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circumstances, the two lists are precisely the fame. For here we have mention of Assyria, ver. 22. the fame with “ the utmost corner,' called “ the kingdom of the north afar off, “ Elam or Persia,” ver. 24. “ Meshech and Tu. " bal,” ver 26. the inhabitants of the country betwixt the Euxine and Caspian feas, “ Edom,” ver. 29. including not only Idumea, but like. wise the country of the Moabites and Ammonites, “ the princes of the north,” ver. 30. of Syria and the neighbourhood, “ all the Zidoni. “ans,” ver 30. the inhabitants of Palestine, together with “the multitude of Egypt,” ver. 18. As Antichrist, or the beast whom they support, was in the former list termed Sheshach the king of Babylon, so, in the latter, he is called Pharaoh king of Egypt.

My reasons for supposing that the nations mentioned here are those slaughtered at Armageddon, I shall lay before the reader, leaving them to his judgment.

The Church of Rome is in the Apocalypse, called Egypt, xi. 8. as well as Babylon, consequently the head of that community may be termed the king of Egypt. As Pharaoh was the first noted oppressor of the people of God, so Antichrist is the last, immediately before the kingdom of Christ is established in the world. Now, the nations mentioned here are called

so the

“ the multitude of Egypt,” Ezek. xxxii. 18. and “ the multitude of Pharaoh,"ver. 31. to intimate that they are slaughtered as allies of the king of Egypt. The connection with the context must direct the attentive reader to the battle of Armageddon. The spirit of prophecy has the lat. ter times in view in the thirty-first and thirtysecond chapters throughout. They contain three distinct sections of prophecy. The first (including the whole of the thirty-first chapter) is a description of Antichrift under the name of Pharaoh, representing the prominent features of his character, his pride and arrogance, illustrating these by an artful comparison with the king of Assyria, another type of the fame Antichrist. The second section (ch. xxxii. 1.-16.) represents the final ruin of Antichrift, under the same name of Pharaoh. Now his ruin, as we learn from the Apocalypse, takes place at Armageddon, consequently the slaughter described can be no other than the battle of Armageddon. The third section, (chap. xxxii. 17.-32.), is a more minute detail of the same event, mentioning the nations whose ruin shall be involved in his fall; consequently, they are the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to Armageddon to support him. The circumstances of the narrative snew, that the spirit of prophecy has Armageddon in view, as, “I will also


66 water

" water with thy blood the land wherein thou “ swimmeft, even to the mountains,” ver. 6. is a metaphor similar to that used, Rev.xiv. 20. in defcribing the wine-press; “And blood came out of " the wine press even unto the horse bridles.". “ And when I shall put thee out, I will cover “ the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; “ I will cover the fun with a cloud, and the " moon shall not give her light. All the bright

lights of heaven will I make dark over thee,” ver. 7, 8. Darkening or extinguishing the lights of heaven, a metaphor signifying the downfall of states and kingdoms, is more freque ntly applied to the overturn of the kingdom of Satan by the battle of Armageddon, than to any other event. It is the sole event in view, Isa. xiii. 10. chap. xxxiv. 4. chap. xxiv. 23. Joel iii. 15. “ I will also vex the hearts of many people, “ when I shall bring thy destruction among the “nations,” Ezek. xxxii. 9. The vexation of his followers in Europe, occafioned by the destruction of Rome, Rev. xviii. 10. 15. shall be given to his adherents in Asia and Africa, by the battle of Armageddon. “I will make many people a. “ mažed at thee, and their kings shall be hor

ribly afraid for thee, when I shall brandish my “ sword before them; and they shall tremble at

every moment; every man for his own life, in “ the day of thy fall,” Ezek, xxxii. 10. As the de



struction of Pharaoh in the Red Sea, struck with terror the inhabitants of Canaan ; so the fall of Antichrist at Armageddon, shall dispirit the supporters of the kingdom of darkness, throughout the earth.--" I will destroy all the beasts there“ of, from besides the great waters; neither “ fhail the foot of man trouble them any more,

the hoofs of beasts trouble them,” ver. 13. The ordinances of divine appointment, conveying grace like a copious ftream, shall be fet free from the machinations of Antichriftianism, by which they were fouled and troubled. as Then will I make their waters deep, and çc caufe their rivers to run like oil, ver. 14. That fulness of grace, accompanied by outward peace and prosperity, which God will be. ftow at the Millennium, is fitly compared to a copious stream, gliding smoothly along like oil; fo, Joel iii. 18. These circumstances fix the time of the prophecy to thatimmediately preceding the Millennium ; consequently, the battle of Armageddon is intended. The address to Pharaoh, ver. 21. is the very fame with the ad. drefs to the king of Babylon, Ifaiah xiv. 9. where the king of myftical Babylon is intended. His allies are all along faid to be uncircumcised, to intimate, that irreligion is the cause of their destruction'.

It (1) Ifa. xiv. 31. Natham pro Nahman, shall be in Aamed, that is, with the desire to gather them. See Ifa. lvii. 5.

It is worthy of remark, that the countries from which forces are led to Armageddon, to assist the beast, are those over which he has a spiritual jurisdiction'; with the addition of Persia, Aflyria, Meshech, and Tubal, or the country betwixt the Euxine and Caspian seas. These last, are either Mahometan or Pagan, and most probably will contin ue fo until the battle of Armageddon. By joining their forces to the Popish powers, the dragon appears in his

proper colours, giving aid to the beast in his last effort.

The parties on the other side in the battle of Armageddon, are the Jews. “ Fear not, thou

worm Jacob, and ye men of Israel :-Behold, " I will make thee a new Iharp threshing in“ strument having teeth: Thou shalt thresh “ the mountains, and beat them small, and « shall make the hills as chaiff. Thou shalt fan " them, and the wind shall carry them away, " and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and “ thou shalt rejoice in the Lord, and shall “ glory in the holy One of Israel Ifa. xli. 14, 15, 16.

“ Thou art my battle-ax, and “ weapons of war: for with thee will I break " in pieces the nations, and with thee will I "! destroy kingdoms : and with thee will I " break in pieces the horse and his rider; and

with thee will I break in pieces the chariot « and his rider :-And with thee, will I break

(1) See page 34!!

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