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The surname of Tracy was taken by this family

15 from a maternal ancestor, descended from the Tracies, Barons of Barnstaple in the county of Devon, who in the year 1066 accompanied the Conqueror in his expedition to England, and were denominated from the town of Traci in Normandy.The honour and Barony of Barnstaple, Jahel, the son of Alured de Totneis had formerly enjoyed, but it became the inheritance of Henry de Traci by the Henry. gift of K. Stephen ; which Henry being an excellent soldier, and the only person in the county of Devon, who stood firm to that King, did him considerable service in those western parts, 'till at length laying fiege to Cari-cartle, Robert, Earl of Gloucester forced hiin to fubmiffion. But by paternal descent his Lordship derives from the royal blood of the Saxon Kings of England, namely, from Goda, youngest daughter of K. Ethelred (son of K. Edgar) fifter to K. Edward the Confeffor, and Walter de Maunts (or Vol. V. B

De

De Maigne) a noble Norman, whose son Ralph was Earl of Hereford in the reign of his uncle, the Confessor ; and in 1051 raising forces in that county, joined Leofric, Earl of Mercia, and Siward, Earl of Northumberland against Goodwin, Earl of Kent, who, under pretence of restraining the Welch, had entered into rebellion against his Prince; but those Earls joining the King at Gloucester, and Goodwin perceiving an equal power to oppose him, submitted to an amicable treaty, to be holden in London. After this, with Earl Odo, he was made admiral of above fifty thips, and sent against Harold, Earl Goodwin's son, who then infested the English coast ; but when the Conqueror was settled on the throne, he deprived him of his Èarldom ; and his son Harold, at the time of the general survey of the possessions of lands in England, begun by the Conqueror 14 of his reign and finished the 20th " ; posseffing several Lordships, and fixing his chief residence at Sudeley, was Lord thereof, and of Todingtune in the county of Gloucester.

He founded the little priory of Ewyas for Benediâine Monks, the castle whereof and other lands he secured by his marriage with Maud, daughter of Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester, (by his wife Ermentruda, daughter of Hugh de Claremont in Beauvoys a), by whom he left two fons, John de Sudeley, his successor in that barony; and Robert, surnamed D’Ewyas, from his residence there, who possessed a very great estate, part of which was Lydiard in the county of Wilts, and leaving an only child Sibylla, she was first married to Robert de Tregoz (after to Roger de Clifford) their son Robert gave it the name of LydiardTregoz, and from them many honourable families in England descended.

John de Sudeley, Lord of Sudeley, by marriage with Grace, daughter of Traci, Baron of Barnstaple, had two sons, Ralph, Baron of Sudeley, founder of the Priory of Erdbury in Warwickshire, and progenitor of the Sudeleys, Barons of Sudeley, whose heirs male failed in John, Lord Sudeley, in the reign of Edward III., and the title was conveyed by his eldest fifter Joan, to the family of her husband Sir William Butler (Boteler, of the family of Wemme) who were thereupon summoned Peers of Éngland; after whose extin&ion, it hath also given the title of Baron from

the

5

Lodge's Collections,

% Idem,

the first year of Q. Mary, 1554, to the family of his Grace the Duke of Chandos.

William, the younger son, was named Traci from his Sir mother, (a usual custom in that age, for younger sons to William. assume their mothers surnames) and he, or some of his pofterity differenced their coat-armour from the elder house of Sudeley, by adding an escallop, sable, between the bendlets, as now used.—This William de Traci lived in the reign of Henry II. and held lands of his brother Ralph, by the service of one Knight's fee ; which probably was the manor of Todingtune, for it appears by Domesdaybook, that it was held by the Lord Sudeley of the manor of Sudeley ; in the time of Edward I. the Tracies are expresly said to be possessed of it ; and this William, in a deed, perfected by Otwell, Lord of Sudeley (son and heir to the said Ralph) is called his uncle * -To him succeeded his fon Oliver, who is mentioned among the knights in Sir Gloucestershire, that paid scutage in 2 of K. John; and Oliver: his son William in 1263 being made sheriff of that county

Sir by the Barons, in opposition to Sir Macy de Beleicke, a William. Frenchman, was assaulted by him as he was holding his court, and imprisoned in the castle of Gloucester ; whither the Barons sending Sir Roger Clifford, and Sir John Giffard to his rescue, they took the castle, with Macy in it, and seized all his goods. In 1289 (17 Edw. I.) he is recorded among the Knights of the same county; and, with Ralph de Sudeley his kinsman, is said to command under that King, in his vi&orious expeditions to Scotland.

He left iflue Sir William Tracy of Todington, who in Sir 1298 (27 Edw. I.) was in ward to Laurence Tresham, he. William, ing then certified to hold 40l. a year lands, and on that account qualified to receive the honour of Knighthood. In the beginning of Edward II. reign he was at the tour

B 2

nament

* Fuller, in his Worthies of England, makes this Sir William Traci of Toddington (whom he characterizes for a man of high birth, state and stomach; a favourite of the King, and his daily attendant) to be one of the four, who 13 December 1370 (17 HenII.) were concerned in the assassination of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, for his violent invasion of his sovereign's prerogarive : but he had mistaken him for his contemporary Sir William Traci of Wollacomb in Devonshire, who lies there buried under a monument, with his effigies and armour en graven thereon; and this mistake was probably occasioned by Sir William Traci of Toddington's removal into that county in his old age, vihere he had large possessions, and who dying there about the year 1180, is fupposed to lie buried in the church of Mort.

nament held at Dunstaple, as appears by an old draught of a Knight in armour, bearing a standard with the arms of the family'; 12 of that King he was sheriff of the county of Gloucester, and again in the 17, jointly with John Bermansel, an office in those times of great authority and jurisdiction. He left issue a son Henry, and a daughter Margery, married to John, son of John Archer of Umberllade in the county of Warwick, who dying in 1299, (28 Edw. I.) left two sons, John, and Thomas, whose defcendant Thomas in 1747 was created Lord Archer, Ba

ron of Umberllade ; which title became extinct in 1777. Henry. Henry Tracy, Esq. who succeeded at Todington, was Henry. the father of another Henry, whose son Thomas was sheThomas. riff of Gloucestershire in 1359 (34 Edw. III.) and fo continued four years succeffively, says

Sir Robert Atkins, in his Survey of that county ; but Dr. Fuller, in his Worthies, Sir John. makes John Tracy his son to be the sheriff, whom he also

places in that office Anno 1363 (38 Edw. III.) and for 5 years after. Which John represented the said county in the parliaments, held at Westminster 32. 37. 40. and 43Edw. III. and both authors agree that he was then a Knight, and sheriff again in 1370, (45 Edw. III.)-In 1362 he gave the advowson of the church of Todington

and an acre of land to the abbey of Hales ; and was sucHenry, ceeded by his son Henry, father of John Tracy of Tod

John. ington, who was fheriff in 1379 (2 Richard III.), and left William. William Tracy, who bore the fame office in 1395, as did William. his fon William in 1416 (5 Hen. V.) and was one of those

persons of quality in the county of Gloucester, who, bearing ancient arms from his ancestors and holding lands by tenure, had summons in 1418 to serve K. Henry V. in person for defence of the realm. He married Alice, elder daughter and coheir to Sir Guy De-la-Spine (De Spineto) Lord of Coughton *, and had issue William his heir; John, living 27 Hen. VI. and Alice, married to Hugh

Culme

* He was knight for Warwickfhire in the parliaments of K. Richard II. and Escheator of that county and of Leicestershire, whose father William held notable employments in the former county in Edward IIl's reign, and was grandson to William De-laSpine, who married Johanna, daughter and coheir to Sir Simon de Cocton (now called Coughiton) the lineal heir male of Ralph, son of William de Cotton ; who were all persons of great account, and flourished at that place before the reign of Henry II. So that Lord Tracy may quarter the arms of those two families.

Lodge Collect,

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