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Specification for building a bulk-head for the Hudson River State Hospital for the Insane, in front of their property near Poughkeepsie:

The bulk-head to be one hundred (100) feet in length, with returns of about forty (40) feet, to be twenty (20) feet wide on the bottom and eighteen (18) feet wide on the top, to be built as follows:

To be framed on pine timber not less than twelve inches square, standards of five-inch spruce timber to be notched into the frame logs, and bolted to same with five-eighth inch spikes, twelve inches long, to be placed in front and rear of bulk-head, forty (40) feet apart. The bulk-head to be built to high water mark with round pine or spruce logs, not less than six inches in diameter at the small end.

Four courses of longitudinal logs to extend the entire length of bulk-head and returns. Front to be double logged to high water mark. Cross logs or braces to be laid not more than seven feet apart, making bents or spaces about six feet square. Logs to be laid directly over each other.

All logs to be properly let down, so as to touch at every crossing. Front logs to be spiked at every crossing, remainder at each alternate crossing with half-inch spikes twelve to fourteen inches long. Standards to be spiked at each course of logs.

The floors to be laid in the outer bents on first course of braces, in the middle bents on the third course of braces.

From high water mark to five feet above, the front ends and returns to be built of white pine timber not less than twelve inches square, to be bolted every twelve feet, with three-quarter bolts twenty inches long. Ends of braces to be dovetailed into square timbers, to be let down close to each other.

Mooring posts, not less than eighteen inches in diameter at the. butt, to be placed fifty feet apart, to be well chocked and braced.

The whole bulk-head to be fitted to top of braces with stone of a suitable size.

A backing piece of twelve-inch pine timber, to extend the entire front and sides of bulk-head, to be bolted every fifteen feet, inch bolts two feet long.

Corners to be close fendered, ten (10) feet each way, with five inch oak fenders twelve feet long, four (4) three-quarter inch bolts twelve inches long in each fender. Remainder of bulk-head to have two half-round oak fenders twelve feet long, five inches thick to each course of braces, four (4) three-quarter bolts in each fender. Three bands of three-quarter iron four inches wide, five (5) feet each limb, eight three-quarter bolts in each band, on each corner. Heads of bolts to be countersunk.

All the materials used to be of the best quality and the work to be done in the best manner.

This agreement, made by and between the managers of the Hudson River State Hospital for the Insane and Ferguson and Carter, witnesseth:

That the said Ferguson and Carter agree to furnish all the materials required and build the bulk-head according to the annexed specification for the sum nine (9) cents per cubic foot. And the managers of the Hudson River State Hospital for the Insane, for and in consideration of the faithful performance of the above named stipulation, agree to pay the said Ferguson & Carter the sum of nine (9) cents per cubic foot. Payments to be made as follows: Onequarter (1) when the bulk-head is ready to be sunk; one-quarter (1) when filled with stone to low water mark; one-quarter (1) when built to high water mark and filled with stone, and one-quarter (1) when bulk-head is finished.



Chairman Executive Committte.

NEW YORK, September 22, 1869.

Dr. J. M. CLEAVELAND, Poughkeepsie.

DEAR SIR. Since our visit to Poughkeepsie we have presumed to delay writing you under an impression (which may be erroneous) that no immediate action was to be taken upon the warming and ventilating question, and because the conference which we thought desirable was not found convenient in the absence of one of our firm.

It is our understanding that you do not propose to submit this work to competition or contract, and indeed we do not see how it would be practicable without finding an expert competent to make complete and far-reaching specifications, and not himself a competitor or interested party, nor do we believe it essential to the prosecution of the work with reasonable economy. We may therefore say at once that it would give us pleasure to undertake the design and construction of the apparatus in a more co-operative way, deriving our compensation from a commission on the cost of the work. Several of our largest works have been thus undertaken, and if this basis should prove acceptable we believe there would be no difficulty in arranging the details of an agreement so as to meet all or nearly all the contingencies which are likely to arise.

Our proposal will be essentially this: To furnish plans for those parts of the work, either metal or masonry, which pertain to the warming and ventilation, and supervise the construction, also to furnish the requisite number of skilled workmen with a competent foreman and suitable tools at a certain price to be agreed upon per day

for each man, such price to be in full compensation without further charge or commission. The material used in construction, such as pipes, fittings, castings, boilers, pumps, machines, etc., to be either purchased or made and furnished by us on our own account, or purchased by us for account of the managers, or purchased by the managers for their own account, leaving them the option to choose in any case the mode which they may deem most advantageous. Upon all these materials, that is to say, upon the cost of the apparatus and machinery used in warming and ventilating (excepting the item of labor as before mentioned, masonry excavations, and builders' work generally), a commission of ten per cent to be paid to us for our services in designing and superintending.

It is well to add that the arrangement would be somewhat modified by the fact that we are not merely advising or consulting engineers, but also manufacturers and dealers in nearly all the material required for such a work, and that the business of warming and ventilating buildings of this class, in which we have been largely engaged, has called for many articles of rather special kind which are not found on sale, and could only be obtained to order. With a large accumulation of patterns and drawings, and with shop and foundry facilities, and special tools which are scarcely known in the ordinary steam fitting business, it is scarcely probable that other parties would be willing to furnish articles of the same quality at a lower price. It may therefore become necessary, as it has in other and similar cases, to provide for some further adjustment of the commission basis.

Very truly yours,



NEW YORK, July 23, 1870.

DR. J. H. CLEAVELAND, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.:

DEAR SIR.-Below we give you some description of what we propose for warming apparatus for the Hudson River Hospital, and an approximate estimate of the cost. As no definite plan of boilerhouse, fan, air-duct, etc., has been settled on, it would not seem to be necessary for the present to discuss anything but that portion of the apparatus which is placed in basement of the main building, which will consist of the coils, mains, supply and return pipes, steam traps, etc., and which is the only portion which can be immediately proceeded with, and which would not be modified by any change of the arrangement of the other parts.

We will, therefore, describe how we propose to arrange the coils. We have assumed that one-inch wrought-iron pipe is to be used for the warming-surface, and that twenty-one (21,000) thousand lineal feet will be required for the three sections of the hospital now in progress.

This quantity will be divided into about forty-five different coils,

which will be one coil to each stack of warming flues, and, making the shortest coil six feet long, and the longest twelve feet, would make chambers long enough to embrace all the flues in any one stack. The quantity of pipe in each coil will be proportioned to the space to be warmed by the stack of flues to which it is attached. For the purpose of adjusting the warming power of the coils to the variations of the outside temperature, we propose to make each coil into three divisions, arranged so that one, two or all can be used independently. For the support of the coils at the foot of the flue-stacks we propose to bolt on the wall cast-iron brackets, made so that either sheet-iron or wood could be readily attached to them, so as to make a covering for the sides and tops, and also making them so that any arrangement of register or valve for the regulation of the inlet could be applied if found to be requisite. This mode of setting up the coils would be equally suitable for a brick inclosure, should it be preferred; but sheet-iron would in our estimation be the cheapest, and could be very easily removed in case of repairs, and replaced without damage. The steam-supply main we propose to carry along the basement or air-duct ceiling, leaving suitable branches for the supply of coils, and to place the return main in a channel cut below the level of the basement floor; between this return pipe and the coils would be steam traps, which would confine the pressure to the steam mains and the coils, making the return pipe a channel or drain without pressure, for the conveyance of the water of condensation to a tank placed near the boilers to receive it. We also propose to place in the halls, parlors and dining.rooms of the three sections, two thousand square feet of direct warming surface, in say thirty vertical tube radiators of the pattern shown in accompanying cut. These will be supplied by the same main as the chamber coils, and be drained by steam traps placed in the basement, into the same return pipes.

Our estimate of the cost of all the material embraced in the coils, mains, radiators, with all their fastenings, connections, steam traps, etc., prepared and made ready as far as possible before shipment for erection, is somewhere about $8,000. We also estimate that to this would have to be added the wages of say four pair of pipefitters, for say forty-eight days, our usual charge for which is $8 per day per pair. There would also be the cost of their board and traveling expenses for the same time. This is exclusive of inclosing the coils, the boiler and their connections, tanks, pumps, etc., which would be necessary, the cost of which would somewhat depend on what might be provided for future extension.

We are assuming that horizontal tubular is the kind of boiler to be adopted, and that four and a-half feet diameter by sixteen feet long would be a good size. For the hospital, if built as projected, six such boilers, we think, would be required. Two, for the present, would perhaps be somewhat more than enough, but to begin with this size and to preserve uniformity, two would have to be provided, so that you may be able to form some idea of the cost of the whole apparatus required. For present use, we might say that two boilers of the

dimension given above, of the best quality, complete, exclusive of brick work, might cost say $4,000.

The amount which we name as the cost of the material which we propose to furnish, is what we suppose would be the cost of them to us, with the labor which we would put upon them in preparation before sending them to be put up, and as to our mode of charging them to you, we will refer you to Mr. Nason's letter of September 22d, 1869, which explains our idea of the terms on which we propose to do the work.

Yours, very truly,



per. D. S.

The proposition of Messrs. Joseph Nason and Company was accepted by the Executive Committee, and the Superintendent was directed to notify Messrs. Nason & Co., which he did in a letter, of which the following is a copy.


Poughkeepsie, July 27, 1870.

MESSRS. JOSEPH NASON & Co., 61 Beekman street, New York: GENTLEMEN.-Please proceed at once in the work of heating apparatus for this hospital.


Yours, truly,


JOSEPH NASON & Co., Wrought Iron Pipe, etc., 61 Beekman street. NEW YORK, August 3d, 1870.

DR. J. M. CLEAVELAND, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.

Yours of the 1st inst. is at hand, and yours of July 27th, authorizing us to proceed with the hospital warming apparatus, was also duly received.

The writer expects to be able to be at the hospital, to make some surveys, some day this week, but in the meantime we have commenced on our preparations here. We have given Mr. Cauldwell the dimensions of the boiler so that he may obtain the iron.

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