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“ thousand three hundred and five and thirty “ days.” In similar terms the Millennium is described by the Apostle John, Rev. xx. 6. “ Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the “ first resurrection.” The difference betwixt this number and “the time, times, and an half,” mentioned Dan. xii. 7. or (which is the same thing) of the 1260 years that close the reign of Antichrist, is just seventy-five years. And as the firft of the vials is poured out immediately as the seventh trumpet sounds, at the close of the 1260 years, so the last is poured out before the
Gentiles tread the outer court ;-of the 1260 days in which the witnesses prophecy in fackcloth ;-of the 1260 days during which the woman remains in the wilderness; of the second wo, or fixth trumpet.—Now, it is evident to any one who reflects on the state of Europe at the present moment, that none of these events are accomplished. The Pope still reigns; therefore the 42 months of the beast are not ended. Popery is the established religion of a great part of Europe; therefore the Gentiles still tread the outer court. Protestanism is perfecuted in some parts of Europe ; therefore the witnesses still prophecy in fackcloth. There is no union betwixt the several reformed churches; therefore the woman still remains in the wilderness. The Ottoman empire exists, a hindrance to civilization, and a scourge to Christianity; therefore the second wo is not paft. From the whole I conclude, that the seventh trumpet has not yet been founded; fo that, on Fleming's own principles, none of the viale havs yet been poured out.
Millennium begins; therefore the time they ôccupy is within the seventy-five prophetic years.
Time of the Destruction of Rone.
The portion of the above period of feventy. five years belonging to each of the firft four vials, I pretend not to determine. But the laft three being more largely described, the time of pouring them out may be conjectured. .
The fifth vial represents the destruction of the city of Rome. For it is poured out on the feat (or throne) of the Beast, Rev. xvi. Now, it is said, Rev. xii. 2. “ The dragon gave him
(the beast) his power, and his feat (or throne), “ and great authority:” That is, the devil, who formerly perfecuted the church, by his deputes the Roman Emperor's, after their fall, gave An. tichrift, not only their power and authority, but likewise their throne, namely, the city of their residence, to be his residence ; so that the feat fignifies the imperial city, and the vial
poured out on the seat must therefore affect the im. periał city.--Rev. xviii. throughout is an enlarged account of the fifth vial; and the fum of it is, “ Babylon is fallen, is fallen.” It will be allowed, that the terms Babylon and City, as
used in the Apocalypse, sometimes fignify the empire of Rome, rather than the territory within its walls; but by attending to the train of the narration, particularly to the concluding verses of the 18th chapter, the unprejudiced must be convinced, that the terms Babylon and City, in that chapter signify the imperial city, and not the empire'; and that the fall defcribed. is final and irrecoverable. Therefore I infer, that the fifth-vial signifies the final destruction of Rome.
I conjecture, that this event shall take place eighteen years after the loss of the Pope's temporal sovereignty, that is, in the year 2016. My reasons for this opinion are, first, It must precede the sixth vial, which takes place (as we shall presently see) A. D. 2028; secondly, I ob, serye two remarkable steps in the establishment of the temporal sovereignty. The first of these was A. D. 756, when the Pope received from Pepin of France a solemn grant of the Exarchate of Ravenna, wrested from the King of the Lombards. The second was in the year 774, when Charlemagne overturned the kingdom of the Lombards, and thus effectually established the Pope in the poffeffion of the Exarchate, by deftroying the power of his rival. Betwixt these two periods, eighteen years intervene. It is probable, therefore, there may be two periods in
the fall of the sovereignty corresponding with those in its rise, each measured by a period of 1 260 years ; so that if the year 1998 corresponds with the first, the year 2016 will correspond with the second. Though the first step gave the Pope a right to the sovereignty, it was only by the second he was secured in the peaceable enjoyment of his kingdom; so it is probable, that the first step in the fall may deprive him of his right, but the second only by destroying Rome, the bone of contention, Ihall effectually prevent all further claims to St. Peter's patrimony.
I am the more inclined to this opinion, because two perfons divinely inspired calculate the se. venty years captivity foretold by Jeremiah, (xxv. 11, 12.) from two different periods. Daniel (Chap. ix. 2.) computes from the fourth
year of Jehoiakim's reign, when the captivity commenced, to the first year of the reign of Cyrus , when the captives began to return. Zechariah (Chap.i. 13. and Chap. vii. 1.-5.) reckons from the eleventh year of Zedekiah, which completed the captivity by the ruin of the city and temple, to the fourth year of Darius, in which the return of the captives was fully accomplished. Betwixt these two computations, there is a difference of about eighteen years, yet both are conformable to the truth, and alike pointed out by the spirit of prophecy.
Time of the Conversion of the Jews.
The fixth vial signifies the conversion of the Jewish nation to Christianity. This appears,
Firf, From the expressions of the apostles. They are all borrowed from the prophets, and as used by them, they indicate a step preparatory to the return of the Jews from their great difperfon ; but that which prepares them for a return, according to the New Testament, is their receiving by faith the Messiah, whom they rejected. Thus,“ drying up the Euphra“tes,” Rex. xvi. 12. is an allusion to the expreffions of Ifaiah, Chap. xi. 15. And the Lord “ Tall utterly destroy the tongue (bay) of the ! Egyptian sea, and with his mighty wind shall " he shake his hand over the river, and shall “fmite it in the seven streams, and make men go " over dry-thod: And there shall be an high-way « for the remnant of his people.” And to those of Zechariah, (Chap. X. 11.) “ And he shall « pass through the sea with affliction, and shall “ fmite the waves in the sea, and all the deeps " of the river shall dry up.” In both these passages, the expressions, from their connection with the context, obviously point out a step preparatory to the return of the Jews from their K