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and love that of God that yet is in them. All is thee thy desert! Would any of you support good that is of God.

your enemy, as God doth you. 4. If all things be of God, as the creator and conserver, we must hence remember on whom

CHAP. XI. it is that ourselves and all things else depend. As we must know God as our Creator, so also * In him we live, move, and have our being.- as our Redeemer ; of which I shall say but little He upholds all things by the word of his power,' now, because I have mentioned it more fully in the earth stands upon his will and word. The the Directions for Sound Conversion. It is life nations are in his hands, so are the lives of eternal to know the Father, and Jesus Christ our friends and enemies, and so are ourselves. whom he has sent. The Father redeems us by Therefore our eye must be upon him; our the Son, whom he sent, whose sacrifice he accare must be to please him; and our trust and cepted, and in whom he is well pleased ; and this quietness must be in him; and blessed is he must have these effects upon our souls. that maketh sure of an interest in his special 1. We must be hence convinced, that we are love.

not now in a state of innocency, nor to be saved 5. Hence also we must observe the vanity of as innocents, or on the terms of the law of our all creature-confidence, and our hearts must be creation : but salvation is now by a Redeemer : withdrawn from resting in any means or instru- and therefore consists in our recovery and resments. They are nothing to us, and can do no- toration. The objects of it are only lapsed, sinthing for us, but what they have or do from him ful, miserable men. Name the creature if you that made and preserves us.

can, since Adam, that stood before God here in 6. And lastly, hence also we may see the pa the flesh, in a state of personal, perfect innocency, tience and goodness of the Lord, that as he re- except the immaculate Lamb of God. If God, fused not to make those men that he foreknew as Cre tor, should now save any, without rewould live ungodlily, so he denies not to uphold spect to a redemption, it must be on the terms their being, even while they sin against him. All of the law of creation : upon which it is certain the while that they are abusing his creatures, they that no man hath or shall be saved ; that is, upon are sustained by him, and have those creatures perfect, personal, persevering obedience. You from him. From him the drunkard hath his cannot exempt infants themselves from sin and drink, and the glutton his meat, and the volup- misery, without exempting them from Christ the tuous youth their abused health and strength; Redeemer, and the remedy. “There is none and all men have from him the powers or facul- righteous (in himself without a Redeemer) no ties of soul and body by which they sin. And not one. They are all gone out of the way.shall any be so ungrateful as to say therefore That every mouth may be stopped, and all the that God doth cause their sin ? It is true, he world may become guilty before God. And can easily stop thy breath while thou art swear- if all the world be guilty, none are innocent: ing, lying, and speaking against the service of therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no God that made thee : and wouldst thou have flesh be justified in his sight.--For all have sinhim do so ? He can easily take away the meat, ned, and come short of the glory of God; being drink, riches, health, and life which thou abusest; justified freely by his grace, through the redempand wouldst thou have him do it? He can easily tion that is in Jesus Christ.-All we like sheep keep thee from sinning any more on earth, by have gone astray, we have turned every one to eutting off thy life, and sending thee to pay for his own way, and the Lord hath laid on him tlie what thou hast done : and art thou content with iniquity of us all.— Through the offence of one, this? Must he be taken to be a partaker in thy many are dead. And the judgment was by one sin, because he doth not strike thee dead, or to condemnation. By the offence of one, death lame, or speechless, or disable thee from sinning? reigned by one.—By the offence of one, judg. Provoke him not by thy blasphemies, lest he ment came on all men to condemnation.—By one clear himself in a way that thou desirest not. man's disobedience many were made sinners. -But 0 wonder at his patience, that holds thee in We were shapen in iniquity, and in sin did our his hand, and keeps thee from falling into the mother conceive us.—We were by nature the grave and hell, while thou art sinning against children of wrath, and dead in trespasses and him! While a curse or oath is in thy mouth, he sins.—In Adam all die.—We thus judge, that if could let thee fall into utter misery. How often one died for all, then were all dead—Christ is hast thou provoked him to take thee in thy lust, the Saviour of the body.-Christ loved the in thy rage, or in thy neglect of God, and give church, and gave himself for it, that he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of means of death for the redemption of transgrerwater, by the word, that he might present it sions.' So that all scripture speaks this truth to himself a glorious church. If infants have aloud to us, that there is now no salvation prono sin and misery, then they are none of the mised but to the church, the justified, the regenbody, the church, which Christ loved and gave erated, the redeemed ; and that none can be cahimself for, that he might cleanse it. But what pable of these but sinners, and such as are lost further proof need we when we have the common and miserable in themselves. Till our necesexperience of all the world? Would every man sity be understood, redemption cannot be well that is born of a woman, without exception, so understood. They that believe that Christ died early manifest sin in the life, if there were no not only for this or that man in particular, but corrupt disposition at the heart? And should for the world, methinks, should believe that the all inankind without exception, taste of the pun- world are sinners, and need his death. He is ishment of sin, if they had no participation of called “the Saviour of the world,' and the Sa the guilt ? Death is the wages of sin; and " by viour of all men, especially of believers.— We sin death entered into the world, and it passeth have seen and do testify that the Father sent upon all men, for that all have sinned.' Infants the Son to be the Saviour of the world. And from have sickness, torments, and death, which are what doth he save them? • From their sins,' and the fruits of sin. And were they not presented from the wrath to come.'—' For this is a faithful to Christ as a Saviour, when he took them in his saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ arms and blessed them, and said, of such is the Jesus came into the world to save sinners. Inkingdom of God?' Certainly, none that never fants then are sinners, or none of those that he were guilty, or miserable, are capable of a place came to save. Christ hath made no man rightin the kingdom of the Mediator. For to what eous by his obedience, but such as Adam made end should he mediate for them; or how can sinners by his disobedience ; · For as by one he redeem them, that need not a redemption ? man's disobedience, many were made sinners, so or how should he reconcile them to God, that by the obedience of one, many shall be made never were at enmity with him ? Or how can righteous.' Infants are not made righteous by he wash them that never were unclean ? Or how Christ, if they were not sinners: and sinners can he be a physician to them that never were they cannot be by any but original sin. "God sick ; 'when the whole have no need of the phy- commended his love to us, in that while we sician. He came to seek and to save that which were yet sinners Christ died for us : much more was lost, and to save his people from their sins.' being now justified by his blood, we shall be They are none of his saved people therefore, that saved from wrath through him : when we were had no sin. He came to redeem those that enemies, we were reconciled to God by the were under the law. But it is most certain, death of his Son,' so that it is sinners that that infants were under the law, as well as the Christ died for, and sinners that are justified by adult: and they were a part of his people Israel, his blood, and sinners that are reconciled to God. whom he visited and redeemed. If ever they be Infants therefore are sinners, or they are none admitted into glory, they must praise him that of the redeemed, justified or reconciled. And redeemed them by his blood.

when Jesus Christ, by the grace of God, did God doth first justify those whom he glorifies, taste death for every man, infants are surely inand they must be born again, that will enter cluded. There is one mediator between God into his kingdom. There is no regeneration and man, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himor renovation but from sin, nor any justification self a ransom for all. Therefore all had sin and but from sin, and from what we could not be misery, and needed that ransom. He is the justified from by the law of Moses, nor any jus propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only, tification but what contains remission of sin; but also for the sins of the whole world.' Aud and where there is no sin, there is none to be is it not plain then that the whole world are remitted. Nor is there any justification but what sinners ? is through the redemption that is in Christ Je- I speak all this for the evincing of original sin sus, and his propitiation.—' He is made of God only, because that only is denied by such as yet redemption to us. And the redemption that we pretend to Christianity; for actual sin is com: have by him “is remission of sins by his blood. monly confessed, and shows itself. And truly - By his own blood entered he once into the so doth original sin, in our proneness to actual.; holy place, having obtained eternal redemption and in the earliness and commonness of such evil for us : the eternal inheritance is received by inclinations; and in the remnants of it, which the sanctified feel, though they are such as were and the law is not of faith ; but the man that sanctified ever so early, before actual sin had doth them shall live in them.' Certainly the time to breed those evil habits, which therefore law of nature requires not less than Moses' law certainly were born with us.

to a man's justification, if not more. And if If the image of God, consisting in true holi- there had been a law given which could have ness, be not natural, or born in every infant given life, verily righteousness should have been in the world, then original sin must needs be by the law. But the scripture hath concluded born with them: for that sin is either only or all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus chiefly the privation of that image or holiness. Christ might be given to them that believe.' He that will say that this image is not requisite By the fulness of this evidence, it is easy to to infants, and so that the absence of it is a mere see, that infants and all mankind are sinners, and negation, doth make them brutes, and not of the therefore have need of the Redeemer. race of man, whom God created after his image 2. To know God as our Redeemer, contains and leaves them incapable of heaven or hell, or the knowledge of the great ends of our redempany other life than beasts have. He that thinks tion, and of the manifestation of God to man so of infants to-day, may think so of himself to- thereby. Having treated of these on a former morrow. He that will affirm that this image or occasion, I shall now say but this in brief. It is holiness is born with every infant into the world, beyond dispute, that God could have made man so wilfully contradicts common evidence, which capable of glory, and kept him from falling by appears in the contrary effects, that he is not confirming grace, and, without a Redeemer, setworthy to be further talked with.

tled him in felicity as he did the angels. He One thing more I will propound yet to the that foresaw man's fall, and necessity of a Sacontrary-minded; can they say that any infants viour, could easily have prevented that sin and are saved or not? If not, either they perish as necessity : but he would not; he did not : but brutes, which is a brutish opinion, or they live chose rather to permit it, and save man by the in misery ; and then, they had sin that did de- way of a Redeemer. In which his infinite wisserve it; yea, if they think that any of them dom is exceedingly manifested. And in Christ, perish in the wrath to come, it must be for sin. who is the power and wisdom of God, among If they think that any of them are saved, it is others these excellent effects are declared to us, either by covenant, or without : there is some which the way of redemption attains, above what promise for it, or there is none. If none, then the saving us on the terms of nature would have no man can say that any of them are saved. For attained. who hath known the mind of the Lord without 1. God is now wonderfully admired and maghis revelation? It is arrogancy to tell the world nified in the person of the Redeemer. Angels of the saving of any whom God did no way reveal themselves desire to pry into this mystery, as the that he will save. But if they plead a revelation frame of nature is set to us to see God in, where or promise, it is either the covenant of nature or we daily as in a glass behold him and admire of grace; a promise contained in nature, law or him ; so the person of the Redeemer, and work gospel. The former cannot be affirmed, not of incarnation and redemption, is set to the angels only because the dissenters themselves deny any for their contemplation and admiration, as well such covenant to have been in nature, or any as to us : 'to the intent that now unto the princiway made to Adam, but because there is no such palities and powers in heavenly places, might be covenant or promise in nature to be found, for known, by the church, the manifold wisdom of the salvation of all infants ; and if not for all, God.' In the glorious perfection and digthen for none: and because it is contrary to nity of the Redeemer, will God be for ever gloabundance of plain passages in the scriptures, rified; for his greatest works do most honour that assure us there is but one covenant of salva- him : and as the sun doth now to us more hontion now in force: and that all the world shall our him than a star, so the glorified person of become guilty before God, and every mouth be the Redeemer, doth more honour God than man stopped,' and that · by the deeds of the law no or angels. • He is gone into heaven, and is on flesh shall be justified in his sight, and if the right hand of God; angels, authorities, and righteousness come by the law, then Christ is powers, being made subject to him.—Being dead in vain. For as many as are of the works raised from the dead, God hath set him at his of the law, are under the curse.

-And that no own right hand in heavenly places, far above man is justified by the law in the sight of God, all principalities, powers, might, dominion, and is evident ; for the just shall live by faith ; I every name that is nan

amed, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come; and ever. The city had no need of the sun, neither hath put all things under his feet, and gave him of the moon to shine in it; for the glory of God to be the head over all things to the church, doth lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth - The throne of God and of the Lamb shall be all in all.—Who being the brightness of his in it, and his servants shall serve him ; and they glory, and the express image of his person, and shall see his face, and his name shall be in their upholding all things by the word of his power, foreheads.' These and many other scriptures when he had by himself purged our sins, sat show us, that God will be for ever glorified in down on the right hand of the Majesty on high, the person of the Redeemer, more than in either being made so much better than the angels, as men or angels; and consequently that it was the he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent principal part of his intention in the design of name than they'

man's redemption. Here a very great truth appears, which very In the way of redemption man will be saved many overlook, that the exaltation of the per- with greater humiliation and self-denial than son of the Redeemer, and the glory that God he should have been in the way of creation. will have in him, is a higher and more principal If we had been saved in a way of innocency, part of God's intent in the sending of him to be we should have had more to ascribe to ourincarnate and redeem us, than the glorifying of selves. It is meet that all creatures be humman, and of God by us. Christ will be more bled and abased and nothing in themselves, beglorious than men or angels, and therefore will fore the Lord. more glorify God; and God will eternally take 3. By the way of redemption, sin will be the more complacency in him than in men or angels : more dishonoured, and holiness more advanced, and therefore, though in several respects he is than if sin had never been known in the world. for us, and the means of our felicity, and we are Contraries illustrate one another. Health would for him, and the means of his glory, as the head not be so much valued, if there were no sickis for the body, and the body for the head, yet ness: nor life, if there were no death : nor day, we are more for Christ as a means to his glory, if there were no night: nor knowledge, if there than he for us : I mean he is the more excellent were no ignorance : nor good, if man had not principal end. “For to this end Christ both died, known evil. The holiness of God would never rose and revived, that he might be Lord both of have appeared in execution of vindictive justice the dead and living ;—who being in the form of against sin, if there had never been any sin ; and God, thought it not robbery to be equal with therefore he hath permitted it, and will recover God; but made himself of no reputation, and us from it, when he could have prevented our took upon him the form of a servant, and was falling into it. made in the likeness of men: and being found 4. By this way also, holiness and recovering in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and be- grace shall be more triumphant against the devil came obedient unto death, even the death of the and all its enemies : by the many conquests that cross : wherefore God also hath highly exalted Christ will make over Satan, the world and the him, and given him a name, which is above every flesh, and death, there will very much of God be name ; that at the name of Jesus every knee seen to us, that innocency would not thus have shall bow, both of things in heaven and things manifested. in earth, and under the earth, and that every 5. Redemption brings God nearer unto man: tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, the mystery of incarnation gives us wonderful to the glory of God the Father.—And I beheld, advantages to have more familiar thoughts of and I heard the voice of many angels round about God, and to see him in a clearer glass, than ever the throne, and the beasts, and the elders, and the we should else have seen him in on earth, and number of them was ten thousand times ten thou to have access with boldness to the throne of sand, and thousands of thousands : saying with grace. The pure Deity is at so vast a distance a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain, from us, while we are here in flesh, that if it to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and had not appeared in the flesh unto us, we should strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing : and have been at a greater loss. But now without every creature which is in heaven, and in earth, controversy great is the mystery of godliness ; and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, God was manifested in the flesh, justified in the and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, Spirit, seen of angels, preached to the Gentiles, honour, glory and power be unto him that sitteth believed on in the world, and received up into on the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and glory.'

6. In the way of redemption, man is brought | God as friends and children, with love and thankto more earnest and frequent addresses unto fulness, than to serve him merely as the most God, and dependence on him : necessity drives loyal subjects, or with an obedience that hath less him: and he hath use for more of God, or for of love. God in more of the ways of his mercy, than else 9. In the way of redemption, holiness is more he would have had.

admirably exemplified in Christ, than it was, or 7. Principally in this way of saving miserable would have been in Adam. Adam would never man by a Redeemer, there is opportunity for the have declared it in that eminency of love to more abundant exercise of God's mercy, and others, submission to God, contempt of the consequently for the more glorious discovery of world, self-denial, and conquest of Satan, as his love and goodness to the sons of men, than if Christ hath done. they had fallen into no such necessities. Misery 10. In the way of redemption, there is a prepares men for the sense of mercy. In the double obligation laid upon man for every duty. Redeemer there is so wonderful a discovery of To the obligations of creation, all the obligations love and mercy, as is the astonishment of men of redemption and the new creation are superand angels. • Behold what manner of love the added : and this threefold cord should not so Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be easily be broken. Here are moral means more called the sons of God ! — God, who is rich in powerfully to hold the soul to God. mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved 11. In this way there is a clearer discovery us, even when we were dead in sins, hath quick of the everlasting state of man, and life and ened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are immortality are more fully brought to light saved) and hath raised us up together, and by the gospel, than, for ought we find in scripmade us sit together in heavenly places in Christ ture, they were to innocent man himself. “No Jesus ; that in the ages to come he might show man hath seen God at any time: the only bethe exceeding riches of his grace, in his kindness gotten Son that is in the bosom of the Father, he towards us by Christ Jesus ; for by grace ye are hath declared him.'—* For no man hath ascendsaved through faith, and that not of yourselves, ed up into heaven, but he that came down from it is the gift of God: not of works, lest any heaven, even the Son of man, which is in heaven.' man should boast.'— For we ourselves were some- 12. Man will be advanced to the judging of times foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers the ungodly and of the conquered angels : even lusts and pleasures, &c. But after that the kind by the good will of the Father, and a participaness and love of God our Saviour toward man ap- tion in the honour of Christ our head, and by peared, not by works of righteousness which we a participation in his victories, and by our own have done, but according to his mercy he saved victories in his strength, by the right of conquest, us, by the washing of regeneration and renewing we shall judge with Christ, both devils and men, of the Holy Ghost. Never was there such a that were enemies to him, and our salvation : and discovery of God as he is love, in a way of there is more in that promise than we yet well mercy to man on earth, as in the Redeemer, and understand; "he that overcometh, and keepeth his benefits.

my words unto the end, to him will I give power 8. In the way of redemption the soul of man over the nations, and he shall rule them with a is formed to the most sweet and excellent tem rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they per, and his obedience cast into the happiest be broken to shivers, even as I received of my mould. The glorious demonstration of love, doth Father.' animate us with love to God; and the shedding 13. That which Augustine so much insists abroad of his love in our hearts by the Spirit of on, I think is also plain in scripture, that the the Redeemer, doth draw out our hearts in love salvation of the elect is better secured in the to him again: and the sense of his wonderful hands of Christ, than his own or any of his poslove and mercy fills us with thankfulness : so terities was in the hands of Adam. We know that love is hereby made the nature of the new that Adam lost that which was committed to him: man; and thankfulness is the life of all our but we know whom we have believed, and are obedience : for all flows from these principles, persuaded, that he is able to keep that which we and expresses them : so that love is the com- commit to him, against that day.' Force not these pendium of all holiness in one word ; and thank- scriptures against our own consolation, and the fulness of all evangelical obedience. And it is glory of our Redeemer, and then judge,' as thou a more sweet and excellent state of life, to be hast given him power over all flesh, that he the spouse of Christ, and his members, and serve I should give eternal life to as many as thou hast

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