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a month sooner;" "That act was calculated to injure him."
13. Confer, followed by with, signifies to commune with another, by way of advice; on introduces the subject matter of the conference, and also the party on whom something is bestowed.
14. Confident of, introduces the thing which is strongly expected or surely known; and we say, "He was confident in the expectation that it would be as he desired."
15. Consist: "A man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth;" "Atmospheric air consists of a compound of two gases."
16. Convinced a man is convinced of something by certain evidence, or by an individual persuading him.
17. Dead: a man is said to be dead to a thing which he cares not for, and dead in something which prevents him performing the functions of life; thus, "Dead in trespasses and sins."
18. Decide: we decide on a course or plan which we desire to enter on; against it, when we refuse entering on it; we also decide against a person, when we judge his cause to be a bad one.
we deliberate with a person whose advice we respect, and on the business about which we take counsel.
20. Dependent: it is worthy of remark that this word and its opposite are differently constructed; we say, was dependent on friends, independent of them."
21. Descend from the place or position left, into that entered on.
22. Deter from a course or act by the cause.
23. Difference: "I had a difference (quarrel) with him;" "There is a difference of opinion between you and me on that point, in that respect," through expresses the
24. Disappointed: we are disappointed of or in something we expect and do not receive; disappointed in it, when we receive it and find it does not realize the pleasure we anticipated therefrom.
25. Disapprove of a thing not liked; so the opposite approve is constructed. There is another usage of approve,
as in the following example, " He approved himself in my eyes;" meaning that he gave me reason to be satisfied with his conduct.
26. Eager: “The man was eager in the pursuit of a thing;" when he pursued it, entered on the pursuit of it, and went through it energetically; a man is eager to do a thing when he is anxious about it, although he may not actually do it.
27. Essay, as a noun, is constructed with on: “He wrote an essay on that subject." Essay, as a verb, takes no particle after it: "He essayed to speak;" that is, attempted to speak.
28. Export: a commodity is exported to a country into which it is introduced; from the country out of which it is brought.
29. Fall: this word has a great variety of construction, according to the different ideas to be expressed; fall short of, fall upon, fall away, fall out, fall back, fall headlong, in, together with, down, are but a few examples of such variety.
30. Fought to fight with a man, is to fall out with or disagree with him; to fight against, is to rank with his enemies, and so oppose him, especially in battle.
31. Fire: to fire at a mark, or bird, or person; fired upon an enemy, more usually in battle.
32. Follow this word ordinarily takes the object direct, without the intervention of a particle; when however it signifies to pursue eagerly, it takes after; as, "Follow after righteousness."
33. Grieved: to be grieved with a person, is to be displeased at his conduct; to be grieved for him, is to be sorry for some mishap which has happened to him.
34. Hear of, is to receive intelligence from somebody else about some person or thing; hear from, to receive intelligence or a communication from an individual himself.
35. Hesitate: He hesitated in his answer, he hesitated to answer, he hesitated about that matter;" the first means he answered, but not willingly; the second may or may not imply that he answered; the third, that he was not resolved as to what course he should adopt.
36. Hinted a man hints at a matter to which he
desires to refer; and to a person to whom he wishes to communicate some information.
Occur to, in. (9.) Offence at, to. (10.) Offended with.
Operate upon. Opportunity for, to. Opposition to. Oration on.
Penetrate to, into.
Peopled by, with.
Plead for, with.
Present at, to. (13.)
Unapproved of, by.
Verdict of, for, against. (21.)
Wade through, in.
Weary of, with. (22.)
Write to, of, about, against,
Yield to, in.
OBSERVATIONS ON, AND EXAMPLES
OF, THE CONSTRUCTION OF SOME OF THE WORDS UNDER THE LETTERS I AND Z INCLUSIVE.
1. Indignant at, introduces the cause of indignation; with the individual towards whom the indignation is felt. 2. Knew is sometimes constructed with the object direct, especially when it signifies to recognise; sometimes it takes after it of, introducing the thing known: this construction is explainable on the principle well known to the classical scholar, that whereby the verb may be resolved into another verb with a noun kindred in its meaning to the first verb; thus, knew is equivalent to had knowledge of