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Besprinkle } witk.
Bestow on, upon.
Betake to. Anger to, towards.
Betroth to, Angry with.
Call on, for. (11.)
Charm with. Apprise of
Comply with. Ashamed of
Compress into Ascribe to.
Concerned for Associated with.
Condole with. Aspire to.
Conduce to, towards. Atone for.
Conducive to. Attain to. (6.)
Confer with, on, upon. (13.) Attach to.
Consign to. Awake from.
Consist of, in. (15.) Backward in.
Aversion towards.} (8.)
Conspiracy } against.
Barter with, for.
Dead to, in. (17.)
Excel in. Dear to.
Exception from Debar from
Exemption from. Decide on, against (18.) Expert at, in. Decorate with.
Expel from. Dedicate to.
Export to, from. (28.) Deduct from.
Exclude from. Deference towards.
Faithful to. Deliberate with, upon. (19) Fall under. (29.) Dependent on. (20.)
Fight with, against. (30. Deter from, by. (22.) Fire at, upon. (31.) Determined upon, to.
Fitted to. Detrimental to.
Flee from. Devolve on, upon.
Follow after. (32.) Disagree with
Fraught with. Disagreeable to.
Free from Dispense with.
Friendly to, with. Doubted of.
Frown on, upon. Differ from.
Gaze at. Difference with, between, in, Gifted with. through. (23.)
Glance at. Disappointed of, in (24.)
Glad at, of. Disapprove of. (25.)
Glow with. Dissent from.
Glut with. Eager in, to. (26.)
Graft into, upon.
Harmony with Enmity towards, against. Hateful to. Enraged with, at.
Hear of, from. (31.) Envy towards.
Hearken to. Equal to.
Heed (noun) to. Equidistant from.
Heedless of. Erase from.
Heir to. Escape from.
Hesitate in, to, about. (35.) Essay (noun) on. (27.)
Grieve for."".} (33.)
OBSERVATIONS ON, AND EXAMPLES OF, THE CON
STRUCTION OF SOME OF THE WORDS UNDER
THE LETTERS A AND H INCLUSIVE. 1. Accused requires of followed by the crime, and by followed by the accuser.
2. Adjoining : this word may take to, or omit it; thus, “He bought a house adjoining to (or adjoining) his farm.” The latter is more used.
3. Affectionate, affectionately, affection : these words are similarly constructed, and it may be remarked that the adjective, verb, adverb, and noun of the same family, are, in most instances, constructed alike.
4. Apply: we apply to an individual for something at such and such a time, place, &c. &c.
5. Appeal: we appeal to a judge to retry our cause from one whose decision we are not content with ; for, after appeal, introduces the object or purpose of appeal.
6. Attain : to, may be expressed or omitted: thus, “He attained to (or attained) his object."
7. Attend : a servant attends on or upon a master. The word in question is followed by to when casual, not habitual, attention is implied ;, as, “ Attend to your business ;" and a person attends at a place when he calls there, and also attends at a certain time.
8. Averse : “He appeared quite averse to your proposal ;” “He exhibited his aversion towards me very strongly.”
9. Bargain, barter, are similarly constructed. Men bargain and barter with men for the article they receive in exchange.
10. Bear with, signifies, to put up with or receive patiently ill-treatment at the hands of another.
11. Call on, for : we call on a person when we pay a visit; also when we request him to do something; as, “I call on you for a song;" we call for a thing when we desire to receive it.
12. Calculated: "He calculated on receiving intelligence
a month sooner;" “That act was calculated to injure him."
13. Confer, followed by with, signifies to commune with another, by way of advice ; on introduces the subject matter of the conference, and also the party on whom something is bestowed.
14. Confident of, introduces the thing which is strongly expected or surely known; and we say, “He was confident in the expectation that it would be as he desired.”
15. Consist :“A man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth ;” “Atmospheric air consists of a compound of two gases.'
16. Convinced : a man is convinced of something by certain evidence, or by an individual persuading him.
17. Dead : a man is said to be dead to a thing which he cares not for, and dead in something which prevents him performing the functions of life; thus, “Dead in trespasses and sins.”
18. Decide : we decide on a course or plan which we desire to enter on ; against it, when we refuse entering on it; we also decide against a person, when we judge his cause to be a bad one.
19. Deliberate : we deliberate with a person whose advice we respect, and on the business about which we take counsel.
20. Dependent : it is worthy of remark that this word and its opposite are differently constructed; we say, “He was dependent on friends, independent of them.”
21. Descend from the place or position left, into that entered on.
22Deter from a course or act by the cause.
23. Difference : "I had a difference (quarrel) with him ;" “There is a difference of opinion between you and me on that point, in that respect;" through expresses the
24. Disappointed: we are disappointed of or in something we expect and do not receive ; disappointed in it, when we receive it and find it does not realize the pleasure we anticipated therefrom.
25. Disapprove of a thing not liked ; so the opposite approve is constructed. There is another usage of approve,
as in the following example, " He approved himself in my
“ eyes ;” meaning that he gave me reason to be satisfied with his conduct.
26. Eager : “ The man was eager in the pursuit of a thing;" when he pursued it, entered on the pursuit of it, and went through it energetically ; a man is eager to do a thing when he is anxious about it, although he may not actually do it.
27. Essay, as a noun, is constructed with on : “He wrote an essay on that subject.” Essay, as a verb, takes no particle after it: "He essayed to speak ;" that is, attempted to speak.
28. Export: a commodity is exported to a country into which it is introduced; from the country out of which it is brought.
29. Fall : this word has a great variety of construction, according to the different ideas to be expressed; fall short of, fall upon, fall away, fall out, fall back, fall headlong, in, together with, down, are but a few examples of such variety.
30. Fought: to fight with a man, is to fall out with or disagree with him ; to fight against, is to rank with his enemies, and so oppose him, especially in battle.
31. Fire: to fire at a mark, or bird, or person ; fired upon an enemy, more usually in battle.
32. Follow : this word ordinarily takes the object direct, without the intervention of a particle; when however it signifies to pursue eagerly, it takes after ; as, “ Follow after righteousness.”
33. Grieved: to be grieved with a person, is to be displeased at his conduct; to be grieved for him, is to be sorry for some mishap which has happened to him.
34. Hear of, is to receive intelligence from somebody else about some person or thing; hear from, to receive intelligence or a communication from an individual himself.
35. Hesitate : “He hesitated in his answer, he hesitated to answer, he hesitated about that matter ;' the first means he answered, but not willingly; the second may or may not imply that he answered; the third, that he was not resolved as to what course he should adopt.
36, Hinted : a man hints at a matter to which he