.20..22.
the sea, through which they pass as on dry xiv.; 15.1..22
ground, which the Egyptians essaying to do,
are all drowned

About this time Ogyges beging to reign in Atti-

Euseb. Chron.

2 51 1753

After seven years service, Jacob marries Leah
and Rachel


2252 1752 Reuben, son of Jacob and Leah, born


2253 1751 Simeon, son of Leah, born


2254 1750 Levi, son of Lesh, born


2255 1749 Judah, son of Leah, born


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Ijar or


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Gad, son of Zilpah, Leah's handmaid, born

2257 1747 Naphtali, son of Bilhah, born

Asher, son of Zilpah, born
Issachar, son of Leah, born

2261 1743 About this time Samlah, fifth king of Edom, be-
gins to reign

2265 1739 Jacob, having served Laban twenty years, sets
out with his family to return to Canaan. La-
ban pursues him, but is pacified. Jacob meets
with angels at Mahanaim, with God at Pennel,
and with Esau, who receives him with affec-
tion; and he safely arrives at Shechem, where
he dwells

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Sivan They arrive at mount Sinal, where God delivers
the ten commandments and other precepts,
and instructs Moses concerning the formation
of the tabernacle, the priests' garments, the
dedication of Aaron and his sons to the priest.
hood, &c.

Ab Moses delaying to come down from the mount,
the people make a molten calf and worship it.
Moses, in descending, seeing their idolatry, Is
distressed, and breaks the tables of the law,
burns and destroys the idol, puts 3000 of the
idolaters to death, and intercedes for the rest of
the people

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2272 1732 Dinah is ravished, and the Shechemites murdered
Jacob removes to Bethel, where Deborah, Rebe-
kah's nurse, dies

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Rachel dies in childbed of Benjamin


2276 1728 Joseph is sold by his brethren to the Midianites,
who sell him to Potiphar the Egyptian

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2283 1721 Pharez and Zarah, the twin sons of Judah, by
Tamar, born about this time


tress, is thrown into prison

2285 1719 Joseph, through the false accusation of his mis-

2238 1716 Isaac dies, aged 180 years
2289 1715 Joseph interpreting Pharaoh's prophetic dreams,
is made lord of the land; and the seven years
of plenty commence
About this time is born Manasseh, Joseph's first-

2292 1712
2291 1711 About this time is born Ephraim, Joseph's se-

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Xll. Ac.7.10.
Ps. 105.19..21.

cond son

2296 1703 Commencement of the seven years' famine
2297 1707 Jacob sends his sons to Egypt to buy corn
2298 1706 Jacob having sent them again with Benjamin,
Joseph makes himself known to his brethren, Jos.24.4.
and engages them to come to Egypt with their Ps. 105.17..23.
father, then 130 years old


Ijar or

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Nadab and Abihu, for offering strange fire, are
struck dead with fire from heaven
The people are numbered, formed into a regular
camp, for the fixing and removal of which cer-
tain regulations are made, and the princes pre-
sent offerings at the dedication of the taberna-
cle, &c.
Jethro brings Zipporah and her sons, to Moses in
the wilderness, and gives him advice concern-
ing the best mode of governing the people,
which Moses thankfully accepts, and God ap-|

The people lust for flesh; and God gives them
quails in wrath, at Kibroth-hattaavah






2514 1490 God purishes the sedition of Miriam and Aaron
by the leprosy of Miriam, which he heals at the
prayer of Moses
Having arrived at the wilderness of Paran, they
send twelve chosen men, one of each tribe, to
examine the land of Canaan; who, after forty
days, return to Kadesh-barnea, and bring an
evil report of the land. Caleb and Joshua with-
stand them; but the people murmur and rebel;
and God swears in his wrath, that none of the
murmurers shall enter the land, but be consumed
in the desert, where they are doomed to wander
40 years. The people resolve to enter Canaan
against the will of God, but are repulsed by the
The people continue many days at Kadesh-barnea,
whence they depart towards the Red Sea
Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, about this time rebel
against Moses, and are swallowed up by the
earth, with 250 of their associates; and 14,700
men are destroyed by a plague, for murmuring
against Moses and Aaion, whose authority is
fully established

2515 1480
2533 1471

2551 1453 The Olympic games first celebrated at Elis by the
Idaa Dactyli
2553 1451 After wandering in the deserts of Arabia for 37

years, the Israelites arrive at Kadesh in the
wilderness of Zin, where Mirlam dies, aged
130, in the first month of the 40th year of their
departure from Egypt

The Israelites again murmur for want of water,
which Moses, by God's direction, brings from a
rock; but he and Aaron having shown some dis-
trust, God forbids their entrance into Canaan
Moses sends ambassadors to the king of Edom,|
who refuses a passage through his territories
From Kadesh they go to mount Hor, where Aaron
dies and is buried, aged 123 years

The king of Arad attacks the Israelites, and takes
several captives

Departing from mount Hor, to compass the land
of Edom, the people murmur at the length of the
way, and are plagued with fiery serpents; but,
on their repentance, they are healed by a brazen

About the end of this year, all those who mur-
mured against God being dead, the Israelites
pass over the brook Zered, and come to the
borders of Moab; where they defeat Sihon king.
of the Amorites, and Og king of Bashan, who
came against them

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After him, Shamgar slays 600 Philistines with an
ox-goad, and avenges Israel


xiii. xiv.



2679 1325 Ehud slays Egton, and delivers Israel

97 1307 The Olympic games established by Pelops, in
honour of Jupiter, according to some

2099 1305 The Israelites having returned to their old sin of
idolatry, after the death of Ehud, are delivered]
into the hand of Jabin, king of Canaan, whom
they serve twenty years

2719 1286 Deborah and Barak deliver them; and the land
rests forty years after the former rest obtained
by Ehud
2737 1267 About this time Ninus, son of Belus, founds the
Assyrian empire
2741 1263 The Argonautic expedition. The Pythian games
first celebrated by Adrastus, king of Argos
2752 1952 The Israelites again sinning, are delivered into
the hands of the Midianites for seven years
Tyre, or Tsor, is supposed to have been founded
about this time by the Sidonians

2759 1245 Gideon delivers Israel, and governs them nine)
2768 1236 Gideon dies, and the Israelites again fall into


2769 1235






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The next day the manna ceases

Jericho is taken on the 7th day, the walls falling
down at the sound of the priests' trumpets;
when all the inhabitants are slain, except Rahab
and her family

The Israelites are smitten before A1, in conse-
quence of Achan's sacrilege; which being ex-
plated by his death, Al is taken and utterly
2554 1450 The Gibeonites having craftily obtained a cove.
nant with Joshua, five kings of Canaan, who
had combined against Israel, make war upon
them, and are defeated by Joshua, at which time
the sun stands still

2559 1445 The conquest of Canaan is completed; and Joshua,
at God's command, begins to divide the land
2560 1444 The tabernacle is set up at Shiloh, the rest of the
land is divided, and the Reubenites, Gadites,
and the half tribe of Manasseh, are dismissed to
their possessions east of Jordan

2561 1443 Joshua having gathered together all Israel, ex-
horts them to obedience, renews the covenant
between them and God, and dies, aged 110 years






ix. x.

Abimelech, the son of Gideon by his concubine,
slays 69 of his brethren, and is proclaimed king
by the Shechemites

2771 1233 He and his adherents quarrel and destroy one
another, and he perishes at the siege of Thebez,
according to the warning of Jotham
2772 1232 Tola governs Israel 23 years
2778 1226 The Nemean games are instituted by Adrastus, in
honour of Hercules and Jupiter
2779 1225 The Theban war of the seven heroes against
Eteocles, commonly called the war of the Epi-
gon!, is revived, and rages with great fury for
ten years

2781 1223 The commencement of the kingdom of the Lydians.
under Argon, who reigned at Sardis; which
continued 505 years'

2789 1200 Jair succeeds Tola, and judges Israel 22 years
Semiramis marries Ninus, and reigna 42 years
over nearly the whole of Asia

2799 1203 The Israelites having again relapsed into idolatry,
are delivered into the hands of the Philistines
and Ammonites, whom they serve 18 years
2016 1188 Jair dies, having judged Israel 22 years
2517 1187 Jephthah being made judge, defeats the Ainmon-
ites, slays 42,000 Ephraimites, and governs 6


2820 1184 Troy taken and burnt by the Greeks, after a siege
of ten years. Eucas sails to Italy

2923 1181 fbzan succeeds Jephthah, and judges Israel 7 years
2530 1174 Elon succeeds Ibzan, and governs 10 years
Semiramis dies aged 62, having reigned 42 years,
and is succeeded by Ninyas
2240 1164 Abdon succeeds Elon, and judges Israel 8 years
2848 1156 Ell, the high-priest, succeeds Abdon, and judges
Israel 40 years

The Israelites again provoke the Lord, who de-
Ilvers them into the hands of the Philistines for
forty years




6.1. 10

Ju.vii.; 8.1..32.





Jud. 10.3,4.



XI.; 12.1..7



Jud. 13.1,2,


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2849 1155 Samson is born at Zorah
2567 1137
2568 1136
2857 1117

He burns the corn of the Philistines, and kills a
thousand of them with the jaw-bone of an ass
Samson is betrayed by Delilah, delivered into the
hands of the Philistines, and has his eyes put
out; and, while making sport for them, pulls
down the temple of Dagon, and buries himself
and multitudes in the ruins

2888 1116 The ark is taken by the Philistines, and the two
sons of Eli slain; who falls from his seat, and
dies, aged 98

2889 1115 The Philistines are constrained by Divine judg
ments to send back the ark, which is placed at
2900 1104 The Heraclide return Into Peloponnesus, 80 years
after the taking of Troy; and two years after-
wards divide the country among them; whence
begins the kingdom of Lacedæmon under Eurys-
thenes and Procles

2908 1096 The Israelites, by Samnel's instructions, solemnly
repent at Mizpeh, and are delivered from the
2909 1095 Samuel, when old, employs his sons as judges
under him, who by their misconduct, give the
Israelites occasion to desire a king; and Saul,]
whom God had selected and commanded to an-
oint, is acknowledged king, after relieving Ja-

From the settlement of the Israelites in the land of Canaan to the building of 2919 1035
Solomon's temple, 440 years.

2585 1419 After the death of Joshua, and the elders who

succeeded him, the Israelites do evil in the
sight of the Lord; Micah makes an image,
which the Danites seize upon, and so establish
Idolatry at Dan; and the Levite's concubine 18
abused and killed by the men of Gibeah, which
canses a destructive war between the Benja-
mites and the other tribes

2591 1413 God delivers the Israelites Into the hands of
Chushan-rishathaim, king of Mesopotamia, whom
they serve eight years

1508 1406 Minos, king of Crete, issues his celebrated laws;
and about the same time Iron is discovered by
the Dactyli by the accidental burning of the
forests on mount Ida

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War with the Philistines, in which Saul rashly
sacrifices, and is rejected by God
The kingdom of Sicyon now ends
Jonathan, the son of Saul, smites a garrison of
the Philistines, and obtains a complete victory
over them




2925 1079 God finally rejects Saul, in consequence of his

sparing Agag, king of the Amalekites, and the
best of the spotl


2934 1070 The kingdom of Athens ends in the death of
Codrus, and is afterwards governed by archons
2941 1063 Samuel is sent to Bethlehem to anoint David


David slays Goliath, the champion of the Philis-

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2942 1062 Saul, urged by jealousy, seeks to kill David, who
escapes into the wilderness of Judea
2943 1061 David spares Saul's life, when in his power
2944 1000 Samuel dies, and is buried at Ramah

David marries Abigail, formerly wife of Nabal,
and Ahinoain

2946 1058 He flees to Achish at Gath, who gives him Zik-.

David again spares Saul's life





2949 1056 He invades the Geshurites, Gerzites, and Ama-
lekites, and puts them all to the sword

2949 1055 Saul is slain on mount Gilboa, in a war with the
David is anointed king by the tribe of Judah, at 28am.1; 2.1.7.
Hebron, where he reigns 7 years and 6 months
Abner makes Ishbosheth, the son of Saul, king
over the rest of Israel, at Mahanaim

2951 1053 A mortal skirmish takes place between the soldiers
of Joab, the nephew and general of David, and
those of Abner, the general of Ishbosheth

2926 1048 Abner leaves Ishbosheth, resorts to David, and is
treacherously murder d by Joab
Ishbosheth being assassinated by Baanah and Re-
chab, Divid is anotuted king over all Israel

2057 1047 David taketh the fort of Zion from the Jebusites,
and calls it the City of David; and making Jeru-
salem the seat of his government, he reigns there
33 years

2959 1045 David brings the ark of the covenant from Kirjath-
jearim, and places it in Zion
2960 1044 David purposes to build a temple to Jehovah, but
is informed by Nathan the prophet, that this
should be accomplished by a son to be born to
The settlement of the Ionian colonies in Asia

2964 1040 David subdues the Philistines, Moabites, Syrians,
and Edomites

David kindly provides for Mephibosheth, the son
of Jonathan

2967 1037 David overcomes the Ammonites, whose king had
insulted his ambassadors

2968 1036 David smites the Syrians, who had assisted the

2969 1035 While Joab besieges Rabbah, the capital of Am-
mon, David commits adultery with Bathsheba,
whose husband Uriah he causes to be basely

2970 1034 The child thus begotten in adultery being born,
David is reproved for his crime by Nathan, and
deeply repents
2971 1033 Solomon is born of Bathsheba, and called Jedi-

Rabbah, the capital of Ammon, is taken, and the
people totally subdued

2972 1032 Amnon, David's eldest son, ravishes Tamar
2974 1030 Absalom avengeth his sister Tamar, and slays
Amnon; in consequence of which he flees to
Geshur, to Talmal his maternal grandfather,
where he remains three years

2977 1027 David is induced by Joab to permit his return
2979 1025 David is fully reconcl:ed to him

2990 1024 Absalom steals the hearts of the people
2983 1021 He rebels against his father, and is killed by Joab
The sedition of Bichri appeased by Joab

2986 1018 A famine sent to avenge the Gibeonites for the
cruelty of Saul, and which had endured three
years, is removed by delivering seven of his
sons to them to be put to death

2987 1017 David numbers Israel, and is punished by a dread-
ful pestilence

2938 1016 Rehoboam is born to Solomon, by Naamah, an

2999 1015 David dies, aged 70, and is succeeded by Solomon
2990 1014 Solomon marries the daughter of Pharaoh king of

2992 1012 He lays the foundation of the temple, 480 years
after the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt
3000 1004 The temple is finished in the eleventh year of
Solomon's reign, having been seven years and a
half building

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AM. BC. |
Rehoboam, highly offend- 1Kings 3029 975
ed at the revolt, meditates an
attack upon the ten tribes,
to reduce them to obedience;
but the attempt being for-
bidden by a prophet, he

3030 974 wisely refrains The priests, xi.17.
however, generally, and ma
ny pions Iseliter, with-
draw from Jeroboam, in-
duced, no doubt, by a desire
to enjoy the temple worship
uninterrupted. But Reho.
boam gives up himself to im-

3033 971 piety and vice; Shishak, king xiv.25.

of Egypt, comes to Jer sa-
lem, and plunders both the
temple and the king.

3046 958 Rehoboam an 1 the princes
repent on the preaching of
the prophet Shemaiah; but
the former dies, after reign-
ing 17 years over Judah.
Abijam succeeds Rehoboam,
but reigns only three years

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Jehoram king of Israel, viii.28
and Ahaziah king of Judah,
lead their united armies to
Ramoth Gilead, against Ha-
zael, successor of Benhadad, 2Kings
king of Syria, when the for-
mer is dangerously wound-
ed, and retires to Jezreel for
a cure. In the mean time,
Elisha the prophet, who had
succeeded Elijah, sends a
young prophet to anoint
Jehu, the son of Jehosha-
phat, the son of Nimshi,
king over Israel, for the spe-
cial purpose of rooting out
the house of Ahab. Jehu, be
ing proclaimed king by the
army, marches straight to
Jezreel, kills Jehoram in the
field of Naboth, and causes
Jezebel to be cast out of a
window, where she is eaten
of dogs.

He also despatches letters
to Samaria, and causes 70
of Ahab's children to be be-
headed. Then comes him-
self to Samaria,and destroys
the whole family of Ahab,
and all the priests of Baal.
Notwithstanding this, he de-
parts not himself from the
worship of Jeroboam's

Still farther, he pursues
Ahaziah, king of Judah,
who had fled toward Me-
giddo, and causes him to be
slain; also 42 of his kindred,
at Samaria.

Jeroboam, whilst worship
ping at Bethel, is warned Ly
a prophet of the judgments
which should fall upon that
altar and upon its priests.
Jeroboam is defeated in an
engagement with Abijum,
with the loss of five hundred 2Chron.
thousand men.

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of his success against the 2Chron.
Edomites, provokes Jeho-
ash, king of Israel, to a war,
and is taken prisoner by him.
Amaziah being slain at
Lachish, is succeeded by
Uzziah, or Azariah, who
reigns fifty-two
years, 2Kings
though a leper.

part of the wall of Jerusa- 2Chrer

lem, spoils the temple and

the palace, and returns in
triumph to Samaria.

3179 825 Jehoash dies, and is sue 2King
ceeded by his son, Jero- xiv.23
boam II.

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