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“ things shall come to thee in a moment in one “ day; the loss of children and widowhood," Ifa. xlvii. 7, 8, 9.

" How much the hath glo“ rified herself, and lived deliciously, so much “ torment and forrow give her : for she faith in “ her heart, I fit a queen, and am no widow, " and shall see no forrow. Therefore shall her

plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine," Rev. xviii. 7, 8.

66 And " the fruits that thy foul luiteth after are de" parted from thee, and all things which were

dainty and goodly, are departed from thee, 66 and thou shalt find them no more at all,” ver. 14

Another reason is covetousness. C6 O thou " that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in a treasures, thine end is come, and the mea“ sure of thy covetouínoss,” jer. li. 13. Alas, “ alas, that great city, wherein were made rich « all that had ships in the sea, by reason of her "s colliness : for in one hour is she made deso“ late," Rev. xviii. 19. She is charged with idolatry likewise.

" It is the land of graven images, and they are mad upon their idols,” Jer. I. 38. Babylon hath been a golden cup " in the Lord's hand, that made all the earth < drunken : the nations have drunken of her « wine ; therefore the nations are inad,” chap. “ Come hither, I will shew unte ince

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the judgment of the great whore, that fitteth

upon many waters : with whom the kings of " the earth have committed fornication, and “ the inhabiters of the earth have been made « drunk with the wine of her fornication." And the woman was arrayed in purple,-ha“ ving a golden cup in her hand, full of aboc minations and filthiness of her fornication. 66 And upon her forehead was a name written


EARTH," Rev. xvii. 1, 2, 4, 5. “Babylon the

great is fallen, is fallen,-for all nations have " drunk of the wine of the wrath of her forni“cation, and the kings of the earth have com“ mitted fornication with her," chap. xviii. 2, 3.

She is judged for persecution of the people of God. “ I was wroth with my people ; I have “ polluted mine inheritance, and given them "6 into thine hand : thou didst shew them no

mercy ; upon the ancient haft thou very hea. “ vily laid thy yoke,” Isa. xlvii. 6. “ Behold, “ I am against thee, O destroying mountain, “ faith the Lord, which destroyest all the earth; " and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, " and roll thee down fom the rocks, and will “ make thee a burnt mountain,” Jer. li. 25. “ As Babylon hath caused the flain of Israel to “ fall; so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all


" the earth,” verse 49.

“And I saw the wo“ man drunken with the blood of the saints, " and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus," Rev. xvii. 6. " And in her was found the “ blood of prophets, and of faints, and of all “ that were slain upon the earth,” ch. xviii. 24.

Let us now see the consequences of this ca. tastrophe. When Rome shall thus be destroyed by the just judgment of God, the several par. ties then on earth shall be variously affected, according to their different sentiments. Persons attached to her superstition, shall experience anguish similar to the torment of the damned, a torment arising from a strong conviction of the truth, while the will and affections resist it. This sentiment is conveyed by these expreffions, “ They gnawed their tongues for pain," Rev. xvi. 10. And notwithstanding the gradual decline of the power and influence of the church of Rome, which precedes this deftruction, it would appear that severals of all ranks continue firmly attached to her at the time the event takes place ; for these are represented as bitterly lamenting over her fall : particularly some of the kings of Europe, who found her doctrine favourable to the gratification of their passions, and the exercise of that despotic au. thority with which they reigned, though they cannot give her effectual aid, shall bitterly la


ment her fall. " And the kings of the earth, "s who have committed fornication, and lived « deliciously' with her, shall bewail her and " lament for her, when they shall see the smoke ~ of her burning, standing afar off, for the fear “ of her torment, saying, Alas, alas ! that great

city Babylon, that mighty city ; for in one “ hour is thy judgment come !" Rev. xviii.

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Her clergy, who had for a long time amassed the wealth of the world, by the sale of fpirituals, and purchased all the luxurious wares of the earth “ for bills drawn on heaven and hell, “ never to be accepted,” finding the ruin of their trade involved in her fall, shall fincerly

" And the merchants of the earth " Ihall weep and mourn over her, for no man

buyeth their merchandise any more.- The “ merchants of these things, which were made “ rich by her, shall stand afar off, for the fear of


regret it.

(1) Philip II. of Spain said, that every king who was not of the Catholic religion must be a fool, because he could purchase, for a little moncy, every pleasure here and hereafter. “ The pomp of worship which that reli“ gion (Popery) carefully fupports, is agrecable to the “ taste of magnificence which prevails in courts, and “ forins a species of devotion, whicly, while it flatters the “ pampered senses, gives little perplexity to the indolent “ understandings of the great." IIumc's Hift. of Eng.

“ her torment, weeping and wailing, and saying, “ Alas, alas, that great city, that was clothed in “ fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and deck“ed with gold and precious stones, and pearls ; “ for in one hour so great riches is come to “ nought.” Rev. xviii. II, 15, 16, 17.

Her inferior clergy and missionaries, who propagated her doctrines with zeal, as fhipmasters carry the commodities of one country to another, knowing that their gain and manner of subsistence is ruined by her fall, shall bitterly lament it. And every shipmaster, and all the

company in ships, and sailors, and as many as “ trade by sea, stood afar off, and cried, when “ they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, " What city is like unto this great city? And " they cast dust on their heads, and cried, " weeping, and wailing, saying, Alas, alas, that “ great city, wherein were made rich all that “ had ships in the sea, by reason of her costli66 ness ; for in one hour is the made desolate !" Rev. xviii. 17, 18, 19.

On the other hand, the true church of Christ shall rejoice, seeing in this signal judgment the perfections of God manifested, his word fulfilled, and his church delivered from the most grievous tyranny she had ever groaned under. She is expressly commanded to rejoice: “ Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye holy Gg

" apostles

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