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NEW YORK, July 13, 1870.

To the Building Committee of the Hudson River State Hospital for the Insane, Poughkeepsie:

GENTLEMEN.-I propose to fumish and put up in complete working order, at the institution, my patent gas-works, of the capacity of ten thousand cubic feet, for the production of gas from crude resin or oils.

The works will be on a plan as shown in the drawing furnished herewith, the State furnishing the gas-house, tank, drip well and gallows-frame for the suspension of the gasometer, and fill the tank with water.

I will furnish all else pertaining to the gas-works, and warrant the same to work perfectly, and more economically than any other known works, and that they will be so easy of management that any person of ordinary ability can manage them successfully.

The generators, consisting of eight retorts and four resin-melters, will be made up in cast-iron plates, put together in the strongest manner, and lined with two-inch firebrick inside. The resin cocks will be constructed with metal boxes around them, filled with a nonconductor, so as to keep the melted resin up to the temperature at which it leaves the melter. As this keeps a steady, uniform stream running into the syphon cups, it dispenses with the constant attendance of the man while making gas, leaving nothing to do but to keep up the heats until the gasometer is full.

The melter will be arranged with fine strainers inside to prevent dirty matter that may be contained in the resin from clogging and interfering with the small streams running from the cocks. The syphon-pipes, conveying the melted resin to the retorts, will be placed so as to be always warm when running, to insure the resin going as hot into the retort as when it leaves the melter. At the bottom of each syphon will be placed a stop-cock, to be opened when gas making is completed, for the purpose of running out the melted resin contained in the bend of the syphon, and with it all sediment that might rest there, also prevent, the chilling hard of resin in the syphons.

I am getting up patterns for an outside case of cast iron to surround each bench of retorts, except at that part where the syphons rest against the generators. This will be to enable me to fill in a space of four inches in thickness of ground plaster as a non-conductor to prevent radiation of the heat from the generators, thus enabling me to keep up the heat on the retorts with less fuel, and at the same time keep the gas-house from getting too uncomfortable for the gasmaker.

As this will add much to the general appearance of the works, I shall (if so desired) adopt it on the works I propose to erect for the institution, without extra cost, although not shown on the plans.

The condensers will be constructed of cast iron, with water joint covers, and each condenser will be independent of the others.

The bridge-pipes from each retort to each condenser will be of four inch diameter inside, and will be attached to the cover of each

retort by a fusible metal joint, and to each condenser by a water joint. As these are self-making joints, no leaks can possibly take place, even by carelessness. All condensation or tarry matter will pass off from the condensers through pipes under ground to the drip well and thus avoid all smell and nuisance. I shall also furnish a pump and connect the same with the drip well to pump out the tar, when necessary, into barrels, which is very useful for walks, fence posts, and as a disinfectant.

The gasometer will be thirty-three feet in diameter and twelve feet high, which will give ten thousand feet above a seal of three inches in the water. This will be made of best English sheet iron, No. 17 gauge, with half-inch angle iron at the bottom and top of the curtain, and punched for rivets one inch apart. Each top will be one inch, and a cord of wicking saturated with red lead and oil will be run in each seam in a luting of red and white lead and will be strongly riveted and set-punched to insure a perfectly tight joint. The top angle iron will be drilled with rivet holes one inch apart on each flange. To the lower flange the curtain will be riveted with long rivets, and to the upper flange the crown will be riveted with the same long rivets. The corner of the angle iron will be the corner of the gasometer. The crown will be a flat dome formed by cutting the sheets in sections, and will be supported by rafters of two-inch bar iron on edge, bent to the shape of the crown. These rafters will be about six feet apart where they join the angle iron, to which they are strongly riveted with large rivets. All the rafters then come together in a solid cast iron-plate, into which the ends have been previously cast. This iron plate is in the center of the under side of the crown and has a two-inch hole through it for a heavy eye-bolt (shown on plan), which is attached to the cast-iron plate by thick flanges outside and inside, and lock-nuts.

Thus the gasometer is suspended by the top angle iron (braced by the bar-iron rafters) and bringing no strain on the sheet-iron. The gasometer will be painted with red. lead inside over the seams, and painted outside with two coats of mineral paint, and warranted perfectly tight.

It will be suspended, as shown on the plans, with wire cable and balanced by sufficient weight to form partial vacuum when making gas. All the work will be done in the most workmanlike manner, with a view to making it a model works, and the same will be warranted tight and right in all respects.

My price is seven thousand dollars ($7,000), of which twenty-five hundred dollars ($2,500) to be paid when all is delivered on the ground, the balance, forty-five hundred dollars ($4,500) to be paid on the completion of the works, and when found to be all as contracted for and promised.


Respectfully submitted.

96 Maiden Lane.

The proposition of Mr. John Butler was accepted by the Executive Committee, and the Superintendent was directed to notify Mr. Butler, which he did in a letter of which the following is a copy:



POUGHKEEPSIE, July 20, 1870.

Mr. JOHN BUTLER, Maiden Lane, New York:


DEAR SIR. Please proceed as rapidly as possible in the preparation of the gas apparatus as per your specifications and drawings of the 13th inst.

We return the drawings to-day per Amer. M. U. Express. Please return tracings of same at once.


Yours, truly,


59 BEEKMAN STREET, NEW YORK, July 18th, 1870.

Dr. J. M. CLEAVELAND, Poughkeepsie :

DEAR SIR. To meet your views as regards time, it will not do to consider a new set of patterns for the pumping engine you require. I have patterns of a very strong and excellent engine made for Burlington city water-works-it has worked for years under a head of more than 300 feet; the plungers are two degrees larger diameter than those specified by Mr. Green.

As I will undertake to furnish it at the same price, I think he will agree with me in saying that the change is advantageous to the institution. Acting on this view, I therefore offer to furnish for the sum of eight thousand dollars ($8,000) a compound duplex engine with high and low pressure cylinders and condensing apparatus-steam jacketed, with black walnut lagging-and all steam pipes and radiating surfaces carefully protected, a tubular boiler of not less than 750 square feet of fire surface set with double walls in the most thorough manner, all steam pipes, valves, gauges, etc., necessary for the proper running of the engine, an independent feeding apparatus for supplying the boiler with water, and I agree to transport the work at my expense to its destination, and to erect the same upon suitable foundations, to finish it completely and exhibit it in operation.

I shall expect to be furnished with reliable bottom on which to commence foundations, with a chimney and flues connecting the boiler with the same, also all conduits, pipes, valves, etc., that may be needed for conveying the water to and from the pump, also a suitable house for the accommodation of the boiler and engine.

With these exceptions I will do all that is required to furnish an engine of the first class, in plan, workmanship and materials, and to

exhibit the same delivering water into a reservoir according to the following requisition, viz.: 150,000 gallons in ten hours, through 6,560 feet of eight-inch forcing main, to a height of 280 feet.

Partial payments to be made as the work progresses, reserving twenty per cent until satisfactory fulfillment, to be decided within three months from the starting of the engine.

I agree to have the engine running by the first of November, 1870, if ordered within one week from this date; interest to be allowed provided the starting of the engine is unduly delayed without fault on my part.




The proposition of Mr. H. R. Worthington was accepted by the Executive Committee of the Board, and the Superintendent was directed to notify Mr. Worthington, which he did in a letter of which the following is a copy:



POUGHKEEPSIE, July 25, 1870.

Mr. HENRY R. WORTHINGTON, 61 Beekman st., New York:

DEAR SIR.-I am directed by the Executive Committee to say that your general proposition, as contained in your favor of the 18th, to furnish pumping engine, etc., etc., is accepted by the Committee. Payments from a State Institution are cash payments, and no authority exists for paying interest.


Yours, truly,



61 BEEKMAN STREET, NEW YORK, July 28, 1870.

Dr. J. M. CLEAVELAND, Superintendent Hudson River State Hospital for the Insane:

DEAR SIR.-I am very glad to receive the announcement of award of contract according to general proposition contained in my letter of 18th inst. I will proceed with the work as rapidly as possible, and meanwhile will prepare and forward a formal contract, if you desire it. For my part I am content with the letters that have passed between us, and accept the qualification in regard to the payment of interest which you make. I do not see how a contract can be better, but will leave it entirely to you.

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"The Superintendent brought up the subject of a steam engine for the new boiler-house, and read proposals for furnishing the same from Messrs. Whitehall, Wood & Co., of Newburgh, and from Mr. Milo Sage, of the Fishkill Landing Machine Works. The matter, on motion, was referred to the resident members of the committee to determine the character of engine required and to award the contract."


"The Superintendent reported that, in connection with Prof. Greene, C. E., he had visited the Fishkill Machine Works, and the works of Messrs. Whitehall, Wood & Co., of Newburgh, to inspect engines, and that Prof. Greene recommended the Loomis engine, with variable cut-off, made at the Fishkill Works."


The Superintendent stated that, in accordance with instructions received from the resident members of the Committee, he had ordered of the Fishkill Landing Machine Works a variable cut-off engine of 50 horse-power, the price for the same to be $3,000." See following letter:




ETATE, October POUGHKEEPSIE, October 13, 1870. MILO SAGE, Esq., President F. L. M. Company, Fishkill:

DEAR SIR.-I am authorized to accept in the name of the Executive Committee your proposal to furnish the hospital with a variable cut-off Loomis engine-50 horse-power, 14-inch cylinder, 30-inch stroke, for $3,000-provided you furnish the same with indicator attachments at each end of the cylinder, together with the necessary arrangements for giving the indicator its proper motion, and that the engine when set up shall have its valves and valve gear so adjusted as to give an indicator card, which shall be satisfactory to any person I may appoint to inspect the same; you to furnish an indicator for

the test.


Very truly yours,


Memorandum of an agreement made at Poughkeepsie, October 3, 1867, by and between E. N. Hubbell, of Coxsackie, and the Board of Managers of the Hudson River State Hospital for the Insane, as

The written proposal of Mr. Sage having been mislaid cannot now be given. The extracts from the "minutes are therefore referred to.

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